Margaret Atwood;Oryx and Crake;The Year of the Flood;green political theory;sustainability;ecological stewardship
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[[abstract]]The present M.A. thesis probes the question of how both the green left political theory helps build a critical framework to critique the existing capitalist predicament and to reiterate the sustainability evoked from Margret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood. In support of this contention, I will first briefly outline the current research devoted to both of Margret Atwood’s novels, then move on to the leftist’ critique of capitalism and to the ecological urgency of maintaining and sustaining Nature. Atwood’s Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood have, I want to argue, sparked a new concern for both the crisis of Nature and human nature. The two novels depict ecological crisis which lead human beings to the end. However, the most important and influential cause that leads to ecological crisis is the capitalistic ideology which has been internalized, and which potentially brings about the crisis of human nature. Unlike some critics whose focus on the landscape of catastrophic world, I contend that we have to focus on the causes of the crisis and to find a possible way out. In Chapter One, I discuss the main argument, literature review and theoretical framework of this thesis. In Chapter Two, I analyze the red/leftist critics in order to touch the core of the crisis of human nature which causes ecological crisis, and then, use green critics to find the possible way out through arousing ecological awareness and practicing ecological stewardship. In Chapter Three, a red examination will be made to exhibit how we lose the possibility of sustainability along with the textual analysis. In Chapter Four, a green examination will also be made to demonstrate how we regain the possibility of sustainability along with textual analysis. In Chapter Five, I make a tentative concluding remark for this thesis: the critical point to shift from the tragedy of capitalism to the comedy of sustainability in the two novels is to cultivate our ecological virtues, put them into action, and most importantly, educate children with such an awareness to be good ecological citizens.