This Globethics.net collection contains case studies in professional ethics including many professional areas, economic sectors and countries realized in cooperation with Fondation pour le progrès de l'homme (Fph). Originally this project contributed to Fph's project "Casothèque de la responsabilité sociale des cadres" (case study collection of the social responsibility of managers). Case studies are a useful and broadly used method and instrument to strengthen professional ethical behaviour especially in decisions with an ethical dilemma. A collection of case studies is a tool for training and education. An analytical report of the cases is included in the collection: "Casothèque éthique: Collection of Case Studies on Professional Ethics", Report to Fph by Prof. Dr Christoph Stückelberger and Natalie Emch. Since 2018, this collection has been further enlarged to include other case studies related to responsible management worldwide.

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  • Analysis of Social Mapping to Arrange the Corporate Social Responsibility Program of PT. Indocement Tunggal PRAKARSA Tbk (Case Study of Ciwaringin Village)

    Kardiyati, E. N. (Endah); Wijaya, M. (Mahendra); Suwarto, S. (Suwarto); Supriyadi, S. (Supriyadi) (Knowledge E, 2019)
    At present, the company is required to manage the impact of corporate activities to enable the creation of sustainable development. The sustainable development will certainly only be achieved if since the companies manage the impact of operations on three levels of impact: 1) economy, 2) social and 3) environment. The social mapping method or social mapping used includes Data Study, In-depth Interview, Survey, Location Search (Transect), FGD (Focus Group Discussion) and Secondary Data. Based on the results of social network mapping the strength of formal institutions in Ciwaringin Village is an institution that is legally within the authority of the Village. The role of formal institutions such as Pemdes, BPD, LPMD and MUI, PKK and Karang Taruna is very meaningful for the progress of village development. Analysis of social networks and the degree of importance of each stakeholder have the strength of each actor who is able to move the masses. Stakeholder analysis found that Pemdes were in constructive positions. Identification of social problems is a social problem such as the problem of poverty in the Ciwaringin Village. The mapping results based on FGDs can be grouped into three categories of poverty, namely the poor, the near-poor and the vulnerable groups. Besides the problem of poverty, the problem of unemployment is also a social problem. From the identification results, the average number of unemployed people in Ciwaringin Village is 0.9% in each RW in Ciwaringin Village. Besides identifying social problems, Ciwaringin Village also has social capital that can be used as a potential  in overcoming problems in Ciwaringin Village such as social capital, human capital, physical capital, natural capital, and financial capital. The average social capital owned by the village of Ciwaringin is quite good and runs as it functions. Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Social Mapping, Community Empowerment
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)-enhanced medical drones in the healthcare supply chain (HSC) for sustainability development: a case study

    Damoah, Isaac Sakyi; Ayakwah, Anthony; Tingbani, Ishmael (2021-11-27)
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) has attracted extant literature devoted to different subjects, including healthcare. AI studies within healthcare, however, have focused extensively on medical diagnosis, operations, and prescription, to the neglect of supply chain management (SCM). To bridge this research gap, we draw on corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a theoretical lens to explore how an AI-enhanced medical drone application in Ghana’s healthcare supply chain (HSC) improves the HSC system and contributes to sustainable development. The data for this study is collated through documentary and an in-depth semi-structured interviews from the world's largest medical drone programme in Ghana. Findings indicate that an AI-enhanced medical drone application in HSC contributes significantly to the host country's HSC and sustainable development goals (SDGs) with particular emphasis on climate (SDGs 3, 8 & 13). The SDGs are achieved through the reduction of carbon emission with carbon and noise-free drones in the delivery of emergency medical products to healthcare centres. Furthermore, by adopting the use of medical drones in the HSC system, society’s socio-economic situations are improved through the reduction of mortality rates and may lead to the provision of better social and economic lives for the citizenry. Moreover, the medical drones contribute to the long-term corporate sustainability of the implementing firm.
  • Development of Agroindustry Based Tourism: Tea Industry Case Study

    Purwadi, D. (Didik) (Knowledge E, 2015)
    Tourism is one of the needs of human being. Agroindustry is one of the potential sources for tourism now and the near future. The objectives of this research are: (1) identify the factors which influence to the development of agroindustry based toursm, (2) analysis internal and external factors of the system of agroindustry based tourism.Agroindustry which has plantation, harvesting and processing tends to be developed by companies in order to spread out the mission of company, and also give deep understanding to customer and it also as a corporate social responsibility. Company's management, farmers, workers, customers, and government are the actors of agroindustry based tourism. They have their needs and their roles for agroindustry tourism. This research can contribute to the development of ecotourism as well as sustainable natural resource development.
  • An Empirical View of Business Ethics on Private College in Kuantan: A Case Study

    Kamarudin, D. (Diyana); Zakaria, H. (Haziman); Azit, A. (Azizan) (Knowledge E, 2019)
    Private institutions in Malaysia are bound to the Private Higher Institution Act 1996, normally relies on corporate investment to sustain their operations. Data from Department of statistic Malaysia show that there is a significant incensement of gross output value in the education sector in Malaysia from RM 17.6 billion in 2017 compared to RM 15.2 billion in 2015 which reflect the business competencies in private institution (Ministry of Education Malaysia, 2015). In this research, a case study will be conducted at one of the private colleges in Kuantan, Pahang. The aim of this research is to analyze the ethical issue regarding business ethics using a semi-structured interview method with college staff and students. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. Each case would be analyzed, discussed and the cases would be related to the business ethics concept and ethical principle. This study aims to create good moral value and business ethics that can be practiced in the private education sector in Malaysia.
  • THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF LOCAL ECONOMY THROUGH VILLAGE-OWNED ENTERPRISES ABBREVIATED AS BMUDes (CASE STUDY IN PAYAKABUNG VILLAGE, INDRALAYA SUB-DISTRICT, OGAN ILIR DISTRICT)

    Rizky Ghoffar Ismail; Dwi Mirani; Annada Nasyaya; Khairunnas Khairunnas (University of Bussiness Engineering and Management, 2022-05-01)
    One of the indicators or characteristics of the regional autonomy successful is the creation of regional independence. Those efforts can be executed through the Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes). The purpose of this study is to describe alternative strategies for local economic development in Payakabung Village, North Indralaya Sub-District, Ogan Ilir District by applying SWOT analysis. This study is a descriptive quality research. The research site was conducted in Payakabung Village, North Indralaya Sub-District, Ogan Ilir District of South Sumatra. The focus of this research is based on the strategy management process, with SWOT analysis. The results of SWOT analysis that have been carried out as the basis for the formulation of alternative strategies include as follows; Capital optimization to increase activities operationalization, partnership necessity together with private company in the processing of agricultural land, the existence of training and incentives by using CSR funds, Marketing products by involving the private sector as one of the promotional agents, the Village Fund which becomes the capital activities can be used for research on improving the quality of BUMDes products, Product marketing using online-based media to expand the target market.
  • КЕЙС-МЕТОД КАК ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ ПРАКТИКО- ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОГО ПОДХОДА В ЖУРНАЛИСТСКОМ ОБРАЗОВАНИИ

    Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет; Макарова Н. Я. (2022-07-04)
    В статье рассматривается кейс-метод и его внедрение в систему журналистского образования. Отличительной особенностью этого метода выступает создание проблемной ситуации на основе фактов из реальной профессиональной практики. Систематизированы условия для реализации кейс-метода и предложен его механизм внедрения в сфере высшего профессионального журналистского образования.
  • The effect of social exchange relationships on peer reporting fraudulent financial misconduct: a case study of an UK-non-profit organization

    Lamba, EJ (2022-01-06)
    Non-profit organizations are an important component of the UK market and a large part of culture. In March 2017, there were 167,063 registered charities in England and Wales with a combined turnover of £74.7 billion and a charitable spend of more than £71 billion. Significant controversies surrounding charities, such as the Oxfam fiasco, have shaken the industry as recent as 2018, showing that principled companies with the intention to support society can also take ethics for granted. The extant literature reveals that people's capacity to identify and interpret moral questions differs but resolving ethical problems necessitates a greater comprehension of the forces that impair ethical judgment. The previous researchers have looked into various analytical mechanisms to investigate the ethical decision-making method and considered, for example, using a range of analytical viewpoints to decide the extent to which workers' conceptions of ethical principles, ethical culture, and corporate social responsibility moderate the interaction between their ethical concerns and ethical decisions. Currently, there is no universally accepted concept of fraudulent activity and clearly, the controversies that shook the non-profit field have generated a need to explore how employees participate and rationalize fraudulent misconduct as they are directly related to the success of companies. 
 
 Employee misconduct has received the greatest attention, mostly because the abuses are so egregious, and the costs are so enormous. These stories seemingly have a commonality in that the accused workers, who seemingly strive to selflessly help the world’s less fortunate, are hiding a much darker reality below the surface. This study investigates the individual and organisational factors which influence peer reporting intentions with a focus on accounting-related employee fraud. The individual and organizational factors that are associated with peer reporting behaviour within a charitable organization in England and Wales are examined. This study adopts mixed research methods including interviews and questionnaire surveys. The study develops an integrated model of ethical decision-making which borrows from Rest’s (1986) widely adopted Four Component Model and compliment this further by investigating how social forces play a part in the decision-making process. Furthermore, It examines individuals (gender, age, education, rank) and organizational level (social exchange relationships, strength of organization retaliation) within a UK context. Results indicate that gender, age, education, and tenure do not have a significant influence on reporting intention, however, rank plays a significant role in reporting intention. Furthermore, social exchange relationships (interpersonal affect and reciprocal relationships) do not play a significant role in determining reporting intention within the charitable sector. The study also finds that diffusion of blame and displacement of responsibility is the most common rationalizations that employees use to disassociate themselves from engaging in unethical behaviour which in this case, is non-reporting of accounting-related misconduct. The proposed model is a theoretical contribution to literature and the findings of the study add to literature and propose some practical contributions.
  • The limitations of business power in Australia : a case study of coal seam gas in Gloucester

    Christie, Katie (2019)
    This thesis uses a case study of a Coal Seam Gas (CSG) project in Gloucester, a regional area in the State of New South Wales (Australia), to examine the limitations of business power. The literature on the power of business is used to identify the reasons why AGL Energy exited from the Gloucester Gas Project (GGP), including the events that led up to this decision. The analysis places a particular focus on the work of Charles Lindblom, an influential neopluralist, and two of his key critics, David Vogel and Pepper Culpepper, who both identify important limitations on the power of business. Whilst the literature on business power recognises that business and government are involved in an exchange relationship – and that this relationship gives business a privileged position in the policy making process – scholars have also noted several important restrictions on business power. These restrictions on business power can originate from factors such as: interest group mobilisation, particularly when well-resourced and well-led interest groups form in opposition to business interests; the role of the media in drawing attention to an issue and generating public debate around it; changing economic circumstances that may impact on the profitability of a business operation; and practices of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) that lead businesses to change their strategies in order to satisfy consumer demands and, thus, ensure their continued financial success.
  • Delivering on sustainable logistics by thinking inside the box – a case study of a successful business model

    Cowie, Jonathan; Fisken, Keith (2019-05-22)
    Much research and EU research funding has been devoted to identifying the key factors that lead to a financially sustainable urban freight consolidation centre. Despite much ‘success’ with this at the academic level, to date no EU funded pilot has survived beyond the project termination date. This paper takes a critical overview of the whole area of urban freight consolidation centres, and in doing so identifies the key areas where the economics of the market and operation are found to be particularly challenging. A case study is then undertaken of a cycle logistic provider in Glasgow, which firstly through licensing and now franchising, is part of the wider UK Zedify distribution network of franchises. Key organisational and operational elements within the business are identified, and how these overcome some of the economic issues discussed. Key to success is found in a business model that enhances existing delivery outlets rather than one that attempts to subjugate them. Other key elements are in the structure of the organisation, which as an owner controlled firm provides strong leadership and is established through incremental progression and employee ‘buy-in’ rather than a big bang approach. These principles are supported through strong employee orientated company policies and adherence to ethically sound business practices with a very strong sense of corporate social responsibility. In many ways, the successful business model could be said to be more an extension of community economic development principles, i.e. 3rd sector organisations, rather than capitalist orientated enterprise. Therein however lies the biggest challenge, which is how such a model can be developed to a larger scale and hence successfully shift from an owner to a manager controlled firm.
  • The End of Meaningful Work in the Not-for-Profit Sector? A Case Study of Ethics in Employee Relations Under the New Business-Like Operation Regime

    Wen Wang (6570); Roger Seifert (12187895) (2021-07-12)
    Developed from meaningful work and business ethics, we investigate the motivational effect of meaningful work on paid staff (not volunteers) with a “shortage” of ethical employment practices situated in the Not-for-Profit sector. We tested the traditional notion of meaningful work by nature and by line manager support (under its business-like practices) to compensate for the “sacrifice” (low pay and job stress caused by poor employment terms) of front line staff working alongside professional managers paid the market rate. Using a mixed-method case study, we employed SEM modelling to analyse a staff survey of 125 valid responses and administrative records of staff resignation, alongside interviews. The results show that meaningful work by nature and by line manager support are positively and significantly associated with job satisfaction but neither has a significant effect on staff resignation action. There is no empirical evidence to support the compensating effect of meaningful work by nature; meaningful work by line manager support has a stronger effect only through reduced job stress, rather than compensating for the low pay, in preventing resignation. The qualitative analysis reveals that continued low pay and using precarious employment contracts have evoked the questioning of ethics of employment practices in this sector. We discuss the implications and suggest further areas of research.
  • Corporate social responsibility/ESG shareholder activism in Australia::A case study of the Australasian Centre for Corporate Responsibility

    Sheehy, Benedict; Pender, Howard; Jacobson, Ben (2021)
    As shareholder activism around the world increases, investigation of the developing legal framework for shareholder rights becomes increasingly important. This article uses a case study of recent activities of the Australasian Centre for Corporate Responsibility and considers the implications of shareholder rights in Australia as they pertain to activism on environmental, social and governance issues. While relevant shareholder rights in Australia might be considered restricted when compared with those of the UK and the US, there have been significant successes. Although shareholder activists in Australia find ways to work-around current limitations, we argue for legal reform, including statutory recognition of advisory resolutions as a shareholder right.
  • Crisis communication and corporate social responsibility : a case study on IHG Hotels & Resorts and what organizations can learn from Covid-19

    Romba, Maria Inês das Neves Moreira de Almeida; Fuchs, Maximiliane (2022-03-21)
    The present study is to be located in the research fields of crisis communication, corporate social responsibility communication, and organizational change. By conducting a case study research on the crisis communication strategy of the Intercontinental Hotels Group, implemented during the COVID-19 crisis, this study aims to find out how an organization’s in-depth knowledge about its stakeholders, their expectations and overall profile, can help to improve crisis communication, prevention, preparedness and long-term sustaining business. The case study research is informed by a qualitative document analysis (QDA), conducted on content from IHG’s website, its CSR reports and social media presence, which has been coded, categorized and analysed with a focus on answering the main research question “How did IHG engage stakeholders in its COVID-19 related crisis communication and what can be learnt from it?”. The discussion of the analysis results leads to the conclusion that IHG as an organization in crisis, is aware about the importance of its stakeholders to maintain steady business and reputation, but still fails to know its stakeholders well enough to communicate to them over the right information channels. The study ends with recommendations for future research on the topic and a personal professional outlook in the context of adding value to the future of organizational crisis communication.
  • Urbanization and the organization of territorial cohesion – results from a comparative Danish case-study on territorial inequality and social cohesion

    Jørgensen, Anja; Fallov, Mia Arp (2022-04-04)
    Purpose: There is a growing importance for public facilitation of corporate social responsibility and involvement of civil organisations in securing territorial cohesion and development. In the present article, we focus on how we are to understand a locally sensitive organisation of territorial cohesion in the Danish context. Traditional sociological concepts and standardized area-types used for administrative purposes have turned out not being very helpful in understanding the interrelation between inequality, urbanization and territorial cohesion. We argue for a processual and relational approach to urbanization.
  • The role of corporate social responsibility in the wine industry: The case study of veneto and friuli venezia giulia

    Pizzol, L.; Luzzani, G.; Criscione, P.; Barro, L.; Bagnoli, C.; Capri, E. (2021)
    This study aimed to investigate the awareness of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) among wineries located in the Italian regions of Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) (1), (2) the obstacles (3) and market drivers of its implementation (4), the practices and range of actions that are concretely implemented in the field of CSR (5), the implications that this management approach can have on company performance (6), and the communication tools used. The methodology adopted is based on a qualitative approach integrated with quantitative measures. In total, 28 wineries participated in the study. The results show that all of the wineries were aware of the importance of implementing CSR, although they mainly refer to environmental issues. Sponsorship in fair trade activities is considered the most relevant market driver, while Italian consumers are generally perceived as not particularly interested in sustainable wine production. The practices implemented are mainly focused on reducing environmental impact. Interesting insights have emerged from this study, such as an unusual disparity between theoretical knowledge and practical implementation of socially responsible activities, a tendency to adapt the entrepreneurial style towards CSR, as well as a fundamental willingness to implement good practices that go beyond the legal requirements currently in force.
  • Ethical Entrepreneurship in the Nonprofit Sector: A Case Study of the Capital Region Farmers Market

    HOPE, Cathy; HENRYKS, Joanna (2015)
    An ongoing dilemma in the field of corporate citizenship is the successful and productive integration of commercial viability and shareholder profitability with corporate social responsibility and citizenship. This article considers Wempe's theory of ethical entrepreneurship as applied to a successful social enterprise: the Capital Region Farmers Market in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Social enterprises offer a useful case study for the integration of social purpose into for-profit organizations because of the interdependence of the commercial and social aims. The article considers the three key strategies deployed by the Capital Region Farmers Market to successfully navigate the many and at times conflicting stakeholder value claims on the organization. The findings support Wempe's proposal that the tensions arising from multiple competing stakeholder claims can be used productively to yield new values of greater benefit to the enterprise and the community it serves. [web URL: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/glbj/jcc/2015/00002015/00000059/art00008]
  • Corporate social responsibility in the retail business: A case study

    Dal Mas, F.; Tucker, W.; Massaro, M.; Bagnoli, C. (2021)
    In an economic scenario that sees greater attention paid to sustainability issues, the retail sector features significant economic influence and resources to address sustainability challenges successfully. The retail industry is challenged to carry on corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives whilst aiming at competitive prices and communicating such CSR activities to its customers and employees. Employing a case study conducted within one of the major European retailers in clothing, the paper aims to provide a new perspective on CSR in the retail business. Results highlight the importance of clear and extensive communication and translation of CSR initiatives as a central element to raise awareness and engagement for both employees and customers, positively impacting retail organizations in boosting their business performance and sustainability outcomes at the same time. Practical implications include the need for retail firms to organize their CSR external and internal communication effectively.
  • Corporate social responsibility and performance: A case study of mining companies in Ghana

    University of Cape Coast; Clement, A; Adibo; Tackie, G (International Knowledge Sharing Platform, 2017)
    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become very important in recent years, especially its impact on business operations. Using mining companies in Ghana as a case study, this study investigates the extent to which CSR activities engaged by companies relate to their performance.Content analysis is used in measuring the CSR activities of mining companies in Ghana. The study reveals a positive relationship between return on equity and all the CSR variables(environmental management systems, employee relations and community performance). Net profit margin relates positively with CSR activities such as environmental management system and employee relations whilst return on asset was found to have a positive relationship with only oneemployee relations. Mining companies should be engaged in CSR activities that positively impact on financial performance since this eventually translate into creating value for host communities.
  • The Importance of a Digital Strategy: The International Conference on Corporate Social Responsibility as a Case Study

    Silva, Joana; Rijo, Cátia; Martins, Nuno (2022-07-12)
    This paper aims to address the issue of creating a brand and the strategy for the implementation in the digital environment. This investigation aims to understand the evolution of design and its adaptation to the digital era, making it possible to substantiate the importance and the contribution of digital design in the graphic design field. As a case study, we present the development of the graphic brand and respective communication on digital social media, for the International Conference on Corporate Social Responsibility. The presented work is part of the study that is being developed to obtain the master’s degree in digital design, within the scope of the curricular internship at designlab4u.
  • Apartheid, Profits, and Corporate Social Responsibility: A Case Study of Multinational Corporations in Saudi Arabia

    Nourafchan, Nicolo (2021-11-25)
    This paper looks at the real motivations behind the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) regime through the prism of American corporate activities in Saudi Arabia. The author finds that several companies generally hailed as leading the way in corporate social responsibility, such as Starbucks, McDonalds and the Hilton Corporation, are in effect perpetuating shocking abuses of human rights—specifically women’s rights—for the sake of maximizing profits. Such behavior suggests that, for many companies, the CSR regime is not motivated by a wider normative shift towards more socially responsible behavior, as many authors have suggested, but rather is simply a tool to maximize a corporation’s monetary value by appealing to niche markets. The author suggests that to end this troubling dynamic, the political and judicial branches of government should learn from the harsh lessons gained during the South African Apartheid and step forward to prohibit domestic companies from engaging in gross patterns of gender discrimination abroad.
  • The Influence of Profitability to the Company Value with Corporate Social Responsibility as A Variable Moderation Case Studies on Companies Listed in the Sri Kehati Index for the 2012-2016 Period

    Winarso, E. (Eddy); P, V. C. (Veronica) (Association of International Business and Professional Management, 2019)
    This study aims to determine whether the company value as measured by price book value is influenced by the company's ability to obtain profits measured by Return on Assets and moderated by corporate social responsibility in companies listed on the SRI - KEHATI index for the period 2012 - 2016. Researchers are interested in conducting research This is because Investors in determining stock investment see the ability to obtain corporate profits but also see whether the company has carried out social responsibility for nature and the social environment around the company or called green investment. The company has carried out corporate social responsibility which can be seen from whether the company has carried out CSR in accordance with the GRI index set by the government with 79 indicators. In this study using corporate social resposibility as a moderating variable with a number of samples of annual report research of 18 companies listed on the SRI - KEHATI Index from 2012 - 2016 and found that profitability as an independent variable and corporate social responsibility as a moderating variable has a positive effect on value The company measured by Price book value is 72.40% meaning that profitability and corporate social responsibility have a strong match in assessing the company's performance, while 27.60% is influenced by other variables not examined.

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