Sprawa frankistowskiej Hiszpanii w Radzie Bezpieczeństwa ONZ w 1946 roku
AbstractThe case of Franco's Spain appeared during the establishment conference of
United Nations in San Francisco. At the time was an enterprise of Mexico, it arrived
at resolution. It said that a state by which government was created by armed
assassination and which had lead a war against The United Nations couldn't be
a member of it. During conference in Potsdam, the great powers pronounced that
they would not support gen. Franco's government and his endeavors to be accepted
to the UN.
The beginning of this paper discusses about circumstances in which the Security
Council started be interested in the issue of Spain. In April 1946 Poland took up
an initiative against Spain's causes. Poland was supported and inspired by representative
of the Soviet Union. The Polish delegation presented resolution to
acknowledge of Franco's regime as danger international peace and security. Poland
appealed to United Nations to break diplomatic contacts with Spain. The main issue
of this paper is to reconcile the process of discussion and the resolution of Polish
delegate to the UN.
The proposition of Polish delegate was refused by the Security Council because
of opposition to it by western states. At the time a committee was founded with five
members, including Poland, for inquiry of this issue. The conclusion of this working
group was that Franco's regime activity was "potential" danger for peace. The committee
suggested handing the case over to the UN and putting forward a proposal to the
General Assembly. The proposal instructed all its members to break diplomatic
contacts with Spain.
Finally the Security Council did not take up any resolution on this issue. It
was a result of a protest by the Soviet Union. A delegate from the Soviet Union
considered that denunciation of Franco's regime in form that was only "potentially"
a threat to peace was inadequate.
Nevertheless the issue was retreated from by the Security Council and handed
in to the General Assembly. It meant that effort of the Polish and Soviet delegacies
did not bring any expected effects [besides moral and propaganda]. There did not
come to be any radical decision of the Security Council about Franco's regime.