conservation manner of bionic biology;aquatic organisms’ knowledge;ecological pool;conservation behavior of aquatic organisms
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Abstract[[abstract]]本研究旨在探究屏東縣校園中設置生態池對國小學童水生生物知識、態度與行為的現況與差異，並探討不同背景變項的學童在水中生物知識、態度與行為三者之間的相關情形。本研究以「屏東縣校園中設置生態池對國小四年級學童水生生物知識、態度與行為之影響量表」為研究的工具，立意抽樣不同類型之20所國小進行問卷調查，共發出問卷383份，回收有效問卷數371份。將所得資料以 SPSS for Windows 17.0版統計套裝軟體進行描述性統計、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、雪費(Scheffé)事後比較及皮爾森積差相關分析。 根據資料結果，提出研究結論如下：一、教師進行水生生物課程時以使用課本、圖片的教學方式居多。二、國小四年級學童水生生物知識的來源主要為學校師長。三、「教材資料型生態池」達到觀察次數5次以上的百分比最多。四、國小四年級學童在整體水生生物知識上表現良好；在水生生物保育態度表現為積極、正向。五、國小女生在水生生物知識及保育行為上的表現優於國小男生。六、校園中設置教材資料型及仿生型生態池之國小四年級學童在水生生物保育態度及保育行為上優於景觀型生態池之學生。七、曾經到校園生態池進行觀察5以上之學生在整體水生生物保育行為上的得分表現優於觀察0次及1-2次之學生。八、國小四年級學童的水生生物知識、態度與行為三者之間存在顯著相關。 研究者根據結論提供若干建議，以供國小教師教學及未來研究之參考。
[[abstract]]The purpose of this study is to explore status and difference of the elementary students’ knowledge, attitude and behavior of aquatic organisms for setting up the Ecological pool. It investigates the relationship between the varieties of different background of elementary students’ knowledge, attitude and behavior of aquatic organisms. This study used the impact scale of 4th Grader student’ knowledge, attitude and behavior of aquatic organisms for setting up the ecological pool in campus” as a research tool for conducting the survey. It is collected from the different type of 20 elementary schools for a total of 383 students for a study sample and 371 responded questionnaires are effective. The statistical methods of this study were used descriptive statistic, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé posterior comparisons, Pearson product moment correlation. The main findings of this study are follows:1.The teacher instructs with teaching method in aquatic organisms session by using the textbook and pictures mostly. 2.The resource of knowledge related to aquatic organisms for 4th grader students are mainly from teachers in school. 3.The percentage of observing times of “teaching material ecological pool “ is the most and more than five times.4.The 4th grader students have good performance of overall knowledge of aquatic organisms and have aggressive and optimist for conservation manner. 5.The 4th grade girls have better knowledge and conservation manner of aquatic organisms than 4th grade boys.6.The 4th grade children have better knowledge and conservation manner for setting up teaching material aquatic organisms and bionic pool in school than the landscape ecological pool. 7.The students that have observed the ecological pool in school more than five times having better performance than the students with zero or 1 to 2 times.8.The 4th grade’s knowledge, manner and behavior of aquatic organisms have significant relative. According to the conclusion, this study provides some suggestions that can be used for the elementary teacher for future reference.