Sima Qian;Shiji;the relationship between the emperor and courtiers;history of the article;the Northern Song Dynasty
Full recordShow full item record
[[abstract]]&quot;Shiji&quot;in literature value began in the Ancient literary movement of Tang Dynasty, Comment&quot;Shiji&quot; is to Northern Song Dynasty began developed. Literati often unique insight through comment &quot;Shiji&quot;, express their political positions. Therefore, this paper study “Literati of the Northern Song Dynasty study on the relationship between the emperor and courtiers in &quot;Shiji&quot;.” as the title,research find they discussed historical success or failure and connection of the relationship between the emperor and courtiers, and Sima Qian wrote &quot;Shiji&quot; intention compared with each other. This thesis is divided into seven chapters:Chapter One: “Introduction”, which about description motivation and purpose of the study,research methods and area, recalling the results of previous studies, for discussion of literati view article fully.Chapter Two: “Discuss monarchy in &quot;Shiji&quot; and all literati views until the Northern Song Dynasty” ,which about these two dynasties academic background, Sima Qian views,the ancients and literati views in the Northern Song Dynasty.Chapter Three: “Song literati define the spirit that the Confucius composes &quot;Chunqiu&quot;.” which about literati standing position is to assume that if he is a Confucian scholar comment Sima Qian, the differences in the definition of &quot;Chunqiu&quot; and how to interpret Sima Qian and Confucius writing intention.Chapter Four: “Song literati with Tai-Bo, Xi-Bo , and Bo-Yi's deeds theory Emperor Zhou-Wen , Emperor Zhou Wu.” ,which about using “Tai-Bo haircut and tattoos”, “Xi-Bo impossible to the throne” ,” Bo-Yi too old”etc. a variety of reason to doubt &quot;Shiji&quot; unreasonable.Chapter Five: “Song literati comment the relationship between the emperor and courtiers in the Period of Spring and Autumn,and Warring States.” ,which about the subject that mainly there are some discussing includes to have already had no loyal, promote the national strength, the common people have righteous, be unsuited to the Confucianism of form etc..Chapter Six: “Song literati comment the relationship between the emperor and courtiers in the Period of Han Dynasty.” ,which about comment on three emperor how to practice monarchy in Han dynasty, Emperor Han-Gao appointed the suitable subordinate, but killed off to have the achievement will get; Emperor Han,Xiao-Wen is astute, but don't assign Jia-Yi; Emperor Han,Wu handling the affairs that Li-Ling surrenders, and taking charge of Sima Qian’s innocence is led long tired etc.. Chapter Seven:” Conclusion” ,which about aim at Song person's commentary in &quot;Shiji&quot;to induce advantage and weakness.After Emperor Song-Wen believes in to start the flourishing times, comment on a historical article to in great quantities produce. All of authors Authors are scholars , for the sake of the viewpoint of expression individual, their point of views often intercept some data of history, launch the critique. Doing so will cause some special viewses, there is also not reasonable bad. This research thinks had better according to Sima Qian 's original intention of &quot;Shiji&quot;, so as to judge Song person says correct or false. The object of this study was 14 Song writer.Everyone discusses of object and measure the dissimilarity. This research of the point concentrate at Emperor Zhou-Wen , Emperor Zhou Wu, Bo-Yi, Emperor Han-Gao etc.. Northern Song person’s considers as correct the scholar,emphasize personal moral qualities on the viewpoint,take charge of Sima Qian to record a history with the different point of view commentary. They take the Confucius, Mengzi, Ban Gu is solid, other historical data,or their own viewpoint, comment on department Sima Qian, often get surprising talk point or not reasonable reasoning. Song literati comment monarchy affirm of the standard lie in musting have the interaction of justice between the emperor and courtiers. Will start revolting after losing the righteous of the relationship between the emperor and courtiers. Therefore, they through comment on a history of the ancients, express to affirm the ideal view in the heart. The main purpose is the times that the creation is like the sage to govern.