Ethics in Higher Education Collection aims to help students, teachers and higher education administrators to stay well informed on ethical issues affecting university life, and to understand how to advocate for the respective interests of all interested parties, at the institutional, state, regional and international levels.From the empirical point of view the collection on ethics in education includes documents that explain what the newest forms of innovative education are, why didactic method is as important as the delivery of a good curriculum, and this collection could even give concrete insights on how to support by means of institutional efforts students to aspire to and plan for education.The main aim of the collection is to transcend the empirical layer of education in order to provide a careful normative description and ethical incentives for good education. But what does good education mean? Is it mastering of technology, developing disinterested knowledge, apply practical knowledge in context, or self-understanding and virtue? Inspired by the wisdom collected since early Antiquity to the current contexts, Library should help to manifest the highest level of academic integrity and reminds us that simply dealing with others honestly and fairly are universal values.

Recent Submissions

  • Design Principles for Integrating Gamification into Distance Learning Programs in Higher Education: A Mixed Method Study

    Murat Sümer; Cengiz Hakan Aydın (Serious Games Society, 2022-05-01)
    This study aims to address the issue of low completion and high dropout rates in online and distance learning through play and gamification. The general aim of this study is to provide a set of gamification design principles for researchers and practitioners on how gamification can be used in online and distance learning programs in higher education. More specifically, the study intended to seek the answers whether student participation in the online and distance learning programs can be increased by the use of gamification, how the gamification influences the students’ academic performances in the online and distance learning programs and what learners think about integrating gamification into the open and distance learning programs in higher education. The study was designed as a sequential exploratory research, which is one of the mixed research methods. Findings indicate that integrating gamification into the online and distance learning programs has a significant impact on increasing students' visits to the learning environment. In addition, when the pre-gamification and post-gamification scenarios were compared in terms of students accessing to the content in the online and distance learning environment, it was discovered that there was a statistically significant increase. It can be also said that there is significant difference regarding to academic performances for gamified situations. Lastly, gamification is said to be fun by students and to contribute positively to their motivation. According to this, gamification has a positive effect on learners' e-learning behaviors and should be used more in online and distance learning programs.
  • Influential factors contributing to the understanding of international students’ choice of Malaysian higher education institutions: Qualitative study with a focus on expected benefits

    Osama K. Haniya; Hamdan Said (Universidad de Deusto, 2022-05-01)
    This research aimed to identify the influential factors contributing to the international students’ choice of Malaysian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), focusing on the expected benefits. Additionally, the study contributes to the development of the higher education sector in Malaysia by providing recommendations to the HEIs based on the students’ perceptions. To achieve this purpose, the researchers utilized a qualitative approach through interviews where the study targeted the international students in Malaysia; 18 students were interviewed until saturation was reached. The thematic analysis was utilized to analyze the interviews where five major influential factors were highlighted and investigated: reliability, assurance, tangibility, empathy, and responsiveness. The results showed that the Malaysian universities provide higher than average services to international students, which met most of their expectations; this is clear through the international students’ answers to questions under different constructs such as reliability, assurance, tangibles, empathy, and responsibility. The international students believe that the brand image and reputation of HEIs have a positive impact on their choice and expectations, and they believe that Malaysian HEIs are among the world’s top universities. The study contributes to Malaysian HEIs in terms of the students’ feedback that could be an advantage for existing efforts to develop the academic services of the country. 
 Received: 17 January 2021 Accepted: 18 February 2022
  • Aquaponic system development as an educational tourism destination in Sukowilangun Village, Malang Regency

    Sufiyanto Sufiyanto; Mochammad Musafaul Anam; Zaid Dzulkarnain Zubizaretta (University of Merdeka Malang, 2021-11-01)
    The tourism sector has been targeted to be a tool that may develop people’s economies. Kelompok Sadar Wisata (Pokdarwis) Sukowilangun Berseri is a community that develops Taman Suko at Sukowilangun, Kalipare, Malang Regency. However, the increasing number of tourism effects for the local community at Sukowilangun can still be categorized at a low level. Besides, the management capabilities and resources of the local community in developing Taman Suko as a local tourist destination have not been able to attract more tourists. We carry out a community service program through diversifying our business with the implementation of an aquaponics system to increase income derived from tourism management, providing assistance in efforts to develop tourism potential, and empowering local community-based communities at Taman Suko. The results of this program were implementing an aquaponics system as a business diversification as well as an education theme for tourists on how freshwater fish and vegetables are bred, developing some tourism support facilities such as photo spot, pathways, and fish pond, and promoting local culinary business through social media and a video profile.
  • Collaboration to Empower Every Learner

    Goodhue, Shilo (DigitalCommons@UMaine, 2022-05-01)
    The vision of Empower the Learner is that “Each child is unique and needs to be understood, valued and empowered to…..achieve agency, self-advocate for their learning and realize their hopes and dreams.” To support this, ETL has created a tool to help students recognize their strengths and learning challenges and express those to the educational team. The Maine Parent Federation and the Autism Society, with funding through the Maine Developmental Disabilities Council, joined with ETL to modify the program to make it accessible to children who are impacted more significantly by their disability. The goal is to not only empower ALL students but to promote and encourage reasonably higher expectations for children.
  • Additional file 4 of Enablement and empowerment among patients participating in a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme – a prospective observational study

    Karin Sturesdotter Åkesson (12841812); Anne Sundén (11889257); Kjerstin Stigmar (8381205); Cecilia Fagerström (4247725); Teresa Pawlikowska (3423206); Eva Ekvall Hansson (5868092) (2022-06-08)
    Additional file 4. Summary plain language long version.
  • Additional file 1 of Enablement and empowerment among patients participating in a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme – a prospective observational study

    Karin Sturesdotter Åkesson (12841812); Anne Sundén (11889257); Kjerstin Stigmar (8381205); Cecilia Fagerström (4247725); Teresa Pawlikowska (3423206); Eva Ekvall Hansson (5868092) (2022-06-08)
    Additional file 1. The Patient Enablement Instrument (PEI).
  • Empowerment : contraintes socio-interactionnelles et stratégies. Pour le développement d’une littératie actionnelle critique en didactique des langues

    Christian OLLIVIER (ACEDLE, 2022-05-01)
    Cette contribution porte sur la notion d’empowerment de la personne considérée comme apprenante et citoyenne. Elle montre l’importance, d’une part, de former les apprenants à une prise de conscience forte des contraintes socio-interactionnelles de l’action et communication humaines et partant de l’autonomie de l’usager. Elle plaide, d’autre part, pour une meilleure connaissance et valorisation des stratégies des apprenants, notamment des stratégies numériques, qui leur permettent d’avoir une action autonome dépassant leurs compétences langagières et pour une formation qui amène les apprenants à porter un regard réflexif et critique sur les stratégies, les outils et les ressources digitales qu’ils mobilisent.
  • Socio-demographic predictors of structural empowerment among newly qualified nurses: Findings from an international survey

    Mansour Mansour, PhD; Mohammad Darawad, PhD; Roslyn Mattukoyya, MSc; Abdulrahman Al-Anati, MSc; Maha Al-Madani, PhD; Aysar Jamama, MSc (Elsevier, 2022-06-01)
    الملخص: أهداف البحث: دراسة المؤشرات الاجتماعية والديموغرافية للتمكين الهيكلي بين عينة دولية من الممرضات والممرضين المؤهلين حديثا. طرق البحث: دراسة مقطعية اشترك فيها 367 ممرضا وممرضة مؤهلين حديثا مع ما يصل إلى 18 شهرا من الخبرة السريرية من 15 مستشفى في جميع أنحاء المملكة العربية السعودية والأردن والمملكة المتحدة. وقد تم استخدام اختبار أنوفا وتحليل الانحدار الهرمي في تحليل البيانات. النتائج: تم العثور على فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في مجموع درجات التمكين الهيكلي بين المشاركين بناء على أنواع الجامعات التي تخرجوا منها، وما إذا كانوا قد تلقوا تدريبا على التواصل أثناء تعليم التمريض الجامعي، وعدد الأشهر بعد التأهيل كممرضات وممرضين، وأنواع إعدادات الأجنحة السريرية التي كانوا يعملون فيها، والبلد الذي تم توظيفهم منه. علاوة على ذلك، أظهرت النتائج أن البلد وأنواع إعدادات الأجنحة السريرية التي كانوا يعملون فيها وأنواع الجامعات التي تخرج منها المشاركون هي مؤشرات مهمة لإجمالي درجات التمكين الهيكلي للمشاركين. الاستنتاجات: تؤكد النتائج التأثير الفريد للسياقات الثقافية، ونوع إعداد الجناح السريري ونوع الإعداد التعليمي السابق على مستوى التمكين الهيكلي بين الممرضات المؤهلات حديثًا. Abstract: Objective: To examine the socio-demographic predictors of structural empowerment among an international sample of newly qualified nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 367 newly qualified nurses with up to 18 months of clinical experience. The nurses were recruited from 15 acute care hospitals across KSA, Jordan, and the UK. Data analysis was conducted using the t-test, ANOVA, and hierarchical regression analysis. Results: Significant differences in the total structural empowerment score were found among participants based on the type of universities where they graduated from (t = 2.36, p < 0.05), if they have received assertive communication training during undergraduate nursing education (t = 3.53, p < 0.05), number of months as qualified nurses (F = 4.79, p < 0.05), type of clinical ward settings they were working in (F = 5.1, p < 0.05), and the country where they were recruited from (F = 14.66) (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the country, type of clinical ward settings they were working in, and type of the university the participants graduated from were found to be significant predictors of the participants’ total structural empowerment score (F = 16.6, p < 0.05). Conclusions: The findings underscore the unique contributions of the cultural contexts, type of clinical ward setting, and type of former educational setting towards the level of structural empowerment among newly qualified nurses.
  • Handling Juvenile Delinquency: The Role of the Social Welfare Service in Handling Cases in Samarinda City

    Suryaningsi Suryaningsi; Marwiah Marwiah; Jawatir Pardosi; Jamil Jamil; Asnar Asnar; Edi Rahmad; Muhammad Rean Wahyudi (Magister Pendidikan Nonformal Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Gorontalo, 2022-05-01)
    The purpose of this research is to examine the prevention of juvenile delinquency by the Department of Social Welfare in handling cases in Samarinda City. This type of qualitative descriptive research focuses on the empowerment and obstacles faced by the Office of Social Welfare. This research has been carried out from October to January 2022. The primary data sources are the head of the service, the head of the rehabilitation section for children and the elderly, social workers and counseling. Data collection techniques through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis techniques through reduction, display and conclusion. The validity of the data using data triangulation. The results of the study, adolescent empowerment will have implications in developing the mindset of youth independence so that they have the ability to work and gain experience. Barriers: on the financial aspect, human resources, shelter, the role of parents and public awareness. The practical implication is that this research can be piloted in a youth development social home in handling delinquency cases delegated from the Samarinda Class II Child Special Guidance Institute in Tenggarong.

    Achmad Hidir; Nur Laila Meilani; Harapan Tua RFS (Laboratorium Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Riau, 2016-12-01)
    The maincauses of the gender gap in education is lack of commitment and understanding of gender in Rokan Hilir (Hidir &amp; Yanis, 2015). This study aims to (1) implement / apply the model of community empowerment-based design thinking in order to achieve gender-responsive education in Rokan Hilir; (2) to formulate gender responsive educational design that is contextual in Rokan Hilir.This study uses a qualitative method variant in the form of phenomenology. The unit of analysis is the institutional community of the Department of Education and educators as well as educators in Rokan Hilir. The data collection technique using the techniques of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) with data analysis techniques in the form of a three-lane qualitative data analysis, namely data reduction, data display and conclusion. The results showed that the application of design thinking allows for the application of social change, especially the mindset of the target group in a bottom up. This means that the commitment and understanding of gender responsive education could be increased from the root (grass root) without imposing target groups to change the values of the original locality of the region. Therefore, community empowerment is done to encourage the social changes in a smooth and constructive for local development Rokan Hilir, especially in the field of education and gender.

    Megawati Simanjuntak; Siti Amanah; Herien Puspitawati; Pang Asngari (Universitas Islam Indonesia, 2013-10-01)
    Abstract This study aimed to analyze the effect of socioeconomic characteristics, consumer reference group, and the intensity of having consumer education on consumer empowerment among the residents of urban and rural area in Bogor. Better socio-economic characteristics were associated with better consumer empowerment, i.e. more the subjects were more skillful, more to acknowledge their rights, and more assertive. Reference group had no direct effect on the consumer empowerment, but indirectly affected it through its consumer educational aspect. The intensity of consumer education was found to improve the consumer empowerment. All results applied to both in rural and urban areas. Keywords: socio-economic, consumer empowerment, consumer education, reference group JEL Classification Number : D100, D180 Abstrak Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik sosial ekonomi, kelompok rujukan dan intensitas mengikuti pendidikan konsumen terhadap keberdayaan konsumen. Karakteristik sosial ekonomi yang semakin baik dan jumlah kelompok rujukan semakin banyak akan meningkatkan intensitas mengikuti kegiatan pendidikan konsumen. Karakteristik sosial ekonomi berpengaruh baik langsung maupun tidak langsung terhadap keberdayaan konsumen, artinya kondisi sosial ekonomi yang lebih baik akan meningkatkan keberdayaan konsumen menjadi lebih terampil, tahu hak-haknya dan lebih tegas. Kelompok rujukan secara langsung tidak meningkatkan keberdayaan konsumen, namun secara tidak langsung melalui pendidikan konsumen yang lebih intensif dapat meningkatkan keberdayaan konsumen. Intensitas mengikuti pendidikan konsumen mampu meningkatkan keberdayaan konsumen baik di perdesaan maupun perkotaan. Keywords: sosial ekonomi, keberdayaan, konsumen, pendidikan, kelompok rujukan JEL Classification Number: D100, D180
  • Grassroots leadership for ecological sustainability, empowerment, and political change: Wangari Maathai and the green belt movement

    Brooks, Melanie C. (Edith Cowan University, Research Online, Perth, Western Australia, 2017-01-01)
    Dr. Wangari Maathai led a grassroots enivornmental movement focused on social justice, environmental sustainability, democratic governance and peace. In doing so, she changed the lives of rural Kenyan women and became renowned as a remarkable and influential African leader. ...
  • Chapter Are Teachers Agents of Change? Teacher Training and The Gender Dimension in Adult Education: Italy and Nigeria in Comparison

    Adult education can play a fundamental role in changing existing gender hierarchies, breaking down gender stereotypes, and promoting gender equality. Teachers can be important agents of change, but they not only have to be aware of their behaviours, attitudes, and views, they also have to be able to understand the specific needs and interests of learners, to use gender-based methods, and to implement practices free of gender stereotypes. In order to do this, adequate education and training are needed, but both in Italy and Nigeria, gender issues are not part of the education and training curriculum, and much remains to be done for raising awareness of this issue.
  • Enablement and empowerment among patients participating in a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme – a prospective observational study

    Karin Sturesdotter Åkesson; Anne Sundén; Kjerstin Stigmar; Cecilia Fagerström; Teresa Pawlikowska; Eva Ekvall Hansson (BMC, 2022-06-01)
    Abstract Background In Sweden, core treatment for osteoarthritis is offered through a Supported Osteoarthritis Self-Management Programme (SOASP), combining education and exercise to provide patients with coping strategies in self-managing the disease. The aim was to study enablement and empowerment among patients with osteoarthritis in the hip and/or knee participating in a SOASP. An additional aim was to study the relation between the Swedish version of the Patient Enablement Instrument (PEI) and the Swedish Rheumatic Disease Empowerment Scale (SWE-RES-23). Methods Patients with osteoarthritis participating in a SOASP in primary health care were recruited consecutively from 2016 to 2018. The PEI (score range 0–12) was used to measure enablement and the SWE-RES-23 (score range 1–5) to measure empowerment. The instruments were answered before (SWE-RES-23) and after the SOASP (PEI, SWE-RES-23). A patient partner was incorporated in the study. Descriptive statistics, the Wilcoxon’s signed rank test, effect size (r), and the Spearman’s rho (rs) were used in the analysis. Results In total, 143 patients were included in the study, 111 (78%) were women (mean age 66, SD 9.3 years). At baseline the reported median value for the SWE-RES-23 (n = 142) was 3.6 (IQR 3.3–4.0). After the educational part of the SOASP, the reported median value was 6 (IQR 3–6.5) for the PEI (n = 109) and 3.8 (IQR 3.6–4.1) for the SWE-RES-23 (n = 108). At three months follow-up (n = 116), the reported median value was 6 (IQR 4–7) for the PEI and 3.9 (IQR 3.6–4.2) for the SWE-RES-23. The SWE-RES-23 score increased between baseline and three months (p ≤ 0.000). The analysis showed a positive correlation between PEI and SWE-RES-23 after the educational part of the SOASP (r s  = 0.493, p < 0.00, n = 108) and at follow-up at three months (r s  = 0.507, p < 0.00, n = 116). Conclusions Patients reported moderate to high enablement and empowerment and an increase in empowerment after participating in a SOASP, which might indicate that the SOASP is useful to enable and empower patients at least in the short term. Since our results showed that the PEI and the SWE-RES-23 are only partly related both instruments can be of use in evaluating interventions such as the SOASP. Trial registration NCT02974036 . First registration 28/11/2016, retrospectively registered.
  • Mosque Based Community Empowerment (Case Study: Jogokariyan Mosque)

    Ahmad Danis; Dian Silvia Rozza; Romelah Romelah (Universitas Darussalam Gontor, 2022-06-01)
    The function of the mosque in the period of the Prophet Muhammad SAW as the center of Islamic civilization with a good level of prosperity. The mosque at that time had various functions, not only as a place of worship but also as a place of knowledge and as a center of social activities. However, it is very unfortunate because at this time the function of the mosque operates in a strict sense as a ritual of worship. In fact, many mosques are not maintained, so the level of prosperity tends to be below. The existence of the Jogokariyan Yogyakarta Mosque is good news for Muslims. A mosque that grows and develops with programs that modernly seek to empower the congregation and the surrounding community. The Jogokariyan Mosque has been categorized as a civilized and prosperous mosque. Jogokariyan Mosque is a strategic location to carry out the dual functions of hablum minallah and hablum minannas. This means that the mosque is a house of worship and the mosque is empowered as a social house. This study aims to reveal the efforts made by the Jogokariyan Mosque so that the community at large can feel its role. This research utilized descriptive qualitative research with interviews, observations, and literature review as a research reference. From the results of the study, it appears that the Jogokariyan Mosque has an important influence and role in the prosperity of its congregation. This shows that a prosperous mosque will have an effect on the prosperity of its congregation.

    Shahzad Hasan; Shilan Abdulkarim (Universitas PGRI Madiun, 2022-05-01)
    The main objective of the study is to determine whether there is any significant difference in women’s empowerment based on their locality and qualification. The data collected for this study was from 200 women at Coimbatore District. Urban and rural locality women are not differing significantly in violence, but the rural women are facing more empowerment in the dimensions of education, social status, finance, marriage, gender equality and overall dimensions the empowerment than the urban women. Below graduate, graduation,  above graduate qualified women’s are not differing significantly in education, social status, finance, violence, gender equality and over all dimensions, but the below graduate  women are facing more problem in the dimensions of ‘marriage’ in the women empowerment than the other qualified women
  • Additional file 2 of Enablement and empowerment among patients participating in a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme – a prospective observational study

    Karin Sturesdotter Åkesson (12841812); Anne Sundén (11889257); Kjerstin Stigmar (8381205); Cecilia Fagerström (4247725); Teresa Pawlikowska (3423206); Eva Ekvall Hansson (5868092) (2022-06-08)
    Additional file 2. The Swedish Rheumatic DiseaseEmpowerment Scale (SWE-RES-23).
  • Additional file 3 of Enablement and empowerment among patients participating in a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme – a prospective observational study

    Karin Sturesdotter Åkesson (12841812); Anne Sundén (11889257); Kjerstin Stigmar (8381205); Cecilia Fagerström (4247725); Teresa Pawlikowska (3423206); Eva Ekvall Hansson (5868092) (2022-06-08)
    Additional file 3. GRIPP2 short form.
  • Additional file 5 of Enablement and empowerment among patients participating in a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme – a prospective observational study

    Karin Sturesdotter Åkesson (12841812); Anne Sundén (11889257); Kjerstin Stigmar (8381205); Cecilia Fagerström (4247725); Teresa Pawlikowska (3423206); Eva Ekvall Hansson (5868092) (2022-06-08)
    Additional file 5. Summary plain language short version.
  • Youth empowerment through arts education: a case study of a non‐formal education arts centre in Barcelona

    Ferrer, Mariona; Rovira, Marta, 1969-; Soler-i-Martí, Roger (Cogitatio, 2022)
    This article discusses how non‐formal arts education attenuates socioeconomic and cultural barriers in a vulnerable context. Although cultural capital has usually been conceived as dependent on high socioeconomic status, we explore the inclusiveness of a project of non‐formal education and how it enhances the capacity of youth to achieve empowerment and self‐confidence through the arts. We analyse the case study of a non‐formal arts educational organisation located in a deprived neighbourhood of Barcelona (Spain) and identify several key factors associated with successful social inclusion and its limitations. We find that the pedagogical processes involved create both learning opportunities and social and interpersonal skills useful for the present and future lives of the young participants. Methodologically, the case study combines non‐participant observation of the different activities of the organisation and semi‐structured qualitative interviews with young people and educators. The article concludes with some recommendations for considering artistic non‐formal education as a tool in any social inclusion agenda.

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