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AbstractThis thesis paper investigates the relation between anthropology and paraenetic instruction in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarch, a pseudepigraphon whose provenance is highly contested (hellenistic Jewish or early Christian). It is argued that the text presupposes, up to a certain degree, human self-determination, that is, the capacity of human persons to make (moral) choices, which is necessary in order for paraenesis, or ethical teaching, to make sense in the first place. It is argued further that, according to the tenor of the paraenetical material in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, it is the creational order and indeed the very will of God that humans make use of this capacity so as to comply to the moral teachings that are delivered by the passing patriarchs. Achieving the virtues so forcefully enjoined by the patriarchs (and thereby avoiding sins often ascribed to the workings of demons or "spirits") can often be described as following the will of God. Thus, the correspondence between human self-determination (autonomy) and divine commandment/order ("theonomy" in a broader sense) can be conceived as the divinely ordained goal of human existence. It is human dependence on God that makes humans truly autonomous.
TypeLMU München: Studienabschlussarbeit