Recent Submissions

  • Religious Responses to Violence Human Rights in Latin America Past and Present

    Wilde, Alexander.
    Intro -- Contents -- List of Abbreviations -- List of Illustrations -- Preface and Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: THE EVOLUTION OF THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF RIGHTS IN LATIN AMERICAN CATHOLICISM -- Chapter 2: VIOLENCE AND EVERYDAY EXPERIENCE IN EARLY TWENTY FIRST-CENTURY LATIN AMERICA -- PART I: Rethinking Religious Contributions to Human Rights -- Chapter 3: HUMAN RIGHTS AND CHRISTIAN RESPONSIBILITY -- Chapter 4: CHURCH RESPONSES TO POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN CENTRAL AMERICA -- Chapter 5: THE INSTITUTIONAL CHURCH AND PASTORAL MINISTRY -- Chapter 6: VIOLENT TIMES -- Chapter 7: TRANSFORMATIONS IN CATHOLICISM UNDER POLITICAL VIOLENCE -- Chapter 8: RELIGION MEETS LEGAL STRATEGY -- PART II: Contemporary Ministries Responding to Violence -- Chapter 9: BUILDING PEACE AND DIGNITY -- Chapter 10: FROM PREACHING TO LISTENING -- Chapter 11: VIOLENCE AND PASTORAL CARE IN PUTUMAYO, COLOMBIA -- Chapter 12: VIOLENCE, RELIGION, AND INSTITUTIONAL LEGITIMACY IN NORTHERN CENTRAL AMERICA -- Chapter 13: THE POLITICS OF PRESENCE -- Chapter 14: "FUI MIGRANTE Y ME HOSPEDARON" -- Chapter 15: FROM GUNS TO GOD -- Afterword -- About the Contributors -- Index
  • Review of "Peregrinación de Bartolomé Lorenzo. Récit d’aventures dans les Amériques au XVIe siècle" by José De Acosta.

    Dickson, Donald R.; Milton Society of America; Modern Language Association of America. Milton Section; Hernández, María (Texas A&M University, 2022-04-29)
    José De Acosta. Peregrinación de Bartolomé Lorenzo. Récit d’aventures dans les Amériques au XVIe siècle. Richard Lefebvre, ed. and trans.Québec: Les Presses de l’Université Laval; Paris: Hermann, 2020. 204pp. $25/30€. Review by María Hernández, Rowan University.
  • Los vota de obispos latinoamericanos sobre vida religiosa (Segunda Parte). Reflexiones interpretativas y algunos temas específicos

    Azcuy, Virginia Raquel; Ferreyra, Carla E (2022)
    En el marco de un proyecto de investigación continental sobre el Concilio Vaticano II y su recepción en América Latina y el Caribe, incluido en otro proyecto internacional mayor, el presente estudio (Segunda Parte) presenta un panorama de los vota de los obispos sobre la vida religiosa en Chile, Perú, Venezuela y América Central, en respuesta a la consulta encargada por Juan XXIII. Se profundizan aspectos de la consulta, los vota y la vida religiosa; se presenta una descripción de los vota según las Acta et Documenta conciliares (serie antepreparatoria) y se orienta hacia una lectura interpretativa sobre vida religiosa con énfasis en algunos temas específicos. Palabras claves: “vota” de obispos sobre vida religiosa, Concilio Vaticano II, vida religiosa, eclesiología preconciliar, fase ante preparatoria, Iglesia en América Latina y el Caribe.
  • Nuestra Fe A Latin American Church History Sourcebook

    González, Justo L.; Gonazlez, Odina E.
    Take a detailed look into the deep and rich history of Christianity in Latin America.
  • The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America From Conquest to Revolution and Beyond

    Schwaller, John Frederick.
    One cannot understand Latin America without understanding the history of the Catholic Church in the region. Catholicism has been predominant in Latin America and it has played a definitive role in its development. It helped to spur the conquest of the New World with its emphasis on missions to the indigenous peoples, controlled many aspects of the colonial economy, and played key roles in the struggles for Independence. The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America offers a concise yet far-reaching synthesis of this institution's role from the earliest contact between the Spanish and native tribes until the modern day, the first such historical overview available in English. John Frederick Schwaller looks broadly at the forces which formed the Church in Latin America and which caused it to develop in the unique manner in which it did. While the Church is often characterized as monolithic, the author carefully showcases its constituent parts-often in tension with one another-as well as its economic function and its role in the political conflicts within the Latin America republics. Organized in a chronological manner, the volume traces the changing dynamics within the Church as it moved from the period of the Reformation up through twentieth century arguments over Liberation Theology, offering a solid framework to approaching the massive literature on the Catholic Church in Latin America. Through his accessible prose, Schwaller offers a set of guideposts to lead the reader through this complex and fascinating history.
  • Music of the Brown Church: Connecting Religion, Social Justice, Latina/o Studies and Worship Practices

    Jeandrevin, Ann Richelle (Scholars Crossing, 2022-05-01)
    This thesis project aims to explore music that is being used in churches that serve the Latino/a/x/e communities in the United States, which is also referred to as The Brown Church. As music serves a vital role in the cultural background in these communities, as does faith, the connection between these facets will give better insight into this growing and changing society in the United States. In addition to exploring the relationship between faith and worship music, there is a connecting component through understanding the dark history of the Latin American church and how that impacts faith, worship, and social justice for Latino/a/x/e Christians.
  • Analysis of the Mainstreaming Program for Religious Moderation for Students: Study of Ministerial Regulation of Education and Culture Number 45 of 2014

    Dudiyono Dudiyono; Slamet Wahyudi; Kholid Mawardi (Indonesian Academy of Social and Religious Research (IASRR), 2022-02-01)
    Indonesia as an archipelagic country, has ethnic, linguistic, religious, cultural and social statuses. Religious moderation is an essential aspect in managing religious life in a plural and multicultural Indonesian society. In education discourse, religious moderation is an interesting issue, where currently, people in Indonesia have given serious attention to religious moderation. The purpose of this study is to find out what aspects of the Religious Moderation Mainstreaming program for students by examining Permendikbud No. 45 of 2014 concerning school uniforms for students at primary and secondary education levels. The research method is qualitative with a literature study approach. The conclusions in this study are 1) The mainstreaming program of religious moderation in schools. Where educational institutions can play a strategic role in religious moderation. 2) School uniforms as religious moderation, 3) School uniforms and religious rights, Identity in the form of this uniform initiates people's views of the religion adopted by students, and 4) School uniforms and attitudes of nationalism in religious moderation as a culture of tolerance which is described through respecting others, nationalism is related to the student's commitment to prioritizing the national interest.
  • Yksilön selviytyminen työpaikkakiusaamisesta : Identiteettityön näkökulma

    Helsingin yliopisto, Teologinen tiedekunta; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Theology; Helsingfors universitet, Teologiska fakulteten; Tuomi, Riikka (Helsingin yliopistoUniversity of HelsinkiHelsingfors universitet, 2022)
    Tiivistelmä: Noin 4 % suomalaisista kokee tällä hetkellä jatkuvaa kiusaamista työpaikallaan. Kirkon alalla kiusaaminen on KEVAn mukaan mahdollisesti tätäkin yleisempää. Tässä tutkimuksessa tutkin Suomen evankelis-luterilaisen kirkon työntekijöiden selviytymistä työpaikkakiusaamisesta identiteettityön näkökulmasta sitä, miten työpaikkakiusaamisen on koettu vaikuttavan identiteettiin ja millä keinoin työpaikkakiusaamisesta on pyritty selviytymään. Teoreettisena viitekehyksenä oli intensiivisen eheyttävän identiteettityön malli. Syvähaastattelin 8 Suomen evankelis-luterilaisen kirkon työntekijää. Haastattelut analysoin teoriaohjaavan sisällönanalyysin avulla. Aineistosta muodostin 3 kiusaamisen aiheuttamaa uhkaa identiteetille ja 4 kiusaamisesta selviytymiseen tähtäävää keinoa. Kiusaamisen aiheuttamat uhat identiteetille olivat kiusaaminen järkyttää ja haastaa oman kokemuksen ylläpitämistä tapahtuneesta, kiusaaminen haastaa käsityksen itsestä arvostettuna työntekijänä ja ihmisenä ja kiusaaminen horjuttaa perustavanlaatuisia uskomuksia. Traumatisaatio ja stigmatisaatio kulkivat kuormitusta voimistavina läpi kiusaamisen ja siitä selviytymisen lisäten identiteettityötä. Kiusaamisesta selviytymiseen tähtäävät keinot olivat kiusaamisen tapahtumisen todentaminen ja oman kokemuksen validointi, identiteetin puolustaminen, luopuminen ja kokemuksen kääntäminen vahvuudeksi sekä työidentiteetin uudelleen rakentaminen ja uskonnollinen identiteetti. Tutkimuksen tulokset olivat yhteneväisiä aiemman tutkimustiedon kanssa. Työyhteisön tuki oli merkityksellinen etenkin kiusaamisen tapahtumisen ja oman kokemuksen validoinnissa ja esimiehen tuki näyttäytyi kannustuksena, joka tuki identiteettiä. Erityisinä kontekstiin liittyvinä piirteinä korostuivat moraaliin, uskontoon ja kutsumukseen tukeutuminen pyrittäessä ylläpitämään oman kokemuksen ja identiteetin eheyttä. Kiusaaminen oli aiheuttanut syvää epäluottamusta kirkkoon työnantajana ja saattanut muuttaa kirkkosuhdetta laajemminkin. Kiusaamisen koettiin haastavan erityisesti työ- ja organisaatioidentiteettiä. Ammatti-identiteetti ja uskonnollinen identiteetti sitä vastoin koettiin kiusaamisesta selviytymisen resursseina.
  • Exploring racism in Ontario’s public high schools: A case study research of Chinese students in Ontario and two public School Boards for a regional systems of innovation

    Ng, Eva (2022)
    This paper aims to fill a knowledge gap regarding students of Chinese heritages’ experiences with racism and create a sample regional systems of innovation to show policymakers the possibility of change in public education. The paper examines the context within Ontario, Canada, and on a few occasions, borrows information from Vancouver, Canada; Saskatchewan, Canada; Scotland, United Kingdom; and the United States. Using Secondary Research methods, design empathy, and systemic inquiry to clarify what is quality and equitable schooling, as well as the assumptions that fundamentally and the current operating public high school education system in Ontario is still heavily under the colonial influences to expose possible errors, such as systemic racism and structural violence toward the Chinese, poor, and Minority. Last, this paper provides an intercultural, inclusive, and humanized solution, which is the sample regional systems of innovation based on System Boundary, Panarchy, and evaluated with Strategic Foresight, that can be change-making and liberating to all, including young white students, to increase quality and equity. This paper is an important study because education involves everyone and most likely is a stage of everyone’s life.
  • Kulturní a náboženská identita Tibeťanů a tibetských komunit rozvíjející se mimo historické území Tibetu

    Havlíček, Tomáš; Blahůtová Kavanová, Klára; Pavlátová, Andrea (2010)
    The Development of Tibetan Cultural and Religious Identity among Tibetans Living outside of Historical Tibet The topic of my thesis was to find out changes in Tibetan society inside Tibet and in Tibetan exile in last 50. years and how do changes help to progress social capital. Inside Tibet is problem with high percent of nonliterary and high percent of incoming Han people, which cause that Tibetan people are getting on the edge of society, because they didn't have developed their human potential. The main problem is that Tibetan people don't know Chinese language well and this language is becoming more useful for daily life in Tibetan autonomous region. Tibetans, who are very religious, don't have opportunity to practice Tibetan Buddhism under communistic rule of Chine. Tibetans have to renounce His Holiness dalajlama and deny part of their Tibetan identity. Those reasons influence them to escape into exile. The second part of my thesis is concerned to describe push and pull factors of migration. As I found in materials, the main reasons to escape into exile were political, religion, education, economical problems and renounce dalajlama. In my research, Tibetan didn't divide those reasons to those categories, because they think of those problems in holistic way. The last part of thesis in...
  • Kulturní a náboženská identita Tibeťanů a tibetských komunit rozvíjející se mimo historické území Tibetu

    Havlíček, Tomáš; Blahůtová Kavanová, Klára; Pavlátová, Andrea (2010)
    The Development of Tibetan Cultural and Religious Identity among Tibetans Living outside of Historical Tibet The topic of my thesis was to find out changes in Tibetan society inside Tibet and in Tibetan exile in last 50. years and how do changes help to progress social capital. Inside Tibet is problem with high percent of nonliterary and high percent of incoming Han people, which cause that Tibetan people are getting on the edge of society, because they didn't have developed their human potential. The main problem is that Tibetan people don't know Chinese language well and this language is becoming more useful for daily life in Tibetan autonomous region. Tibetans, who are very religious, don't have opportunity to practice Tibetan Buddhism under communistic rule of Chine. Tibetans have to renounce His Holiness dalajlama and deny part of their Tibetan identity. Those reasons influence them to escape into exile. The second part of my thesis is concerned to describe push and pull factors of migration. As I found in materials, the main reasons to escape into exile were political, religion, education, economical problems and renounce dalajlama. In my research, Tibetan didn't divide those reasons to those categories, because they think of those problems in holistic way. The last part of thesis in...
  • Teologi dan Kekerasan Kolektif: Tinjauan Historis-Teologis dari Periode Bait Suci Kedua sampai Perjanjian Baru

    Samuel Benyamin Hakh (Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Intheos Surakarta, 2022-04-01)
    Abstract. Theology understanding often leads to violence against others. Theology is human answer to God in the struggle of his or her faith with the world around, while violence is an act committed by a group of people against other. The question arises: can theology, which emphasizes love and kindness, be misused to carry out violence to achieve a specific purpose? The purpose of this article was to analyze acts of violence by certain groups in the name of religion using historic-theological approach. The author’s thesis is that theology does not only show love and hospitality facet but also ruthless face by using the texts of the scriptures as a basis for committing violence against others. Abstrak. Pemahaman teologi seringkali menyebabkan timbulnya tindakan-tindakan kekerasan terhadap sesama. Teologi merupakan jawaban manusia kepada Tuhan dalam pergumulan imannya dengan dunia sekitar, sementara kekerasan merupakan tindakan yang dilakukan oleh sekelompok orang terhadap sesama. Timbul pertanyaan: apakah teologi, yang menekankan cinta kasih dan keramahan, dapat disalahgunakan untuk melakukan kekerasan demi mewujudkan maksud tertentu? Tujuan artikel ini adalah menganalisis tindakan-tindakan kekerasan oleh kelompok tertentu yang mengatasnamakan agama dengan menggunakan pendekatan historis-teologis. Tesis penulis adalah teologi tidak hanya menampilkan wajah cinta kasih dan keramahan melainkan juga menampilkan wajah yang kejam dengan menggunakan teks-teks kitab suci sebagai dasar untuk melakukan kekerasan terhadap sesama.
  • La constitucionalización del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos y la secularización en América Latina

    Góngora Mera, Manuel Eduardo (2022)
    The article’s main point is the crucial role that international human rights law (IHRL) and the constitutionalist human rights movement have played in the secularization process in Latin America. It aims to analyze how the region has maintained a convergent trajectory in its secularization process in line to its normative standards on religious matters and, based on that regional historical experience, how a transformative constitutionalism has emerged in the adjudication of conflicting cases between religious freedoms and other human rights. Despite national particularities and different implementation levels of IHRl at the domestic level, the constitutionalization of IHRL in several Latin American countries has produced a common ground based on minimum international standards. This is especially noteworthy as this convergence of rules has occurred in an adverse international context, dominated by ultraconservative and nationalist authoritarian tendencies with setbacks that are noticeable in the intensification of religious hatred and intolerance. Considering this very dissimilar trajectory compared to the rest of the world, the article argues that Latin America should be theoretically analyzed from its own specificities, by applying an approach of entangled secularities.
  • Gijur. Stát Izrael a náboženská konverze k judaismu

    Boušek, Daniel; Weiss, Aleš; Tintěrová, Monika (2014)
  • Through Our Enemies' Eyes Osama bin Laden, Radical Islam, and the Future of America

    Scheuer, Michael.
    Reveals why America was so profoundly unprepared for the murderous attacks of September 11 and how we can prevent similar events from happening again.
  • The Music in the Trees

    Jensen, Peter (DigitalCommons@CSB/SJU, 2022-04-28)
    The following poems are meditations about the growth students experience during the learning process. I utilize trees as an analogy for pedagogical development. References to the outward, circular expansion of trees are analogous to the physical actions performed in a learning task. References to upward growth signify the simultaneous, invisible ascent undertaken by the learner to better understand his or her own identity. The series illustrates a four-part learning cycle. 1) Invitation: I wonder if the moments of curiosity in students is an innate response from within the individual when they sense an informational experience that will fill a pedagogical void. This ‘calling’ to know more is not only about external information (outward growth); it is also to understand a yet undiscovered mystery within themselves (upward growth). 2) Play: In this stage, the student has heeded the invitation to explore a curiosity that has resonated between the external and internal worlds he experiences. I suggest play as one way to make sense of this dual experience of being. Through play, one embodies a story; a primary function of which is to move through being and becoming. 3) Integration: Ultimately, if the student continues to pursue this curiosity, it may give birth to a unique way of synthesizing one’s environment. Externally, this talent may be readily apparent but its purpose is also to discover and integrate the incredible depths within himself. 4) Return: Should the student choose to tread the dark wood and also have proper guidance along the way, he will return as one who has not only mastered the content task at hand but also someone with a greater understanding of his own character. He has descended into the death experience of the unknown and is reborn to a larger experience of himself.
  • La Répression de l'Art et l'Art de la Répression La Profanation de la Religion À l'Épreuve des Mutations du Droit Pénal au Sujet du Blasphème et de la Protection des Identités Religieuses

    Rainville, Pierre.
    Intro -- _Hlk4229297 -- _Hlk4229310 -- _Hlk3123296 -- _Hlk3810479 -- _Hlk3800656 -- Avant‑propos -- Principales abréviations -- Partie i -- Le dilemme du droit pénal entre culte et culture -- Partie ii -- Le faussement ancien : la suppression d'une infraction jugée surannée -- Partie III -- Le faussement nouveau : La renaissance de l'incrimination du blasphème sous le couvert d'infractions contemporaines -- Partie IV -- L'intercession du droit pénal Entre liberté d'expression et liberté de religion -- Table de la législation citée
  • Path to Salvation Religious Violence from the Crusades to Jihad

    Gregg, Heather Selma.
    In the wake of 9/11, policy analysts, journalists, and academics have tried to make sense of the rise of militant Islam, particularly its role as a motivating and legitimating force for violence against the United States. The general perception is that Islam is more violence-prone than other religions and that scripture and beliefs within the faith, such as the doctrines of jihad and martyrdom, demonstrate the inherently violent nature of Islam. Here, however, Heather S. Gregg draws comparisons across religious traditions to investigate common causes of religious violence. The author sets side by side examples of current and historic Islamic violence with similar acts by Christian, Jewish, Buddhist, and Hindu adherents. Based on her findings, Gregg challenges the assumption that religious violence stems from a faith's scriptures. Instead, Gregg argues that religious violence is the result of interpretations of a religion's beliefs and scriptures. Interpretations calling for violence in the name of a faith are the product of individuals, but it is important to understand the conditions under which these violent interpretations of a religion occur.These conditions must be considered by identifying who is interpreting the religion and by what authority; the social, political, and economic circumstances surrounding these violent interpretations; and the believability of these interpretations by members of religious communities.
  • Apocalypse Deferred Girard and Japan

    Alberg, Jeremiah L.
    Scholars use Rene Girard's ideas on violence and mimetic theory to address apocalyptic events that have marked Japan's recent history, literature, and culture.
  • Compassionate Counterterrorism The Power of Inclusion in Fighting Fundamentalism

    Olaimy, Leena Al.
    Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- PART I -- 1. Who Is the Terrorist? -- 2. Make the Umma Great Again -- 3. Post-Colonial Hangover -- PART II -- 4. Islam Made Me Do It -- 5. Poverty of Hope -- 6. Dis-Integrated -- 7. Mirror, Mirror -- 8. Counterproductive -- PART III -- 9. Spiritual Counterterrorism -- 10. Radicalizing Inclusion -- 11. Can't We All Just Belong? -- 12. Show Me the Money -- 13. Peace Pays and Morality Trumps -- Notes -- Index -- Acknowledgments -- About the Author

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