This collection has a focus on African Christianity; it includes the contributions published in: PHIRI, Isabel Apawo ... [et al.]. Anthology of African Christianity. Oxford: Regnum Books International, 2016. ISBN 978-1-911372-10-3. Copyright: World Council of Churches, available below under the heading "Anthology".

Recent Submissions

  • Exploring the indigenous religious identities of African adolescents in selected South African secondary schools

    Ferreira, Cheryl; Thamaga, Mangakane Rebecca M. (2020-11-23)
    This study was undertaken to explore the indigenous religious identities of African adolescents in selected secondary schools in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. The empirical investigation used a qualitative, phenomenological collective case study design. The framework for the study was provided by constructivist theory and African indigenous knowledge and was justified by an extensive literature study. Purposive sampling was used to select forty-two learners from Grades 8 to 11, thirty- three of whom were from African initiated churches, eight belonged to various Christian denominations and one was an atheist. The most significant finding was that the indigenous religious identities of adolescents are not adequately accommodated and supported in South African secondary schools. Accordingly, recommendations were made for affirming adolescents’ indigenous religious identities in the implementation of RE in the classroom.
  • A relevant ministry for the armed forces: An agenda for the South African National Defence Force chaplains praxis

    Masuku,Mnyalaza T. (Centre for Ministerial Development of the Dutch Reformed Church (Exelsus) - University of Pretoria, 2020-01-01)
    Chaplaincy in South Africa (SA) recently became an attractive ministry and research fields for both ministers and theologians, respectively, more especially since the dawn of democracy in 1994. The military chaplaincy has been flooded with applications and enquiries from ministers and leaders from religions other than Christianity who want to secure their space in the ministry to the SA armed forces. Individual churches are also joining the queue for enquiries. As SA is a multireligious nation, religions other than Christianity are also knocking at the door of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF), claiming their right to be accommodated. For this reason, it is important for churches, other religious organisations, leaders, ministers and theological institutions or faculties to have knowledge of this unique world and its context, as well as the ministry dynamics and challenges involved. This will assist them in order to prepare appropriately in terms of shaping the curricula and qualifications of their ministers for effective ministry to the armed forces with special reference to the SANDF. This article investigates the dynamics of the military chaplaincy in relation to historical developments along similar chaplaincies globally, the nature of its ministry to the SA armed forces and the challenges posed by the ministry context (SANDF environment), and finally, it crafts and proposes a suitable curriculum for a relevant and effective ministry in the SANDF and the world. Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article is located in the field of Missiology. However, it has interdisciplinary implications that affect disciplines such as Military Science, Sociology, Practical Theology and Church History, which all assist as building blocks towards a relevant ministry for the armed forces.
  • Transforming theological education is not the accumulation of knowledge, but the development of consciousness

    Knoetze,Johannes J. (Centre for Ministerial Development of the Dutch Reformed Church (Exelsus) - University of Pretoria, 2020-01-01)
    A missional diaconal ecclesiology as well as teaching and learning excellence necessitated transforming theological education towards consciousness in an age of uncertainty. The article attends to the discourse of transforming theological education, defining the concept transforming, and asks the question of transforming towards what. In the discussion on transforming theological education, we need to be conscious of the different stakeholders, for instance the higher education institution, the church, the socio-economic context of the student, the 'calling' of the student and the Trinitarian God. In this instance, we also need to be conscious of the factors that influence different and new understandings of theological education like decolonisation, globalisation, and diversity in culture, religion, worldviews, theology and even Christianity. Within the South African context, it is true that the four remaining theological faculties have in the past been and still are in partnership with the mainline Reformed (Afrikaans-speaking) churches. Currently there is a new realisation that these faculties need to accommodate Independent and Pentecostal churches if the church wants to further influence South African society and the faculties want to continue as faculties of theology (and religion). Conscious of our calling, it is realised faculties are servants in the kingdom of God and therefore they will have to attend to accessibility, decolonisation of our curriculum and globalisation to address the needs of the previously disadvantaged churches. It is along these lines that the article argues that transforming theological education is not the accumulation of knowledge, but the development of consciousness. INTRADISCIPLINARY AND/OR INTERDISCIPLINARY IMPLICATIONS: The article challenges the theological education and curriculum in different ways. Intradisciplinary - the principles cover all six theological disciplines. Interdisciplinary - focus on education and social sciences.
  • Nigerian Pentecostalism

    Database of Religious History (DRH); Richman, Naomi (Database of Religious History (DRH), 2020-11-18)
    Pentecostalism has become a major cultural force in Nigeria since the early twentieth century, accounting for approx. 63% of Nigerian Christians today (World Christian Database). The success of Pentecostalism across Nigeria and Africa more widely has resulted in the widespread absorption of Pentecostal styles of worship into 'mainstream' African Protestant and Catholic churches (the latter known as 'Charismatic' churches). Pentecostals emphasise the active presence of the Holy Spirit both in worship settings and beyond, evidenced in miracles, healings, prophecies, tongues (glossolalia) and other 'gifts of the Spirit'. Nigerian Pentecostals tend to regard their religious faith as a means by which to ‘break’ with their ‘pagan’ heritage, and becoming born again as a way to be delivered from indigenous African spiritual and cultural life (Meyer 1998). Some Pentecostal churches place a strong emphasis on tithing and material success (‘Prosperity’), whilst others are more focused on asceticism and purity ('Holiness'), or healing and exorcism (‘Deliverance’). Pentecostalism in Nigeria is widely recognised to have unfolded in three phases. The first phase, known as Aladura, or the African Initiated/Independent Church movement, (1910-1930s) was led by Yoruba itinerant preachers like Joseph Ayo Babalola who clashed with missionaries on the use of medicine (Peel 1968). The Aladura movement, meaning ‘praying people’, emphasised prayer, healing and deliverance from traditional 'pagan' religion. In this period, foreign Pentecostal denominations like the Classical Pentecostal church, Assemblies of God, and the Welsh Apostolic church also laid down roots in Nigeria. The second wave, known as the 'Latter Rain' revival, took place in the 1950s and was initiated by British and American evangelists like Sydney Granville Elton and Oral Roberts. This phase emphasised deliverance, healing and also apocalyptic eschatology. The third wave, known as the Neo-Pentecostal movement, emerged in the 1960s-80s and was heavily influenced by ideas and trends introduced to Nigeria in American evangelical literature. Open air revivals, especially on university campuses such as the Universities of Ibadan and Ife, led to an influx of young converts to the movement. Some denominations emphasised Holiness and millennialism (1970s) whilst others propagated the Prosperity Gospel (80s onward). This period saw the emergence of the Nigerian Pentecostal megachurches like Deeper Life Bible Church and the Church of God Mission International. Moreover, since the 1990s, demonology, spiritual warfare and the practice of Deliverance have become increasingly popular features of Nigerian Pentecostalism.
  • Ethics and the African community : a study of communal ethics in the moral practice and thought of Basotho.

    Richardson, Robert Neville.; Balcomb, Anthony Oswald.; Mokolatsie, Christopher Ntlatlapa. (2012-10-30)
    Thesis (M.Th.)-University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 1997.
  • Colonial Legacy of Gender Inequality: Christian Missionaries in German East Africa

    Montgomery, Max (USA, 2020-11-13)
    Why does sub-Saharan Africa exhibit the highest rates of gender inequality in the world? This article evaluates the contributions of Christian missionary societies in German East Africa to current socioeconomic gender inequalities in Tanzania. Previous studies ascribe a comparatively benign long-term effect of missionary societies, in particular of the Protestant denomination, on economic, developmental, and political outcomes. This article contrasts that perception by focusing on the wider cultural impact of the civilizing mission in colonial Africa. The analysis rests on a novel georeferenced dataset on German East Africa - based on digitized colonial maps and extensive historical records available in the German colonial archives - and the most recently available DHS-surveys. The results highlight the formative role of Catholic missionary societies in German East Africa in shaping gender inequalities currently witnessed in Tanzania.
  • The Relationship between the Church and the Reign of God in the Reconstruction Theology of JNK Mugambi: A critical analysis

    Conradie, Ernst; Fischer, John Hugo (University of Western Cape, 2020-11-12)
    Doctor Theologiae - DTh
  • World survey conference : ...1920 preliminary statement and budget for Africa

    Columbia University Libraries; Interchurch World Movement of North America. Survey Department. Foreign Division (Atlantic City : Interchurch World Movement of North America, 1920-01-01)
    20 p. : 28 cm
  • Ntombinkulu (Big Girl) : or a Zulu girl in fair View Girls' School, Natal, South Africa

    Columbia University Libraries; Reed, Nellie A (New York : Free Methodist Publishing House, 1914-01-01)
    40 p. : 15 x 23 cm
  • Acknowledging Our Past: Race, Landscape and History

    Harris, Alea; Best, Kaycia; McGowan, Dieran; Shippy, Destiny; Oberg, Vera; Coleman, Bryson; Leebrick, Rhiannon, Ph.D. (Digital Commons @ Wofford, 2020-11-16)
    This book is the product of nearly a year's worth of student research on Wofford College's history, undertaken as part of a grant by the Council of Independent Colleges in the Humanities Research for the Public Good initiative. The research was supervised and directed by Dr. Rhiannon Leebrick. "Guiding Research Questions: How did Wofford College and its early stakeholders support and participate in slavery? How is the legacy of slavery present in the landscape of our campus (buildings, statues, names, etc.)? How can we better understand Wofford as an institution during the time of Reconstruction through the Jim Crow era? How did students, faculty, and administration respond to Wofford’s transition from segregation to integration? What have the experiences of Black students been like over the past five decades? Where is Wofford College now in terms of racial equity and justice?"
  • Ecclesia Anglicana Conference of September 2020: Cooking Anglican ecclesiology in a Kenyan Pot?

    Gathogo, Julius (Jumuga Journal of Education,Oral Studies, and Human Sciences, 2020-10-26)
    A research Paper Published in Jumuga Journal of Education, Oral Studies, and Human Sciences (JJEOSHS
  • The Noise Silence Makes: The Ghanaian State Negotiates Ritual Ban on Noise Making in Accra

    Olupona, Jacob K.; Jackson, Michael D.; Akyeampong, Emmanuel K.; Baum, Robert M.; Goshadze, Mariam (2020-10-16)
    Every year, the Ga traditional community in Accra inaugurates a four week period of sonic fast in preparation of a harvest festival, Hɔmɔwɔ. This ritual restriction of noise, commonly known as the “ban on drumming,” applies to practically all neighborhoods in the city and is meant to honor the Ga deities who come down to ensure a bountiful harvest. According to Ghana’s 1992 Constitution, the Ga are the official custodians of Accra’s lands and are authorized to freely practice their customs. The ban escalated into a matter of national concern in the late 1990s as Pentecostal/Charismatic churches refused to subdue their spirited worship in order to honor the Ga festival guidelines. The dissertation tackles two questions pertinent to the confrontations surrounding “the ban on drumming." First, it reaches back to the late nineteenth century to observe the transforming patterns of strategic noise regulation in Accra designed to mediate the relationship between various socio-cultural groups. It argues that the Ga command of sound abatement regulations in Accra signals a novel paradigm wherein a traditional group not only dictates the standards of noise production but also advocates for silence – conventionally a marker of “progress” and “modernity,” in the face of a Christian group that insists on its right to “noise,” historically a trait of the “barbarous” “other.” Second, the dissertation posits that the response of the Ghanaian state to the tensions surrounding the “Drum Wars” sheds light on the little studied properties of Ghanaian secularism wherein the state unofficially collaborates with the traditional religious authorities in the administration of the Accra municipal area yet publicly grants a superior status to Christianity and Islam compared to traditional religion.
  • The missionary loan exhibition : Glasglow, March, 1899

    Columbia University Libraries; Moncrieff, R. Scott ([Place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1899-01-01)
    14 pages : 18 cm
  • Christian virtue in a West African context : a study of the interaction and synthesis of the methodist and Fanti moral traditions as a model for the contextualisation of Christian Ethics

    Jennings, Brian Keith (2007-12-29)
    This thesis explores the use of Alasdair MacIntyre’s tradition based model of ethics as a heuristic tool in analysing the contextualisation of Christian ethics. Ethical contextualisation is thus understood as the interaction and synthesis of particular Christian moral traditions with the moral traditions they encountered in the different cultures where the Christian faith was established. This study focuses on the interaction of the Methodist moral tradition with that of the Fanti people of Ghana. The argument begins with the contention that morality in African cultures may be better understood as discrete traditions in the light of MacIntyre’s model. This claim is substantiated by a reconstruction of the Fanti (Akan) moral tradition in terms of its practices, virtues and ends. A detailed historical study of the interaction of the Methodist and Fanti moral traditions within Ghana indicates that a synthesis between these traditions has occurred at the level of leadership practice and virtue. The findings of field research conducted among Fanti traditional rulers and Methodist ministers suggests this synthesis is continuing, and probably extends to other areas of moral practice, and even to the heart of each moral tradition. Taken together historical and empirical research provide credible evidence that a Fanti-Methodist moral tradition is emerging out of the encounter between the two traditions.
  • "We want to speak for ourselves …!" The agenda of African Initiated Churches on decolonised and transformative theological education in Southern Africa

    Masuku, Mnyalaza Tobias (Southern African Missiological Society, 2020-09-14)
    “Viva, away with colonised education away…!” This slogan and others similar to it
 became common in South Africa recently. Protest marches were seen at tertiary
 institutions crying out loud against what is called a colonised education and curriculum. Debates from various academic spaces were triggered in search for what could
 be a decolonised education in Africa, South Africa in particular. There was a need for
 a decolonised education based on a relevant curriculum as a solution to the problem
 at hand. Theological education is not immune to this problem because it is also a
 product of the apartheid and colonial project. The answer to the question as to what
 is a relevant theological education today, that is decolonised based on a ‘peoples’
 curriculum still stands unanswered. This article seeks to present a contribution
 from the ignored or rather despised voices on this debate, the African Initiated
 Churches. It proposes a solution from the African Initiated Churches’ perspective
 where they speak by themselves, hence the title of this article; “We want to speak for
 ourselves…!” The author regards the African Initiated Churches as “church groups
 related to colonial resistance” (Molobi 2000:11).
 Thus, the author will approach this project by outlining the background information
 in investigating who the African Initiated Churches are, the reasons for their birth,
 etc. He will further investigate their ecclesiology, theology and ecumenical mission
 praxis. The position of women and the youth will also be embraced. On ecumenism, focus will be on African Initiated Church bodies like the Organisation of African
 Initiated Churches though their ecumenical partners will be acknowledged. The
 African Initiated Church position on social justice as a means of understanding the
 strength behind their anti-colonial drive will also be addressed. The article will also
 outline debate on theological education. In the end, a relevant theological education curriculum will be proposed from the voices of the African Initiated Churches as
 gathered in this article.
  • South Carolina Conference Journal (CJ) 1940

    Methodist Church. South Carolina Conference (Digital Commons @ Wofford, 1940-12-10)
  • South Carolina Conference Journal (CJ) 1954

    Methodist Church. South Carolina Conference (Digital Commons @ Wofford, 1954-10-13)
  • South Carolina Conference Journal (CJ) 1942

    Methodist Church. South Carolina Conference (Digital Commons @ Wofford, 1942-11-24)
  • South Carolina Conference Journal (CJ) 1943

    Methodist Church. South Carolina Conference (Digital Commons @ Wofford, 1943-11-25)

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