• Library interior

      DigitalCommons@Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, 2016-04-25
      Inside ITC library.
    • Library interior

      DigitalCommons@Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, 2016-04-25
      Unidentified person in the library.
    • Library reference

      DigitalCommons@Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, 2016-04-25
      Unidentified lady sits behind reference desk inside ITC library.
    • Library Reference Desk

      DigitalCommons@Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, 2016-04-25
      An unidentified woman sits behind the reference desk inside the ITC library.
    • Library Study

      DigitalCommons@Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, 2016-04-25
      An unidentified women and a man work and study at the library.
    • Lick Fork Primitive Baptist Church (Rockingham Co., N.C.) records

      Z. Smith Reynolds Library Special Collections and Archives (2013-02-20)
    • Light Hill Hard Shell Baptist (S. Forreston, S.C.)

      Boykin, Lulie H.; South Carolina Historical Records Survey (1937-09-02)
    • Light In The Darkness: African Americans and the YMCA, 1852-1946

      Mjagkij, Nina (UKnowledge, 2003-01-01)
      From the time of its emergence in the United States in 1852, the Young Men's Christian Association excluded blacks from membership in white branches but encouraged them to form their own associations and to join the Christian brotherhood on "separate but equal" terms. Nina Mjagkij's book, the first comprehensive study of African Americans in the YMCA, is a compelling account of hope and success in the face of adversity. African American men, faced with emasculation through lynchings, disenfranchisement, race riots, and Jim Crow laws, hoped that separate YMCAs would provide the opportunity to exercise their manhood and joined in large numbers, particularly members of the educated elite. Although separate black YMCAs were the product of discrimination and segregation, to African Americans they symbolized the power of racial solidarity, representing a "light in the darkness" of racism. By the early twentieth century there existed a network of black-controlled associations that increasingly challenged the YMCA to end segregation. But not until World War II did the organization, in response to growing protest, pass a resolution urging white associations to end Jim Crowism. Using previously untapped sources, Nina Mjagkij traces the YMCA's changing racial policies and practices and examines the evolution of African American associations and their leadership from slavery to desegregation. Here is a vivid and moving portrayal of African Americans struggling to build black-controlled institutions in their search for cultural self-determination. Light in the Darkness uncovers an important aspect of the struggle for racial advancement and makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the African American experience. Nina Mjagkij is assistant professor of history at Ball State University. "Provides a useful overview of major figures, events, and significant themes in the largely ignored story of black men’s work in this enduring organization."—American Historical Review "Drawing on a wide range of sources—especially the newly opened records of the YMCA and the papers of lesser known black leaders—Mjagkij tells an interesting story of the strategy adopted by a group of conservative leaders."—Contemporary Sociology "The individuals introduced and the issues raised by Mjagkij provide a pivotal starting point for future studies that will add new chapters to the investigation of the YMCA and this period of African American history."—Journal of Mississippi History "A significant contribution to the history of institutional racism in this country...extensively researched, carefully documented, and includes an excellent bibliography."—Journal of Southern History "The first comprehensive study of African American in the YMCA and their struggles and triumphs in the face of racial adversity."—South Carolina Historical Magazine "Highly significant. . . . Illuminates a wide range of important issues, from race relations to white philanthropy, through a careful analysis of African Americans’ involvement with the YMCA for almost a century, a subject that has previously received scant attention."—Willard B. Gatewood
    • Limits of settlement: Racialized masculinity, sovereignty, and the imperial project in colonial Natal, 1850-1897

      Burton, Antoinette M.; Barnes, Teresa; Morgensen, Scott L.; Somerville, Siobhan B.; Burton, Antoinette M.; Rabin, Dana; Brennan, James; Tallie, Tyrone (2014-05)
      Nineteenth century settlers viewed the British colony of Natal in southern Africa as an ‘empty’ territory ready for European bodies. These immigrants sought to create a settler state that would outnumber and supplant indigenous bodies already present. As a result, settlers attempted to defend their claims to a colony threatened by a numerically superior ‘foreign’ population by creating and maintaining forms of proper raced and gendered behavior over the bodies of all peoples in Natal. I argue racialized masculinity must be understood as instrumental to both the establishment and contestation of British sovereign imperial power in colonial Natal. Using settler newspapers, missionary periodicals, British and South African archival sources, and popular contemporary travel accounts, this dissertation looks at the development of the colony of Natal in the second half of the nineteenth century by examining debates over polygamy and ilobolo, legislation over alcohol and marijuana use, proper dress and domestic inhabitance while on mission stations, and the many circulations of the Zulu king Cetshwayo kaMpande. I argue that race and masculinity developed discursively as categories through the quotidian interactions between differing peoples in colonial Natal. Subsequently, the colonial state attempted to pass legislation that used these raced and gendered categories in order to buttress their own claims to authority. Yet these attempts were never secure; indigenous and Indian peoples constantly challenged the claims of a colonial state to mobilize race and masculinity. Thus, the study of colonial Natal in the nineteenth century offers insight into the limits of settlement—the failure at a settler state to enact full control over raced and gendered discourses within the colony.
    • List of Bethel A.M.E. Church Pastors from 1836–1988

      Indiana Historical SocietyDigital Image © 2017 Indiana Historical Society. All Rights Reserved., Circa 1990
      Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church was established in Indianapolis in 1836. As it began to grow it was known as the Indianapolis Station of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Bethel's church building at 414 West Vermont Street was built in 1869 and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. This handwritten list of pastors includes those serving from 1836-1988. This list is believed to include all pastors during that time.
    • Listening to the least : doing theology from the outside in

      McFarland, Ian A. (1963-) (Pilgrim Press, 1998)
    • Liston Pope

      DigitalCommons@Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, 2016-07-25
      Portrait of Dean Liston Pope, trustee
    • Live Oak A.M.E. (Vance, S.C.)

      Sinkler, Anna L.; South Carolina Historial Records Survey (1937-09-10)
    • Live out our faith as witnesses to the grace of God

      Kinda, Léonard Tegwende (WARC - World Alliance of Reformed Churches, 2010-01)
      Leonard Tegwende Kinda reflects on the Union of WARC and REC to the World Communion of Reformed Churches from an African standpoint as "a gift from God". The Accra Consultation made visible, that it is necessary - although WARC and REC are becoming one body - to name differences: Either it might be concerning justice or it might be concerning the understanding of communion.
    • Live so can use me anytime, Lord, anywhere"

      Daniels, David D. (Asia Pacific Theological Seminary, 2000)
      "This paper will be a case study assessing the status of and challenges facing theological education in a predominately African American United States branch of a global Pentecostal denomination, the Church of God in Christ. Three questions will frame the study. What is the Christian identity that the theological education program seeks to foster? What is the COGIC message and experience that the theological education program will transmit? What is the kind of ministry to which the theological education program will orient itself? My thesis is that theological education in the Church of God in Christ reflects its identification with two ecclesial poles: Evangelicalism and the Black Church. While the COGIC has yet to develop a theological education curriculum specifically design to transmit the message and experience of the church, the current theological education models do address some of the issues confronting the ministry of the denomination and advance the theological agenda of various constituencies in the church."
    • Livelihood and status struggles in the mission stations of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa (UMCA), north-eastern Tanzania and Zanzibar, 1864-1926

      Greenfield-Liebst, Michelle (University of CambridgeHistory FacultyTrinity Hall, 2017-12-08)
      This thesis is about the social, political, and economic interactions that took place in and around the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa (UMCA) in two very different regions: north-eastern Tanzania and Zanzibar. The mission was for much of the period a space in which people could – often inventively – make a living through education, employment, and patronage. Indeed, particularly in the period preceding British colonial rule, most Christians were mission employees (usually teachers) and their families. Being Christian was, in one sense, a livelihood. In this era before the British altered the political economy, education had only limited appeal, while the teaching profession was not highly esteemed by Africans, although it offered some teachers the security and status of a regular income. From the 1860s to the 1910s, the UMCA did not offer clear trajectories for most of the Africans interacting with it in search of a better life. Markers of coastal sophistication, such as clothing or Swahili fluency, had greater social currency, while the coast remained a prime source of paid employment, often preferable to conditions offered by the mission. By the end of the period, Christians were at a social and economic advantage by virtue of their access to formal institutional education. This was a major shift and schooling became an obvious trajectory for future employment and economic mobility. Converts, many of whom came from marginal social backgrounds, sought to overcome a heritage of exploitative social relations and to redraw the field for the negotiation of dependency to their advantage. However, as this thesis shows, the mission also contributed to new sets of exploitative social relations in a hierarchy of work and education.