Particle Swarm Optimization Based Selective Ensemble of Online Sequential Extreme Learning Machine
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AbstractA novel particle swarm optimization based selective ensemble (PSOSEN) of online sequential extreme learning machine (OS-ELM) is proposed. It is based on the original OS-ELM with an adaptive selective ensemble framework. Two novel insights are proposed in this paper. First, a novel selective ensemble algorithm referred to as particle swarm optimization selective ensemble is proposed, noting that PSOSEN is a general selective ensemble method which is applicable to any learning algorithms, including batch learning and online learning. Second, an adaptive selective ensemble framework for online learning is designed to balance the accuracy and speed of the algorithm. Experiments for both regression and classification problems with UCI data sets are carried out. Comparisons between OS-ELM, simple ensemble OS-ELM (EOS-ELM), genetic algorithm based selective ensemble (GASEN) of OS-ELM, and the proposed particle swarm optimization based selective ensemble of OS-ELM empirically show that the proposed algorithm achieves good generalization performance and fast learning speed.