The Online Chinese Christianity Collection is a comprehensive free online collection of Chinese theology and on Christianity in China, including material in Chinese as well in other languages relating to Chinese theology and Christianity. The online collection is a joint initiative from Globethics.net, Geneva, and Kingdom Business College, Beijing, China. The Online Chinese Christianity Collection includes:
-Academic and scientific literature, including commentaries, theses/dissertations, educational documents, curricula etc.

-Collections of sermons, prayers, liturgical and worship material

-Biblical collections (commentaries, theology, handbooks etc.)

-Material from partner institutions, seminaries, universities, publishers, and/or content providers in China, Hong Kong SAR, and the United States, such as the Institute of Sino-Christian Studies, the Hong Kong Baptist University, Yale Divinity School, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)

-Open access sources, harvested from Chinese open repositories

-Audio-visual materials including sermons, music, worship and Christian art, architecture, manuscripts etc.

Recent Submissions

  • 清末民初新教汉语教学机构研究 : 以英文期刊《教务杂志》为中心

    鄒 王番; Zou Wangfan (関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科, 2021-03-31)
    During Late Qing Dynasty and Early Republic of China, protestant missionaries set up several Chinese teaching institutions in China. These teaching institutions have both commonness and individuality in terms of time of establishment, numbers in districts, enrollment, teachers and length of schooling, etc. Curriculum setting is the core of Chinese teaching institutions and reflects their educational philosophy. Insightful people paid great attention to the Chinese teaching institutions and constantly improved the teaching of Chinese teaching institutions in the debate. On the whole, Chinese teaching institutions developed well during Late Qing Dynasty and Early Republic of China, with advanced teaching concepts and methods, and made a lot of explorations in Chinese teaching. Part of the experience is worthy of reference by today's Chinese teaching institutions.
  • Songs of Courage: Missionaries in Occupied China During World War II

    Geng, Zhihui Sophia (DigitalCommons@CSB/SJU, 2020-03-01)
    In April 1938, under Japanese bombers, hundreds of wounded Chinese soldiers sang army songs at Kaifeng railway station in Henan Province, China. This was the only way left for the soldiers to show their gratitude to the approximately seventy missionaries from the United States and Europe who were treating their wounded, burying their dead, and caring for their weak. From April to June 1938, these missionaries treated over 50,000 wounded Chinese soldiers. In the winter of 1941, with the onset of Pearl Harbor, these missionaries were deemed as "enemy nationals" by the Japanese army and put into concentration camps. Amidst aggression, destruction and death their songs became a voice of courage, compassion, and hope for the suffering. Among all the sounds of occupation, these international missionaries struck a unique tone that transcended the boundaries of personal welfare, political entanglements, and nation-states.
  • Catholic Universities as Missionary Spaces

    Albert Wu (StudienVerlag, 2013-08-01)
    
 
 
 This article examines the ‘missionary space’ of the Catholic University of Beijing (Furen University), particularly studying how the Catholic visions of the Western missionary society in charge of the university, the Society of the Divine Word, negotiated with, cooperated, and ultimately came in conflict with the ideas of the Chinese faculty, embodied in the Chinese President of the university, Chen Yuan. It focuses on the moral and intellectual claims by both sides. I argue that moral claims mattered, and ultimately the Western missionary society lost its legitimacy due to actions that it took during and after the Second World War. 
 
 
  • Leibnizian philosophy and the pluralism of religion and culture: the case of China

    Edamura, Shohei (2016)
    In this paper, I present Leibniz’s understanding of natural theology and reason for which, according to him, any person in the world has her natural reason, through which she can realize eternal truths such as that every human soul is immortal. Secondly I discuss how Leibniz evaluated the Chinese theology. According to him, the ancient Chinese understood God or the supreme substance by the name of “Li (理)” or Shangdi (上帝), and without a revelation they knew that God created everything in the universe in accordance with His providence. Then I argue that although Leibniz’s understanding of the Chinese theology was not altogether accurate, we can still understand that in a limited sense, Leib- niz had a pluralistic view in terms of religion and culture that can foster dialogue today between the philosophies of the world. 
  • Sino-Christian Theology

    Peter Lang International Academic Publishers, 2017-03-01
    “Sino-Christian theology” usually refers to an intellectual movement emerged in Mainland China since the late 1980s. The present volume aims to provide a self-explaining sketch of the historical development of this theological as well as cultural movement. In addition to the analyses on the theoretical issues involved and the articulations of the prospect, concrete examples are also offered to illustrate the characteristics of the movement.
  • Changing the image: the presentation of Christianity in Yu Guan and Deep River

    Tierney, Robert T; Zeng, Hanyun (2021-03-05)
    This paper investigates and compares the presentation of Christianity in two novels by Chinese writer Xu Dishan (1893-1941) and Japanese writer Endo Shusaku (1923-1996), Yu Guan and Deep River. As a religion brought by Western missionaries, Christianity is considered “foreign” in both writers’ contexts and is not welcomed. As the two writers in the discussion are both affiliated with Christianity and are supportive of its existence in their countries, they both encounter the problem of justifying Christianity in their home cultures. Furthermore, while the two authors write the two novels in different contexts (China in the 1920s and Japan in the postwar period), they both experience a critical period of modernization in their countries. Such experiences also bring challenges to the existence of Christianity in China and Japan. Instead of studying how these two writers are influenced by Christianity, this paper argues for their subjectivity in defining Christianity by investigating how they present it in their works. The two main questions the two authors deal with in the works are the xenophobic attitude toward Christianity in their home cultures and Christianity’s relationship with modernization. The two authors tackle the questions through their active redefinition of Christianity in their cultural contexts. While Xu Dishan is more aggressive in defying foreign authority and the influence of modernization, Endo Shusaku approaches these questions in subtler ways, seeking a Christianity outside of European authority on Christianity that can co-exist with modernity.
  • The Church in China

    Princeton Theological Seminary Library; Lawrence, Carl (Minneapolis, Minn. : Bethany House Publishers, 1985-01-01)
    169 pages ; 21 cm
  • 适婚单身女性的宗教信仰与心理幸福感研究

    赵静; 王晶晶; 韩布新 (2017)
    <p> </p> <p>目的考察宗教信仰对适婚单身女性心理幸福感的影响,以及婚姻态度在两者间的中介作用。方法2016年7—8月,采用方便抽样方法,通过网络渠道(微信、QQ、专业调查网站)发放问卷,调查25~45岁未婚单身女性。采用基督徒宗教性量表、Ryff心理幸福感量表中文修订版和Braaten婚姻态度量表中文修订版进行调查。结果共收集358份问卷,有效问卷300份,有效回收率为83.8%。有无宗教信仰与适婚单身女性的Ryff心理幸福感量表得分无相关性(P〉0.05),与个人成长、生活目标维度得分均呈正相关(P〈0.05),与自我接纳维度得分呈负相关(P〈0.05);有无宗教信仰与适婚单身女性的Braaten婚姻态度量表得分、一般婚姻观念和对自我婚姻的评价或展望维度得分均呈正相关(P〈0.05)。多元线性回归分析结果显示,适婚单身女性的婚姻态度对心理幸福感有正向预测效力(P〈0.05)。中介作用结构方程模型与路径分析表明,控制年龄、学历、月收入对心理幸福感和婚姻态度的影响后,基督徒适婚单身女性的婚姻态度对心理幸福感具有正向影响(β=0.394,P〈0.001),其宗教性对婚姻态度和心理幸福感均具有正向影响(β=0.506,P〈0.001;β=0.216,P〈0.05),进一步采用Bootstrap(N=1 000)估计法进行中介效应的检验,结果显示,基督徒适婚单身女性的宗教性对心理幸福感的标准化间接效应估计值为0.199[95%CI(0.055,0.528)],标准误为0.091,间接效应显著(P〈0.05);标准化直接效应估计值为0.216[95%CI(-0.123,0.404)],标准误为0.122,直接效应不显著(P〉0.05),婚姻态度在基督徒适婚单身女性宗教性与心理幸福感之间起完全中介作用。结论适婚单身女性的心理幸福感与有无宗教信仰无相关,但与婚姻态度密切相关,宗教信仰通过婚姻态度影响基督徒适婚单身女性的心理幸福感。</p>
  • Translating Faith and Philosophy: The Engagement of the Jesuit Strategy of Accommodation in Chinese Syncretic and Anti-Heterodox Traditions and the Reception of Chinese Ideas in Europe

    Kearney, Finn (Sound Ideas, 2021-02-23)
    This paper attempts to expand on the scholarship surrounding the Jesuit strategy of cultural accommodation in China by Father Matteo Ricci by examining the influence of Chinese intellectual traditions on its inception and development. It incorporates the works of Zhu Xi, Matteo Ricci, and Philippe Couplet among others to establish a connection between the native Chinese traditions of syncretism and anti-heterodox scholarship, the process of cultural exchange between the Jesuits and the Chinese literati, and the translation and transmission of Chinese ideas to Europe in the late 16th and 17th centuries. This paper also uses this common thread to explain the absence of Daoism from European thought until the 19th century.
  • Beskrifning öfver en äfventyrlig resa: En analys av den historiska Johan Brelins olika identiteter och hans världsbild

    Lindstam, Tim (Lunds universitet/Historia, 2021)
    “Description of an adventurous journey – An analysis of the historical Johan Brelin’s different identities and his world view”. In the 1750s, the young Johan Brelin set sail on a Swedish East India Company ship heading towards Canton, modern day Guangzhou, China. During his travels, he wrote down a travelogue containing his observations of the world. While en route home towards Sweden, he accidentally got left behind on the island of Ascension. He was saved by a French ship, and after an “adventurous journey” managed to make his way back to Europe and Sweden. The purpose of this thesis is twofold. The first purpose seeks to explore the different historical identities of Johan Brelin as he is presented in previous research literature and contemporary source materials. The second purpose is focused on Brelin’s travelogue, and how he interpreted the world and created knowledge for a Swedish audience. To research the historical Johan Brelin and his identities, a methodological and theoretical framework primarily based on global microhistorical identity formation process by Dr John-Paul A. Ghobrial is employed. To analyze Brelin’s travelogue, Dr. Ghobrials microhistorical theories are employed together with Dr. Anne M. Thell’s research on travelogues along with associate professor Carina Lidström’s research on travelogue genre contracts. The results of the research shows that while Johan Brelin had a career as an inventor later on in his life, his career path and identity formation process was long and never clear, and it was partly a result of the people around him. The analysis of his travelogue shows that Brelin very much was a product of his time, his previous knowledge, network, aspirations and dreams. His travelogue also shows signs of being a part of the identity formation process, as it offers a stage where Brelin could present himself in a specific light, especially for others to see. It exemplifies the complexity of the travelogue genre as reality and fiction clash for the limited space. The research also shows the clear connection between the historical Johan Brelin’s network and interests, which shine through the travelogue. This connection would have been lost if the analysis of the historical Brelin had been ignored. The thesis thus concludes by stating the importance of analysing both the personal circumstances of the author in addition to the writing itself.
  • The “Brilliant Teaching”: Iranian Christians in Tang China and Their Identity

    Max Deeg (CERES / KHK Bochum, 2020-11-01)
    The last three decades or so have seen an increasing interest in the early history of Christianity in China, particularly in Christian communities in the Tang period. One of the pertinent questions asked—particularly by theologians—is whether the “Brilliant Teaching” (Jingjiao), as the religion called itself in Chinese, had a substantial number of Chinese converts, i.e. whether it was a proselytizing religion or rather an Iranian diaspora religion. While recent documents and new interpretations of existing sources has made it probable that we are indeed dealing with an “expat” religious community, the question of the cultural and religious identity of this community has not really been addressed: they were using Syriac as their liturgical and communal language, but were Persian, Sogdian and maybe even Bactrian in terms of origin and culture. This paper will summarize the data we can get from Chinese sources and discuss them in the light of religious and cultural identity.
  • The “Brilliant Teaching”: Iranian Christians in Tang China and Their Identity

    Max Deeg (CERES / KHK Bochum, 2020-11-01)
    The last three decades or so have seen an increasing interest in the early history of Christianity in China, particularly in Christian communities in the Tang period. One of the pertinent questions asked—particularly by theologians—is whether the “Brilliant Teaching” (Jingjiao), as the religion called itself in Chinese, had a substantial number of Chinese converts, i.e. whether it was a proselytizing religion or rather an Iranian diaspora religion. While recent documents and new interpretations of existing sources has made it probable that we are indeed dealing with an “expat” religious community, the question of the cultural and religious identity of this community has not really been addressed: they were using Syriac as their liturgical and communal language, but were Persian, Sogdian and maybe even Bactrian in terms of origin and culture. This paper will summarize the data we can get from Chinese sources and discuss them in the light of religious and cultural identity.
  • When ancestors are a problem

    Batairwa Kubuya, Paulin (China-Zentrum e.V., 2021)
  • News update on religion and church in China October 1 – December 2, 2020

    Friemann, Isabel; Feith, Katharina; Wenzel-Teuber, Katharina (China-Zentrum e.V., 2021)
  • Intercultural aspects of economic globalization

    Engels, Benno (Deutsches Uebersee-Institut, Hamburg (Germany)) (ed.) (2001)
    'Die immer intensivere Einbindung ehemals 'peripherer' Gesellschaften und Oekonomien in die Internationalisierungsbemuehungen der Unternehmen und in die weltweiten Netzwerke der Wirtschaft stellt hohe Anforderungen an den Realitaetsbezug und an den prognostischen Wert von Aussagen der Entwicklungsforschung. Dies gilt auch fuer deren klassisches Thema: das Spannungsverhaeltnis von Kultur und Entwicklung. Die Unternehmen muessen wissen, wie es um die zukuenftige Entwicklung projektierter Standorte, Absatz- und Bezugsmaerkte bestellt ist und wie sie sich auf zu erwartende Probleme einstellen koennen. Umgekehrt hat sich durch die Globalisierung der Wirtschaft aber auch der kulturelle Anpassungsdruck in den Partnerlaendern erheblich verstaerkt. Der vorliegende Band versammelt neuere Beitraege zu diesem Thema. Bei der Auswahl wurde Wert darauf gelegt, sowohl die gesamtwirtschaftliche Perspektive als auch Probleme aus der einzelwirtschaftlichen Sichtweise zu beruecksichtigen.' (Autorenreferat). Inhaltsverzeichnis: Dieter Weiss: Entwicklung als Wettbewerb der Kulturen (9-22); Uwe Mummert: Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und Institutionen - Die Perspektive der neuen Institutionenoekonomik (23-33); Klaus Esser: Modernisierungshemmnisse der lateinamerikanischen Regionalkultur (34-54); Ruediger Machetzki: Modernisierungsprozesse in Ostasien: Von der Bedeutung des Kulturellen fuer das Wirtschaften (55-75); Ruediger Machetzki: East Asia and the West: Different Types of Civilisation? (76-120); Oskar Weggel: Die 'Asienkrise' einmal anders beleuchtet: Was waren die tieferliegenden Ursachen? (121-136); Ole Doering: Allgemeinplatz auf dem Pruefstand: 'Asiatische Werte' in Oekonomie und Technologie im Spiegel deutscher und internationaler Chinaforschung (137-159); Munir D. Ahmed: Kulturrelativismus und Menschenrechte aus islamistischer Sicht (160-169); Erika Dettmar: Konflikte in der afrikanisch-europaeischen Zusammenarbeit und Moeglichkeiten der institutionellen Einwirkung (170-179); Paulin J. Hountondji: African Cultures and Globalisation. A Call to Resistance (180-187); Alberto Wagner de Reyna: Entwicklung und Kultur (188-196); Badrudin Amershi: Interkulturelle Organisationsberatung und interkulturelles Training - Indien (197-211); Hans-Joerg Keller: Systematische Personalauswahl, Vorbereitung, Betreuung und Reintegration bei der Mitarbeiterentsendung ins Ausland (212-234); Kerstin Tschoecke: Chinesische Wirtschaftskultur als Stolperstein fuer deutsche Unternehmer (235-251); Erika Dettmar: Segregation und soziokulturelle Integration in Joint Ventures: Das Beispiel Nigeria (252-280); Swen Gummich: Kulturstandards im Cross-Culture-Training am Beispiel Brasilien (281-295)
  • Europe and Asia Chances for intercultural dialogue?

    6. Europakolloquium, , 1999; Gu, Xuewu (ed.); Universitaet Bonn, Zentrum fuer Europaeische Integrationsforschung -ZEI-, Bonn (Germany) (2000)
    Inhaltsverzeichnis: Xuewu Gu: Dialog statt Kampf der Kulturen: eine methodische Vorueberlegung (5-12); Karl-Heinz Ludwig: Konfuzius und das Zwoelftafelgesetz. Ueber die Urspruenge chinesischen und westlichen Rechts (13-26); Oskar Weggel: Gefahr oder Chance? Die Begegnung mit Asien (27-56); Walter Woon: The dialogue of cultures. One view from Asia (57-63)
  • LITERARY PORTRAYALS OF RELIGIOUS AWAKENING THROUGH SUFFERING AND LOSS - BUDDHIST, DAOIST, AND CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVES

    Canning, Robert (ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst, 2020-12-18)
    The focus of this study is on portrayals of religious awakening in four short works of literature: a Chinese play, two Chinese short stories, and an American short story. In all of these works, the protagonists attain religious awakening, but only do so because they experience suffering and loss. The experience of suffering and loss in these works helps to bring about the protagonists’ willingness to leave the worldly life. This is because the experience of suffering and loss clears the minds of the protagonists and helps them to realize the bitter nature of worldly existence. In addition, these works portray worldly concepts from the perspective of a mystical, transcendent order of reality. Things that appear normal from a worldly perspective are abnormal from the mystical perspective, and vice versa. Thus, the wise may appear foolish, the sane crazy, and the successful materially destitute, to name a few examples. In these works, religious heroism (a characteristic of the protagonists) also appears unheroic because of this distorted perspective. Religious heroism may appear cowardly, for example, and religious success may appear to be a failure or a tragedy. These literary portrayals of religious awakening through suffering and loss may thus help to shed light on religious concepts common to Buddhism, Taoism and Christianity, and also on the differences between the worldly and mystical perspectives.
  • The construction of identity: a case study of elder volunteers in a multi service center.

    Mak, Wing-yan.; Chinese University of Hong Kong Graduate School. Division of Sociology. (2001)
    Mak Wing-yan.

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