Using Learning Outcome Statements To Guide Learning And Testing: The CFA ® Program
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AbstractAlthough learning objectives have been widely adopted in university curricula and professional learning programs, little research has been conducted as to their effectiveness as a pedagogical tool. To determine the opinions of primary users of the learning outcome statements (LOS) in the CFA Program, we surveyed: (1) a group of CFA candidates, and (2) the CFA charterholders who graded CFA exams. Both groups found LOS to be valuable learning tools. Over 80 percent of both groups agreed or strongly agreed that LOS help place individual readings in the context of a larger study plan and help identify important individual concepts in a reading. Respondents also indicated that LOS are as important for higher order learning (e.g., synthesis) as for basic concepts.