Recent Submissions

  • Food security and business opportunity: lessons from surah Yusuf

    Mohd Marzuki, Zunaidah (AbdulHamid AbuSulayman Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia and Majlis Keselamatan Negara., 2022-06-09)
    Lessons from the Prophetic story on food crisis can be learned through the story of the Prophet
 Yusuf which Allah has revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
  • CURRENT STAGE OF RELATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN WITH INDIA AND PAKISTAN

    B. Naimanbayev; E. Baidaliyeva (2022-05-31)
    Abstract The article studies the bilateral relations of Kazakhstan with India and Pakistan. The Kazakh-Indian relations, their characteristics, content and stages of development are thoroughly characterized. India, possessing a huge population, nuclear weapons, and a large army in the 21st century has become one of the largest international players on the world stage. It is emphasized that the countries have a huge potential for the development of cooperation in the field of economy, trade, military-technical and innovation spheres. At the same time, the volumes of trade turnover between Kazakhstan and India are very modest, incomparable with other Asian states. The reasons are highlighted that impede the increase in the indicators of Kazakh-Indian trade. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan positions itself as a leading country in the Muslim world, which in a certain sense affects the Kazakh-Pakistani relations. In addition, there is a long-term territorial conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, in the settlement of which the Republic of Kazakhstan is taking part. The article also reflects the positive results of the Kazakh-Pakistani cooperation. Аннотация В статье проводится изучение двусторонних отношений Казахстана с Индией, и Пакистаном. Обстоятельно характеризуются казахстанско-индийские отношения, их особенности, содержание и этапы развития. Индия, обладающая огромным по численности населением, ядерным оружием, крупной армией в ХХІ веке превратилась в одного из крупнейших международных игроков на мировой арене. Подчеркивается, что страны имеют огромный потенциал для развития сотрудничества в области экономики, торговли, военно-технической и инновационной сферах. При этом объемы торгового оборота между Казахстаном и Индией весьма скромные, несопоставимые с другими государствами Азии. Выделяются причины, препятствующие увеличению показателей казахстанско-индийской торговли. Исламская Республика Пакистан позиционирует себя как ведущую страну мусульманского мира, что в определенном смысле влияет на казахстанско-пакистанские отношения. Кроме того, между Индией и Пакистаном существует долговременный территориальный конфликт из-за Кашмира, в урегулировании которого принимает участие Республика Казахстан. Также в статье отражены позитивные результаты казахстанско-пакистанского сотрудничества.
  • Основные направления развития традиционных отраслей Севера в Республике Саха (Якутия): экспертное мнение

    Неустроева, Аиза Борисовна; Михайлова, Виктория Власьевна (Томский политехнический университет, 2022-05-16)
    В Республике Саха (Якутия) почти во всех районах проживают коренные малочисленные народы Севера: эвенки, эвены, юкагиры, долганы и чукчи. Сегодня их положение характеризуется негативными процессами сокращения традиционных форм хозяйствования, северные народы сталкиваются с целым комплексом проблем и рисков. В статье выявляется мнение экспертного сообщества о существующих проблемах и направлениях дальнейшего развития малочисленных народов Севера и традиционных отраслей в Республике Саха (Якутия). Методы: экспертный опрос руководителей муниципальных органов власти, председателей и членов родовых общин коренных малочисленных народов Севера, представителей ассоциаций и объединений. Авторы раскрывают наиболее актуальные проблемы, стоящие перед малочисленными народами, выявляют главные направления устойчивого развития малочисленных народов Севера. Основными факторами, тормозящими традиционные виды деятельности, по мнению экспертов, являются отсутствие круглогодичной транспортной схемы, сложная и дорогостоящая транспортная логистика. Примитивная транспортная инфраструктура районов, сезонность путей сообщения повышают транспортные расходы и не позволяют устойчиво развиваться предпринимательству, местному производству, традиционным видам деятельности. Выводы: в первую очередь необходимы снижение уровня безработицы в арктических и северных районах, поддержка малого предпринимательства, семейно-родовых и общинных форм кооперации, развитие материально-сырьевой базы традиционных отраслей хозяйствования, обеспечение транспортной доступности.
  • Zakat Community Development Program Through Zakat Village Index Approach

    Nilda Susilawati; Andang Sunarto; Rohimin Rohimin (IAIN Bengkulu, 2019-12-01)
    This research is motivated by the level of poverty that occurs in the district of Sukaraja, Seluma Regency. It is necessary to have a community empowerment program through the zakat community development program. The zakat community development program is a form of community empowerment program in certain villages to enliven or develop the potential of the community through creative industries that produce superior products. Thus,the community is able to be economically independent. The method used is a field research with a descriptive qualitative mixed approach with quantitative using the Zakat Village Index (Indeks Desa Zakat-IDZ). The data consists of primary and secondary data and data collection techniques through observation, questionnaires and interviews with sources and research informants from competent parties. From the results of the study, it was found that in Sukaraja District, there was a village prioritized to be assisted with an IDZ score in the range 0.21-0.40, 13 villages could be considered to be assisted with an IDZ score in the range 0.41-0.60 and 7 villages were less prioritized to be assisted with IDZ scores in the range of 0.61-0.80 through the zakat program. With the zakat community development program in the form of home industry business development programs, animal husbandry and agricultural or plantation businesses.
  • Integralisme Islam dan Kontribusi Budaya Muakhi Bagi Peradaban Masyarakat Serta Relevansi Nilai-Nilai Filosofis Budaya Lokal dan Pembangunan Masyarakat Lampung

    Nurdin, A. F. (A) (Raden Intan State Islamic University, 2019)
    This study reveals and explains about 'Islamic Integralism and the Contribution of Muakhi Culture to World Civilization, which is focused on the relevance of the philosophical values of Local Culture and Lampung Community Development'. The problems are: (1) Are Islamic values integrated with the philosophical values of the local culture as a philosophy of life for the people of Lampung ?; (2) How is the nature of Islamic values integrated with Lampung culture in relation to the life cycle of humans, nature and the environment; (3) How are the philosophical values of local culture (muakhi) relevant to the development of Lampung society. The research aims to uncover and explain the three problems scientifically, objectively, philosophically and academically. The philosophical approach is used to explain problems that must be "understood" and actualized in everyday life. The method used is involved observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation study. Qualitative analysis in the field of philosophy is carried out by interpreting, interpreting, comparing and linking the theory of "Islamic Intergralism and Muakhi Culture" with data that has been processed, criticized and can be applied. The result turns out that Islamic integralism and muakhi culture based on the philosophical values of Lampung's local culture are reality and the work of the perpetrators, so Piil Pesenggiri as a philosophy of life grows and muakhi culture develops in society as a 'local genius' and 'local wisdom' of the nation that is useful for community development and world civilization. The findings of the research, namely: First, Islamic integralism - based on the philosophical values of Muakhi culture as the philosophy of life of indigenous peoples - can contribute to the development of Lampung society. Second, the essence of Islamic values integrated with the life cycle of humans, nature and the environment in the Lampung regional development relations manifests in the development of whole people based on faith, good deeds and virtues that have values for the welfare of society and world civilization in the future. Third, the philosophical values of local culture (muakhi) have relevance and can contribute positively and significantly to the development of Lampung society.
  • RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS: THE CASE OF DIOCESE VIBORG OF THE EVANGELIC LUTHERAN CHURCH OF DENMARK

    Olga A. Balabeikina; Anna A. Yankovskaya; Valeria Y. Korobushchenko (The Russian Academy of Sciences, Federal Research Centre Kola Science Centre, 2022-03-01)
    The article is dedicated to the examination of the implementation by a Christian religious organization of various activities aimed at achieving the goals of sustainable development. The testing ground is the Viborg Diocese, one of the northern dioceses of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark (ELCD), located within the mainland of the country. Based on the analysis of the content of the reporting financial documentation, a detailed description of the economic activity of a religious organization is presented, its regional specificity is indicated. The functions of the ELCD are identified, which are delegated to it by the state and partially duplicate its social obligations. On the example of the Diocese of Viborg the key directions in the field of interaction between the Church and the state are reflected in detail. An analysis of the factual materials led to the conclusion that in communes geographically coinciding with the designated diocese, the religious institution has the greatest influence on the achievement of socially oriented UN SDGs. Priority areas are: access to continuing education, intellectual development, physical and mental health of children and youth, strengthening family relations. The experience of the ELCD regional structural unit in achieving environmentally determined SDGs is also described. A rare example of the implementation of a joint social project of the Diocese of Viborg and municipal authorities in the commune of Ikast-Branne, aimed at providing comprehensive support to families in need, is highlighted. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark in the XXI century, when the society is embraced by the processes of secularization, remains an influential social institution, showing high activity through participation in various activities aimed at realizing social responsibility at the local and regional levels, so its experience can be useful for other countries and religious organizations.
  • Una ecología cristiana en un mundo insostenible

    Álvaro Hernández Acevedo (Universidad de San Buenaventura, 2018)
    El presente artículo realiza un análisis sobre el papel del pensamiento cristiano sobre el cuidado del medio ambiente, desde un acercamiento a la sostenibilidad. El creyente cristiano tiene como misión el reconocimiento de su relación íntima con el ecosistema, que va más allá de lo humano no vivo, lo debe comprender como el contexto de su experiencia fundante con Dios. La destrucción del medio ambiente es un pecado ante los ojos de Dios, quien encomendó su dominio en términos de cuidado, protección y defensa, lo que incluye promoción de la dignidad humana de todo ser viviente, quienes son la gloria de Dios.
  • Am I My Brother's Keeper?: The Contested Role of African American Churches in Community Development

    Bass, Jackie (eScholarship, University of California, 2014-12-12)
    In the age of mega-churches with sprawling campuses whose locations are determined by the presence of an abundance of land, not a historic connection to a particular community, many church leaders have a relatively expansive interpretation of their “community”, often coupled with an inward focus on their ministerial obligations. This perspective contrasts with the expectations of many community leaders that envision an outwardly focused, localized outreach model for churches. This tension is further complicated by the increasing size of churches and the emergence of a relatively new religious doctrine that emphasizes individual efforts and material gain, possibly leading churches to adopt even more insular activities, pulling them further away from the model desired by many community leaders. While local communities may be in more need of the assistance of area churches, churches are increasingly not in need of them. Through a series of interviews, participant observation, and archival research in a large southern metro area, this paper examines the competing visions of the church's “community” and the various interpretations of the church's responsibilities to these communities.
  • Revitalization of Waqf for Socio-Economic Development, Volume I [electronic resource] /

    Ali, Khalifa Mohamed.editor.edthttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt; Hassan, M. Kabir.editor.edthttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt; Ali, Abd elrahman Elzahi Saaid.editor.edthttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt; SpringerLink (Online service)
    This book explores the various aspects of Waqf management in isIDB member countries/jurisdictions as well as in non-Muslim majority countries. Topics covered include Waqf regulation, its modernization and relationship to Maqasid Al-Shari’ah; performance of Waqf activities; time and activity-wise distribution of Waqf resource management; the antecedents and consequences of Waqf assets (both physical and cash); the strategies and models to promote Waqf-related activities for greater socio-economic development; good governance practices through the formulation of informed policies for Waqf projects; the confluence of Waqf, zakah, charity, and Islamic microfinance impacting socio-economic development and so on. Comprising different issues and perspectives adopted by various authors/researchers, the book is specifically designed to meet the needs of academics and industry practitioners in the field of Islamic finance to provide general and Shari’ah guidelines on the emerging issues within the subject.
  • Is CSR Assistance Effective for Islamic Based Community Development in Indonesia?

    Nor Hadi; Jadzil Baihaqi (Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Kudus, 2020-09-01)
    This article strives to examine which CSR assistance factors are effective in helping to alleviate the burdens of a community who lives near a cement site. The CSR factors are developed from underlying intens of Islamic law (maqasid al-sharia). The CSR activities which are done by the company towards the community residing near the site are in the form of community development and partnerships. This study was conducted in a community residing around a mine. Primary data were utilized. The data were retrieved with a survey technique, and 97 respondents were retrieved. Meanwhile, the data were analyzed by using a factor analysis. The analysis results depict that there are 6 kinds of education assistance in the CSR programs, where assistance in establishing free schools is not effective enough because it is used for employees’ children, while they comprise a very small portion of the community. There are 20 CSR health programs for the community, while the only one that is not very effective is the HIV prevention program, because the company does not implement an HIV prevention program for the community. There are 12 CSR programs for the environment, in which all of the programs are considered to be effective for the community. There are 6 CSR socio-religious programs, while only 2 of them are considered as not being effective, which are the holiday and animal sacrifice assistance. There are 4 CSR programs for public infrastructure, in which all of the programs are effective to alleviate the community’s burdens. There are 2 CSR programs for national holidays, in which all of the programs are effective for the community. There are 5 socio-cultural CSR programs, in which 2 of the CSR programs are considered to not be effective, which are the arts and culture mentoring as well as arts and culture festival assistance. There are 7 CSR programs for youth and sports activities, which are all considered effective for the community. There are 4 other CSR programs for social assistance, in which 2 of the programs are viewed as being ineffective, which are the retirement home and death assistance. There are 4 CSR programs for rotating fund assistance for SMEs, which are all deemed effective for the community. There are 3 CSR programs for managerial assistance for SMEs, in which 1 program is thought to be ineffective, which is the record keeping and accounting training program. There are 3 CSR programs for marketing assistance for SMEs, which are all considered effective for SMEs.
  • Économie islamique et objectifs de développement durable : divergences, convergences et essai d’unification

    Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille (CERGAM) ; Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-Université de Toulon (UTLN); CERGAM; Ghlamallah, Ezzedine (HAL CCSD, 2021-01-28)
    International audience
  • Understanding young Buddhists : living out ethical journeys /

    Page, Sarah-Jane.; Yip, Andrew K. T.
    There is currently an acute lack of scholarly engagement with Buddhism and youth. Based on ground-breaking empirical research, Understanding Young Buddhists: Living out Ethical Journeys explores the stories of young Buddhists, through a rich analysis of their lived experiences. Page and Yip explore their journeying into Buddhism, their Buddhist belief and practice, their management of sexuality, and their social positioning in relation to family and kin, friendship networks, youth culture, and occupational aspirations. Using lived religion as a theoretical lens, and bringing into dialogue research on Buddhism and youth, Understanding Young Buddhists convincingly demonstrates the resourcefulness and creativity of young Buddhists in developing ethics for life, as they negotiate the diverse challenges and opportunities in their journeys of life.
  • Money and Banking in Africa [electronic resource] /

    Abor, Joshua Yindenaba.author.authttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut; Gyeke-Dako, Agyapomaa.author.authttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut; Fiador, Vera Ogeh.author.authttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut; Agbloyor, Elikplimi Komla.author.authttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut; Amidu, Mohammed.author.authttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut; Mensah, Lord.author.authttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut; SpringerLink (Online service)
    This book presents a holistic exploration of the banking systems in Africa. Considering the central role that banks play in most developing countries and the vastly different trends and challenges they face, the book provides a crucial understanding of the specific environments in which banks operate. It addresses specific banking issues relevant to developing countries in general and Africa in particular, and explores the various dynamics of money and banking that separate Africa from the rest of the world. The authors build upon extensive Africa-based research and university teaching, and illustrate each topic with examples and cases from the continent. Written in an accessible style while retaining its practicality and relevance, it is an essential read for professionals, students, and other readers interested in policies affecting the banking sector’s development in Africa.
  • Islamic Finance Practices [electronic resource] : Experiences from South Eastern Europe /

    Efendic, Velid.editor.edthttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt; SpringerLink (Online service)
    This book discusses carefully selected topics in Islamic banking and finance (IBF) in South Eastern Europe (SEE) as one of the fastest growing areas in global finance. IBF originated within various Islamic banks, Islamic windows, investment funds, Takaful companies, and other financial institutions and has resulted in various global products. Although it is still in an early phase in SEE, IBF has developed rapidly in the last decade and has created a need for research on related topics, from the fundamental principles of IBF to the SCR, endowments and investment instruments to Islamic banking practices. This is our second book published as a result of the Sarajevo Islamic and Finance conferences (SIFEC). This conference traditionally gathers Islamic banking, economics, and finance academicians, experts, and students all over the world who discuss a wide range of topics in this field, focusing on the SEE. Consisting of seven chapters presenting original research, this book is a valuable resource for researchers as well as for practitioners and potential investors in IBF, especially in SEE. Velid Efendic is an Associate Professor in the field of finance at the University of Sarajevo (UoS), Bosnia and Herzegovina. He was involved in the establishment and management of the Banking Academy and Center for Islamic Economics Banking and Finance at UoS, where he serves as the Head. Since 2013 he serves as the head of the international Joint degree MA programme “Islamic Banking” in collaboration between UoS and University of Bolton, UK. In 2017, Efendic was appointed as a Management Board member in the Banking Agency for supervision and regulation of banks in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) for the mandate of five years. He has been engaged as a consultant and researcher in many research and investment projects in a variety of public, private, and non-governmental, national, and international institutions and companies. For the last ten years, Efendic was the head, author, organizer, and lecturer at many practical/professional seminars and training courses in various fields of banking and Islamic banking and finance. He is one of the founders of the European Association for Islamic Economics, Banking and Finance.
  • Revitalization of Waqf for Socio-Economic Development, Volume II [electronic resource] /

    Ali, Khalifa Mohamed.editor.edthttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt; Hassan, M. Kabir.editor.edthttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt; Ali, Abd elrahman Elzahi Saaid.editor.edthttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt; SpringerLink (Online service)
    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of Waqf Management and its impact on socio-economic development, specifically financial inclusion and sustainable development as well as of the legal issues in Waqf management in IDB member countries and jurisdictions. It explores various aspects of Waqf management in IDB member countries/jurisdictions as well as in non-Muslim majority countries such as Waqf regulation, its modernization, and relationship to Maqasid Al-Shari’ah; performance of Waqf activities; time and activity-wise distribution of Waqf resource management; the antecedents and consequences of Waqf assets (both physical and cash); the strategies and models to promote Waqf related activities for greater socio-economic development; good governance practices through the formulation of informed policies for Waqf projects, among others. Comprising different issues and perspectives adopted by various researchers, the work is specifically designed to meet the needs of academics and industry practitioners in the field of Islamic finance.
  • The role of islamic lifestyle on social security in Russia

    Ivanova T.N.; Yushchenkо N.A.; Ibatova A.Z.; Bahmani A. (2022-02-09)
    Despite the historical realm of security, this concept has been proposed as a social issue only in the modern era and has been tried to be studied empirically. In fact, Islam has considered social security as an important principle in human life and has made other issues dependent on social security. Therefore, the most important issue of urbanisation is social security. Those who commit social offences often do not have a positive view of their society and sometimes of the whole creation and regard social systems and sometimes the universe unhealthy and deviating. In addition, they think that they cannot obtain their true right in an acceptable and natural routine. Islam, along with warning and fear, which can eliminate the root and origin of sin and deviation, has emphasised and encouraged the heavenly reward and worldly happiness. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the role of Islamic lifestyle in social security in Volga Region in Russia. Hence, 10 000 citizens were selected as the statistical population by simple random sampling method. The data have been analysed by Linear Structural Relations (LISREL) software. The participants’ opinions indicated that the Islamic lifestyle plays a significant role in improving social security (P = 0.756; T = 12.453). Therefore, by implementing Islamic teachings in their lives, one will not only have a balanced and meaningful personal life but also security, order and participation will establish social life and society. Contribution: This article contributes to the role of Islamic lifestyle in social security in Volga Region in Russia.
  • Preventing the Unpreparable. Catastrophe Thresholds from Covid to Climate

    Andreas Folkers (University of Bologna, 2022-01-01)
    This article analyses thresholds of catastrophe guiding measures to fight the Covid-19 pandemic and climate change. It argues that in both cases thresholds express the proposed interaction between the security technologies of prevention and preparedness. Preventive measures are supposed to slow down the infection dynamic and the rise of global temperatures, so that strategies of preparedness are able to cope with the remaining adversities: effectively treating patients and successfully adapting to climate change. The transgression of the catastrophe threshold thus marks the point when crisis dynamics become uncontrollable. The goal is to prevent the unpreparable and to prepare for the unavoidable. A moral economy of life underpins this rationality by providing a backstop against an excess of biopolitical elasticity in setting the threshold. The paper contributes to debates in security studies and the sociology of risk by showing how prevention and preparedness, which are often assumed to be opposing rationalities, come to operate in the same security assemblages. In addition, the paper criticizes the ways in which the focus on the catastrophe threshold silences death and suffering below the threshold and fails to provide guidance for situations when the threshold is already breeched. Considering the advanced state and the peculiar temporality of the climate crisis, the paper analyzes a shift from “pre” (preparedeness, prevention) to “re” (carbon removal, ecological remediation and reparation) in the contemporary politics of environmental security.
  • التحديات التي تواجهها هيئة الرقابة الشرعية في إندونيسيا وسبل
 عالجها
 (Challenges faced by DPS in Indonesia and ways to Solve
 them)

    Thaha, Muzakkir Muhsin; Elsefy, Hossam Eldeen; Zaim, Muntaha Artalim (Al-Hikmah Research & Publication Centre, 2021-05-05)
    والبحث عن سبل تحليلها. فكثير من هذه القضايا تعرقل عمليات الهيئة مما أدى إلى عدم تمتعها بالامتيازات الخاصة بها. ومن المثير للاهتمام في هذا الموضوع أن تقنين بعض النظم المصرفية في القانون المدني الإندونيسي لم تسفر عن النتائج المثلى وهي الالتزام الكامل في أنشطة المصارف الإسلامية بمبادئ الشريعة. فجاءت هذه الدراسة لتساهم في تقديم الحلول الفعّالة القابلة للتطبيق حتى يتم تفعيل أعمال الهيئة بشكل منتظم. واعتمد الباحث على المنهج الاستقرائي والتحليلي لبيان المشكلات وتقويمها مع الرجوع إلى الكتب التراثية وكتب المعاصرين. وقد توصّل الباحث إلى بعض النتائج والتوصيات، أبرزها: 1- جعل التبعية القانونية لهيئة الرقابة الشرعية منوطة بجهة رسمية عليا في الدولة لضمان تحقيق الاستقلالية وللنأي عن كل مؤثِّر يخلّ بالعمل المهني لها. 2- يجب على الهيئة إثبات أهمية وجودها أمام المتعاملين والعملاء والاستفادة من التكنولوجيا للانتشار والسرعة مبينًا فيها الأحكام الشرعية للمشاريع الجارية. 3- الملاحظة عالقة بخصوص تعيين أعضاء هيئة الرقابة الشرعية من قبل الجمعية العمومية في المصرف لإمكان حصول تضارب المصالح. 4- يجوز لأعضاء DPS أخذ الرواتب والمكافآت من المصارف الإسلامية مقابل أعمالهم فيها، فقد اقتطعوا جزءًا من وقتهم للقيام بأعمال تخص هذه المصارف.
 
 
 
 This study aims to identify some issues facing the Sharia Supervisory Board (SSB) in Indonesia and find ways to solve them. Some cases were found to have obstructed SSB operations, resulting in SSB's failure to enjoy its privileges. What is interesting is that the legalization of many Sharia banking systems in Indonesian civil law didn’t produce optimal results that is the full commitment of Islamic banking activities to principles of Sharia. This study contributes to providing effective and applicable solutions in order to systematically improve the work of SSB. The researcher relies on the inductive and analytical approach to clarify and solve the problems by referring to heritage and contemporary būks. The research reached some conclusions and recommendations: 1- Making legal affiliation of the SSB refer to a higher official authority in-country to ensure independence. 2- The SSB must prove the urgency of their presence among customers and utilize technology to accelerate demonstrating of Sharia provisions for ongoing projects. 3- There is still a problem in appointing the members of SSB by the bank’s general assembly due to potential conflicts of interest. 4- SSB members can collect salaries and bonuses from Islamic banks in return for their efforts and carving out their times.
  • A Study of the Causes of Turning to Social Deviations in the Social Structure of Developing Societies(with special focus on Iranien - Islamic Family)

    Vahid Yaminpour (Imam Sadiq University, 2012-11-01)
    According to Islamic values and  The Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran the family is the fundamental unit of Islamic society, all laws, regulations, and pertinent programs must tend to facilitate the formation of a family, ,and to safeguard its sanctity and the stability of family relations on the basis of the law and the ethics of Islam. The process of social developments in contemporary Iran from the beginning of modernization procedures is different from what it was before. This difference manifests itself in functions of families, social deviations and criminal phenomena. The gradual distance of two or three successive generations from each other creates a new situation called generation gap. This phenomenon accompanied with features such as reduction of verbal communications, emotional gap, disturbance in associating , and political anomaly particularly concerning the younger generation can be one of the most serious grounds of abnormality and inclining to criminal phenomena and social deviations. Following the framework of studies of criminal sociology, i.e. study of crime as a social and human reality, the present article seeks to indicate the effect of changing values in the process of social changes in Iran. This can pave the grounds for commission of crime or deviation due to disturbing social security and reducting social capital and confidence. Studying the theoretical model of Parsons and Giddens and some other sociologists, the present article attempts to study primary sources and stereotypes of violence in the social structure of modern and developing societies. According to these arguments, the most important cause of social injuries giving rise to the inclination of Iranian younger generation to crimes and social deviations is disturbance in the supervisory functions of families and the feeling of self alienation originating from the crisis of meaning in modern societies.

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