Using linked data for integrating educational medical web databases based on bioMedical ontologies
AbstractOpen data are playing a vital role in different communities, including governments, businesses, and education. This revolution has had a high impact on the education field. Recently, Linked Data are being adopted for publishing and connecting data on the web by exposing and connecting data which were not previously linked. In the context of education, applying Linked Data to the growing amount of open data used for learning is potentially highly beneficial. This paper proposes a system that tackles the challenges of data acquisition and integration from distributed web data sources into one linked dataset. The application domain of this work is medical education, and the focus is on integrating educational content in the form of articles published in online educational libraries and Web 2.0 content that can be used for education. The process of integrating a collection of heterogeneous resources is to create links that connect the resources collected from distributed web data sources based on their semantics. The proposed system harvests metadata from distributed web sources and enriches it with concepts from biomedical ontologies, such as SNOMED CT, that enable its linking. The final result of building this system is a linked dataset of more than 10,000 resources collected from PubMed Library, YouTube channels, and Blogging platforms. The final linked dataset is evaluated by developing information retrieval methods that exploit the SNOMED CT hierarchical relations for accessing and querying the dataset. Ontology-based browsing method has been developed for exploring the dataset, and the browsing results have been clustered to evaluate its linkages. Furthermore, ontology-based query searching method has been developed and tested to enhance the discoverability of the data. The results were promising and had shown that using SNOMED CT for integrating distributed resources on the web is beneficial.
Al Fayez, Reem Qadan and Joy, Mike. (2016) Using linked data for integrating educational medical web databases based on bioMedical ontologies. The Computer Journal . ISSN 0010-4620 (In Press)