Digital Learning Material Development;Mandarin Character Recognition Learning Course;Third Graders and Fourth Graders
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Abstract[[abstract]]數位科技的進步帶動數位學習，改變了學生的學習模式，使學生能多元化的學習，也增加教師透過網路取得數位教材的便利性。本研究以行動研究法進行國小中年級國語識字數位教材之研發，此研發過程中運用ADDIE模式設計國語識字數位教材，研究的目的有三點：（一）探討使用ADDIE模式在國語識字數位教材研發過程的可行性；（二）了解國語識字數位教材的趣味性；（三）了解國語識字數位教材的有效性。本數位教材使用的對象為高雄市偏鄉國小18位中年級的弱勢低成就學生，並透過教師於補救教學時間實施國語識字數位教材。為使識字數位教材更具有效性，本研究諮詢3位專家學者、歷經五次國語識字數位教材的修正與校正過程，以提升國語識字數位教材之品質。 結果顯示：（一）從ADDIE模式中，可以「分析」出適合的文字。（二）從ADDIE模式中，可以「設計」出文字圖片和網頁頁面。（三）從ADDIE模式中，能交叉進行「發展」和「實施」國語識字數位教材。（四）透過教室觀察、訪談與紀錄可以了解國語識字數位教材的趣味性。（五）「自編國語識字數位教材評量」能了解國語識字數位教材後的有效性。 研究者提供三點建議：（一）製作「國語識字數位教材」前應先撰寫腳本，會縮短國語識字數位教材修改的時間。（二）研究者或研發團隊應有資訊與語文相關背景，增加國語識字數位教材研發過程的流暢度。（三）國語識字數位教材評量方式應數位化。
[[abstract]]The improvement of technology allows students to have easier access to learning materials such as online courses, which change the way students learn, and the way teachers can access materials as well. This research is approached by an action research on the study method of a Mandarin character learning course for third and fourth graders in an elementary school. The teaching software of a Mandarin character was designed by Analysis-Design-Development-Implementation-Evaluation (ADDIE). The purposes of this study were following: 1.To understand the ADDIE can be useful software for the “Mandarin Character Recognition Learning Course, MCRLC”. 2. To analyze the interesting of the MCRLC software. 3. To determine the effectiveness of the MCRLC software. The sample for this research is drawn from Kaohsiung city containing a total of 18 third and fourth graders who are underachieved and/or at disadvantage. Teachers would use the MCRLC software during tutoring sessions. In order to improve the software quality, three specialists were consulted, and a total of five to six rounds of editing processes were taken place. In conclusion: 1.It was possible to analyze the appropriate terms and characters through the ADDIE. 2. The MCRLC software allowed for designing flashcards and websites. 3. For the MCRLC software, the ADDIE was possible to develop and implement the materials at the same time. 4. It was possible to learn of how interesting the software was during usage through interviews, observations, and records. 5. The effectiveness of the MCRLC software was confirmed. The researcher proposed three suggestions: 1.A script should be written first prior to developing the software. This will decrease the editing process time. 2. The researcher or production group should retrieve information technology, and comprehension backgrounds in relation to the software, which would improve the smoothness of the production process. 3. The evaluation should be digitalized.