This Globethics.net collection gathers contributions, resources and perspectives on eco-theology, climate justice, and food security from Christian, Churches, and/or other religious traditions. It also contains the Global Survey on Ecotheology, Climate Justice and Food Security in Theological Education and Christian Leadership Development, the presentations and report of the follow up consultation on the same subject held at the Academy of Volos, Demetriades Diocese of Church of Greece, 10-13 March, 2016.

Recent Submissions

  • History of Buffalo Presbyterian church and her people, Greensboro, N. C.

    Rankin, S. M. (Samuel Meek), 1864-1939. ([Greensboro, N. C., J. J. Stone & co., printers,, 1934])
    Mode of access: Internet.
  • Comfort the Waste Places, Defend the Violated Earth : An Ecofeminist Reading of Isaiah 51:1-52:6 and Tracy Chapman's Song "The Rape of the World"

    Sawyer, Angela Sue (Karl Franzens Universität Graz, 2020-06-01)
    This article compares the personification of Zion in Isaiah 51:1–52:6 as a mother and
 daughter with Tracy Chapman’s 1995 song “The Rape of the World”, where the earth
 is personified as a mother. These works share the power of metaphor in prophecy,
 poetry, and song to provoke political and social activism in multiple areas of injustice,
 using rape imagery in different ways. Both pieces portray the negative effects of human
 activity on the earth, whether by commercial activity or war. The environmental
 impact of the desolation of the earth during the Babylonian exile depicted in Deutero-Isaiah
 is viewed through the lens of ecological criticism. The earth itself has a voice in
 both Chapman’s and Isaiah’s words.
  • Longitudinal assessment of illegal leopard skin use in ceremonial regalia and acceptance of faux alternatives among followers of the Shembe Church, South Africa

    Vincent N. Naude; Guy A. Balme; Matt S. Rogan; Mark D. Needham; Gareth Whittington‐Jones; Tristan Dickerson; Xolani Mabaso; Nicoli Nattrass; Jacqueline M. Bishop; Luke Hunter (Wiley, 2020-11-01)
    Abstract Despite having protected status, poaching for the illegal trade and traditional use remains a primary threat to leopards (Panthera pardus) across southern Africa. Addressing this threat is challenging, not only because it is difficult to uncover and monitor illicit behavior, but because law enforcement and alternative intervention strategies need to account for cultural and political sensitivities to prove effective and sustainable. With up to 4 million followers in southern Africa, the recently‐established Nazareth Baptist “Shembe” Church represents the principal culturo‐religious use of illegal leopard skins in the world. This longitudinal study used in‐person questionnaires (n = 8,600) and telephone follow‐ups (n = 2,300) with Shembe followers to explore socio‐economic and experiential factors related to the desirability and possession of illegal leopard skins before and after receiving a faux alternative through the Furs for Life (FFL) intervention program. Proportional possession of authentic skins was relatively low among followers who received faux skins (21%), with declines of 7 and 13% in subsequent authentic skin acquisition and desirability, respectively. Logistic regression models revealed that authentic skin possession, both before and after receiving a faux skin, was primarily related to employment status. Desire for authentic skins increased with recipient age, but decreased with improved knowledge of leopard population status since receiving the faux skin. Followers who were dissatisfied with faux skins were likely to express a continued desire for authentic skins. Most followers (95%) were, however, satisfied with the faux alternative, having retained and worn it at gatherings, with little noticeable damage or perceived societal judgment. These results support the FFL intervention as a means of protecting leopards: Although authentic skins were still acquired, demand decreased significantly over 3 years with shifts in perception favoring faux leopard skin alternatives.
  • Temporal dynamics of human-polar bear conflicts in Churchill, Manitoba

    Sarah Heemskerk; Amy C. Johnson; Daryll Hedman; Vicki Trim; Nicholas J. Lunn; David McGeachy; Andrew E. Derocher (Elsevier, 2020-12-01)
    Identifying factors that influence human-wildlife conflicts is essential to the management of these interactions. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) come into conflict with humans and these conflicts may become more frequent as the bears spend more time on land due to climate warming induced sea ice loss. To reduce human-bear conflicts, polar bears near Churchill, Manitoba, Canada, are deterred from human areas or caught, held temporarily, and relocated by wildlife officials. We evaluated data for 2061 bear captures intended to reduce human-bear conflicts from 1970 to 2018 to understand temporal dynamics relative to population trends and sea ice indices. On average, 42 different conflict bears/year (SE = 3.6, range = 3 to 110) were handled. The number of conflict bears increased up to a 2001 breakpoint with no trend afterwards. The proportion of conflict bears relative to the population size increased until a breakpoint in 1998 with no trend afterwards. The mean age of conflict bears was 5.5 years (SE = 0.01, range = 1 to 31) and increased over time from 2.6 in 1970 to 6.7 in 2018. Pooling years, subadults were the most common group in conflict and comprised 55% of the bears handled. Age/sex class composition varied significantly before and after the 2001 breakpoint, with subadults comprising a lower proportion of conflict bears after the breakpoint. We found different temporal trends in the number of bears caught in each age/sex class, as well as the entire population, suggesting that multiple factors were involved. The number of conflict bears increased with the length of the ice-free period and there was a positive interaction between abundance and year on the number of conflict bears, indicating that when abundance was higher, the effect of year was higher. Observed changes may be associated with increasing effects of climate change on body condition, longer on-land periods, altered migration routes, altered summering habitat, and food-seeking behaviour. Definitive explanations for the patterns, however, are challenged by shifts in management activities.
  • From epistemology to the method : phenomenology of the body, qi cultivation (qigong) and religious experiences in Chinese worlds

    Micollier, Evelyne (2020)
    At the intersections of social anthropology, philosophy, and Asian studies, my paper explores the body ecologic through a phenomenological frame in the context of Chinese culture engaging both theory and method. How can qi cultivation experiences transporting bodies and persons in movement, within the world and their "life-world," be interpreted through a phenomenology of perception? Based on ethnographic study data collected mainly in South China (Guangzhou) and in Taiwan (1990s-2000s), this exploration is situated within qi gong experiences (training, cultivating and mastering the qi). Anchored in martial, religious, and healing arts and their meanings, qigong's myriad of forms and infinite variations invite journeys into religious Daoist and Buddhist practice, Chinese thought, and politico-religious issues of past and present Chinese society. The qigong world, paths of knowledge transmission, healing horizons, claimed affiliations, and views of practitioners unveil an ontology and a cosmology grounded in religious (Daoist and Buddhist) lore.
  • Spiritual Self and Nature: The Impact of Daily Activation of Spirituality on Environmental Friendliness

    Grouzet, Frederick M. E.; Lee, Elliott (2013-08-30)
    Spirituality and environmental friendliness (i.e., nature connectedness, environmental attitudes and behaviours) are inextricably linked. They share the common basis of transcendence (Grouzet, 2011; Grouzet et al., 2005). However, the relationship between the two lacks empirical support. The current study employed experimental and daily diary methods to investigate the influence of spirituality upon environmental friendliness. Spirituality was marginally, but not significantly, increased through guided daily reflection among religious participants and slightly decreased among non-religious participants. This, subsequently, led to greater sense of connection to nature, but no other changes in environmental friendliness. These findings provide preliminary evidence of the relation between spirituality and environmental friendliness.
  • The Ecological Christology of Joseph Sittler

    Courter, Andrew M (eCommons, 2019-01-01)
    This thesis attempts to highlight the theology of Joseph Sittler as a resource for Christians seeking to engage our current ecological crisis theologically. More specifically my aim is to articulate Sittler's diagnosis of the theological problems which contribute to the ecological crisis faced during his life. I attempt to clarify Sittler's own diagnosis by comparing it with that of Lynn White's influential article "The Historical Roots of our Ecological Crisis" in order to demonstrate the ways Sittler, in some ways, anticipates and goes beyond White. Then, I will examine Sittler's constructive theological attempt to address these problems through his Christological argument that if all things were created in and through, and Christ sustains and holds all things together, then the through the incarnation of God in Christ all things are saved. According to Sittler, Christ as the fullness of all creation saves all things through his incarnation. The imitation of Christ, then, should lead to care for the natural world.
  • The Structure, State, and Stream of Mary Consciousness in the Quest for the Knowing Body

    Dennis, Christine (Digital Commons @ CIIS, 2020-11-07)
    The science of consciousness has traditionally situated knowledge creation in the mind, and thus, marginalizes the knowing body. Returning to the body requires a decolonization of consciousness in Euro-Western research paradigms and in our bodies. This research is grounded in the spirituality indigenous to my Latinx matrilineage known as Mary consciousness, which frames the body as an epistemic pillar of knowledge creation. A feminist fleshing of the knowing body displaces the centrality of the mind by elevating indigenous ways of knowing. Material feminist worldviews contribute by expressing the degree to which the body has been marginalized as a valid source of knowledge creation and expanding the binary split of mind over body. The theoretical entanglement of ethics, being, and knowing in the coalescence of matter, spirit, and meaning illustrate that we cannot know where the body ends, and the mind begins. This threefold schema is delineated through the embodied experience of Mary consciousness as a structure, state, and stream of experience. Ultimately, this research reflects an offering of spiritual inquiry into the discursive practices that limit the body in the process of knowledge creation.
  • Looking at Environmental Consciousness through the Lenses of Morphic Fields and Systems Theory

    Bellali, Johara (Digital Commons @ CIIS, 2020-11-07)
    This paper is an exploration of a space in which questions of self-determination and planetary crises can co-exist. It swims in uncomfortable seas of accepting that environmental consciousness is as innate as our existence, and at the same time not aligned to healthy ecosystems. In this paper, I will first explore environmental consciousness from an ecosystem perspective and present some self-organizing principles of our systems; then I will look into our perceptions, awareness, and sensing of them and finally propose an understanding of how the morphic fields in ecosystems and the creative flow of the life force co-exist in our environmental consciousness. The question driving this quest is why—if humans are co-creators of their system and there is an unfoldment of life—are we still destroying our ecosystems? Which enabling conditions are missing for our environmental consciousness to align with the vital impetus of life? I surmise that patterns, frequencies, and rhythms can support the alignment of our environmental consciousness with l’élan vital. The concluding section offers some concrete examples of programs, places, and novel ideas proposing different enabling environments.
  • African eco-theology : land, ecology, and indigenous wisdom in the works of Samson Gitau, Kapya Kaoma, and Jesse Mugambi

    Van Wyngaard, George Jacobus; Ngwena, Patricia Dudu (2020-10-27)
    Abstracts in English, Xhosa and Afrikaans.
  • El cuidado de la casa común. Releyendo «Laudato si’» en su quinto aniversario

    Santiago Madrigal Terrazas (Universidad Pontificia Comillas, 2020-09-01)
    Este artículo pretender ser una invitación a la lectura de la primera encíclica social del papa Francisco en su quinto aniversario. «El desafío urgente de proteger nuestra casa común —dice el papa— incluye la preocupación de unir a toda la familia humana en la búsqueda de un desarrollo sostenible e integral, pues sabemos que las cosas pueden cambiar». La primera parte de este artículo ofrece una presentación del contenido de la encíclica, iluminando las ideas principales y el encadenamiento de los diferentes capítulos: la actual crisis ecológica, el Evangelio de la creación, las raíces de la crisis, una ecología integral, propuestas de diálogo y acción, líneas para una educación y espiritualidad ecológicas. Nuestra relectura de Laudato si’ incluye el resultado de la celebración del Sínodo sobre la Amazonia, la exhortación apostólica Querida Amazonia. Este artículo concluye mostrando que la idea trinitaria de la creación es el principio que nos invita a desarrollar una espiritualidad de la solidaridad global, porque «en el mundo todo está conectado».
  • Scholars and Sense

    DePaul University, 2020-11-10
    Four DePaul alumni who were the recipients of McNair scholarships have gone on to careers of servies. Pedro Serrano is a public health researcher who most recently has been working on how COVID-19 is affecting people's emotional, physical and mental health. Pascale Ife Williams, a human ecologist, engages is culture and arts initiatives that lift up communities oppressed by institutional inequity. Peter Dziedzic explores interfaith dialogue and religious pluralism as a PhD candidate at Harvard University. Robert Vargas, a tenured sociology professor at the University of Chicago, is using geographic information system mapping software to help governments anticipate and reduce violence and distribute humanitarian and economic assistance more equitably.
  • Nowe ruchy religijne a koncepcje zrównoważonego rozwoju: ekoteologia Wiary Bahá’í

    Anoszko , Sergiusz (Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan, 2020-07-09)
    The chief aim of this paper is to outline the concept of sustainable development which is integrated into the doctrine of a relatively novel world religion known as the Bahá’í Faith. The study focuses on the description of causes behind the crisis and potential solutions as they are seen by the Baha’is, by means of analysis of their Sacred Writings and more profound insights into the doctrine, in particular where it concerns ecology and social-economic development.  
  • Rentmeesterschap:een klassiek christelijk model opnieuw onderzocht

    Pruiksma, Nienke; van der Ham, Kirsten; Luteyn, Mart Jan; van Vliet, Geke; Smit, Peter-Ben; van der Linden, Marieke; Dubbink, Joep (Nederlandse Zendingsraad, 2020-06)
    The use of the model of 'stewardship' in eco-theology is much discussed. This article investigates the biblical-theological arguments pro and con and concludes that the model can still be used, be it with caution because of its potential imperialist associations.
  • De schepping in het midden. Klimaatcrisis als theologische uitdaging

    Smit, Peter-Ben; Luteyn, Mart-Jan; van der Ham, Kirsten; van Vliet, Geke; Pruiksma, Nienke (Nederlandse Zendingsraad, 2020)
  • Moving beyond confessional theologies and secular philosophies about the world : towards an ecodomic public attitude about nature

    Simut, Corneliu C. (AOSIS Open Journals, 2020-10-14)
    This article is firstly an investigation of traditional Christian thought about the world with the
 purpose of establishing whether Christianity’s three main confessions (Eastern Orthodoxy,
 Roman Catholicism and mainline Protestantism) share similar concerns about the current
 situation of nature. Secondly, the investigation is followed by a comparison between the
 common features of these three confessional theologies and similar patterns of thought in the
 secular world, with the intention of finding ecological issues that are common not only to the
 three confessional theologies but also to secular philosophies. Thirdly, the initial investigation
 of Christianity’s three main confessional theologies, followed by the comparison between
 these confessional theologies and secular philosophies of nature, is completed by the concrete
 proposal that, in order for contemporary ecological issues to be met with viable solutions, a
 common public attitude about nature, which goes beyond confessional theologies and secular
 philosophies, needs to be pursued globally in an ecodomic (constructive and edifying) manner.
 CONTRIBUTION : Despite the numerous theories about concrete ways to improve the current
 state of nature, this article is an attempt to go a step beyond the established theological and
 philosophical perspectives on the world towards a constructive public attitude which is meant
 to be characterised by the real possibility of immediate action.
  • Human and ecological responses to the Northern White River Ash eruption

    Reuther, Joshua; Bigelow, Nancy; Clark, Jamie; Smith, Holly A. (2020-10-02)
    Thesis (M.A.) University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2020
  • JCTR Bulletin 2nd Quarter 2017

    Jesuit Centre for Theological Reflection (Jesuit Centre for Theological Reflection, 2020-03-29)
    The lead articles in this issue of JCTR Bulletin address the issue of ecological crisis from the
 point of view of offering some response to this global issue. The authors of the three lead
 articles suggest how to address the troubled relationship between nature and human activities.
 Recent measurements of the human ecological footprint have shown that humanity’s demands on
 nature have sharply increased over the past few decades. This is in contrast with nature’s limited
 ability to sustain us, or to absorb the waste coming from our varied operations. Recent climatic
 disasters from droughts, storms and cyclones present an imminent threat to ecological balance.
  • Transformation of social values during a pandemic and problems of global solidarity

    Vira Dodonova; Roman Dodonov (Ukrainian Center for Cultural Studies, 2020-06-01)
    The paper analyzes the current situation in the world during the coronavirus pandemic, in particular, the general trend to border closure, isolation, national selfishness, increase in total control, and “secucracy”. The paper puts forward a question of reinterpretation of the significance of material values; actualization of post-material values: friendship, love, respect for the Other, self-actualization, family, and environmental values. Based on P. Sorokin’s model of universal altruism, the value shift amidst the pandemic has been analyzed. It is proved that during the severe periods of human development the values of natural law, namely the right to life, the right to health, the right to freedom assume great importance.
  • Social-ecological approach to analysis of the municipal waste utilization problem in metropolis (through the lens of philosophy and law)

    Oleksandr Stovpets (Ukrainian Center for Cultural Studies, 2020-02-01)
    The article gives an analysis of different socio-economic, legal-organizational, info-educational, technical and technological aspects of waste treatment, and also the most used models and instruments in the realm of municipal waste management, applicable in the civilized world. A special attention is paid to the main imperfections of the existing waste treatment system in Ukraine and other countries. A comparative method helps to understand the differences, and the crucial problems in waste processing models used in developed and developing countries, in order to make necessary corrections to environmental policy, with implementation of new social-ecological, psychological, legal and economic incentives. A study of the successful waste-reducing and utilization experience of some countries gives a reason to conclude, that their governments and local authorities have created not only the expedient infrastructure for recycling, but also a proper moral-ethical background in the municipal waste management. As we hope, the most significant tools and methods of mentioned environmental policy have been unfolded in this research.

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