Instructional multimedia programmes in orthodontic training: the need for sequencing models. A literature review
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AbstractAfdeling Chemische materiaalkunde. Afdeling Conserverende tandheelkunde. Afdeling Orthodontie. Afdeling Parodontologie. Afdeling Prothetische tandheelkunde. Forensische Tandheelkunde. Departement Pedagogische wetenschappen. Afdeling Didactiek. Centrum voor Instructiepsychologie en -technologie.
Purpose: To review the literature regarding the use of different models for the design of multimedia programmes, and to present an overview of different sequencing models that may promote multimedia as a method for instruction in dental and orthodontic training. Materials and Methods: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, ERIC and PsycINFO were performed for original articles in the English language published in peer reviewed international journals. Evaluation: Information about implementing different organisational models for instructional multimedia programmes is missing. Most sequencing studies have not even used hypermedia as a medium for instruction. Empirical research is abundant at the micro-level of sequencing while at the macro-level the literature presents some theoretical design models in the absence of an empirical basis. Conclusion: Further research is needed on the methods, macro-sequencing strategies, and models that influence a cognitive process when using non-linear multimedia in dental education and orthodontic training.