This Globethics.net collection gathers interdisciplinary studies and research work from all continents, mainly on the history and theology of Christian missions, the mission of the Church, historical and contemporary theological, anthropological, (cross-) cultural, socio-political aspects, (inter-) religious and interdenominational perspectives and developments (trends) of missionary praxis and theory in local, regional and global contexts of Church history, the modern ecumenical movement and world Christianity.

Recent Submissions

  • Missionaries and the Politics of Quinine in the Gold Coast (1939-1943)

    Benjamin Darkwa (Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, 2022-05-01)
    While there exists a rich history on anti-malarial drugs and quinine, in particular, the attention of scholars has not reflected the nexuses between the Second World War, quinine shortage and missionaries in the Gold Coast. In contemporary discourses on malaria, less information exists on the historical role of quinine; how the Second World War affected the political economy of quinine and how its consequence impacted missionaries in the Gold Coast. The current contribution gleaned data from a compendium of government records, letters, circulars and reports from the Public Records and Archive Administration in Kumase to discuss the relationship and politics of quinine shortage and missionaries on the Gold Coast between 1939 and 1943. Since its introduction into Western medicine, quinine has been an effective remedy for malaria across the world. However, during the Second World War, the Japanese and German occupation of the Islands of Java troubled the political economy of the distribution of quinine. In response, the colonial administration called for the use of alternative remedies such as quinicrine and mepacrine against malaria in the Gold Coast. From the study, it was realized that the politicization of quinine shortage and related questions reduced the status of missionaries to ordinary citizens who were instructed to acquire their medical supplies in the same manner as the general public.
  • What it feels like : letters from a doctor out East to a colleague at home /

    Robin, Dr.; Student Christian Movement (Great Britain) (London : Student Christian Movement,, 1926)
    Mode of access: Internet.
  • Colonial Reformation: Religion, Empire, and the Origins of Modern Social Thought

    Gordon, Peter E.; Jasanoff, Maya; Moyn, Samuel; Surkis, Judith; Kliger, Gili (2022-06-07)
    This dissertation tells a new story about the origins of the modern European social sciences. I set out to understand why the founders of French sociology and anthropology, including Émile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss, and Claude Lévi-Strauss, drew so heavily on ethnographic accounts of non-Western societies. What, I wanted to know, were they learning from these accounts? And how did what they learn contribute to the innovation for which they are today known: the articulation of the “social” as a discrete realm of human activity? Archival research that I carried out in France, Britain, Australia, and the U.S. revealed that ethnographic literature in this period can be traced, almost exclusively, back to a surprising source: nineteenth-century Protestant missionaries working on the frontiers of Western empires to convert indigenous people to Christianity. Conversion was not, however, a one-way process. Rather, I argue that in their efforts to produce vernacular scripture, missionaries confronted a range of indigenous ideas that profoundly challenged Christian frameworks. I then show how those ideas circulated back to Europe through published texts, museum artifacts, and correspondences. Analyzing both canonical texts and archival sources, this dissertation explores the indigenous origins of the modern European social sciences. In addition to revealing the imprint of global intellectual currents on modern European ideas, the story I tell distills for us enduring lessons about the relation between the political and the social realms. Given the historical and conceptual links between Protestant Christianity and Western notions of sovereignty, I argue that the resistance of indigenous ideas to Christian translation should be understood as a form of resistance to the assertion of Western sovereignty, and to the conceptual apparatus of state power. Understood this way, modern European social thought emerged, in the early twentieth century, as a response to the indigenous resistance to the assertion of Western sovereignty in the nineteenth century. I argue, then, that European thinkers were able to describe and imagine the social realm thanks to their encounter with a set of ideas that challenged fundamental tenets within the European tradition of political thought. European political and social thought do not just name and define two distinct fields of action: the political and the social. Rather, they have their origins in two distinct, even antagonistic, intellectual traditions, one statist and one indigenous.
  • THE PHENOMENON OF MISSIONARY ACTIVITY OF CHRISTIAN CHURCHES IN THE VIRTUAL SPACE

    Irina Lomachinska; Petro Grebenyuk (Ukrainian Center for Cultural Studies, 2020-11-01)
    The challenges of the modern globalizing information society are forcing the Christian confessions to give a new meaning to the value orientations of missionary activity and to improve its forms and means. Thanks to the active development of the Internet, the Christian confessions receive new opportunities not only for the implementation of missionary practices aimed at deepening spiritual values among the believers of their religious communities, but also advantages in the dissemination of religious ideas, values, beliefs among non-Christians, therefore, the purpose of the article is to determine the features of the forms and directions of evangelistic missionary practices of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches in the virtual space. The research methodology is based on the principles of non-confessionalism and worldview pluralism, with the involvement of systemic, comparative methods, analysis and synthesis. The conclusions emphasize that the problem of using network technologies for missionary activity is in constant dynamics, forcing the Catholic and Orthodox churches to actively respond not only to changes in value public orientations, but also to the active dissemination of technical innovations. The modern Christian Internet resources are focused mainly on the information function, however, the effectiveness of the missionary practices is ensured by the dominance of the communicative function. The modern Catholic missionary activity is focused on the idea of enculturation as the meeting of the Christian message with the non-Christian community in its cultural context. The Orthodox missionary activity is aimed at preserving and disseminating traditional national religious and cultural values of the Orthodox communities.
  • Letter from H.W. Case to Senator Langer Regarding the Acquisition of Churches on Reservation Land for the Garrison Dam, July 25, 1948

    Case, H.W. (UND Scholarly Commons, 1948-07-31)
    This letter dated July 25, 1948, from H.W. Case to United State Senator William Langer points out “there are several Indian Churches on the Reservation.” Chase inquires if “the Indian” will be able to retain church buildings and requests a pamphlet that outlines the procedures. See also: Letter from Senator Langer to H.W. Case Regarding Procedures for Moving Church Buildings Due to the Garrison Dam, July 31, 1948
  • A father to the poor /

    Divinity School Library, Duke University; Martin, E. Josephine (Emma Josephine), 1869-1931 ([S.l.] : published by descendants of Dr. And Mrs. Martin, in cooperation with the Board of Foreign Missions, UPNA, 1900-01-01)
    48 p. : 22 cm
  • Hybrid organizations in the privatized and harmonized Dutch ECEC system:: Relations with quality of education and care

    Leerstoel Leseman; Education and Learning: Cognitive and Motor Disabilities; van der Werf, W.M.; Slot, P.L.; Kenis, P.; Leseman, P.P.M. (2020-06-03)
    Privatization and marketization have been introduced in early childhood education and care (ECEC) in many countries in the past decades. In the same time window, cultural and linguistic diversity has increased strongly, challenging countries to ensure equal opportunities for all children. To prevent or reduce early education gaps, public subsidies have been introduced in privatized ECEC systems to provide disadvantaged children with high quality education and care, increasing the hybridity of the system. The present study examined within an organization-sociological framework whether ECEC centers, seen as organizations, reveal different ways of adapting to system hybridity, taking the hybrid ECEC system of the Netherlands as a case in point. More specifically, the study examined whether different types of organizations emerged after successive privatization, marketization and harmonization reforms and how these organization types relate to the quality of care and education provided. Using cluster analysis on a sample of 127 ECEC centers, both for-profit and not-for profit, four organizational configurations were identified that differed strongly on several indicators of quality, including observed process quality. ECEC centers characterized as engaged not-for-profit professional organizations outperformed the centers of the other types on virtually all measures of interest. The findings are discussed with regard to the question how privatized and marketized hybrid ECEC systems can be governed to serve public goals optimally.
  • “If I Die, I Die”: Women Missionary Workers Among Danes, Armenians, and Turks, 1900-1920

    Matthias Bjørnlund (The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation, 2019-12-01)
    Based on extensive studies of archival material and little-known contemporary published sources, this article will explore how and why Danes – famous in certain circles like Maria Jacobsen, virtually unknown like Hansine Marcher and Jenny Jensen, but all women – ended up in remote corners of the Ottoman Empire before and during the Armenian Genocide. They were sent out as field workers for one of the world’s first proper NGOs, the Danish branch of the Evangelical organization Women Missionary Workers. What did these women from the European periphery experience, and how were they perceived at home and abroad during peace, war, massacre, and genocide? Why did the Armenians among all the suffering peoples of the world become their destiny, even after the genocide? And how did they try to make sense of it all, from everyday life and work before 1915 to the destruction of the Ottoman Armenians and the immediate aftermath? The article will put the missionary and experiences into an ideological, institutional, local, regional, and international context, and consider to what extent the Danish women could be considered feminist and humanitarian pioneers.
  • Chapter «Non deponeva mai dalle mani un librettino, ed il vocabulario della lingua cocincinese»: l’inedita relazione di viaggio di Domenico Fuciti (1623-1696) in terra vietnamita

    Russo, Mariagrazia (Firenze University Press, 2022-06-01)
    In addition to tracing the main aspects and the most salient events in the life of the Neapolitan Jesuit Domenico Fuciti (1623-1696), attention will be paid to the religious and socio-cultural issues that emerge from a critical reading of the unpublished Relazione della Missione, preserved in the Archivum Romanum Societatis Iesu (ARSI) of which the second chapter (central chapter) is published here. The historical coordinates regarding Fuciti’s missionary activity and his hostility towards the Society for Foreign Missions of Paris, whose members were sent to the Indochinese peninsula by the Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide, are also taken into consideration.
  • Un linguiste improvisé, une œuvre inachevée

    Institut des Mondes Africains (IMAF) ; Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (UP1)-Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)-École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)-École pratique des hautes études (EPHE) ; Université Paris sciences et lettres (PSL)-Université Paris sciences et lettres (PSL)-Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); François Gaudin; Casajus, Dominique (HAL CCSDPresses universitaire de Rouen et du Havre, 2022)
    International audience
  • La misión granadina de Maryam: la construcción de una imaginería mariana para los moriscos granadinos y la versión talaveriana de la Vita Christi de Francesc Eiximenis

    Valdés Sánchez, Amanda (CSIC, 2020)
    En este artículo presento una nueva interpretación de las imágenes de molde de la Virgen encargadas al escultor Huberto Alemán por parte de Isabel la Católica y el arzobispo Fray Hernando de Talavera para las parroquias responsables de la instrucción religiosa de los moriscos recién convertidos en la Granada de 1500; explorando cómo la visión “islamizada” de la Virgen presente en la Vita Christi de Eiximenis, traducida al castellano e impresa años antes por Talavera como parte de su proyecto misional, pudo ser utilizada por el arzobispo para promover una interpretación de estas imágenes marianas como elementos clave en la educación espiritual de los moriscos granadinos del Albaicín.
  • World missions

    Columbia University Libraries; Sly, Virgil A. (Virgil Adolph), 1901-1978 (Indianapolis : United Christian Missionary Society, 1946-01-01)
    46 pages : 22 cm
  • Maḥashavot neʼemanot

    The Ohio State University; Egidy, Moritz von, 1847-1898 (Berlin : C. Boas Nachf, 1891-01-01)
    32 pages ; 23 cm
  • The Jesuit-Guaraní image: presentatio and linguistic equivalence

    Bollini, Horacio M. (Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios sobre Cultura y Sociedad, 2020-02-14)
    The psychic impact of the banner-painting is registered since the times of evangelization in Guayrá. In the Tupã Róga ("Casa de Dios") the reception of the image by the Guaraní continues to be translated into a magical-shamanic channel: the images are, like words, bearers of spirit: apparitions. Added to the nature of that reception is an interpretive layer that pairs verbal and visual signs. The word, which the pre-Hispanic Guaraní links to the different manifestations of the soul, under the Jesuit experience maintains its meaning and éschatos, with linguistic equivalences that propitiate deviations or lateralities in the theological sense. The Catecismo de la Lengua Guaraní (1640) reveals to what extent the search for such equivalences leads to different constructions of meaning. Essential words, such as "soul", "image", "Glory" or "hell" echo on different planes, according to the semantic demands of the transmitting sign and the adaptations that the receiving mold creates. In the case of images, their re-signification is analogous.
  • Accepted in Bella Bella: A historical exemplar of a missionary nursing education, in British Columbia from 1921-1925

    Sarah C Cook; Sonya Grypma (Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing, 2020-09-01)
  • The Second Lubbock Lectures: Germany for Christ

    Gatewood, Otis (Digital Commons @ ACU, 1950-01-01)
    https://digitalcommons.acu.edu/crs_books/1367/thumbnail.jpg
  • Alice DeLoach Grant

    Digital Commons@Georgia Southern, 2008-12-05
    https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/willowhillheritage-obituaries/3657/thumbnail.jpg

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