This Globethics.net collection gathers contributions, resources and perspectives on interreligious dialogue; in particular it looks at tolerance toward religious diversity and gathers theological texts that promote interreligious dialogue and social inclusiveness from different religious traditions.

Recent Submissions

  • Tradisi, Ekonomi-Politik, dan Toleransi Yogyakarta

    Diatyka Widya Permata Yasih (Universitas Indonesia, 2010-07-01)
    <span style="font-size: 12.0pt; font-family: "Cambria","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family: Cambria; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language: #0479; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;" lang="pap-AN">This article aims to illustrate that cultural reproduction is always in the interplay with politic and economic system within societal structure. Therefore, the effort to understand the meaning of cultural symbol has to be accompanied by the attempt to explore the political and economic interests that shape the cultural practices. The Yogyakarta people undoubtedly perceive religion practices as more than cultural practices. The article will demonstrate that dispute in religious matters have never become the main trigger of conflict between religious groups. In most cases, the tension is driven by the clash of political and economic interests between the dominant and non-dominant groups. Thus, acknowledging the political-economic interests helps us to understand the ways in which we can further promote religious tolerance while remain aware of the possibility to produce the counterproductive results.</span>
  • La Bogotá distópica: los cómics sobre una ciudad en caos

    Sergio Roncallo-Dow; Daniel Aguilar Rodríguez; Enrique Uribe-Jongbloed (Universidad EAFIT, 2019-03-01)
    This paper explores the narrative and visual resourcesused in Colombian comics, from 1992 to the presentday, in order to describe dystopian representations of Bogotá city. Dystopia is generally understood as a negative view 28La Bogotá distópica: los cómics sobre una ciudad en caosSergio Roncallo-Dow - Daniel Aguilar-Rodríguezy Enrique Uribe-Jongbloedfor humanity either of a possible future or an alternative present. These fictions are classified here as dystopias about a technologi-cal failure, dystopias about a symbolic/physical coercion, apocalyp-tic dystopias about zombies/infected individuals and apocalyptic dystopias about supernatural/non-human events. For this research study, printed publications available since 1992 (130 items) were collected. Out of these fictions, those that were set in or made re-ference to the city of Bogotá were selected. Of the 45 comics that met this criterion, 28 were identified and analyzed that contained a dystopian setting. One of the major findings was that violence and conflict, both symbolic and physical, are constant in the diffe-rent dystopic settings identified in the study sample, which reflects and projects the historical violence experienced in Colombia.
  • The Role of Guides Devised by the New Consensus Movement Proponents in Popularizing the Ideals of Religious Freedom in the U.S. Primary and Secondary Level Education

    Iwona Zamkowska (Foundation Pro Scientia Publica, 2014-09-01)
    The mid-1980s saw a decisive shift in the approach to religious liberty in American educational system. The shift was the fruit of a concerted effort of numerous influential bodies – both political and religious – which subsequently led to the emergence of the new consensus on teaching about religion and religious liberty in public schools. One of the ways used to facilitate the implementation of the new consensus ideals in public education was the nationwide dissemination of informative materials (guides). Addressed primarily to school officials, teachers and parents, the guides outlined the constitutional and educational role of religion in the public school. The article analyzes a number of selected guides with respect to their religious liberty content. It also discusses the impact they exerted on the U.S. system of education at the primary and secondary school levels.
  • Religious Minorities and Shari’a in Iraqi Courts

    Hamoudi, Haider Ala (Scholarship@PITT LAW, 2013-01-01)
    There is a rising interest in our academy in the study of constitutional states, particularly in the Islamic world, whose legal and constitutional structure is at least as a formal matter both founded on and subject to religious doctrine. For those of us interested in the Arab spring, and indeed in constitutionalism in much of the Islamic world, this work is not only valuable, but positively vital. Without it, we are unable to discuss most emerging Arab democracies in constitutional terms. In Iraq, and in Egypt after it, two of the premier Arab states which have recently seen constitutions approved through popular referendum, Islam is described as state religion, as source of legislation and as constraint upon law as well. Nobody reasonably aware of the region imagines that Libya and Syria (were the latter to develop into a democratic state) would reach a different conclusion respecting the role of Islam in the public order. While the details may well differ from one state to another, the principle of “constitutional theocracy” holds fast throughout much of the Arab world. The effect of this on religious minorities that are not Muslim is the subject of this essay, with particular reference to the one Arab state with which I am most familiar, that of Iraq. In assessing how rising constitutional theocracies like Iraq happen to balance the priorities they afford Islam in foundational text with religious freedom, a value also invariably enshrined in the constitutions of emerging democracies in the Middle East, it is important to note that the going opinion is very much in favor of some form of protection for and tolerance of non-Muslim minorities. It is also important to note that in assessing any conflicts with shari’a, there is a great deal of nuance, indeed near incoherence, in understanding not only the precise impact which that body of rules is supposed to have as a legal matter in the modern constitutional theocratic state, but also what the rules of the shari’a are and how much reinterpretation of the historic content of the shari’a will be tolerated. Where traditional rules of the shari’a have been all but abandoned by modern nation-states, particularly inasmuch as political equality as between Muslim and non-Muslim is concerned, it has been easier for the judiciary to advance notions of religious freedom and, perhaps more saliently, equality of citizens irrespective of religion. Indeed, Iraqi courts and legislators not only permit non-Muslim participation in legal and political affairs, but advance programs to ensure adequate non-Muslim representation in the legislature. However, in contradistinction to political freedoms afforded to non-Muslim minorities, courts are more cautious when it comes to recognizing vital elements of religious freedom and religious equality if to do so would frontally challenge traditional understandings of shari’a where such understandings remain relevant in modernity. Hence, Iraqi courts outside of the autonomous region of Kurdistan have been remarkably unsympathetic to individuals who wish to convert from Islam to another religion, even when they were not born Muslim and even when their original conversion to Islam was involuntarily forced upon them by one of their parents, often over the objection of the other parent. This paper will explore this unusual dichotomy, and further explore how courts in the Kurdistan region have managed to come to different results, in a manner altogether more promising for supporters of religious freedom.
  • Idea of Ummah in the Eyes of Imam Khomeini (ra)

    ابوذر گوهری مقدم; سید علی لطیفی (Qom Islamic Azad University, 2015-12-01)
    Recognition of basic keywords in political thinking of Imam Khomeini (ra) is an important passage to desirably know the politico-mental system of a foundation he laid and memorably left behind legally and institutionally after revolution of Iran in 1357 (1978). “Ummah” is known as a word that has Islamic nature and theme and it has been incorporated from religious literature into political thinking of Islamic thinkers, particularly the great leader of the Islamic Revolution. Research done on practical and theoretical works of Imam Khomeini (ra) indicates that the word keeping its religious originality and adopting its Quranic and narrative origin stands together with conceptual changes of the day like the words of nation and nationalism; it can reproduce itself in thinking of Imam Khomeini (ra) by making use of tools of Ijtihad with the time and space exigencies. The present article tries to make a study of idea of Imam Khomeini (ra) in this regard by means of analytic-descriptive method and library-based studies. By checking the old used word literature by Imam Khomeini (ra), one can draw the conclusion that concept of nation is found a marginal concept and in contact with concept of Ummah and he has never negated nationalism in the sense of rule of people or nation in his statements made about nationalism; rather, he has abandoned ethnicism and tribalism and their undesirable effects that result in division and disunity of Islamic Ummah.
  • 1952 Mısır devrimi’nden arap baharı’na kadar geçen süreçte kıptîler

    Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi/İlahiyat Fakültesi.; 0000-0001-7772-1189; 0000-0003-4614-6235; Sert, Ekrem; Güç, Ahmet (Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi, 2021-05-21)
    Bu çalışma, Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsünde Muhammet Tarakçı'in danışmanlığında Ekrem Sert tarafından yazılan “Mısır Kıpti Kilisesi ve Günümüzdeki Durumu" adlı yüksek lisans tezine dayanılarak hazırlanmıştır.
  • Historic Foundations for Religious Freedom and Their Inherent Conflicts

    Leverett, Gaylen P. (Scholars Crossing, 2021-05-24)
    Decades ago, when this essayist and his wife wished to transform their old bedroom into a modern “primary bedroom,” the plan was to build a bathroom right next to it from the ground up. The city inspector required the addition’s foundation to be attached so firmly to the foundation of the original house that it would be impossible for one foundation to shift without causing the same shift in the other. That directions were followed and the addition proved stable. Most people understand the need for the city ordinance which regulates new foundations for “additions.” However, when it comes to the ethical foundation for religious freedom, things are not so simple. Many distinct arguments have been historically used to support religious freedom, and some of these foundations shift in different measure and in different directions than do the foundations for the rest of our laws. Because of this, we should not be surprised that Americans who agree that religious freedom is a good idea do not all agree about how far that freedom should go.
  • Freedom in the Congregation ? : culture wars, individual rights, and national churches in Switzerland (1848–1907)

    Scholl, Sarah (2020)
    This paper aims to examine political, ecclesiastic, and theological changes in Switzerland during the time of the nineteenth-century culture wars. It analyzes the reforms of the churches undertaken during that period in correlation with the evolution of various social and cultural elements, in particular the ever-greater confessional diversity within the territory and the demand for religious freedom. After an initial general accounting of the history of Swiss institutions (state, Catholic, and Protestant national churches), the article explores an example of a liberal church reform that took place in Geneva in 1873: the creation of a Catholic Church defined simultaneously as Christian, national, liberal, and related to the German Old Catholic movement. It fashioned a new community in keeping with the idea that freedom of conscience should be implemented within the church, thereby meeting strong resistance from Roman Catholics. The article closes with a return to the broader Swiss context, arguing that freedom of belief and of worship was finally enshrined in the 1874 Swiss constitution as a result of the growing divisions among Christians over the compatibility of liberal values with Christian theology and the subsequent rise of a new confessionalism.
  • The impact of domestic violence on family cohesion: exploring a pastoral approach in the Masvingo Diocese

    Dames, Gordon Ernest; Muzenda, Vincent Tirivanhu Marova (2021-05-21)
    Text in English with summaries in English, Shona and Ndebele
  • Jim Ife’s thought on the principle of community development in islamic community development perspective

    Rondiyah, Siti (2020-07-13)
    In this thesis, writer research about Jim Ife’s thought on principles community development in Islamic community development perspective. The research purposes of this researcher are firstly, to describe the framework of principles of community development from Jim Ife thought. Secondly, to analyze the principles framework of community development of Jim Ife thought in Islamic community development perspective. This research is use the literature method with a qualitative descriptive approach.
 Community development is a process where community members are supported by agencies to identify and take collective action on issues which are important to them. Community development empowers community members and creates stronger and more connected communities. In long study about how community development program or activities work among community. Well known with the important step is for understanding about the community development principles. Through these principles are the guidance to practice community development.
 Considerably many of well known experts sociology who give the explanation about community development principles, but here in this research, focus on Jim Ife’ thought moreover to analysis his thought on community development principles in Islamic perspective. Jim Ife describes around sixteen principles which is related with modern era. His thought always upgrade to follow the fact in community. In other hand community development principle in Islamic perspective brought simple principles. Both has different and correlation. That the point of this research to analysis both principles.
  • Dakwah bil-Hikmah Sunan Kalijaga dalam perspektif pengembangan masyarakat islam

    Najib, Nawaz Ainun (2020-06-17)
    Pada era informasi dan globalisasi ini, apabila dakwah dilakukan dengan cara kekerasan dan pemaksaan maka itu hanya akan mengganggu proses dakwah itu sendiri bahkan dapat menimbulkan respon negatif hingga mad’u terprofokasi untuk melakukan perbuatan yang hirarkis. Urgensitas dakwah bil-hikmah ini mengharuskan dai untuk memperhatikan keadaan dan kondisi berfikir mad‟u yang tercermin dalam tingkat peradabannya termasuk sistem budaya dan struktur sosial masyarakat yang akan atau sedang dihadapi, agar mereka mau mengikuti dan mudah menerima pesan dakwah yang disampaikan. Sebagaimana dakwah bil-hikmah yang dilakukan oleh Sunan Kalijaga dengan cara menghargai tradisi dan kebudayaan masyarakat Jawa serta bersikap pluralis positif, ramah, sopan santun, tidak melakukan penolakan keras terlebih dahulu melainkan memodifikasi tradisi dan kebudyaan tersebut agar selaras dengan ajaran Islam yang didakwahkannya secara bertahap. Maka, dakwah bil-hikmah dalam perspektif pengembangan masyarakat Islam ini bisa menjadi solusi terbaiknya. Karena mengandung misi profetik sebagai induk dari segala metode dan pendekatan dakwah yang bersifat transformatif-emansipatoris untuk membangun masyarakat menjadi “khoiru ummah” yang sesuai dengan kaidah atau prinsip “ila sabiili Robbika”.
 Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini, yaitu “Bagaimana dakwah bil-hikmah Sunan Kalijaga dalam perspektif pengembangan masyarakat Islam?” dan “Bagaimana hasil dakwah bil-hikmah Sunan Kalijaga dalam perspektif pengembangan masyarakat Islam?”, maka tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dakwah bil-hikmah Sunan Kalijaga dalam perspektif pengembangan masyarakat Islam dan untuk mengetahui hasil dakwah bil-hikmah Sunan Kalijaga dalam perspektif pengembangan masyarakat Islam.
 Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kepustakaan (library research) yaitu sebuah metode penelitian yang dilaksanakan di perpustakaan dengan cara mendapatkan informasi dari mengumpulkan buku-buku literatur serta mempelajarinya. Pendekatan penelitian ini adalah pendekatan historis, yaitu pendekatan dengan melakukan kegiatan penyelidikan, pemahaman, dan penjelasan secara kritis terhadap masa lampau dan menimbang secara cukup teliti, dan hati-hati tentang bukti validitas dari sumber sejarah, serta interprestasi dari sumber-sumber keterangan sejarah.
 Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa dakwah bil-hikmah yang dilakukan oleh Sunan Kalijaga dalam perspektif pengembangan masyarakat Islam ini terlihat dari dua prinsip pengembangan masyarakat seperti berorientasi pada kesejahteraan lahir dan batin masyarakat luas serta berorientasi pada pengembangan masyarakat sebagai social engineering (rekayasa sosial). Kemudian direalisasikan melalui tiga tahapan pengembangan masyarakat Islam berikut bentuk-bentuk kegiatannya, yaitu: pertama, tahap pembentukan masyarakat Islam (takwin) seperti menanamkan rasa persaudaraan, mengakui adanya persamaan dihadapan Allah SWT, memiliki sifat toleransi dan tasamuh, menegakkan amar ma’ruf nahyi munkar. Kedua, tahap pembinaan dan penataan (tanzim) seperti mengambil keputusan dengan cara musyawarah dan mengedepankan keadilan sosial. Ketiga, tahap kemandirian (taudi’) seperti berusaha untuk saling membantu dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan. Kemudian Sunan Kalijaga dapat memperoleh hasil dakwah bil-hikmahnya itu terlihat pada peninggalan karya dan jasanya tanpa menimbulkan permasalahan besar yang dalam ungkapan Jawa dilukiskan dengan kalimat tut wuri handayani (mengikuti dari belakang sambil mempengaruhi, memberikan dorongan moral, spiritual, dan intelektual masyarakat Jawa), tut wuri hangiseni (mengikuti dari belakang sambil memasukan nilai-nilai keislaman di dalam peradaban masyarakat Jawa), nut jaman kelakone (mengikuti jaman), dan entuk iwake, nanging ora buthek banyune (mendapatkan ikannya, tetapi tidak membuat air menjadi keruh).
  • Freedom of Excellence: A Thomistic View of Free Will and its relationship to the Contemporary Free Will Debate

    Willard, Keith E. (UST Research Online, 2021-05-01)
    This thesis puts into dialog contemporary views of human freedom with Servais Pinckaers Thomistic view of freedom, a freedom rooted in virtue. His freedom of excellence enlarges the focus from the role of volition in a single atomic human act to include the effects arising from the integration of that act and subsequent acts changing the very being of the individual. We demonstrate that Aquinas’ view of the relationship between the will and the intellect possesses a complex interplay which extends to the habits, inclinations and finally the virtues. We review the philosophical landscape with particular emphasis on libertarian and compatibilist theories, both of which rely on a purely materialistic and deterministic metaphysical framing. We survey the neuroscience evidence such as Libet’s experiment and Tse’s criterial causation formulations, including Douglas Hofstadter’s simulation proposals from the field computer science and the implications of developments in chaos theory. We argue that contemporary approaches have been undermined by the abandonment of the metaphysics of man’s final ends, the felt need to maintain a false homage to an exclusively materialistic basis to man’s being, and the failure to fully assimilate the fundamental limitations of the concept of determinism. We conclude that the role of freedom with those decisions most central and most important to us as human beings is incompatible with either a libertarian or compatibilist theory but is at the core of the concerns of freedom of excellence and is compatible with current understanding of the physical universe and the neurosciences. This freedom is to be found in the virtues we acquire in part as gifts, and then practice in our daily life. Therein lies the true locus of freedom. Included as an appendix is a review of the scholarly literature on the development of the concept of the will from Socrates to Maximus the Confessor, and an appendix that provides an introduction to the mathematics of chaos with its implication for determinism.
  • Israel and the Holy See: A Catholic View of the State of Israel

    The Institute of Judaeo-Christian Studies (eRepository @ Seton Hall, 2000-01-01)
    This work contains the following two lectures on the Catholic Church and the State of Israel: "Reflections on Relations between the Holy See and the State of Israel" by Dr. Eugene Fisher; and "A Catholic Views Political Zionism and the State of Israel" by the Reverend Thomas F. Stransky.
  • Upaya menumbuhkan kematangan beragama melalui bimbingan keagamaan

    Hidayah, Lanti Nurul (2020-04-27)
    Setiap manusia memiliki hak atas agama yang diaykininya, setiap manusia juga memiliki hak untuk melakukan konversi agama. Dalam upaya untuk menumbuhkan kematangan beragama pada pelaku konversi agama perlu adanya kegiatan bimbingan keagamaan. Rumusan masalah : (1) Bagaimana kegiatan bimbingan keagamaan Islam yang dilakukan kepada para Wanita pelaku konversi agama yang ada di dusun Jomblang desa Dukuhwringin kecamatan Slawi kabupaten Tegal ? (2) Apa saja faktor yang mempengaruhi para Wanita pelaku konversi agama yang ada di dusun Jomblang desa Dukuhwringin kecamatan Slawi kabupaten Tegal ? (3) Bagaimana kematangan beragama wanita pelaku konversi agama pasca mendapat bimbigan keagamaan ?Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif deskriptif, dengan obyek penelitiannya adalah Wanita Pelaku konversi agama di dusun Jomblang desa Dukuhwringin kecamatan Slawi kabupaten Tegal, selain itu pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. 
 Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: (1) Untuk mengetahui tentang kegiatan bimbingan yang dilakukan oleh wanita pelaku konversi agama di dusun Jomblang desa Dukuhwringin kecamatan Slawi kabupaten Tegal. (2) Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor konversi agama Wanita pelaku konversi agama yang ada di dusun Jomblang desa Dukuhwringin kecamatan Slawi kabupaten Tegal. (3) Untuk mengetahui kematangan beragama wanita pelaku konversi agama setelah mendapat bimbingan keagamaan.
 Hasil penelitian ini adalah: (1)kegiatan bimbingan keagamaan ini menggunakan metode individu dan kelompok dengan tujuan untuk menumbuhkan kematangan beragama wanita pelaku konversi agama yang di dalamnya terdapat unsur-unsur da’i (pembimbing keagamaan), mad’u pelaku konversi agama serta materi. (2) faktor yang mempengaruhi konversi agama wanita pelaku konversi agama yang ada didusun Jomblang dapat dipengaruhi oleh faktor internal dan faktor eksternal. Dalam hal ini faktor internal yaitu kemauan diri sendiri untuk melakukan konversi agama yang dipengaruhi melalui hidayah yang telah di dapatkannya, sedangkan faktor eksternal adalah pengaruh dari lingkungan yang muncul melalui hubungan pertemanan serta faktor budaya yang ada di dusun Jomblang. (3) kematangan beragama wanita pelaku konversi agama dapat dilihat dari dua indikator yaitu: a)ciri-ciri kematangan yang dimiliki oleh wanita pelaku konversi agama yang ditunjukan melalui keyakinan yang dimilikinyaa, pelaksanaan ibadahnya serta, akhlaq karimah atau kepribadian yang dilakukan dalam kesehariannya, b)faktor yanng mempengaruhi kematangan beragama yang mempengaruhi wanita pelaku konversi agama meliputi: faktor dalam diri dapat dilihat dari kekonsistenan wanita pelaku konversi agama dalam memilih agamanya dan menjalni agama barunya, faktor lingkungan dapat dilihat dari pengaruh yang diberikan oleh lingkungan, keluarga atau kerabat dalam pelaksanaan beribadah, dan faktor budaya yaitu tindakan yang sering atau biasa dilakukan oleh warga dusun Jomblang melalui tindakan perpindahan agama dari agama Hindu ke Islam. Selain itu kematangan beragama wanita pelaku konversi agama juga dapat ditumbuhkam mulai kegiatan bimbingan keagamaan yang ada didusun Jomblang melalui pemberian materi yang diberikan oleh pembimbing keagamaan dengan materi berikut : a)Aqidah yaitu pembimbing keagamaan melalui ceramahnya menjelaskan tentang meyakini bahwa Allah merupakan makhluk yang menciptakan alam semesta serta hanya Allah Tuhan yang wajib disembah dan Nabi Muhammad adalah utusan Allah, b)Syariah yaitu dalam ceramahnya pembimbing keagamaan menjelaskan tentang setiap muslim wajib mempercayai Rukun Iman serta menjalan Rukun Islam dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, c)Mualamah yaitu dijelaskan melalui ceramah pembimbing keagamaan yang menjelaskan tentang sesama muslim harus tolong menolong dan saling menghargai satu sama lain serta menciptakan sikap toleransi dengan sesama umat beragama, d) Akhlaq yaitu melalui ceramah pembimbing keagamaan yang menjelaskan bahwa seorang istri harus patuh terhadap suaminya dan seorang wanita harus menutup auratnya serta harus menghargai orang yang lebih tua dan orang lain.
  • Kerukunan umat beragama dalam teologi Calvinis: Studi komparatif Gereja Reformed Injili Indonesia Bandung dan Gereja Kristen Indonesia Kebonjati Bandung

    Mustamin, Mustamin (2021-05-31)
    INDONESIA:
 
 Masyarakat Indonesia merupakan masyarakat yang majemuk yang terdiri dari beragam agama kemajemukan yang ditandai dengan keanekaragaman agama itu mempu nyai kecederungan kuat terhadap identitas agama masing-masing dan berpotensi konflik Indonesia merupakan salah satu contoh masyarakat yang multicultural. Multicultural masyarakat Indonesia tidak saja karena keaneka ragaman suku, budaya, Bahasa, ras tapi juga dalam hal agama yang diakui olegh pemerintah Indonesia saat era reformasi Sekarang ini adalah agama yang diakuin oleh pemerintah Abdurahman Wahid (Gus Dur). dari agama-agam tersebut terjadilah perbedaan agama yang dianut masyarakat indonesia dengan perbedaan tersebut apabila tidak terpelihara dengan baik bisa menimbulakan konflik antar umat beragama yang bertentangan dengan nilai dasar agama itu sendiri yang mengajarkan kepada kita kedamaian hidup saling menghormati dan saling tolong menolong. 
 
 Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan komparatif. Hasil yang diperoleh peneliti dari penelitian ini adalah dengan melibatkan beberapa tokoh Gereja dan jemaat dari kedua belah pihak. Guna untuk memperdalam tentang kerukunan yang di jalin antar sesama pemeluk agama.
 
 Berdasarkan Analisa yang saya dapatkan, penulis menyimpulkan faktor pendukung terjadinya kerukunan umat beragama antara anggota jemaat gereja dari pihak GRII Bandung, GKI Kebonjati dan agama lainnya yang ada di kota Bandung. masyarakat menyadari bahwa kerukunan tidak akan terwujud tanpa adanya kesadaran dari setiap pemeluk agama, selain dari itu yang bisa terwujudnya kerukunan antar umat beragama yaitu dengan adanya rasa keyakinan terhadap agama dan Tuhan yang kuat sehingga dapat menerapkan sikap saling menghargai satu sama lain, oleh karena itu tidak lupa peran dari parah tokoh agama-agama harus selalu memberikan contoh sikap teladan yang baik untuk para jemaat nya dalam menghadapi perbedaan keyakinan dan berani mengambil sikap bertoleransi, gunannya untuk mencapai sebuah kerukunan yang ideal dalam beragama. Selain itu peran dari pemerintah pada saat ini sangat di butuhkan dalam mewujudkan suatu kerukunan umat beragama dalam ruang lingkup kenegaraan.
 
 INDONESIA:
 
 Indonesian society is a pluralistic society consisting of a variety of pluralistic religions which is characterized by religious diversity that has a strong tendency towards their respective religious identities and has the potential for conflict. Indonesia is one example of a multicultural society. Multicultural Indonesian society is not only due to the diversity of ethnicities, cultures, languages, races but also in terms of religion which was recognized by the Indonesian government during the reform era. Nowadays it is the religion recognized by the government of Abdurahman Wahid (Gus Dur). Of these religions, there will be differences in the religions adopted by the Indonesian people with differences if not properly maintained it can lead to conflicts between religious communities that are contrary to the basic values of religion itself which teaches us the peace of life of mutual respect and mutual help.
 
 This research raises three problems, namely: 1) What are the basics of the Theological Perspective of the Reformed Evangelical Church of Indonesia and the Indonesian Christian Church in Kebonjati Bandung, regarding religious harmony? 2) How is the harmony between the Indonesian Reformed Evangelical Church and the Kebonjati Indonesian Christian Church in Bandung with other religions in the city of Bandung? 3) What are the views of GRII Bandung and GKI Kebonjati Bandung regarding religious conflicts, causes, and solutions to resolve these conflicts? The objectives of this research are 1) To find out the basics of the Theology of the Reformed Evangelical Church of Indonesia and the Indonesian Christian Church regarding the harmony of the Bergama community. 2) To find out how to apply religious harmony according to the Reformed Evangelical Church of Indonesia and the Indonesian Christian Church. 3) To find out the views of the Reformed Evangelical Church of Indonesia and the Indonesian Christian Church regarding religious conflicts, and solutions to resolve these conflicts.
 
 This research uses qualitative and comparative methods. The results obtained by researchers from this study involved some church and congregation leaders from both sides. In order to deepen the harmony that is established between fellow religions.
 
 Based on the analysis I got, the authors conclude the supporting factors for the occurrence of religious harmony between church congregation members from the GRII Bandung, GKI Kebonjati, and other religions in the city of Bandung. society realizes that harmony will not be realized without the awareness of every religious adherent, apart from that what can create harmony between religious communities, namely by having a strong sense of belief in religion and God so that they can apply mutual respect for one another, therefore not forgetting the role of religious leaders who must always provide examples of good exemplary attitudes for their congregations in dealing with differences in beliefs and dare to take a tolerant attitude, the benefits of achieving an ideal harmony in religion. In addition, the role of the government at this time is very much needed in realizing religious harmony within the scope of the state.
  • Taḥqīqulislām /

    Masīḥ, G̲h̲ulām. (Murādabād : Maṭbaʻ Afzal al-Maṭābiʻ,, 1915-[1924)
    Vol. 2 bears no ed. statement.
  • Kinship Recalled

    Oesterreicher, John M. (eRepository @ Seton Hall, 1983-10-23)
    Members and friends of the Institute of Judaeo-Christian Studies celebrate the bond between Jews and Christians. The booklet contains talks that were given during an interreligious service by Father John Gilchrist, Mrs. Nelda Goergen, Rabbi Dr, Asher Finkel and Monsignor John M. Oesterreicher on October 23, 1983.
  • Ethno-religious hate speeches and political violence in Nigeria’s fourth republic

    Ugo Chuks Okolie; Eseohe Glory Okoedion (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 2020-02-01)
    Ethnoreligious hate speech is the precursor to political violence in Nigeria’s fourth republic. While it is true that one of the greatest benefits of democratic societies is freedom of speech, still no one should be allowed under the disguise of exercising the right to free speech to offend, humiliate and demean another human being. In Nigeria, hate speech has been elevated to the status of political campaign strategy and it accounts for the escalation of political violence in Nigeria’s fourth republic. Therefore, this study explored the impact of ethno-religious hate speech on political violence in Nigeria’s fourth public. A descriptive method was adopted and data was collected via a survey of 600 electorates in South-South zone of Nigeria. The study found that there is a positive and significant relationship between Ethno-religious hate speech and political violence in Nigeria’s fourth republic. This paper recommends among others that political campaign in Nigeria should focus on the implementation of the critical national issues such as economic, political, social, cultural, educational, and healthcare services rather than attack on political opponents or mobilization of ethnic, religious, and regional sentiments.
  • Sufrimiento, sangre, y servicio : la libertad religiosa y el proceso de la evangelización vietnamita. lectura histórica y teológica

    Nieto Rubio, Cesar Augusto; Lara Corredor, David Eduardo; Phan Ba, Quyen (Pontificia Universidad JaverianaTeologíaFacultad de Teología, 2020-12-07)
    Este trabajo se ha presentado, en la primera parte, algunos datos sobre la historia de la evangelización en los contextos vietnamitas desde siglo XVI hasta hoy. Mirando hacia atrás la historia de 487 años en el camino de la fe en Vietnam, con más de 400 años que el Evangelio ha arraigado culturalmente (desde 1615), de los cuales, más que 360 años, la Iglesia se ha estabilizado (desde 1659) y 60 años del desarrollo (desde 1960), los cristianos pueden reconocer que Dios siempre ha estado presente y acompañado la Iglesia en cada paso, en los momentos de éxito o fracaso. La fe que los católicos vietnamitas han recibido, sembrada y cultivada con el sudor, las lágrimas, y la sangre de los predecesores. Desde ahí, cada uno de los católicos vietnamitas puede continuar la obrar de sus padres en el esfuerzo evangelizador para que los valores evangélicos puedan ser arraigados en todas las realidades sociales. Pues, Vietnam puede ser desarrollado hacia el Reino de Dios: un reino de justicia, alegría, amor y paz. 
 Además, el trabajo ha mostrado algunas informaciones sobre la libertad religiosa bajo de las opiniones del magisterio de la Iglesia católica universal y también de la conferencia episcopal vietnamita en particular. Los datos, en la segunda parte, presentan la postura de la Iglesia católica sobre la dignidad del ser humano, especialmente en el campo de la libertad religiosa y la libertad de conciencia. Se crea un panorama más amplio del tema estudiado, se ofrece una mejor comprensión de la realidad y se crea una perspectiva más profunda frente a la libertad religiosa; permitiendo establecer más criterios para el discernimiento, y conocer de plano el contexto, de manera que sea más práctica y factible la implementación de las estrategias para transformar la realidad.
 Por tanto, la tercera parte del trabajo no señala directamente lo que tiene o no tiene que hacerse, sin embargo, se indican los criterios teológicos-pastorales en perspectiva social para tomar decisiones con miras a realizar una acción concreta e inmediata. Situarse frente a la realidad no solamente para ser consciente de lo que está pasando y no quedarse solamente en la teoría, sino también exigir un quehacer para transformar la situación. Porque “la exigencia de expresar la fe mediante la oración litúrgica y de testimoniarla con la fuerza de la caridad implica saber superar la fragmentariedad de las propuestas para recuperar la unidad originaria del ser cristiano. Ella encuentra su fundamento en la Palabra de Dios, anunciada y transmitida por la Iglesia, con una tradición viva que sabe acoger lo antiguo y lo nuevo (Cf. Mt 13,52) de las generaciones de creyentes dispersos por todo el mundo”. 
 La Iglesia, en cada rincón de este mundo, puede presentar los modelos de fe que han logrado la santidad, e incluso el martirio, viviendo su ministerio de cada día. Su testimonio es fecundo y permite pensar que cada uno de los cristianos puede seguir esta aventura aún en la dedicación silenciosa, fatigosa y a veces ingrata del ser testigo de Dios.

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