This collection gathers contributions, resources and perspectives on interreligious dialogue; in particular it looks at tolerance toward religious diversity and gathers theological texts that promote interreligious dialogue and social inclusiveness from different religious traditions.

Recent Submissions

  • Implementation of The CTL Learning Model Through Islamic Moderate Values in Improving the Attitude of Students Tolerance in School

    Ja'far Amirudin; Uus Ruswandi; Mohamad Erihadiana; Elis Rohimah (Program Studi Pendidikan Islam, 2022-06-01)
    This study aims to describe the application of the Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) model through the values of Islamic moderation in increasing the tolerance attitude of students in Indonesia. The type of research used in this study is a literature study or literature review. The data used in this study are from the results of research that has been carried out and published in national and international online journals. The application of the CTL model through Islamic moderation values will provide students with the independence to identify Islamic moderation values that are rooted in the values of life in the family or in the community. In addition, the Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) approach instills Islamic moderation values directly through habituation by participating in community activities that are able to foster an attitude of tolerance and cooperation.

    Ірина ЛОМАЧИНСЬКА; Євген ДЕЙНЕГА; Олександр ДОНЕЦЬ (Ukrainian Center for Cultural Studies, 2021-11-01)
    In the modern global world, a study on mentality as a main characteristic of the nation which defines the unity of the religious and cultural tradition of the society is conditioned with the need to develop an effective international religious and cultural cooperation. The purpose of the analysis is to determine religious factors in shaping the Ukrainian mentality taking into account its historical background and the challenges of modernity. The study methodology is based on the principles of the non-confessional approach and philosophical pluralism, involving a system of methods, namely: historical, dialectical, comparative methods, synthesis, and generalization. In the conclusions it is emphasized that mentality is one of the forms of the social experience accumulation, the set of historically accepted ideas, viewpoints, stereotypes, forms and behavior which are laid down is the public consciousness by means of education, culture, religion, a language through the years. Every mental formation has its imaginary lines of a friend and foe which were formed by ideologies, beliefs, and religious values. The religious factors in the formation of mentality reflect the role of the Church as the main regulator of the social life. In the social environment of the Ukrainian nation, a temple can be seen as a peculiar archetypical formation, the part of the landmark, symbolic, communicative, and informational religious system which regulates the public consciousness and it is an integral part of the national memory. The mental archetypes of the national identity stem from the phenomenon of the borderlands, and have shaped in the social context the desire for personal freedom, patriotism, social activity; in the spiritual dimension, it is a willing for the inner world to be protected, sacrifice, mercy, non-violence.
  • Los protestantes españoles, el franquismo y la política exterior estadounidense, a través de las páginas de the christian century (1947-1951)

    Escobedo-Romero, R. (Rafael) (Asociación de Historia Actual, 2022-06-02)
    La revista protestante estadounidense de información religiosa The Christian Century prestó una atención pormenorizada a la situación de la minoría protestante española bajo la dictadura confesionalmente católica de Franco. La falta de libertad religiosa fue uno de los aspectos más relevantes y problemáticos de la relación bilateral establecida entre España y Estados Unidos en el contexto de la Guerra Fría. En esta comunicación se considera el período inmediatamente anterior al establecimiento de los acuerdos, un momento histórico en el que el régimen franquista abandonaba poco a poco su ostracismo, pero todavía no había quedado integrado en la estrategia global liderada por Estados Unidos
  • Liberté, Egalité et Laïcité: the use of hijab in public schools as a threat to the french republican ontology (1989-2004) (Vol.13, N.1)

    Bruno Pedrosa (Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, 2022-04-01)
    This paper analyzes the perception construction of the hijab use in public schools as an ontological threat to France. Considering laïcité as one of the pillars for French society and identity and the school as the basis of the construction of this narrative, the use of the hijab could be considered as a threat to religious neutrality in the public spheres, injuring the basic principles of the Republic. This situation led to the approval of a law banning the use of all kind of apparent religious garments in primary school across France, despite religious freedom being a fundamental right in the country. As a methodology, it conducts a discourse analysis of the statements and opinions of French leaders and institutions of the executive and judicial branches in relation to the use of clothing in relation to the principle of laïcité and freedom of worship in France between 1989 and 2004.
  • Memorizing Qur’an as Mental Therapy for Broken Home Child: Study at Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul Qur’an Nurul Furqon

    Ulfa, Rukhila Maria (2022-05-24)
 Being in a broken home family will indirectly interfere with the mental ‎condition of a child. One alternative that can be done to improve the mental condition ‎of a broken home child is to memorize the Qur'an. As has been experienced by ‎some of the children who memorized the Qur’an at Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul ‎Qur’an Nurul Furqon who became of a broken home family. Children in a broken ‎home family who still have a relatively stable mentality and have a strong ‎determination to improve their living conditions become an interesting thing to ‎study. The formulation of the problem in this study is 1) How does a broken ‎home affect a child’s mental condition? 2) How does memorizing Quran can ‎improve the mental condition of a broken home child?‎
 This thesis is empirical research or direct research in the field of (field ‎research) and uses a qualitative approach. The data in the field were obtained ‎through interviews with the parties concerned and document studies. In ‎data processing, data editing techniques, data classification, data verification, ‎data analysis, and concluding are carried out. The object of this ‎research is are the child who memorizes the Qur'an at Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul Qur’an ‎Nurul Furqon who experiences a broken home family.‎
 The results of the study show that a broken home due to parental divorce ‎and death both hurt the mental condition of a child. This is ‎evidenced by the condition of broken homes children often feel inferior or not ‎confident in their association with peers or society. Most of them also feel ‎stress, deep sadness, and loneliness and find it difficult to accept reality. ‎Memorizing the Qur'an can have a positive influence on the mental condition ‎of a broken home child at Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul Qur’an Nurul Furqon. ‎Among them are a) Gaining peace of mind because only by remembering Allah ‎will give peace of mind b) Strengthening the belief that Allah's provisions are the best ‎so that a person can face and accept the situation he is experiencing c) Giving new ‎enthusiasm to live life and do not despair of Allah's mercy.‎
 مستخلص البحث
 عندما تكون في منزل محطم ، فسوف يتداخل بشكل غير مباشر مع الحالة العقلية للطفل. و ‏أحد البدائل التي يمكن القيام بها لتحسين الحالة العقلية للأطفال ضحايا المنزل المكسور هو حفظ ‏القرآن ، كما حدث مع بعض الأطفال الذين يحفظون القرآن في المعهد تحفظ القرأن نور الفرقان الذين ‏هم ضحايا منزل محطم. الأطفال الذين ينتمون لعائلة محطمة ولكنهم ما زالوا يتمتعون بعقلية مستقرة ‏نسبيًا ولديهم تصميم قوي على تحسين ظروفهم المعيشية هم أشياء مثيرة للاهتمام للدراسة. أن ‏الأسئلة البحث في هذه الخطة البحث يعني: 1) كيف يؤثر المنزل المكسور على الحالة العقلية ‏للأطفال؟ 2) كيف يؤثر حفظ القرآن على الصحة النفسية للأطفال ضحايا المنزل المحطم ؟‎.‎
 هذه الأطروحة عبارة عن البحث التجريبي أو البحث المباشر في المجال (البحث الميداني) ‏وتستخدم منهجًا نوعيًا. تم الحصول على البيانات الميدانية من خلال المقابلات مع الجهات المعنية ومن ‏خلال الدراسات الوثائقية. في معالجة البيانات ، يتم تنفيذ تقنيات تحرير البيانات ، وتصنيف البيانات ‏، والتحقق من البيانات ، وتحليل البيانات واستخلاص النتائج. الهدف من هذا البحث هو الأطفال ‏الذين حفظوا القرآن في المعهد تحفظ القرأن نور الفرقان الذين تعرضوا لكسر في المنزل محطم.‏‎.‎
 وأظهرت النتائج أن المنزل محطم بسبب طلاق والوفاة أحد الوالدين لهما تأثير سلبي على ‏الحالة العقلية للطفل. يتضح هذا من خلال حالة الأطفال الذين يعانون من منزل محطم غالبًا ما ‏يشعرون بالنقص أو عدم الثقة في ارتباطهم بأقرانهم أو في المجتمع. يشعر معظمهم أيضًا بالتوتر والحزن ‏العميق والوحدة ويجدون صعوبة في تقبل الواقع. حفظ القرآن يمكن أن يكون له تأثير إيجابي على ‏الحالة العقلية للأطفال الذين يقعون ضحايا لبيوت محطمة في المعهد تحفظ القرأن نور الفرقون. من ‏بينها: أ) راحة البال لأنه فقط بذكر الله يمنح راحة البال ب) تقوية الإيمان بأن أحكام الله هي الأفضل ‏حتى يتمكن الإنسان من مواجهة الموقف الذي يمر به وقبوله ج) منح حماسًا جديدًا ليعيش الحياة لأنهم ‏لا تيأسوا من رحمة الله ‏
 Berada dalam keluarga broken home secara tidak langsung akan ‎mengganggu kondisi mental seorang anak. Salah satu alternatif yang bisa ‎dilakukan untuk memperbaiki kondisi mental anak korban broken home adalah ‎dengan menghafal al qur’an. Sebagimana yang telah dialami oleh sebagian anak ‎penghafal al Qur’an di Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul Qur’an Nurul Furqon yang ‎menjadi korban broken home. Anak yang berada dalam keluarga broken home ‎namun masih memiliki mental yang relative stabil dan memiliki tekad kuat dalam ‎memperbaiki kondisi hidupnya menjadi suatu hal yang menarik untuk diteliti. ‎Adapun rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah 1) Bagaimana dampak ‎broken home bagi kondisi mental anak? 2) Bagaimana pengaruh menghafal al-‎qur’an bagi kesehatan mental anak korban broken home? ‎
 Skripsi ini adalah penelitian empiris atau penelitian langsung di lapangan ‎‎(field research) dan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Data dilapangan ‎diperoleh melalui hasil wawancara kepada pihak yang bersangkutan serta melalui ‎studi dokumen. Dalam proses pengolahan data dilakukan teknik edit data, ‎klasifikasi data, vertifikasi data, analisis data dan menarik kesimpulan. Adapun ‎yang menjadi objek dalam penelitian ini adalah anak-anak penghafal al Qur’an di ‎Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul Qur’an Nurul Furqon yang mengalami broken home.‎
 Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa broken home sebab perceraian orang ‎tua dan kematian sama-sama memberikan dampak negative bagi kondisi mental ‎seorang anak. Hal ini terbukti dengan kondisi anak yang mengalami broken home ‎sering kali merasa minder atau tidak percaya diri dalam pergaulan dengan teman ‎sebaya ataupun bermasyarakat. Sebagian besar dari mereka juga merasakan stress, ‎kesedihan yang mendalam, kesepian dan sulit menerima kenyatan yang ada. ‎Menghafal al Qur’an mampu memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap kondisi ‎mental anak korban broken home di Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzul Qur’an Nurul ‎Furqon. diantaranya a) Memperoleh ketenangan jiwa karena hanya dengan ‎mengingat Allah akan memberikan ketenangan jiwa b) Menguatkan keyakinan ‎bahwa ketentuan Allah itu adalah yang terbaik sehingga seseorang bisa ‎menghadapi dan menerima keadaan yang dialaminya c) Memberikan semangat ‎baru untuk menjalani hidup dan tidak berputus asa dari rahmat Allah.‎
  • El velo islámico, eterna causa de discriminación

    Grigore, Andrea Elena (Universidad de Sevilla, 2022-06-10)
    El velo islámico es una prenda habitual que la mujer musulmana puede usar por motivos religiosos u otros motivos personales. Su uso puede suponer todavía en la actualidad algunos conflictos, sobre todo en el espacio público. Es-tas situaciones muestran que a la mujer musulmana no siempre le es fácil manifestar sus convicciones religiosas, su identidad cultural o simplemente sus propias elecciones. ¿Se puede hablar de discriminación por motivos religiosos y de discriminación por cuestión de género?.
  • Conversion to Islam as religious and racial crossing

    Centre de recherches internationales (Sciences Po, CNRS) (CERI); Sciences Po (Sciences Po)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Galonnier, Juliette (HAL CCSD, 2018-06-05)
    Contribution au site web The Immanent Frame
  • Development and Validation of the Muslim Identity Socialization Scale (MISS)

    Butt, Mamona (Montclair State University Digital Commons, 2022-05-01)
    Racial ethnic socialization (RES) practices are the messages youth receive on race, racism, and prejudice. This paper aimed to extend racial-ethnic socialization (RES) literature to Muslim American families to understand youth identity development. In Study One, focus groups (k = 3, n = 15) were conducted to understand common RES practices in Muslim young adults and create initial items for the scale. Thematic analyses revealed parents promoted their Muslim American youth to have other Muslim friends, however there was a consensus that parent did not prepare them for bias. Additionally, participants varied on cultural socialization and egalitarianism practices. Study two conducted a confirmatory factor analysis (n = 88) to develop and validate a culturally-competent, Muslim American identity socialization measure. The confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the Muslim Identity Socialization Scale (MISS) had excellent reliability with a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.94; however, the measure needed to be adjusted due to the low goodness-of-fit indicators. This paper is the first to explore identity socialization and establish a scale for Muslim Americans. Future research directions and implications are discussed.
  • La "educación" recibida y pensada por el joven Giovanni B. Montini

    UCH. Departamento de Ciencias Políticas, Ética y Sociología; Producción Científica UCH 2019; Martínez-Carbonell López, Alfonso. (Universidad Pontificia Comillas., 2019)
    Estudios Eclesiásticos: revista de investigación e información teológica y canónica, vol. 94, n. 368 (en.-mar. 2019).
  • Social representations about religious education in adolescents with minority religious identity

    Bibiana Marcela Castaño Hernández (Tecnológico de Antioquia Institución Universitaria, 2020-12-01)
    The study analyzes the voice of adolescents belonging to different religious minorities, their experiences and Social Representations (SR) against the Religious School Education (ERE for its abbreviation in Spanish), (beliefs, imaginaries, ideologies, perceptions, opinions); from the possibility of expression, listening and recognition of their religious or civil identity in educational contexts (public and private), the classroom environments of different educational institutions in Medellín, and the limitations to understand and confront the identity and diversity that converge in the classroom in terms of the religious option. Therefore, an interpretative qualitative methodology was used, which from the group case analysis (4 cases) promoted the interpretation of the information, content, and meanings that the participants in the study gave to the shared interactions, experiences and conceptions regarding teaching, learning, training, and evaluation in the subject of religion.
  • Australian Converts to Islam: Findings from a National Survey of Muslim Australians

    Mitchell, Paul; Rane, Halim (Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    While conversion to Islam in non-Muslim societies has a long and diverse history, the socio-political contexts of the post-9/11 period have led to Western converts being viewed with sharpened curiosity, suspicion and even hostility. Yet despite the rise of Islamophobia and anti-Muslim sentiment during this period, it has been suggested that significant numbers of Westerners have converted to Islam. While there has been considerable growth in academic scholarship on Western converts over the past two decades, research on this phenomenon in the Australian context remains limited. This article seeks to address this gap by outlining key findings from the 2019 Islam in Australia Survey, which represents the first in-depth, quantitative research on Australian converts to Islam. These findings provide insight into converts' backgrounds, conversion motivations, religious identities and social connections.

    Fahrudin Fahrudin; Saepul Anwar (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, 2022-06-01)
    This research is motivated by the assumption that lectures of Islamic Religious Education (PAI) in Public Universities (PTU), including Indonesia University of Education (UPI), in various forms, should regulate moderation in religion. Moderation in religion is needed to create a climate of tolerance among students to prevent radicalism and extremism in religion, which is allegedly occurring in public universities. One form of evaluation of PAI lectures at UPI aims to explore the opinions of PAI lecturers at UPI regarding learning in religious lectures they experience. With such a goal, researchers used a quantitative approach with a descriptive-survey method. With the quota sampling technique and considering the sample based on the sample expert's assessment based on the number of lecturers who returned the research questionnaire as many as 16 people with a distribution of 9 senior lecturers and 7 juniors. Because data collection was carried out at one time, the researchers designed a cross-sectional survey design. Collecting data on students 'and lecturers' perceptions regarding tolerance learning in Islamic Education learning at PTU was collected using a Likert scale questionnaire. Meanwhile, the data analysis used descriptive statistics, which are presented in tables and charts. Based on the analysis results, it is possible to judge that lecturers on average (88.19%) have a good perception of learning in Islamic Education lectures at UPI. Thus, there is a lecturer's perception of tolerance learning in Islamic Education lectures at UPI
  • Religious Tolerance Level of Students of Russia’s Pedagogical Universities

    Ilya Ulyanov State Pedagogical University; Idiatullov, Azat (HAL CCSD, 2022-04-01)
    International audience
  • COVID-19 and freedom of religion

    Bobrowicz, Ryszard (European Academy on Religion and Society, 2021-12-08)
  • Indonesian Theosophical Society (1900-40) and the Idea of Religious Pluralism

    Media, Zainul Bahri (Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, 2017-05-24)
    This article elucidates the idea of religious pluralism within the Indonesian Theosophical Society (ITS) during the pre-independence period (1900-40). ITS is perhaps the “hidden pearl” in the history of Indonesian spiritual movements in the early twentieth century. It seems that many Indonesians themselves do not know about the existence of ITS in the pre-independence era and its role in spreading a peaceful and inclusive religious understanding. The organization of ITS was legally approved by Theosophical Society headquarters in Adyar, India, at the end of the nineteenth century. For more than 30 years in the early part of the twentieth century ITS discussed the idea of religious pluralism, spreading the value of harmony among believers in the Indonesian Archipelago and managing “multireligious and cultural education” in order to appreciate the diversity and differences of the Nusantara people. This article also shows that the religious understanding of Theosophical Society members in the archipelago is different from the spiritual views of TS figures at headquarters in Adyar. ITS members’ religious views were influenced by factors such as European and American spiritualism, Indian religion and spirituality, Chinese religion, and the intermixture of Javanese mysticism (kejawen) and Javanese Islam (santri).
  • Stand firm

    Dadang, Mipo Ezekiel (Network for African Congregational Theology, 2022-05-30)
    Humans live in a world overwhelmed by an increasing sense of fear and tension. If they want to understand themselves, they have to understand previous generations before them. Robert Schuller noted that “tough times never last, but tough people do”.[1] Many times, shocking waves strike to teach people history. Penalties, hardships and casualties increase when people refuse to be accountable or rarely admit that prevailing hard times exceed the parameters of divine faith. For example, in Nigeria, defenders and critics during times of crisis seem to lock horns for decades of struggles. Denominations across Nigeria for example wondered whether they can survive these tough times, having lost more than two-thirds of their membership in the core north, central and north-eastern regions. This study is a historical-critical analysis of the Christian message to people living in hostile contexts as a way to inspire hope in communities ravaged by violence. The study concludes that terror-weary people can draw lessons from church history to overcome their struggles and hold on to their faith in the context of their violent locations. [1] Schuller, R.H. 1986. Tough times never last, but tough people do! Ibadan: Olusiyi Press.
  • Supplementary material for Magic in Malta by Alexander Mallett, Catherine Rider and Dionisius A. Agius

    Alexander Mallett (12706818); Catherine Rider (11455660) (2022-06-07)
    This is the tabula sybillima of appendix 2 from the book Magic in Malta, edited by Alexander Mallett, Catherine Rider and Dionisius A. Agius, with ISBN 978-90-04-49893-8. The appendix transcribes the table that was mentioned in the trial record by Vittorio Cassar.
  • Islām al-kāfir fī ḥāl al-juṭba: concerning the conversion of 'infidels' to islam during the muslim friday sermon in Mamluk Egypt

    Jones, Linda G. (CSIC, 2012)
    Ibn al-Hajj al-‘Abdari a Maliki jurist in Mamluk Cairo, denounced a religious “innovation” (bid‘a) that had apparently become current in fourteenthcentury Egypt: “Infidels” would interrupt the Muslim Friday sermon in order to profess or reiterate their conversion to Islam before the entire congregation. Ibn al-Hajj urged preachers not to tolerate such interruptions under any circumstances, a posture that seems at odd with Mamluk policy of inducing such conversions especially among the Coptic community. The Maliki jurist’s legal arguments furnish new insights into the hitherto unexplored role of the Friday liturgical sermon in the conversion to Islam. This article will explain the legal basis of Ibn al-Hajj’s opposition to this practice, propose some explanations for the motivations behind the would-be convert’s interruption of the sermon, and relate this phenomenon to the historical context of tense Muslim-Christian relations in fourteenth-century Mamluk Egypt.
  • The Linguistic-Textual Markers in the Late Medieval Slavonic Biblical Translations from Jewish Originals

    Alexander Igorevich Grishchenko (Firenze University Press, 2022-05-01)
    The article raises the question of language items (words or phrases) which could be the markers of a textual relationship between Biblical translations and their originals, on the examples of two East Slavonic texts created presumably in the 15th century in the Ruthenian lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The article is based on the data of the edited Slavonic-Russian Pentateuch and two versions of the East Slavonic translation of the Song of Song, from the museum (Russian State Library, Moscow, mid-16th century) and Vilna copies (Wroblewski Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, Vilnius, first quarter of the 16th century), including the glossary for both versions from the so-called Zabelin Set, a cluster of Biblical texts translated from Jewish sources into Old Ruthenian from the 17th-century manuscript (State Historical Museum, Moscow). These examples demonstrate the importance of the search for possible intermediary languages for texts, which, by all formal indicators, are the fruit of direct language and literary contacts between Slavs and Jews. There are proposed methods of ascertaining an original language and the language of a possible intermediary through a system of linguistic-textual markers. The weakest linguistic-textual markers are Hebrew loanwords written with Cyrillic script, especially when these are proper names only. Such forms do not exclude the possibility that their source was not the Masoretic Text itself, but translations of the latter made within the framework of the same Jewish tradition, i.e., the Targums (cfr. in particular the ‘Old Yiddish Targum’ and the ‘Judeo-Turkic Targum’). The most reliable linguistic-textual marker turns out to be the presence of words that are not just foreign-language borrowings and not from the Hebrew language, but that also qualify as hapaxes that were not adopted by the language of the book tradition into which the corresponding translation was made. Between these two extreme types of markers there are intermediate steps, which in different ways reveal the presence of an intermediary language and an intermediary text, but as a whole, all the markers speak in favor of the existence of these intermediaries.

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