This Globethics.net collection gathers contributions, resources and perspectives on interreligious dialogue; in particular it looks at tolerance toward religious diversity and gathers theological texts that promote interreligious dialogue and social inclusiveness from different religious traditions.

Recent Submissions

  • I feel Moroccan, I feel Italian, and I feel Muslim: Second generation Moroccans and identity negotiation between religion and community belonging

    Rizzo Marco, Miglietta Anna, Gattino Silvia, Fedi Angela (2020)
    Second generation immigrants in Western societies negotiate between cultural sets: the inherited and the acquired culture. For second generation Muslims the negotiation involves personal dimensions such as identity and it deals with the assimilative pressures of the society where they have grown up: a context where their ethnic and religious identities are combined and mixed. From an ecological perspective, these processes happen in the communities where everyday life and cultural transmission take place.
 
 This study examines from an ecological perspective the negotiation of identity in young adult second generation Muslim, how their ethnic, national, and religious ties are intertwined with the pressures from the community they perceive as the most important. We started from the community that the participants felt was most important for them and explored the different ways in which their religious, ethnic, and national identities were related to their most important community. Twenty young adult Moroccans settled in Italy since age 6 years were involved in semi-structured in-person interviews. The interview responses highlighted how complex these individuals find managing their ethnic and religious identities and how this process is related to their conception of religiosity and the forms it takes in everyday life (e.g., a system of values vs. a set of practices).
  • El uso del velo islámico en el espacio público : normativa nacional y derecho comparado

    García Morales, María Jesús,; Fodor, Mihai Ioan; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Facultat de Dret (2020)
    El presente trabajo de investigación aborda el estudio del derecho fundamental a la libertad religiosa centrado al marco constitucional, normativo y jurisprudencial de España, referente al uso del velo islámico en el espacio público. Asimismo, forma parte de este trabajo, un análisis de las prohibiciones del uso del velo islámico integral en los espacios públicos de países como Francia, Italia, Alemania, Bélgica y Reino Unido, teniendo siempre presente que la perspectiva jurídico-constitucional de éstos incluye, igual que en el caso de España, la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos y la normativa de la Unión Europea.
  • Mubahın Şer’î Hüküm Olup Olmaması ile İlgili Yaklaşımlar ve Bunun Mubahın Sınırlandırılması ile İlişkilendirilmesi

    YILMAZ, İbrahim; ; NEVŞEHİR HACI BEKTAŞ VELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ (Sırnak UniversityŞırnak Üniversitesi, 2020-06-15)
    İslâm hukukmetodolojisinde hükmün tanımı ileilgili biri kaynağını, diğeri muhatabını esas alan iki temel yaklaşım vardır.Kaynağını esas alan yaklaşıma göre hüküm Şâri’in hitabı, muhatabını esas alanyaklaşıma göre ise hüküm Şâri’in hitabının sonucudur. Her iki yaklaşıma göre dehükmün tanımında biri “talep/iktizâ”, diğeri “tahyîr/muhayyerlik” olmak üzereiki temel kavram yer almaktadır. Hükmün tanımında yer alan “talep/iktizâ”kavramı; farz/vacip, mendup, mekruh ve haram gibi şer’î hükümleri içermektedir.“Tahyîr” ise mubah olan hükümleri ifade etmektedir. Klasik dönem İslâm hukuku metodolojisinde mubahınmahiyetiyle ilgili; “teklîfî hüküm olupolmaması”, “şer’î hüküm olupolmaması”, “emredilmiş olup olmaması” ve “talep içerip içermemesi” gibi birçokkonu tartışılmıştır. Hiç şüphesiz bu konulardan en önemlisi, “mubahın şer’î hüküm olupolmaması” hakkında cumhur ile Mu’tezilî âlimler arasında geçen tartışmadır. Cumhur,mubahın teklîfî/şer’î hükümlerden biri olduğunu söylemektedir. Buna mukabil Mu’tezilî âlimlerden Abu’l-Kasim al-Belhî el-Kâ‘bî (öl. 319/911) ve onun taraftarları ise mubahın şer‘î bir hüküm olmadığını söylemektedirler. Diğer taraftan Mubahın şer’î hüküm olupolmaması meselesi, “kamu otoritesinin mubahı/cevazı sınırlandırmayetkisi” bağlamında son dönemlerde de tartışılmaya devam etmektedir. NitekimOsmanlı’nın son dönemlerinde Mansurizâde Said (1864-1923), kamu otoritesininmubahı sınırlandırması bağlamında  “cevazınahkâm-ı şer’iyyeden olmadığına dair” makaleler yazmıştır. Günümüz İslâmhukukçularından bazıları da Mansurizâde’nin görüşünü haklı bulmaktadır. Ancakkanaatimizce bu iki konu, yani mubahın şer’î hüküm olması ile mubahın kamuotoritesi tarafından sınırlandırılması arasında doğrudan bir ilişkibulunmamaktadır.
  • Mubahın Şer’î Hüküm Olup Olmaması ile İlgili Yaklaşımlar ve Bunun Mubahın Sınırlandırılması ile İlişkilendirilmesi

    İbrahim YILMAZ (Şırnak Üniversitesi, 2020-06-01)
    İslâm hukuk metodolojisinde hükmün tanımı ile ilgili biri kaynağını, diğeri muhatabını esas alan iki temel yaklaşım vardır. Kaynağını esas alan yaklaşıma göre hüküm Şâri’in hitabı, muhatabını esas alan yaklaşıma göre ise hüküm Şâri’in hitabının sonucudur. Her iki yaklaşıma göre de hükmün tanımında biri “talep/iktizâ”, diğeri “tahyîr/muhayyerlik” olmak üzere iki temel kavram yer almaktadır. Hükmün tanımında yer alan “talep/iktizâ” kavramı; farz/vacip, mendup, mekruh ve haram gibi şer’î hükümleri içermektedir. “Tahyîr” ise mubah olan hükümleri ifade etmektedir. Klasik dönem İslâm hukuku metodolojisinde mubahın mahiyetiyle ilgili; “teklîfî hüküm olup olmaması”, “şer’î hüküm olup olmaması”, “emredilmiş olup olmaması” ve “talep içerip içermemesi” gibi birçok konu tartışılmıştır. Hiç şüphesiz bu konulardan en önemlisi, “mubahın şer’î hüküm olup olmaması” hakkında cumhur ile Mu’tezilî âlimler arasında geçen tartışmadır. Cumhur, mubahın teklîfî/şer’î hükümlerden biri olduğunu söylemektedir. Buna mukabil Mu’tezilî âlimlerden Abu’l-Kasim al-Belhî el-Kâ‘bî (öl. 319/911) ve onun taraftarları ise mubahın şer‘î bir hüküm olmadığını söylemektedirler. Diğer taraftan Mubahın şer’î hüküm olup olmaması meselesi, “kamu otoritesinin mubahı/cevazı sınırlandırma yetkisi” bağlamında son dönemlerde de tartışılmaya devam etmektedir. Nitekim Osmanlı’nın son dönemlerinde Mansurizâde Said (1864-1923), kamu otoritesinin mubahı sınırlandırması bağlamında  “cevazın ahkâm-ı şer’iyyeden olmadığına dair” makaleler yazmıştır. Günümüz İslâm hukukçularından bazıları da Mansurizâde’nin görüşünü haklı bulmaktadır. Ancak kanaatimizce bu iki konu, yani mubahın şer’î hüküm olması ile mubahın kamu otoritesi tarafından sınırlandırılması arasında doğrudan bir ilişki bulunmamaktadır.
  • Reinterpretasi Ḥadīts Perintah Memukul Anak

    Ferra Dwi Jayanti (Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, 2018-11-01)
    This article offers a new interpretation of Ḥadīth that allows parents to hit and accomplishes violence towards their children if the children do not do the prayer. It shows that the word ḍaraba (hit) in the prayer order does not mean violence, but education by wise and gentle. Therefore the word ḍaraba has real and metaphorical meaning. While the order for violence as stated in the Prophet Ḥadīths is connected to punishment (ḥad.) Moreover, the history proves that the Prophet never conducted violence in his life, neither to hit anybody, unless in the war and punishment.
  • Telaah Penafsiran Ayat-Ayat Kekerasan: Upaya Mewujudkan Perdamaian dalam Bingkai Keindonesiaan

    Lufaefi Lufaefi (Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, 2018-11-01)
    Issues of violence and radicalism in Indonesia increasingly prevalent. Various acts of anarchism and terrorism seem to be mushrooming in this country that has a lot of diversity. Actions that harm the public and even the religion is not rare background against the understanding of the holy verses of the Koran. The Qur’an is understood as a revelation that legalizes these actions. Then, is it true that the revelation of the Qur’an permits acts of violence that would harm many people? this article attempts to interpret the verses of the Koran that are justified as supporting verses of the above mentioned actions. Through the historical review of the verse (asbab an-nuzul), in fact none of the Qur’anic verses permit violence, terrorism and radicalism. As a revelation coming from the Lord of the universe, indeed the verses of the Koran precisely require creating peace for the whole of nature, not least the nature of Indonesia.
  • Turkey: At the Crossroads of Secular West and Traditional East

    Ala'i, Padideh (Digital Commons @ American University Washington College of Law, 2009-01-01)
    On January 9, 2008 Washington College of Law at American University sponsored a conference entitled: Turkey: At the Crossroads of Secular West and Traditional East. This conference was percipitated by the recent election of the AKP party in Turkey and my trip to Turkey in summer 2007. In this short introduction to the American University International law Review symposium issue, I summarize the major issues raised in that one day conference specifically by Dean Haluk Kabaalioglu of Yeditepe University Facutly of Law, expert on EU law and Turkish-EU relations,and Professor Feroz Ahmad, the learned historian of modern Turkey. The aim of the conference was three fold: (1) address the legacy of Mustafa Kamal Ataturk, (2) discuss the questions of Turkish accession to the EU; and (3) provide a forum for a discussion of the current tensions in Turkey between the ideal of secularism and assertions of Islamic identity. All three goals highligh Turkey's unique status as a country caught between secular west and the traditional east with the potential to serve as a bridge and/or a battleground between the two.
  • Arranged marriages, broken families and concerned parents : a "bounded choice" perspective on commitment in Grace Gospel Church.

    Rakoczy, Susan Francis.; Semple, Sean Alexander John. (2014-05-30)
    Thesis (M.Th.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2013.
  • The Future of Theology at Public Universities

    van den Brink, Gijsbert (2020-06-13)
    In the recent past, we have seen a parting of the ways of the theological discipline and public universities in many places throughout Western Europe. In this article, firstly, some backgrounds of this development are briefly explored, taking the situation in the Netherlands as an example. Secondly, it is argued that from a Christian – and especially a Reformed – theological point of view that this development is suboptimal and should be regretted. Thirdly, two lines of argument for retaining a place for theology at public and largely secular contemporary universities are investigated: the first one, which attempts to align theology to the natural sciences, is found wanting; the second one, which situates theology in the realm of the humanities, is argued to be largely convincing. Following this finding, a case study was offered of how a theological faculty or department could be (re)structured in such a way that – without turning it into an allegedly ‘neutral’ religious studies department – it continues to occupy a viable place within contemporary public universities. It is argued that theological faculties might have to open up to a variety of religious perspectives (rather than hosting just one religious tradition) both for epistemic and political reasons. Finally, a brief suggestion was made as to how such a development might be justified from a Reformed theological perspective.
  • For Most Churchgoers, Controversy Between Religious Freedom and Public Health is Not Real

    Beyerlein, Kraig; Nirenberg, David (ScholarWorks at WMU, 2020-06-02)
  • Religious Freedom Clashes With Public Health Enforcers

    Brown, Elizabeth Nolan (ScholarWorks at WMU, 2020-04-13)
  • THE POLITICS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM – COVID-19 EDITION

    Uddin, Asma T. (ScholarWorks at WMU, 2020-06-01)
  • Instilling the Value of Religious Pluralism as the Effort to Overcome the Religious Conflict

    Eka Safitri (Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Kudus, 2020-05-01)
    This study aims to describe how to instill the value of religious pluralism at An Najah Student Boarding School Purwokerto and analyze how the student efforts in tackling religious conflict. The methodology used in this research is qualitative descriptive methods. In this study, several conclusions were drawn that the Kiyai at An Najah Islamic Boarding School instill the value of religious pluralism for santri through various activities either written  in the Islamic boarding school curriculum or not. Efforts made by santri to overcome conflicts between religious communities are by following organizations based on harmony and being tolerant towards all religious communities. A good understanding of a student towards religious pluralism makes them always able to select which behavior should be carried out and not cause religious conflict.
  • Trinitární perspektiva teologie náboženství. Nástin přístupu k nekřesťanským náboženstvím v myšlení Gavina D’Costy

    Martin Kočí (Karolinum Press, 2012-12-01)
    This study presents an analysis of the theological work of Gavin D’Costa. Author intends to introduce D’Costa’s contribution in the field of the theology of religions and to examine the concept of Trinitarian Theology of Religions. D’Costa considers the doctrine of Trinity as the distinctive element of Christianity comparing to other religions. Paradoxically, he chooses the Trinitarian mystery as the point of departure in his approach to religions. He refuses incllusivist and exclusivist approaches. He believes that the socalled Trinitarian theology of religion can offer a respect-full evaluation of other religions. Simultaneously, such a concept remains faithful to the Christian tradition itself. This article highlights some debatable issues in D’Costa’s concept. Author examines the dialectic between particularity and universality which is presented by D’Costa. In other words, this article deals with the question what has the priority: the particular event of Christ or the universal presence of the Holy Spirit in the world. D’Costa holds the balance between both ‘events’, even though he extensively elaborates upon the pneumatological-ecclesial perspective of the theology of religions. The consequences of this perspective are examined in the second half of this article. Finally, this article delves into the question about whether the Trinitarian doctrine can serve as a methodological principle of the theology of religions. And if the answer is positive, what concept of the Trinitarian theology is appropriate. Unfortunately, D’Costa does not provide any concrete answer in this respect. However, his intuition concerning the Trinitarian background of the Christian attitude toward other religions is an original contribution to the discipline of the theology of religions and enrichment for the current theological debate as such.
  • Prayer, Public Schools and the Supreme Court

    Kauper, Paul G. (University of Michigan Law School Scholarship Repository, 1963-04-01)
    A more complete understanding of the case, while doing much to temper the initial outburst of disapproval, did not by any means dispel all criticism of the decision or allay all the apprehensions aroused by it. Believing that the Supreme Court's opinion was premised on a fundamentally erroneous interpretation of the establishment clause of the first amendment, Bishop James A. Pike headed a movement to amend the Constitution so as to restore what he regarded as the true and intended meaning of its pertinent language. In the meantime, the Supreme Court has agreed to review and has heard argument on cases dealing with the constitutionality of Bible reading and recitation of the Lord's Prayer in public schools. The decisions in these cases may be expected to result in resumption of the public debate sparked by Engel.
  • Prayer, Public Schools and the Supreme Court

    Kauper, Paul G. (University of Michigan Law School Scholarship Repository, 1963-04-01)
    A more complete understanding of the case, while doing much to temper the initial outburst of disapproval, did not by any means dispel all criticism of the decision or allay all the apprehensions aroused by it. Believing that the Supreme Court's opinion was premised on a fundamentally erroneous interpretation of the establishment clause of the first amendment, Bishop James A. Pike headed a movement to amend the Constitution so as to restore what he regarded as the true and intended meaning of its pertinent language. In the meantime, the Supreme Court has agreed to review and has heard argument on cases dealing with the constitutionality of Bible reading and recitation of the Lord's Prayer in public schools. The decisions in these cases may be expected to result in resumption of the public debate sparked by Engel.
  • "This Land Is Holy!" Intersections of Politics and Spirituality in Luis Alberto Urrea’s <i>The Hummingbird’s Daughter</i>

    Christina Garcia Lopez (eScholarship Publishing, University of California, 2016-07-01)
    <p>This essay discusses the intersections of politics and spirituality during the Porfiriato era in Mexico, an oppressive period that initiated northward migration into the United States; specifically, Lopez examines Luis Alberto Urrea’s 2005 novel, <em>The Hummingbird’s Daughter</em>, which blends narrative, history, and biography. Merging a historical focus on the political impulses of northward migration with attention to spiritual and religious epistemologies, Urrea’s narrative of "Teresita," a regional folk saint of northern Mexico, highlights a critical time that would significantly determine the intertwined futures of both nations. As the author brings Teresita and her community to life for readers, he simultaneously describes the Porfiriato era’s relationship with US interests, the state’s violent push towards modernization, and power struggles over indigenous land rights, all of which would eventually culminate in the Mexican Revolution and mass migration into the United States. Ultimately, Lopez argues that, in its narrative representation of political conflicts over land rights during the Porfiriato, <em>The Hummingbird’s Daughter</em> functions as a form of witnessing to state violence and, further, highlights a complex, embodied spirituality through which indigenous and mestizo peoples responded to state violence with contestation and counterdiscourse. This essay highlights Urrea’s work as a substantial contribution to the further development of Border Studies, Chicano/a Studies, and Transnational American Studies.</p>
  • The <em>Engel</em>Case from a Swiss Perspective

    O'Brien, F. William (University of Michigan Law School Scholarship Repository, 1963-04-01)
    On June 25, 1962, the Supreme Court of the United States held that the State of New York, by using its public school system to encourage recitation of a prayer during classroom hours, had adopted a practice wholly inconsistent with that clause of the first amendment, applicable to the states by virtue of the fourteenth amendment, which prohibits laws respecting an establishment of religion. The opinion of the Court, written by Mr. Justice Black for himself and four other Justices, is interesting in that he rests the Court's decision exclusively upon the establishment clause. In previous decisions, the Court had not stated clearly that state action in contravention of this provision of the first amendment would fall under its ban even though religious freedom might be unimpaired. The present Court has now made this point clear beyond doubt.

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