Can the Poor Influence Policy? Participatory Poverty Assessments in the Developing World, Second Edition
Author(s)Robb, Caroline M.
CHANGES IN POVERTY
POOR URBAN AREAS
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER
ACCESS TO INFORMATION
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
UNDERSTANDING OF POVERTY
POVERTY REDUCTION EFFORTS
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS
HEAVILY INDEBTED POOR COUNTRIES
POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
POVERTY REDUCTION OBJECTIVES
DIMENSIONS OF POVERTY
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
RAPID RURAL APPRAISAL
PARTICIPATORY POVERTY ASSESSMENT
SUSTAINABLE POVERTY REDUCTION
PARTICIPATORY POVERTY ASSESSMENTS
RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION
LACK OF EDUCATION
PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH METHODS
QUALITY OF SERVICES
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GOALS
PARTICIPATORY RURAL APPRAISAL
DEFINITIONS OF POVERTY
FORM OF POVERTY
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AbstractThis book focuses on the World Bank's experience with Participatory Poverty Assessments (PPAs). Some practitioners have argued that a number of World Bank PPAs should not be included because they were extractive, did not influence policy, and were not participatory. However, both good and bad practice PPAs is included in this analysis to facilitate learning from past experiences. Participatory poverty assessments are showing the World Bank and other outside observers of poverty that are not the only poverty experts. Poor people have a long overlooked capacity to contribute to the analysis of poverty-and without their insights to know only part of the reality of poverty, its causes, and the survival strategies of the poor. The objective of a comprehensive poverty analysis, therefore, should be to conduct participatory research and household surveys interactively, so that they enhance each other. If a PPA is conducted after the household survey, the results will explain, challenge, reinforce, or shed new light on household survey data. The results of the household survey can also, of course, explain, challenge, or reinforce the PPA. If the PPA is conducted before the household survey, the PPA results could assist in generating hypotheses, shaping the design of the household survey, and developing survey questions appropriate for the respondents. Ideally, this should be an ongoing process whereby both PPAs and household surveys are conducted periodically and feed into each other. The results of past PPAs indicate that when they are used in conjunction with household surveys, the final assessment is a much fuller analysis of the varying dimensions of poverty, and the policy recommendations are more relevant and informed.
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