Civil Society and Peacebuilding : Potential, Limitations and Critical Factors
CIVIL SOCIETY RELATIONS
GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY
HORN OF AFRICA
CIVIL SOCIETY ENGAGEMENT
CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS
CIVIL SOCIETY PARTICIPATION
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT
CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION
CIVIL SOCIETY CONCEPT
CIVIL SOCIETY ACTIVITIES
CIVIL SOCIETY INVOLVEMENT
INTERNATIONAL CIVIL SOCIETY
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
COLLECTIVE CITIZEN ACTION
HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS
CIVIL SOCIETY REPRESENTATIVES
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThis report develops and discusses a new analytical framework to understand the functions of civil society in peace building. In theory and practice, there is a wide variety of ways to categorize civil society contributions to development and peacebuilding. Donors tend to employ actor-oriented perspectives, focusing on supporting activities of different types of civil society organizations in a given situation. This report proposes to move toward a functional perspective, centered on the roles that different actors can play in conflict situations. The analysis shows that civil society can make numerous positive contributions and have unique potential to support peacebuilding and conflict mitigation. It can do so independently as actor in its own right, or in relation to peacebuilding processes and programs led by Governments or the international community. Despite many successful initiatives on the ground, however, civil society should not be considered a panacea. The existence of civil society per se cannot be equated with the existence of peacebuilding actors. Similarly, civil society strengthening and support does not automatically contribute to peacebuilding. While civil society organizations are frequently actors for peace, they equally have the potential to become actors of violence. So far, outcomes and impacts of different civil society peace interventions have not been sufficiently evaluated. Civil society and donors need to more strategically identify the objectives and demonstrate the relevance of the particular approaches they propose to engage in different phases of conflict/peacebuilding. Without greater clarity regarding objectives and intended impacts, and, without addressing existing institutional constraints and distortions, activities run the risk of being well-intentioned, but unlikely to achieve sustainable results.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Civil Society, Public Action and Accountability in AfricaKhemani, Stuti; Walton, Michael; Devarajan, Shantayanan (2011-07-01)This paper examines the potential role of civil society action in increasing state accountability for development in Sub-Saharan Africa. It further develops the analytical framework of the World Development Report 2004 on accountability relationships, to emphasize the underlying political economy drivers of accountability and implications for how civil society is constituted and functions. It argues on this basis that the most important domain for improving accountability is through the political relations between citizens, civil society, and state leadership. The evidence broadly suggests that when higher-level political leadership provides sufficient or appropriate powers for citizen participation in holding within-state agencies or frontline providers accountable, there is frequently positive impact on outcomes. However, the big question remaining for such types of interventions is how to improve the incentives of higher-level leadership to pursue appropriate policy design and implementation. The paper argues that there is substantial scope for greater efforts in this domain, including through the support of external aid agencies. Such efforts and support should, however, build on existing political and civil society structures (rather than transplanting "best practice" initiatives from elsewhere), and be structured for careful monitoring and assessment of impact.
Articulations of Local Governance in Timor-Leste : Lessons for Local Development under DecentralizationButterworth, David; Dale, Pamela (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-10-09)In pursuing a decentralization policy
that sets out to devolve elements of state authority to
municipalities, the Government of Timor-Leste faces a key
challenge: how to combine different types of governance
systems that have legitimacy at local and state levels. In
order to inform this process, this policy note looks at how
communities and local government currently work together to
plan and implement local development initiatives. It
attempts to answer the question, 'what steps might the
government of Timor-Leste take to amplify the voice of
citizens in development planning, and the responsiveness of
the state to those voices?' This note informs current
discussions on community-planning processes,
dispute-resolution and complaints mechanisms within local
development programs, and other important aspects of the
decentralization agenda through a perspective informed by
in-depth, local-level policy analysis.
Yemen Civil Society Organizations in Transition : A Mapping and Capacity Assessment of Development-Oriented Civil Society Organizations in Five GovernoratesWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2013-06)Civil society in Yemen is vibrant and diverse but highly fragmented. It includes independent registered and organized civic groups, less organized local self-help organizations, and charity oriented groups. The first period, from 1950 to 1963, saw a growth in associational activity in the modern enclave of late colonial Aden and within the protectorates of the northern imamate amidst heavy immigration and modernization. A second stage of development took place in the late 1970s and 1980s with very little central control but exceptional affluence thanks to remittances from citizens employed in the Gulf. As the political transition in Yemen continues, there is renewed interest in engaging local Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in the process of service delivery, decentralization, institution building and in encouraging inclusion and greater citizen participation. The Government has requested that the World Bank update its earlier work on CSOs in Yemen to map and to assess the capacities of present-day, development-oriented CSOs in five governorates. Nearly all of the CSOs that participated in this study were formally registered, non-governmental organizations that were generally independent of tribal or religious affiliation. There is an important opening in Yemen at present to encourage greater social accountability among CSOs and through CSO-Government partnerships. Social accountability includes a growing emphasis on beneficiary engagement in monitoring and assessing government performance as well as service providers, particularly in providing feedback on, and voicing demand for, improved service delivery. Based on this study's findings, it is recommended that the Government reform CSOs-related procedures, including registration, re-licensing, and decentralize avenues for CSO-ministry collaboration on service delivery and standards development to the governorate-level branches of the respective Ministries. Finally, it is recommended that training be made available for Yemeni journalists that cover the work of the country's civic sector or development issues in general.