Malawi - Mineral Sector Review : Source of Economic Growth and Development
KeywordsMINING INDUSTRY SUPPORT
LAND USE PLANNING
TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY
COUNTRY · MINERAL RESOURCES
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
PUBLIC MINING INSTITUTIONS
MINERAL SECTOR REVENUES
MINING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
MINERAL COMMODITY PRICES
MINERAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
MINING FISCAL REGIME
SMALL SCALE MINING
EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE
HEALTH AND SAFETY
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AbstractThis mineral sector review examines the mineral sector as a potential source of growth and development in Malawi. In seeking the World Bank's assistance the Government of Malawi was particularly interested in confirming the potential for mineral sector growth, identifying which constraints to the development of the sector need to be addressed by the Government and suggesting strategies to foster a positive contribution by the mineral sector to sustainable development and poverty reduction. This report is organized into four chapters. Chapter one examines the potential for mineral sector growth in the short, medium and long term and indicates the direct and indirect economic and development benefits that could result. The remaining chapters address constraints that could prevent the mineral sector's full potential from being realized, especially those that can be addressed by government action, focusing on the development of efficient and effective legal, regulatory and institutional arrangements for managing the mineral sector (chapter two); the design of robust mineral revenue generation and management regimes (chapter three); and the creation of sound arrangements for the environmental and social management of the mineral sector (chapter four). Each chapter concludes with a summary of the main findings and recommendations for action with an indicated timeframe.
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Albania : Mining Sector Reform, Restructuring and Future ProspectsWorld Bank (World Bank, 2012-03-19)This report provides a concise overview of the current situation of the mining sector in Albania. It evaluates the major events that took place in the last two decades (especially regarding the privatization process), and examines its governance, overarching policies and its legal frameworks that have guided the sector development. Having identified the weaknesses and difficulties that the sector faces, the report then suggests an outline for a comprehensive reform program. The main findings in this regard are related to: improving sector governance; improving regulatory effectiveness; strengthening the technical capacities; addressing environmental and social legacy, and community benefit sharing issues; and sustaining sector growth through sector promotion. The report also summarizes an evaluation of the mineral legal and regulatory environment, in order to inform an overall reform strategy and to identify commodities and/or resource areas of particular interest going forward, 'low hanging fruit' that might offer new growth opportunities. The overall conclusion of the report is that sector reform should emphasize new Greenfield resource potential through generative exploration by smaller and medium-sized international 'junior' mining companies. New resource development will be undertaken within a strengthened governance framework reinforced by a competitive, transparent, stable, non-discretionary regulatory regime. Although now highly fragmented, existing operations will be improved with the introduction of new operations performing to international good practice. Additionally, the private sector should be enabled to consolidate license holdings under improved regulatory enforcement that prevents licenses being held for speculation without intention to undertake meaningful investments that will result in development.
Sector Licensing StudiesInternational Finance Corporation (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2011)This report is intended to provide
guidance on best practices in mining licensing, based on
examples from low, middle and high income countries in
Africa, Asia, North America, and South America. It is not a
'how-to guide' or a licensing implementation
toolkit, but rather identifies certain common features of
successful mining licensing regimes worldwide that other
national or sub-national jurisdictions might usefully
incorporate in new mining laws and regulations or revisions
or existing ones. The case studies and other examples of
good and bad practice are intended to provide a
cross-section by geography and by income level, and they
demonstrate that the prevalence of good and bad practices is
not simply a function of income level. Tanzania, one of the
poorest countries in the world, has in many respects a
better licensing regime than either South Africa or the U.S.
State of Wisconsin. In considering these complex issues, it
has proven difficult to confine the discussion purely to
questions of licensing. Discussion of licensing invariably
invokes reference to overall policy and investment climate
issues, environmental protection, labor law, taxation,
national and sub-national jurisdiction, land tenure, and
much more. This report makes no attempt to address all of
these in detail but refers to them in reference to their
interactions with and effect on, licensing itself. Far more
detailed research on mineral policy, taxation, investment
climate, and other issues has been carried out, some of it
referred to in this report and cited in the footnotes and bibliography.
Sierra Leone : Tapping the Mineral Wealth for Human Progress, A Break with the PastWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2012-06-21)Political instability and lack of an enabling and internationally competitive environment conducive to attracting investments particularly affected the mining sector. Excessive government control and attempts to raise higher foreign exchange and fiscal revenues from artisanal diamond activities were detrimental to artisanal mining development. The study provides an assessment and analysis of the economic and social importance of the mining sector in Sierra Leone and its impact on economic outcomes. It makes recommendations and identifies an action plan for mining sector revival and development. The Government presented this report to the stakeholders, including its international development partners, at a workshop in May 2003. The outcome of the discussions and recommendations is reflected in the report. The resulting report was subsequently discussed in a second national workshop during January 2004. Since January 2003, the Ministry of Mineral Resources has focused on a number of fronts including: formation of a core mineral policy; deepening the policy work through a review of the mineral and regulatory framework; efforts to improve the development of basic mapping geo-information; completion of the initial work required for improved administration and management of mineral rights through a cadastre system; improvements in productivity, safety, and environmental conditions of mining activities; increased transparency in mineral sector revenues through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and Kimberley Process; and improved social conditions in the mining areas. These efforts have led to positive results. Among the most notable are the sharp rise in diamond exports, the rehabilitation of a rutile mine initiated in May 2005, the current assessment of the possible reactivation of the existing bauxite mine during 2005; and a significant increase in mineral exploration.