Bangladesh - Civic Engagement in Procurement Reform : Policy Note
CORRUPTION IN GOVERNMENT
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
CONDUCT OF PROCUREMENT
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT SYSTEM
SENIOR GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT OF GOODS
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION
QUALITY OF SERVICES
COUNTRY PROCUREMENT ASSESSMENT
ACCESS TO INFORMATION
COUNTRY PROCUREMENT ASSESSMENT REPORT
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AbstractThis policy note has two objectives in the context of Bangladesh: (i) identify possible modalities for increasing social awareness among the general public to demand best value for money in the use of public funds and, through this, for promoting a general acceptance of social accountability as a legitimate form of engagement between the public sector, the citizenry, and the private sector; and (ii) provide guidance on (a) how to engage government officials and the contracting community in adopting a culture shift towards more transparent practices and (b) how to communicate to the public the importance and benefits of adopting behavior well suited in facilitating greater efficiency and effectiveness of public procurement. Both these objectives can contribute to the emergence/ engagement of highly visible and vocal civil society organizations in the monitoring of procurement process as well as outcomes, particularly those interest in fighting corruption. This policy note discusses the need to induce as well as propose a possible approach to stimulating behavioral change among all stakeholders to the public procurement system in Bangladesh (government, civil society, and private sector) that brings acceptance of the idea or concept of social accountability as a legitimate form of engagement.
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Republic of Armenia : Country Procurement Assessment ReportWorld Bank (World Bank, 2009-06-29)This assessment reviews the current status of public procurement in Armenia and makes recommendations for further improvements. It also provides an update of the Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) carried out in May 2004. The report includes an action plan to assist the Government of Armenia (GoA) in moving the procurement reform agenda forward. The assessment was carried out jointly with the counterpart team appointed by the Minister of Finance. The major procurement legislation and other procurement-related laws and decrees, and documents were analyzed and interviews were conducted with procuring entities, suppliers, contractors, consulting firms, civil society, and government officials. The benchmarking report provides a reference point for the GoA to monitor and measure improvements in the public procurement system, and to formulate a capacity development plan to move towards a sound procurement system that leads to economy and efficiency in public expenditure. Donors can use these results to develop strategies for assisting in procurement capacity building and to mitigate risks in their individual operations. In order to further broaden the perspective on the public procurement functions in Armenia and also to focus on certain specific areas of concern, case studies have been carried out on public procurement in health and transport sectors. In light of the GoA interest in introducing Electronic Government Procurement (e-GP), the team has also prepared a special study on the subject, using the readiness assessment guide of the multilateral development banks' e-GP working group. Case studies have also been prepared on anti-corruption measures, and public-private partnership, given the importance of these topics to public procurement.
Philippines Country Procurement Assessment Report 2012Asian Development Bank (Manila, 2014-01-29)Proper public procurement practices directly reflect good governance. Transparent and effective procurement practices minimize expenditure and create opportunity. Procurement is an enormous component in the process by which governments build infrastructure, such as schools and hospitals. It involves the management of significant amounts of money and is therefore often the cause for allegations of corruption and government inefficiency. The difference between getting public procurement right and doing it wrong has the potential to be either highly rewarding, or highly damaging. In some nations, reforms implemented to improve the efficiency of public procurement have resulted in savings of 1% of a country's gross domestic product. One can see why public procurement is so significant to the development of a country and its people. Citizens have the right to expect their government to spend these funds for the good of the people. In the past, corruption, inefficiency, ignorance, and disorganization have resulted in billions of pesos worth of losses. It is with the importance of these issues in mind that this report is produced to report on the state of procurement in the Philippines today. A 2012 CPAR action plan integrating all the existing and proposed initiatives and recommendations to address the areas for improvement in the Public Procurement System is presented at the end of this report. The action plan provides the road map and agenda for procurement reforms to be undertaken by the government, together with its development partners during 2013-2016. Some of the priorities focus on strengthening monitoring and enforcement and procurement capacity, and improving procurement processes and practices, i.e., (i) implementation of the professionalization program, (ii) implementation of the Agency Procurement Compliance and Performance Indicator, or APCPI and development of mechanisms to enforce compliance, (iii) review and possible revision of the IRR to provide procedures for international competitive bidding, (iv) establishment of an independent complaints or protest review body and development of its governing rules and procedures, and (v) development and implementation of a framework to sustain and ensure CSO participation in procurement monitoring. The Philippine development forum sub-working Group on Procurement will continue to monitor the implementation of the action plan, ensure the availability of funding support and address issues that may arise during implementation.
Republic of Sierra Leone : Assessment of National Public Procurement System Based on OECD/DAC Benchmarking ToolWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2012-12-05)Sierra Leone is a post conflict country with a population of 6 million in an area of 71,740 square kilometers. Since the end of hostilities in 2002, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Department for International Development UK (DFID), the European Union (EU), and the World Bank (WB) have played significant roles in supporting the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) to rebuild the country for a brighter future. With the demobilization process complete and significant progress in terms of reconstruction, rehabilitation, humanitarian relief and the reestablishment of public service delivery, the GoSL has been focusing reforming and strengthening its governance systems. This report takes stock of the progress for reforms in the procurement system since 2004 and sets out the next steps to ensure continued progress towards establishing a modern and efficient and accountable public procurement system. This CPAR is divided into various sections which cover country context, PFM and procurement reform history, government-donor collaboration, and relation to the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), the methodology used for this assessment, and the major findings and recommendations. The annexes present the detailed assessment report (using the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and DAC BLI (baseline indicator tool), the detailed recommended action plan, National Competitive Bidding (NCB) exceptions from to conform to the bank procurement guidelines, and other relevant documentation.