Association of ARMS2 genotype with bilateral involvement of exudative age-related macular degeneration.
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Abstract[Purpose]: To study the association of ARMS2 A69S genotype with the development of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in the unaffected fellow eye and to estimate the duration until the development of AMD in the second eye. [Design]: Retrospective cohort study. [Methods]: We retrospectively reviewed 326 patients who had exudative AMD in at least 1 eye, genotyping of ARMS2 A69S, and a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were used to examine the association between candidate factors and the duration until the development of AMD in the second eye. [Results]: One hundred nineteen patients (36.5%) had bilateral exudative AMD at the initial visit. A risk allele of ARMS2 A69S was more frequently seen in patients with bilateral AMD (P = .0270) than in those with unilateral AMD. Of the 207 unilateral AMD patients, 23 (11.1%) had AMD in the fellow eye after a mean duration of 56.3 ± 40.4 months. Fellow-eye involvement was associated with ARMS2 A69S genotype (hazard ratio [HR], 2.673; P = .0013), age (HR, 1.102; P = .0005), and smoking history (HR, 0.680; P = .3663). As HRs indicate, correlation of genotype (2.673) was as high as that of 10-year aging (1.10210 = 2.641). Survival analysis revealed that patients with risk homozygous (TT) genotype had second-eye involvement significantly earlier than those with other genotypes (P = .0028). When the observation duration reached 120 months, second-eye involvement had developed in 50%, 6.6%, and 11.2% of the TT, GT, and GG cohorts, respectively. [Conclusion]: ARMS2 A69S genotype is associated with second-eye involvement of exudative AMD and with the period between first- and second-eye involvements.
American journal of ophthalmology