Does Mexico Specialize in Polluting and Injurious Industries? Empirical Evidence from NAFTA-related US-Mexican Trade Expansion
Contributor(s)The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractTrade expansion along with weaker environmental protection in developing countries has raised concerns that developing countries have specialized in the more polluting and injurious industries. I examine the pollution intensity of the NAFTA-related expansion in US-Mexican bilateral trade in the manufacturing sector using new detailed measures of air, water, metal and toxic pollution intensities and injury rates at the 4-digit Standard Industrial Classification level. Based on this resolution of pollution and injury measures, I do not find strong evidence of greater growth in the shares of US net imports from Mexico in the more polluting or injurious industries between the pre and post-NAFTA periods.