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AbstractThe thesis deals with issue of international double taxation with respect to taxes on income and capital. The aim of the thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of the issue of concluding international double tax treaties and to verify, whether the differences in their provisions can be significant enough to affect activities of internationally active entities. The body of the thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter explains what double taxation is, how it occurs and the possible ways of its elimination. It also deals with related tax evasion. The second chapter is devoted to bilateral and multilateral tax treates. The emphasis is on OECD and UN model conventions and related issues of exchange of information, non-discrimination and dispute resolution. The third chapter focuses on the approach of the Czech republic to enter into tax treaties. Its main part is devoted to a comparison of tax treaties which the Czech republic has concluded with the United States of America, Slovakia and Germany.