Variability in clinical phenotypes of heterozygous and homozygous cases of Parkin-related Parkinson’s disease
Author(s)Thompson, Amanda J.
Scholz, Sonja W.
Singleton, Andrew B.
McFarland, Nikolaus R.
Okun, Michael S.
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractParkin mutations are a common cause of early-onset Parkinson’s disease. To study the clinical features and treatment responses of patients with homozygous or heterozygous Parkin mutations, we performed a retrospective chart review in six early-onset parkinsonism patients with pathogenic Parkin mutations. The clinical phenotypes observed in this cohort, all drawn from different families, were variable. All patients had a slowly progressive form of parkinsonism that responded well to dopaminergic therapy with the exception of one advanced case. Homozygous patients had an earlier age at disease onset than heterozygous patients. Two of our patients underwent bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus or globus pallidus leading to a sustained positive response. Our observations support an earlier age of onset for homozygous cases and possible beneficial effects of DBS in Parkin-related parkinsonism.