Grasping in the pigeon : control through sound and vibration feedback mediated by the nucleus basalis
nucleus basalis prosencephali
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AbstractPigeons were trained to detect auditory and vibratory stimuli in two separate experiments using an instrumental conditioning procedure. The discriminative stimuli became effective as the subjects grasped a probe with the beak. The pigeons learned to suppress responding upon this grasp-contingent stimulation. Bilateral lesions of the nucleus basalis prosencephali (Bas), known to be involved in the motor control of pecking and to receive short latency input of cochlear and trigeminal origin, eliminated the behavioral stimulus detection. The performance of a control color discrimination was not affected by the Bas lesions, demonstrating that these had a specific effect. The processing of peck-related feedback by the nucleus basalis during the normal food uptake of pigeons is discussed.