THA performed using conventional and navigated tissue-preserving techniques
AbstractLess invasive methods of performing total hip arthroplasty have been considered controversial after increased complication rates and component malpositioning were reported. A new method of performing total hip arthroplasty through an incision in the superior capsule, posterior to the abductors and anterior to the posterior capsule, was developed with the aim of producing a technique that maintained the joint stability of the transgluteal exposure and the rapid abductor recovery of the posterior exposure. We assessed the recovery and complications of this technique performed with surgical navigation. The study group was compared with similar subjects who had conventional total hip arthroplasty, without surgical navigation, using the transgluteal exposure. There were 185 consecutive total hip arthroplasties in the study group and 189 nonconsecutive historical total hip arthroplasties in the control group. The two groups were controlled for complexity and had no differences in body mass index, gender, diagnosis, operative side, bilateral operations, and previous surgeries. Patients were evaluated for clinical recovery and perioperative complications at 9 and 24 weeks. The study group recovered faster at both followup examinations. The study group had fewer perioperative and postoperative complications compared with the control group. Accuracy of component positioning was not compromised compared to the control group. Less invasive surgery with the philosophy of maximally preserving the abductors, posterior capsule, and short rotators may result in a safer operation with faster recovery than traditional techniques.
Murphy, Stephen B; Ecker, Timo M; Tannast, Moritz (2006). THA performed using conventional and navigated tissue-preserving techniques. Clinical orthopaedics and related research, 453, pp. 160-7. Heidelberg: Springer 10.1097/01.blo.0000246539.57198.29 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000246539.57198.29>