Effects of SCH23390 and spiperone administered into medial striatum and intermediate medial mesopallium on rewarding effects of morphine in day-old chicks
Conditioned place preference
The medial striatum
The intermediate medial mesopallium
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In the avian forebrain, the medial striatum and the intermediate medial mesopallium are thought to be important structures for associative learning in chicks, where the role of dopaminergic systems in learning processes has been verified in various behavioral paradigms, such as one-trial passive avoidance learning. However, it is not yet clear whether the dopaminergic system of these regions is responsible for associative learning underlying cue-elicited drug reward. In this study, a 6-day conditioning schedule in day-old chicks with i.p. morphine (2 mg/kg) was used to compare the effects of intracerebrally injected dopamine D(1) receptor antagonist, SCH23390, and D(2) antagonist, spiperone. The antagonists were injected bilaterally (3 mu g/site) into either the medial striatum or the intermediate medial mesopallium, and tests were conducted on morphine-induced conditioned place preference or locomotor activity. The acquisition of place preference was significantly inhibited by SCH23390 in either the medial striatum or the intermediate medial mesopallium, but not by spiperone. However, in the medial striatum, but not in the intermediate medial mesopallium, the locomotor activity was blocked by both SCH23390 and spiperone. These data suggest that the medial striatum and the intermediate medial mesopallium in birds are differentially involved in the rewarding effects of morphine, and similarly to mammals, the dopamine D(1) system may play an important role in the development of opiate reward. Crown Copyright (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.