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  • Matthew Levering. Engaging the Doctrine of Israel: A Christian Israelology in Dialogue with Ongoing Judaism

    Cunningham, Philip A. (Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College, 2023-09-08)
    No abstract is available.
  • Magda Teter. Christian Supremacy: Reckoning with the Roots of Antisemitism and Racism

    Cunningham, Philip A. (Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College, 2023-09-10)
    No abstract is available.
  • Kiff Bamford and Margret Grebowicz (Eds.),"Lyotard and Critical Practice."

    Ionescu, Vlad (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
    This is a review of the book Lyotard and Critical Practice, edited by Kiff Bamford and Margret Grebowicz, Bloomsbury Academic, London, 2023, 238 pages, ISBN 978-1-350-19202-7.
  • John T. Lysaker, "Philosophy, Writing, and the Character of Thought."

    Bernstein, Jeffrey (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
  • Emanuela Scribano, "Descartes in Context: Essays."

    Peterson, Mary (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
  • Chiara Cordelli "The Privatized State"

    Patrick, Justin Charles Michael (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
    I praise the book for its strong argument and provide recommendations for further research about how the book's arguments can be applied to student government contexts.
  • Philip Kitcher, "What's the Use of Philosophy?"

    Piercey, Robert (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
  • Sherri Irvin, "Immaterial: Rules in Contemporary Art."

    Ventzislavov, Rossen (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
  • Emanuela Ceva and Maria Paola Ferretti, "Political Corruption: The Internal Enemy of Public Institutions"

    Miller, Seumas (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
    Review of Ceva and Ferretti's recent  book, Political Corruption: The Internal Enemy of Public Institutions.
  • Tom Cochrane, "The Aesthetic Value of the World."

    Welchman, Jennifer (University of Victoria, 2023-08-29)
  • Rural sustainable livelihood resilience to climate change: A strategic analysis

    Ali Tohidimoghadam; Alireza Poursaeed; Masoud Bijani; Roya Eshraghi Samani (Elsevier, 2023-12-01)
    Due to excessive dependence on the climate, the villagers have experienced the greatest effects of climate change in recent years. Therefore, it is necessary to increase their resilience against the effects of climate change by adopting measures. The current descriptive and exploratory research was conducted with the aim of conducting a strategic analysis of the resilience of sustainable rural livelihoods against climate change using SWOT technique. The statistical population included 21 subject specialists. The sampling method was purposeful. The results obtained included 27 strengths (final coefficient = 4.032), 39 weaknesses (final coefficient = 3.723), 21 opportunities (final coefficient = 3.940) and 20 threats (final coefficient = 3.410). The SWOT matrix indicated that the dominant strategy is in the SO (offensive) area. In this regard, four offensive strategies were proposed including: SO1 (S1, S8, O3, O7: Using the technical ability of leading farmers and gardeners in educational and extension activities), SO2 (S2, O2, O10: Empowerment of extension developers by providing continuous at-services training to climate change), SO3 (S3, O5, O7: Using press media to inform farmers about climate change) and SO4 (S7, O7: Increase the connection between the extension system and research centers and paying serious attention to the issue of adapting to climate change). In the following, some strategies were determined for three other strategic areas including WO (conservative), ST (competitive) and WT (defensive). The proposed strategies can be used by policy makers in the field of rural development and agriculture.
  • Spatial-temporal changes in mangrove Forests for Analyzing habitat Integrity: A case of hara biosphere Reserve, Iran

    Parvaneh Sobhani; Afshin Danehkar (Elsevier, 2023-12-01)
    Spatial-temporal changes in land use and land cover (LULC) patterns have led to the fragmentation of forest ecosystems and the reduction of more than one-third of mangrove forests worldwide. Environmental protection challenges and biodiversity threats in mangrove forests have attracted national and international concerns in the last three decades. Accordingly, the present study demonstrates spatial-temporal changes in mangrove forests of Hara Biosphere Reserve using Landsat images from 1989 to 2021. Moreover, habitat integrity in this area was investigated based on ecological landscape metrics. The results of LULC changes revealed that the forest area in Hara Biosphere Reserve is decreasing, while other land use (LU) such as tidal area and bare land are increasing. Likewise, in this area, the tidal area had the top increasing trend in 2021 compared to 1989, and water body revealed the top decreasing trend during the studied years. According to the results of landscape metrics change, fragmentation and patches dispersion have increased at the level of mangrove forest and water body classes, and these results at the level of tidal area and bare land classes have decreased from 1989 to 2021. The obtained results indicate that habitat integrity has decreased at the level of mangrove forest and water body classes due to the increase of LULC spatial-temporal changes and human activities development. Therefore, planners and decision-makers should strive to reduce the human causes that have led to rapid LULC changes‏.‏
  • Influence of elevation gradient and plant species composition on soil organic carbon in Mount Rungwe Forest Reserve, Tanzania

    Mhuji Kilonzo; Upendo Richard; Dickson Mauki (Elsevier, 2023-09-01)
    This study was conducted at Mount Rungwe Forest Reserve, Mbeya, Tanzania, East Africa to investigate the influence of elevation gradients and vegetation composition on soil organic carbon. Elevation gradients were established through three elevation grids, the higher, mid and lower elevation. We hypothesized that soil organic carbon would be richer in high plant diversity than in low plant diversity gradients. Findings from this study observed that, low elevation had high moisture content (47.72 ± 1.49) and % soil organic carbon (4.02 ± 0.56) with low bulk density (1.03 ± 0.001) and soil pH (5.96 ± 0.06). However, only moisture content, bulk density, organic matter and sand content were statistically different across elevation gradients. It was also observed the proportional decreases in diversity as elevation increases with both Shannon and Simpson index of diversity indicating higher species diversity at lower elevations (3.62 and 0.03 respectively). Results from two multiple linear regression models indicated that moisture contents, plant abundance and species diversity explained the most variation in soil organic matter across an elevation gradient with R2 = 0.4063, F (3, 38) = 8.67, p = 0.0002 and R2 = 0.3510, F (2, 39) = 10.55, p < 0.0001 for model 1 (tree abundance) and model 2 (tree diversity) respectively.
  • La coproducción de servicios ecosistémicos mediante Pago por Servicios Ambientales en una cuenca endorreica en Durango, México

    Karla Elizabeth Segura Millán Rivas; Gustavo Pérez-Verdín; María Perevochtchikova; María del Socorro Morales de Casas (El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, 2023-09-01)
    La coproducción de servicios ecosistémicos involucra un proceso de transformación del capital natural e incluye toda acción humana para el incremento, conservación y restauración de los servicios ecosistémicos. El programa mexicano de Pago por Servicios Ambientales (PSA) constituye un ejemplo de coproducción por el uso de insumos, factores institucionales —tales como estructuras y marco legales— así como por la participación de beneficiarios, que resultan en la producción de muchos servicios ecosistémicos. Mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas, se buscó conocer las percepciones de actores y administradores de los PSA, incluyendo experiencias de algunos ejidos en una cuenca de Durango, México, la cual ofrece múltiples servicios ecosistémicos a las comunidades locales. Los resultados muestran que, aunque se percibió un cumplimiento de los objetivos del PSA y se describe el uso de insumos en la coproducción, se encontraron ineficiencias en cuanto a dinámicas ecosistémicas y valores relacionales. Esta aportación ayuda a comprender aspectos no considerados en los resultados del programa, como las dinámicas ecosistémicas, incluyendo sinergias o intercambios, derivadas de obras realizadas y percepciones internas de los participantes en el proceso de la coproducción para mejorar la toma de decisiones a futuro.
  • Insuring a greener future: How green insurance drives investment in sustainable projects in developing countries?

    Goshu Desalegn (AIMS Press, 2023-06-01)
    Insurance companies are responding to the global challenge of climate change by introducing green insurance policies, which aim to promote sustainable projects across the globe. These policies offer financial protection and coverage for initiatives related to renewable energy, energy efficiency and other sustainable endeavors. Moreover, they incentivize investment in these projects by providing lower premiums or other financial benefits. In order to assess the impact of green insurance policies on driving investment in sustainable projects in developing countries, this study employed a systematic and bibliometric approach to thoroughly analyze the various forms, instruments, and measurements of green insurance. The study used 490 documents extracted from different databases. The search strategy involved using specific keywords to query the Web of Science, Scopus, science direct, and google scholar databases. A purposive sampling technique was implemented for data inclusion and exclusion. The study's findings indicate that the success of green insurance in developing countries faces several challenges, including inadequate infrastructure, limited awareness and education among individuals and businesses, absence of supportive regulatory frameworks and policies, insufficient demand, political instability, corruption and security concerns. Furthermore, the study finding reveals a need for more research, specifically exploring the effects of green insurance on investment in sustainable development. Hence future studies can use this finding as a benchmark for further studies. The study's novelty lies in its comprehensive analysis of green insurance policies and their impact on driving investment in sustainable projects in developing countries. Based on the findings, the study recommends that insurance companies offer incentives to investors involved in sustainable projects, such as employing premium shifting strategies that minimize premiums for non-environmentally sustainable projects and redirect those funds toward sustainable initiatives.
  • International cooperation on climate research and green technologies in the face of sanctions: The case of Russia

    Mark Shugurov (AIMS Press, 2023-05-01)
    The purpose of this study was to develop the theoretical model for the regime of anti-Russian sanctions against the climate R&amp;D sector, as well as the related green finance sector. Achieving this purpose was carried out on the basis of using the system of the following methods. 1) A method of discursive analysis was applied to texts and statements that occur in scientific articles, analytical reviews and notes in electronic media and discussion pages on the Internet. 2) Meta-analysis was applied to both original works and to primary materials of an empirical nature containing statistical data, which are sometimes of a variable nature. 3) The methodology of stochastic factor analysis served as the basis for considering sanctions as factors that probabilistically determine various changes in Russian science and technology policies and science legislation. 4) The use of the foresight method was aimed at identifying options for the medium- and long-term development of Russia's participation in international cooperation in the field of climate R&amp;D while under sanctions. According to the developed model, the regime of scientific sanctions against Russia is aimed at breaking cooperation with Russian participation at the level of programs and projects. The institutionalization of scientific ruptures has several aspects, such as the freezing of personal contacts, the suspension of funding, as well as the supply of equipment and the provision of services for its maintenance. The peculiarity of scientific sanctions against Russia lies in the unprecedented combination of the national and global scales of their consequences. The study concludes that, due to Russia's significant contribution to climate change, the consequences of scientific, economic and financial sanctions have a negative cumulative effect on the implementation of the global climate agenda. This means the emergence of problems in reducing greenhouse gas emissions due to the partial abandonment of previously formulated climate goals. The model proposed in this study reveals Russia's response to sanction challenges, which means that Russia continues to follow the trend in the development of climate science and improve the institution of green finance.

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