Collections in this community

Recent Submissions

  • Neera K. Badhwar, Well Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life. Reviewed by

    O'Neill, Seamus (University of Victoria, 2016-04-25)
    Book Review
  • Alastair V. Campbell, Bioethics: The Basics. Reviewed by

    n/a; Thomas, Vladimir D. (University of Victoria, 2016-04-25)
  • Jewish Philosophical and Psychological Approaches to the Apostle Paul

    Langton, Daniel R. (Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College, 2011-04-15)
    The study of Jewish approaches to Paul has tended to focus on theological issues. For some Jewish thinkers, however, the apostle was of interest for reasons other than interfaith dialogue or religious polemic. The philosophers Baruch Spinoza, Lev Shestov and Jacob Taubes, and the psychoanalysts Sigmund Freud and Hanns Sachs, discovered in Paul’s writings support for their own ideological agenda. Each one, in his own way, offered a powerful critique of the place of religion in society. In terms of understanding Jewish-non-Jewish relations in the modern world, the study of how the Apostle to the Gentiles features in the works of these so-called marginal Jewish thinkers is a useful reminder of the complexity of Jewish identity.
  • Translation as Aesthetic Resistance: Paratranslating Walter Benjamin

    University of Vigo (Galicia, Spain); Burghard Baltrusch (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2010-12-20)
    This essay is a brief study of translation as a practice of aesthetic resistance seen from a historical and philosophical perspective. Translation is perceived as the process of transition and negotiation within the ‘third space’ between various different hybrid cultural contexts and their discursive constraints, and referred to as ‘paratranslation’. It summarises the first attempts to think of translation as an almost ‘holistic’ paradigm and the aesthetics of intervention from Romantic philosophy onwards. It attempts to show how Walter Benjamin’s master narrative, the utopia of ‘pure language’, encourages continuous resistance to the totalitarianism of the idea of the ‘original’, to aesthetics (within the sense of the perception of the real) and to dominant discourses. It subsequently defines the idea of ‘progress’, which considers translation as aesthetic resistance, as a process of construction in constant deconstruction. It concludes by exemplifying the notion of translation as a paradigm of intervention in modernity with a brief analysis of the transcreation performed by Erin Mouré on Fernando Pessoa/Alberto Caeiro’s poetic cycle, O Guardador de Rebanhos (The Keeper of Sheep).
  • Approaches to the Question, ‘What is Life?’: Reconciling Theoretical Biology with Philosophical Biology

    Arran Gare; Swinburne University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2009-03-14)
    Philosophical biologists have attempted to define the distinction between life and non-life to more adequately define what it is to be human. They are reacting against idealism, but idealism is their point of departure, and they have embraced the reaction by idealists against the mechanistic notion of humans developed by the scientific materialists. Theoretical biologists also have attempted to develop a more adequate conception of life, but their point of departure has been within science itself. In their case, it has involved efforts to overcome the reductionism of scientific materialism to develop a form of science able to identify and explain the distinctive characteristics of living beings. So, while both philosophical biologists and theoretical biologists are struggling to overcome scientific materialism, they are approaching the question: What is Life? from different directions. Focussing on the work of Robert Rosen, I will try to show what revisions in our understanding of science theoretical biologists need to accept in order to do justice to the insights of the philosophical biologists. I will suggest that not only will this involve major revisions in what we understand science to be, but that scientists must accept that science is indissociable from natural philosophy, and that to properly comprehend life mathematics must ultimately be subordinated to stories.
  • O possível e o impossível - Duns Scotus e a discussão subsequente

    Pimentel, Pablo Fernando Campos (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2015-08-31)
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2015v14n1p57Este trabalho com a investigação a cerca do problema do possível e do impossível tem como objetivo clarear em um primeiro momento, aquilo que Aristóteles que brevemente concebe em sua Metafísica e intrincadamente se encontra naquelas obras de João Duns Scotus que ficaram conhecidas como os comentários aos livros das sentenças de Pedro Lombardo. Juntamente com a interlocução de grande importância feita por Henrique de Gand, o qual, pertence ao mesmo período de produção filosófica e teológica de Scotus. O que se visa aqui é trabalhar conceitos da filosofia da alta escolástica pouco estudados atualmente, como onipotência divina, intelecto ou ideias divinas, possível, impossível, lógico e metafísico. Conceitos tais que, nos remetem a um universo de discussão muito rico, no qual se deve ter muita atenção e insistência, pois o modo dispensado a esse tipo de investigação é um tanto árduo e altamente reflexivo. O cunho histórico e filosófico de tal estudo é de importância equiparada, pois, sua importância histórica se dá ao se referir ao período no qual florescia nas universidades medievais as chamadas disputationes e outro fator histórico muito importante foi o de que nesse século em questão, a saber, o século 13, exatamente no ano de 1277, Henrique de Gand participava de algo muito importante, a condenação das 219 teses. Deste modo, Scotus escreveu três versões aos Libri quatuor setentiarum de Lombardo, os quais serviam de base de estudos teológicos para aqueles que desejavam se ordenar e crescer dentro das ordens religiosas. De modo que, as distinções sobre o possível e o impossível encontram-se de modo minuciosamente trabalhados nesses comentários de Scotus aos Quatro livros das sentenças de Pedro Lombardo.
  • Universalismo interativo e mentalidade alargada em Seyla Benhabib: apropriação e crítica de Hannah Arendt.

    Frateschi, Yara (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2014-12-17)
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2014v13n2p363O objetivo deste texto é analisar o modo pelo qual Seyla Benhabib recupera a noção arendtiana de mentalidade alargada para desfazer a radicalização do debate entre comunitaristas e liberais, combater o antagonismo entre contextualismo e universalismo e, ao mesmo tempo, corrigir os excessos racionalistas que ela detecta em Habermas. Com isso, eu pretendo esclarecer de que modo Hannah Arendt inspira Benhabib na formulação da sua teoria do universalismo interativo, mais precisamente no momento de repensar o universalismo diante das objeções neo-aristotélicas de descontextualização.
  • Il timore della guerra giusta le vie della pace nella filosofia politica di Baruch Spinoza

    ANGELI, OLIVIERO (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2005-01-01)
    This paper identifies and analyses two distinct views that characterize Spinoza’s position on (just) war, namely Machiavellism and a sort of Kantianism ante litteram. While Machiavellism influences Spinoza’s considerations about international relations, kantian-like arguments can be found in all passages that concern foreign policy. Hence, a complete account of Spinoza’s thoughts about war and peace can be given only if each one of these dimensions is given due attention. His arguments about the unconditional rightfulness of war may indeed appear to be anything but pacifistic, but they do not preclude a sincere concern about peace. On the contrary, as I’m arguing in this paper, Spinoza’s ingenious idea of a pacific foreign policy can be understood as a reaction to the historical failure of early modern theories of just war.
  • Afectos, tiempos e intensidades en la Ética en Spinoza

    Rojas Peralta, Sergio E. (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010)
    This is the resume of author�s doctoral work. In her theory of affects, Spinoza holds the position that the alienation is an imaginational and temporal work. For that, Spinoza devise a theory of time and mainly a theory of intensities with the purpose of explain the illusion (as source of alienation)
  • Do prisma de arendt: variações em torno do poder

    Nunes, Lucilia (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2010-12-17)
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2008v7n2p165Traçamos a delimitação conceptual que Hannak Arendt estabelece entre potência (strenght, puissance), força (force), poder (power, pouvoir), autoridade e violência - que são palavras indicadoras dos meios que os homens usam para dominar os homens e tomam-se erradamente como sinônimos por se entender que têm a mesma função. Tal se enquadra no problema político fundamental, ou seja, a condução dos assuntos públicos.
  • Ethics After God’s Death and the Time of the Angels

    Marianna Papastephanou; Associate Prof of Philosophy, Uni of Cyprus, Dept of Edu (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2012-05-03)
  • C.D.C. Reeve, Aristotle on Practical Wisdom: Nicomachean Ethics VI. Reviewed by

    Baker, Samuel Hunter; Centre Léon Robin (University of Victoria, 2015-04-30)
  • Aristotle and spiritual capital

    Bosch, Magdalena; Torralba, Francesc; Gràcia, Carla (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2013)
  • Glen Pettigrove, Forgiveness and Love. Reviewed by

    Bock, Gregory L.; Walters State Community College (University of Victoria, 2015-06-30)
  • Cicero’s View on the Merits of a Practical Life in De republica 1: What is Missing? A comparison with Plato and Aristotle

    Schütrumpf, Eckart (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2015-02-09)
    Cicero’s views on the theoretical–practical life controversy in De Re republica book 1 reflect his own career and accomplishments and are phrased in terms of the success of defending the state against those who wanted to destroy it. Cicero places himself in a tradition of men, from Miltiades to Cato, who entered the fracas of public life and saved the res publica. Plato addresses in Politeia 6 496b-e the theoretical–practical life controversy from the same perspective of defending or saving a desirable condition, however, for him it is not the government but the integrity of a philosophical life that needs to be protected. Philosophy is the highest form of existence and deserves all effort. Getting involved in politics would first of all jeopardize the integrity of a philosophical existence. Aristotle at Politics 7 ch. 2-3 approaches in a more Hellenistic manner the theoretical–practical life controversy from the personal perspective, that is the most desirable life. This is one of virtue which consists in acting. However, the highest form of activity is not that of the practical life but that of theory like that of god who is not engaged in “outside actions”. Cicero will follow Aristotle in focusing on virtus, however, he will do away with the theoretical side of human excellence which for both Plato and Aristotle deserved priority.

View more