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  • Benjamin E. Fisher. Amsterdam’s People of the Book: Jewish Society and the Turn to Scripture in the Seventeenth Century

    Davis, Joseph (Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College, 2021-04-05)
    No abstract is available.
  • James Bernauer. Jesuit Kaddish: Jesuits, Jews, and Holocaust Remembrance

    Cucchiara, Martina (Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College, 2021-04-05)
    No abstract is available.
  • Repenting for Antisemitism: “To Elevate Evil into a State of Goodness”

    Von Kellenbach, Katharina (Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College, 2021-04-05)
    This article explains the benefits of repentance over reconciliation especially in the context of enduring ideologies of contempt and habits of supremacy, such as Christian Jew-hatred. In the second part, the theological proposals of two theological associations, the Christian Scholars Group and the Society of Post-Supersessionist Theology, which were founded to repent for theological anti-Judaism, are examined. Using Paul’s covenantal metaphor of the olive tree in Romans 11, the author evaluates different covenantal proposals to overcome supersessionism in light of the biology of grafting.
  • Frugalidad e innovación popular: nuevos caminos para la sustentabilidad y la inclusión social en Ecuador

    Pansera, Mario; Rivas Hermann, Roberto; Narvaez Mena, Horacio (2017)
    This article explores the notions of frugal and grassroots innovations and their potential to lead towards a more sustainable and socially inclusive development. Grassroots or frugal innovation, usually developed under conditions of material and financial scarcity, aspires to solve -in a simple but effective way– problems that affect the lower layers of society. In its first part, this paper introduces the concept of grassroots innovation from a theoretical perspective. Its second part describes the results of an ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Ecuador. The research focuses on four case studies designed to explore the potential of grassroots innovation in Ecuador. Finally, the paper ends with the proposition of a future research agenda and a number of proposals to integrate grassroots innovation in public policy.
  • Flipped learning design fidelity, self-regulated learning, satisfaction, and continuance intention in a university flipped learning course

    Kim, Nam Hui; So, Hyo-Jeong; Joo, Young Ju (ASCILITE, 2021-04-10)
    For effective flipped learning, beyond simply switching the sequence of lectures and homework, it is important to understand and implement the fundamental design principles of flipped learning. A new notion is proposed called flipped learning design fidelity, defined as the degree to which a class is faithfully designed to be close to an ideal flipped learning class operationalised with four proxy indicators of the F-L-I-P™ model (flexible environment, learning culture, intentional content, and professional educator). This study empirically examines the effect of both learner-related factor (self-regulated learning) and design-related factor (design fidelity) on learning outcomes (satisfaction, continuance intention) in a university flipped course. We hypothesised that flipped learning design fidelity and self-regulated learning affect student satisfaction and intention to continue participating in a flipped learning course. The participants were 134 Korean students of a university course taught in a flipped learning mode. The results revealed that the level of flipped learning design fidelity had a significant effect on satisfaction, but did not affect continuance intention. In addition, the level of self-regulated learning had a significant effect on satisfaction and continuance intention. Drawn from the key findings, we suggest implications for the design of flipped learning courses in a university context.
  • Structural relationships between self-regulated learning, teachers’ credibility, information and communications technology literacy and academic performance in blended learning

    Yu, Liang; Chen, Shijian; Recker, Mimi (ASCILITE, 2021-04-10)
    This study investigated the structural relationships between self-regulated learning, teachers’ credibility, information and communications technology (ICT) literacy and academic performance in blended learning. The study sample comprised of 449 undergraduates who completed blended courses within the past 3 years and consisted of 53% males (N = 238) and 47% females (N = 211). Participants anonymously completed a 41-item questionnaire examining their self-regulated learning, perceptions of their teachers’ credibility, ICT literacy, academic performance and demographic background. Path analyses indicated that the relationship between subscales of teacher credibility (caring and trustworthiness) significantly related to academic performance except for competence. In addition, caring positively predicted trustworthiness, and ICT literacy predicted self-regulated learning. Self-regulated learning positively related to caring, trustworthiness and academic performance. The findings also highlighted that both caring and trustworthiness mediated the impact of self-regulated learning on academic performance.
  • Flipping a classroom with a three-stage collaborative instructional model (3-CI) for graduate students

    Chiang, Feng-Kuang; Wu, Zhenhua (ASCILITE, 2021-04-10)
    The flipped classroom is an innovative and increasingly popular pedagogical approach in higher education. It emphasises student learning responsibility, deeper learning, differentiated instruction and more efficient use of class time. However, despite its increasing popularity across disciplines, few studies have elaborated on strategies for implementing a flipped classroom beyond its essential elements. The present study thus proposed a three-stage collaborative instructional model (3-CI), an extension of the classic flipped classroom model. A case study approach was adopted to investigate 3-CI’s effectiveness through students’ perceptions in Research Methods in Educational Technology, with 29 graduate students. Results show that 3-CI increases participants’ satisfaction, engagement and collaboration. Furthermore, 3-CI design strategies, which emphasise collaboration and student-centredness, can help college educators to incorporate the flipped approach into their teaching practice.
  • Expectations for success: Auditing opportunities for students with print disabilities to fully engage in online learning environments in higher education

    Cain, Melissa; Fanshawe, Melissa (ASCILITE, 2021-04-10)
    The rapid digitalisation of learning has had demonstrable impacts on access to education for students with a print disability. In higher education contexts, learning management systems (LMS) have become the predominant method for distributing content. This conceptual article addresses how students with print disabilities such as vision impairment, blindness, dyslexia, and visual fatigue experience their education through online engagement. Using Redmond et al.’s (2018) online engagement framework for higher education, the authors analyse the cognitive, social, emotional, behavioural, and collaborative needs and expectations of these learners. This article provides a contemporary picture of the barriers students with print disabilities currently encounter and the possibilities for access available through the use of accessible and assistive technologies. Recommendations for equitable access, including a range of actionable strategies, are provided to assist teacher educators, higher education providers, higher education disability support advisors, and LMS designers.
  • Exploring preservice teacher self-reported and enacted TPACK after participating in a learning activity types short course

    Mourlam, Daniel; Chesnut, Steven; Bleecker, Heather (ASCILITE, 2021-04-10)
    Preparing preservice teachers to teach effectively with digital technologies and media (DTM) is at the heart of initial teacher preparation as digital access continues to increase throughout society. The development of preservice teacher technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) is important in order to create DTM-rich instruction. This study investigated preservice teacher self-reported and enacted TPACK after participating in learning activity types short courses, and the relationship between preservice teacher perceptions and observed practice. Data collection occurred using a pre-post self-report survey and preservice teacher lesson plans collected before and after short course implementation in two educational technology courses. Results from structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis indicated no significant differences in preservice teacher self-reported technological content knowledge (TCK), technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK), and TPACK, significant differences in preservice teacher enacted TCK, TPK, and TPACK, and no significant relationship between preservice teacher self-reported and enacted TPACK.
  • Learning from error episodes in dialogue-videos: The influence of prior knowledge

    Ding, Lu; Cooper, Katelyn; Stephens, Michelle; Chi, Michelene; Brownell, Sara (ASCILITE, 2021-03-31)
    In laboratory study environments, dialogue-videos, or videos of a tutor and a tutee solving problems together, have been shown to more effectively improve student learning than monologue-videos, or videos of tutors solving problems alone. Yet, few studies have replicated these findings in the context of authentic university classrooms. Here, we investigate the impact of dialogue-videos, and more specifically the effect of errors made by tutees in dialogue-videos, on student learning in the context of an undergraduate biology course. To understand why, we investigated students’ effort spent on watching videos, perceived influence of dialogue-videos, and worksheet completion rates. We found that higher-performing students perceived that they used the dialogue-videos to review content. We also found that higher-performing, but not lower-performing, students learned better from dialogue videos where tutees made errors. We also discuss the complexities of replicating laboratory studies in the classroom and implications of our findings.
  • Student perceptions towards the usage of AR-supported STEMUP application in mobile courses development and its implementation into English learning

    Lin, Huang-Yao; Tsai, Shu-Chiao (ASCILITE, 2021-03-31)
    This study investigated the use of an augmented reality (AR) -supported application called STEMUP to develop mobile English courses on Android and iOS smartphones. It focused on vocabulary and listening and speaking skills, in an initial assessment of the effectiveness of implementing AR-based mobile English courses. The study was conducted with English major sophomores who took an elective course, Design and Practice of Mobile Learning, at a technology university in Taiwan. A preliminary curriculum was prepared for integrating STEMUP into English courses in which students would not only learn how to develop AR-based mobile English courses but also practise target English skills with two assigned English courses on STEMUP. The results from the student questionnaire indicated that the layout design of the student-generated AR-based mobile English courses complied with several of Mayer’s principles of multimedia learning and that the focus on learning with the mobile English courses met Chapelle’s seven suggested criteria for the development of multimedia computer-assisted language learning. The students of English as a foreign language responded that STEMUP was an easy application for developing AR-based mobile English courses and that learning with the assigned AR-based mobile English courses was interesting and motivational.
  • Impact of Optimized Packaging on Food Waste Prevention Potential among Consumers

    Gudrun Obersteiner; Marta Cociancig; Sandra Luck; Johannes Mayerhofer (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    Food and plastic waste are cited as major environmental challenges. The function of packaging is often overlooked when considering waste; however, food packaging is indispensable for hygienic protection during transport and distribution within the supply chain. An important way to prevent the premature spoilage of a variety of different food product groups is to use specially optimized packaging systems. These are able to provide a high level of protection and actively extend shelf life. However, even if novel packaging systems theoretically have great potential for waste reduction, it remains uncertain whether they will also be accepted at the consumer level and actually contribute to waste reduction within households. Three different methods were used to clarify consumers’ perceptions of optimized packaging and thus the potential impact on waste generation. General perceptions have been identified by means of quantitative research among 1117 consumers. Precise information on waste generation behavior was obtained by means of food diaries. Consumer simulations were used to analyze the extent to which optimized packaging can actually have a positive effect on food waste generation at the household level. It was found that the functionality of the packaging usually ceases with the consumer. Consumers are only marginally aware of the advantages of food product packaging in the household, and do not perceive the direct connection between packaging, freshness, shelf life, and spoilage as food waste. In general, consumers rarely or never use optimized packaging at home correctly. It could be concluded that consumers’ perceptions of optimized packaging in terms of potential food waste prevention are not pronounced. In summary, it can be stated that in contrast to its use in retail and transport, an optimization of packaging to avoid food waste for later use by the consumer only shows an effect in exceptional cases, or can only be achieved through targeted information campaigns. If this should be a focus topic in the future, either on the political or managerial level, this has to be taken into account.
  • COVID-19 Risk Assessment: Contributing to Maintaining Urban Public Health Security and Achieving Sustainable Urban Development

    Zhang Jun; Yuan Xiaodie (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    As the most infectious disease in 2020, COVID-19 is an enormous shock to urban public health security and to urban sustainable development. Although the epidemic in China has been brought into control at present, the prevention and control of it is still the top priority of maintaining public health security. Therefore, the accurate assessment of epidemic risk is of great importance to the prevention and control even to overcoming of COVID-19. Using the fused data obtained from fusing multi-source big data such as POI (Point of Interest) data and Tencent-Yichuxing data, this study assesses and analyzes the epidemic risk and main factors that affect the distribution of COVID-19 on the basis of combining with logistic regression model and geodetector model. What’s more, the following main conclusions are obtained: the high-risk areas of the epidemic are mainly concentrated in the areas with relatively dense permanent population and floating population, which means that the permanent population and floating population are the main factors affecting the risk level of the epidemic. In other words, the reasonable control of population density is greatly conducive to reducing the risk level of the epidemic. Therefore, the control of regional population density remains the key to epidemic prevention and control, and home isolation is also the best means of prevention and control. The precise assessment and analysis of the epidemic conducts by this study is of great significance to maintain urban public health security and achieve the sustainable urban development.
  • Sustainability and Stakeholder Awareness: A Case Study of a Scottish University

    Abdulhakeem Raji; Abeer Hassan (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    This paper adopted a case study approach to investigate the sustainability practices of a Scottish university in order to understand if sustainability forms part of its central policy agenda. As such, the paper focuses on the levels of awareness and disclosure of their sustainable practices, measuring the impacts and effectiveness of those initiatives. This paper introduces signaling theory to explore the idea that appropriate communication via integrated thinking can close the gap between the organization and its stakeholders. We believe that the provision of this relevant information will lead to better communication between the organization and its stakeholders, supporting a signaling theory interpretation. Therefore, we are suggesting that integrated thinking is an internal process that organizations can follow to increase the level of disclosure as a communication tool with stakeholders. From the literature reviewed, four themes were identified (definition of university sustainability, sustainability awareness, disclosure framework within universities, and level of accountability). The research adopted a pragmatic view and conducted individual interviews with participants belonging to three stakeholder groups (members of the university’s senior management, the governing council, and the student union executive). Although this study focused on just one Scottish university, it should still provide some insight for the better understanding of the underpinning issues surrounding the sustainability accountability practices of Scottish universities in general. The research findings indicated that the university prioritized only two sustainability dimensions—economic and environmental—and that the university still perceived sustainability as a voluntary exercise. Additionally, it is evident that the university had no framework in place for measuring its sustainability delivery—and therefore had no established medium of communicating these activities to its stakeholders. Moreover, research findings showed that the social and educational context of sustainability was lacking at the university. The university has done little or nothing to educate its stakeholders on sustainability.
  • Supervisor Knowledge Sharing and Employee Knowledge Sharing: The Moderating Roles of Learning Goal Orientation and Affective Organizational Commitment

    Seckyoung Loretta Kim (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    Recognizing the importance of knowledge sharing, this study adopted social learning and social exchange perspectives to understand when employees may engage in knowledge sharing. Using data collected from 192 employees in various South Korean organizations, the findings demonstrate that there is a positive relationship between supervisor knowledge sharing and employee knowledge sharing. As employees perceive a high level of supervisor knowledge sharing, they are likely to engage in knowledge sharing based on social learning and social exchange theories. Furthermore, the study explores the moderating effects of learning goal orientation and affective organizational commitment in the relationship between supervisor knowledge sharing and employee knowledge sharing. The result supports the hypothesis that the relationship between supervisor knowledge sharing and employee knowledge sharing is strengthened when there is a high level of affective organizational commitment. Employees who obtain valuable knowledge from their supervisors are likely to engage in knowledge sharing when they are emotionally attached to their organization. However, in contrast to the hypothesis, the positive relationship between supervisor knowledge sharing and employee knowledge sharing was stronger at the lower levels of learning goal orientation (LGO) than at the higher levels of LGO.
  • Using Composition to Assess and Enhance Visual Values in Landscapes

    Magdalena Gyurkovich; Marta Pieczara (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    (1) The research presented in this paper aims to study the value attributed to a landscape composition’s visual elements and their overall influence on how they are perceived. The historical and contemporary visual approaches to a landscape constitute its background, for example, geographical, aesthetic, iconographic, phenomenological. (2) The visual assessment method elaborated by the Polish school of landscape architecture is used in the first part of this study. It is built of three steps with corresponding tools: landscape inventory, composition analysis, and evaluation. Moreover, an expert survey is used to complete the study. The work’s novelty is completing the visual approach with an expert inquiry, which aims to solve the subjectivity issue, an inherent visual evaluation controversy. The study area comprises urban and suburban locations from the agglomeration of Poznań, Poland. (3) The research results indicate the significant contribution of three visual elements to the positive assessment of landscape values: greenery, built heritage, and water. The importance of the composition is also demonstrated. (4) The main research findings show that visual evaluation tools should be implemented as part of sustainable spatial planning. Their implementation permits identifying the essential positive value in the existing landscape and creating guidelines for its preservation or enhancement. The article’s significance is the effect of proposing real and possible guidelines to improve the spatial planning policy, making landscape management more sustainable.
  • Analysis of the System of Controlling Paid Parking Zones

    Maciej Kozłowski; Andrzej Czerepicki; Piotr Jaskowski; Kamil Aniszewski (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    Urban traffic can be curbed in various ways, for instance, by introducing paid unguarded parking zones (PUPZ). The operational functionality of this system depends on whether or not the various system features used to document parking cases function properly, including those which enable positioning of vehicles parked in the PUPZ, recognition of plate numbers, event time recording, and the correct anonymisation of persons and other vehicles. The most fundamental problem of this system is its reliability, understood as the conformity of control results with the actual state of matters. This characteristic can be studied empirically, and this article addresses the methodology proposed for such an examination, discussed against a case study. The authors have analysed the statistical dependence of the e-control system’s measurement errors based on operational data. The results of this analysis confirm the rationale behind the deployment of the e-control system under the implementation of the smart city concept in Warsaw.
  • Can Enhancing Efficiency Promote the Economic Viability of Smallholder Farmers? A Case of Sierra Leone

    Silvia Saravia-Matus; T. S. Amjath-Babu; Sreejith Aravindakshan; Stefan Sieber; Jimmy A. Saravia; Sergio Gomez y Paloma (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    By developing meta-frontier efficiency and structural equation models, the paper examines whether farm economic viability is positively associated with technical efficiency in a highly food insecure context, such as that of rural Sierra Leone. The findings show that technical efficiency can be a sufficient but not necessary condition in determining economic viability of smallholder farming. It is possible to breach reproductive thresholds at the cost of reduced technical efficiency, when the crop diversification strategy of smallholders includes market-oriented high-value crops. This calls for a dual policy approach that addresses farmers’ internal needs for self-consumption (increasing efficiency of food crop production) while encouraging market-oriented cash crop production (diversification assisted through the reduction of associated transaction costs and the establishment of accessible commercialization channels of export related crops and/or high-value crops). The work also calls out for a move-up or move-out strategy for small holders to create viable farming systems in developing world.
  • Proximity Indexing of Public Transport Terminals in Metro Manila

    Krister Ian Daniel Roquel; Raymund Paolo Abad; Alexis Fillone (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    Despite the extensive transit network in Metro Manila, intermodal connections between public transportation services are still fragmented. In response, authorities proposed various multimodal transport terminals around the periphery of the metropolis. However, there is a need to understand how these proposed terminals will impact existing transportation infrastructure and services as well as the current travel demand. This paper proposes a method that quantifies the nearness of any subject to any metric of interest, or in this case, the location of the terminal based on its proximity to existing transit supply and demand at different points in the transport network. It involves a simple methodology that requires only the spatial distribution of relevant transport planning data (e.g., public transport services, public transport passenger activity). It was found that the spatial distribution of the transport terminals in the study area is more closely related to the transit supply. Using the same methodology, several potential locations in Metro Manila (e.g., central terminal, terminal along a major junction) were assessed to see whether these are viable sites for a multimodal terminal. One scenario configuration was found to be better integrated with where trips start and/or end, while another seemed to improve integration of the existing railways.
  • Indigenous Environmental Justice within Marine Ecosystems: A Systematic Review of the Literature on Indigenous Peoples’ Involvement in Marine Governance and Management

    Meg Parsons; Lara Taylor; Roa Crease (MDPI AG, 2021-04-01)
    We develop and apply a systematic review methodology to identify and understand how the peer-reviewed literature characterises Indigenous peoples’ involvement in marine governance and management approaches in terms of equity and justice worldwide. We reviewed the peer-reviewed English-language research articles between January 2015 and September 2020 for examples of Indigenous peoples’ involvement in marine governance and management using the analytical lens of environmental justice. The majority of research studies highlighted that Indigenous peoples experienced some form of environmental injustice linked to existing marine governance and management, most notably in the context of inequitable decision-making procedures surrounding the establishment and operation of marine protected areas. However, there are significant gaps in the current literature, including a notable absence of studies exploring Indigenous women and other gender minorities’ involvement in marine planning and management and the limited number of studies about Indigenous peoples living throughout Asia, the Arctic, Russia, and Africa. More studies are needed to explore collaborative and intersectional approaches, including co-governance and co-management and ecosystem-based management, and critically evaluate what constitutes inclusive, equitable, and just marine governance and management processes, practices, and outcomes for different Indigenous peoples occupying diverse social–ecological systems.

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