Private Solutions for Infrastructure in Cambodia : A Country Framework Report
INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCERS
WATER SUPPLY SERVICES
WATER SERVICE PROVIDERS
WATER SYSTEMS PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
JOINT VENTURE ARRANGEMENTS
PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION
POLITICAL RISK ANALYSIS
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
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AbstractInfrastructure plays a crucial role in
supporting Cambodia's growth and development. Improving
access to efficient and affordable water, electricity,
transport, and telecommunications services has a major
impact on the living standards of individual households.
This Country Framework Report (CFR) is one of a series of
country reviews aimed at improving the environment for the
private sector involvement in infrastructure. This book
describes and evaluates the current status and performance
of key infrastructure sectors and the policy, regulatory,
and institutional environment for involving the private
sector in infrastructure sectors. It also helps policymakers
to establish future reform and development strategies.
TypePublications & Research :: Publication
Copyright/LicenseCC BY 3.0 IGO
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Trends in Private Sector Participation in the Indian Water Sector : A Critical ReviewWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2014-03-18)Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the water supply sector began to emerge in the early 1990s in most developing countries of the world. Initiated in most countries by international private operators, these arrangements were typically large-scale PPP projects which required the private operators to finance, develop, operate, and manage the water supply system for a large population base. However, international observers have noted that most of these large-scale projects could not be successfully implemented on account of a host of interrelated factors. These factors included difficulties in achieving financial closure by the private operators, sociopolitical barriers, tariff-setting issues, and high financial risk. The failure of several large-scale projects during this phase resulted in many international private operators withdrawing from such projects in the developing countries. This gave rise to the perception that the number of PPP contracts being pursued in the water supply sector was declining.
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Implementation Strategy for Urban Water Supply PolicyWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2012)This report deals with the water
sector in Cambodia, and only mentions sanitation aspects in passing.
However, it is recognized that the scale of the sanitation
challenge is similarly daunting to or even larger than the
water challenge, and that progress in sanitation will be as
crucial as expanded access to safe water in making a lasting
impact on poverty incidence, in particular vulnerability to
waterborne diseases. There are two main constraints to
broad-based growth in the sector. First is the absence of a
comprehensive strategy to channel financing into the sector
and to address weak incentives to raise more own-generated
funds from user revenues. Second is the capacity of the
providers to absorb public funding and utilize resources
efficiently towards expanded access to sustainable services.
Both of these constraints will have to be addressed in the
context of the country's overall policy of promoting
sustainable use of water resources and considering concerns
of the poor and marginalized in the pursuit of development.
In the short term, the implementation strategy calls for the
consolidation of individual investment projects in form of a
comprehensive medium-term capital investment program (MTEF),
which will serve as a planning tool for investments by the
service providers, irrespective of funding source. Over the
next years, the broader process of decentralization will
have an impact on public and private providers, notably on
investment planning decisions and corporate governance of utilities.