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  • Prediction of big data analytics (BDA) on social media : empirical study

    Alkhatib, Ahed J; Alkhatib, Shadi Mohammad; Salameh, Hani Bani (Ovidius Univesity of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    Currently, most studies are moving towards Big Data Analytics (BDA) because they are important in research, and this is becoming increasingly important as Internet and Web 2.0 technologies become increasingly popular and how to handle this massive data. Moreover, this proliferation of the Internet and social media has revolutionized the search process. With this Big Data of data generated by users using social media or electronic platforms, the use of these details and daily activities is integrated with tools designed for analysis. The topic of analyzing big social media will be discussed and an intensive explanation will be given to the topic of Big Data. This paper compares Big Data analysis techniques using several methods of analysis, the first technique using neural networks and the second technique using data clustering. The purpose of this study is to infer the ages that use social media and what are their interests in writing and in the end, who are the most widely used social media males or females.
  • The fragility of the human mind under the infernal pressures from the Security.

    Ciornea, Andrei (Ovidius Univesity of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    The present research aims to reveal a unique aspect of the confinement periplus of George Văsîi, one of the five young members of “The Burning Altar” group, as it was declared by the Security in 1958. The main source of the present scientific research was the files from the Archives of the National Council for the Study of Security Archives (ACNSAS) from which we selected a series of documents that directly concern Văsîi George. The reading of the pages that his criminal records consist of must be done with caution because they were designed to serve the purpose of supporting totalitarian communist power. The case of the group “Teodorescu Alexandru and others” must be understood in this context, when the atheist offensive of the regime was reaching its peak. The year 1958 represents the moment when the communist regime began the persecution of the Romanian Orthodox Church. As a consequence, Decree no. 410 in 1959, was adopted by the dictatorial communist regime and thus, many monasteries were closed and eight of the monks and priests having connections with “The Burning Altar” group were arrested under the most fanciful accusations, fabricated by the imagination of the Security, which guarded society against the disease of mysticism. Therefore, the purpose of this research sketch is to show how, by deepening of those pressures, the oppressive mechanism in the communist prisons conducted irremediable changes on George Văsîi’s physical and mental health, and these transformations generated the reconfiguration of his perception of the world and existence.
  • The melting point : how is the world reshaping under pressure nowadays?

    Ciocan, Tudor Cosmin; Deniz, Osman Murat; Nalaskowski, Filip (Ovidius Univesity of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    We are witnesses to a major reshaping of our world: the World and our lives as we used to know are ending and they are reshaping constantly and drastically under pressure. Everything we knew about this world, our old habits, values, human rights, ethical patterns et all. These days, since the pandemic outburst, I saw the perceptions we have/had on religious impositions and requirements changing for an unprecedented behavior and inconsiderably reshaping religious phenomenon could have ever think of. With the title taken from the topic of this volume, Inspired by the conference titled, we have tried to envision the actual human environment through the ongoing pandemic that revolutions the entire human society in a way we had never considered as possible and so that we will not recognize in a year or so. Following the Philosophy of Dialectics and seeing a larger number of possibilities beyond those that were revealed to us in most obvious ways, we wonder thus, what makes us, in fact, do these changes – is the pandemic itself and its requirements or is it just US, humans, that were long longing for a change, a motif to do it all new again? It is though a human-divine desire to anew all from time to time and seek a reboot to all wrongness that grows in the world.
  • Intuition : a heart-based epistemology

    Lindhard, Tina (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    COVID 19 is just one more problem we humans have to face today. Crises, such as global warming, species extinction, climate change, and the extended use of anxiolytics and antidepressants by all sections of the population including youngsters, are telling us we are out of sync with Nature, and with our Self. Here, I suggest we need to change the focus of our attention from outside to inside, and from the overextended use of logical thinking mind associated with the brain to the feeling-mind linked with the heart. I associate the thinking mind with the male principle and the feeling heart-mind with the female principle. This change can bring about the necessary next step in our evolution by providing us with a way to connect with the deeper Self or Essence to obtain Higher Guidance. This epistemological way of knowing is based on intuition, and heart-based esoteric traditions throughout the ages have known about it. However, to find solutions to the multiple problems we are facing today, many more people need to learn how to tap into their heart-mind. In this article, I explore and expand on these ideas from different angles, including the scientific.
  • Neurological disorders associated to coronavirus infection

    Docu Axelerad, Any; Selen, Semsedi; Anoanela, Oltean; Silviu, Docu Axelerad; Daniel, Docu Axelerad; Stroe, Alina Zorina; Gogu, Anca Elena; Jianu, Dragos Catalin; Dumitrascu, Victor; Ples, Horia; et al. (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    Started as a form of atypical pneumonia concerning only a limited area in China it has become a worldwide issue that may affect our bodies entirely. Since its onset in late 2019, the Coronavirus infection has taken many shapes and forms, some of which take their toll on the nervous system. On average neurological symptoms begin 10-12 days after the flu-like ones and come in a wide range: encephalopathy and encephalitis, cerebrovascular disease, epilepsy or Guillan-Barré syndrome. Pathophysiological events that lead Coronavirus infection to nervous system disorders are not completely understood- there are both para-infectious and postinfectious mechanisms tied to it. The pathogen might find its way towards the nervous system through the olfactory bulb which is its only part without dural protection, therefore, triggering a direct infection or it could induce the neurological pathology by indirect mechanisms such as hypoxia, metabolic derangements or immunological mimicry. Even though patients with this type of pathology are scarce, their state might become dire in a short time due to the cumulative effects of infection, pre-existing condition and nervous system disorders. Even though the Coronavirus issue is a recent one, medical science has been studying it thoroughly. We have researched a part of the literature regarding this topic, and we have concluded that the neurological disorders associated with this infection. Articles released after the onset of the Coronavirus pandemic that analyze this pathogen's effects regarding the nervous system were taken into consideration.
  • Stress and the effects of COVID-19 on mental wellbeing

    Docu Axelerad, Any; Andrei, Motoc; Marian, Mitrica; Silviu, Docu Axelerad; Daniel, Docu Axelerad; Jianu, Dragos Catalin; Dumitrascu, Victor; Ples, Horia; Stroe, Alina Zorina; Gogu, Anca Elena (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    "This article aims to review and analyze the current literature on the topic of mental health issues related to the new coronavirus pandemic in an attempt to postulate an understanding conclusion regarding the effects of a pandemic on the human mind. In the studies from literature was found a significant prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms related to depression and anxiety, subsidiary to the continuous feelings of loneliness experienced by the human race in the pandemic. Moreover, a proportion of up to 36% of adults and 20% of children experienced at least a form of anxiety and depression during the pandemic. Also, special attention is drawn to the fact that a vulnerable part of the population – the elderly – have become even more at risk during the pandemic. Furthermore, healthcare workers are generally experiencing more psychological symptoms of distress because of the pandemic. In the literature is not yet sufficient evidence to support the claim that people suffering from pre-existing Severe Mental Illnesses are more likely to suffer from worse psychological manifestations of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Amongst the persons infected with the coronavirus, findings show that at least 20% of patients have experienced symptoms associated with delirium. In conclusion, as a tool in the confrontation with coronavirus infection, is revealed that symptoms of mental distress could be alleviated by staying away from news reports covering the evolution of the current pandemic, choosing to believe information only from trusted sources and keeping in contact with friends and family."
  • The consciousness’ forming by fractal education and the problem of Divinity

    Arghirescu, Marius (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    " The paper analyzes the measure and the ways in which an individual or group consciousness can reach a ‘gracious level’ close to the maximum possible, considered of the Divinity. A first conclusion of the analysis is that fractal, networked education, obtained from simple to complex and from an individual to a larger and larger group of individuals, has generated and is generating fractal, group consciousness, within which the learning of an individual but superior consciousness, with the role of spiritual leader, in particular - teacher, professor, is transmitted to those spiritually guided by transmitting not only of his teaching but also of his attitude towards the transmitted teaching and the strategy of using it in society. It results also that the forming of individual and fractal consciences, of the group, of gracious level, (“haric”-in some acceptions) - understood as the highest value level of the psycho-social Good, requires a strategy of using the obtained orthodox-scientific teaching, based on completing the fundamental principles of the orthodoxy: purification, enlightenment, union with the Divinity, fight against evil, with the scientific principle of orthodox reciprocity. Another conclusion is that - because the possibility of the existence of a divine gracious meta-consciousness, understood in the sense of gracious spiritual leader of several gracious super-consciences which are spiritual leaders of a significant number of superior consciences relative to the average level, exceeds the capacity of a single psycho-bio-social entity, it results that a God with super-normal powers capable of restoring the Good of the orthodox-scientific type in worldwide can exist more as a judicial entity than as a single physical and spiritual entity, so- as a Divine Organization, more realistic and scientific being the concept of Godness. In this case, the Godness must be both judicial and executive, based on Scientific Orthodoxy, which includes the principle of orthodox reciprocity. The possibility of spiritual leadership of the mankind by the Godness supposes energo-informational action with advanced technical means, such as telepathic amplifiers, which could also explain the transmission of the Holy Spirit and some paranormal manifestations such as the cases of ""intelligent ghosts"", reported. It results also that the Godness may be recused by scientific orthodoxism and the principles of the Providence must be modified in the form: orthodox-scientific cooperation with the Creation; orthodox-scientific leadership of the Creation and orthodox-scientific preservation of the Creation."
  • Righteousness of Judah and Tamar : a problematic encounter

    Novotný, Štefan (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    The story of Judah and Tamar is a part of the story of the Abrahamic line. Judah is problematic Jacob's son and Tamar is Judah's problematic daughter-in-law. A climax of their story is the judgment on Tamar: "She is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to my son Shelah." (Gen 38:26). The paper examines the context and composition of the story in order to evaluate the righteousness of both characters in their respective social roles. Judah and Tamar's dramatic relationship shows an anthropological perspective of conversion and spiritual growth in borderline situations. In the present COVID-19 pandemic the story shows how the actual world could be reshaped under pressure.
  • In the same melting pot? America and Europe

    Isbasoiu, Iulian; Stanca, Nicoleta (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2020-11-30)
    Revolving around the key concept of the melting pot, the article discusses cultural models adopted in the American and European societies (i.e. Americanization, multiculturalism, interculturalism, the cultural mosaic, muscular liberalism, and pillarization) in the attempt to explain, historically up to the present day, the circumstances of the encounters of immigrants’ cultures with the ones of the host countries.
  • Global learning: A catalyst for curriculum change

    Stephen Scoffham (UCL Press, 2018-11-01)
    This article considers some of the key challenges and opportunities for global learning. It is argued that global learning is a confused terrain that is emotionally 'hot' because it impacts on deep-rooted notions of nationality and personal identity. The difficulty of engaging with controversial issues such as power relations, social injustice, migration and global poverty are explored, along with the legacy of colonialism. Recognizing that global learning aims to develop new ways of thinking suggests that progression and assessment may need to be reframed around overarching concepts and the formation of values, rather than measurable outcomes. Intriguingly, this also offers an opportunity to realign the curriculum to better address twenty-first-century needs, particularly with respect to sustainability and the environment.
  • 'A Mile Wide and an Inch Deep': Surveys of Public Attitudes towards Development Aid

    David Hudson; Jennifer vanHeerde-Hudson (UCL Press, 2012-01-01)
    In this article we argue that existing survey instruments used to examine public attitudes to global poverty are not fit for purpose. Surveys need to be redesigned to successfully support the threefold purpose of development education and public engagement. The core of our critique is that existing measures suffer from poor measurement validity, and fail to control for knowledge-levels or perceptions of aid effectiveness, both of which are thought to limit support. Researchers also lack understanding of the factors that motivate support for development aid in the first place. We conclude by making recommendations for future surveys of public attitudes and suggest that building support for development may require speaking to many publics as opposed the public.
  • Youth voices on global citizenship: Deliberating across Canada in an online invited space

    Lynette Shultz; Karen Pashby; Terry Godwaldt (UCL Press, 2017-10-01)
    This article examines the processes of youth engagement in an 'invited space' for Canadian secondary school students. The organizers created a participatory citizenship education space in which Canadian students discussed their views and visions and developed their policy position on global citizenship and global citizenship education. The content and process of The National Youth White Paper on Global Citizenship (2015) demonstrated that youth have important policy knowledge and understand they live in a globalized world that includes unacceptable inequalities and oppressions. They also understand that, through acts of citizenship, these conditions can be changed. The article discusses how students were engaged in developing public opinion and working in the public sphere while developing the policy paper on the topic of global citizenship.
  • Globalization and International Education

    Richard P. King (UCL Press, 2014-03-01)
  • Plan UK and Development Education – the contribution of an international development organisation to learning and understanding about global and development issues

    Douglas Bourn; Miriam Kybird (UCL Press, 2012-04-01)
    Plan International is a leading international development organisation that applies a rights based approach to achieving its mission of achieving lasting improvements in the quality of life of children in developing countries. In the summer of 2011, Plan in the UK made a decision to close down its development education programme, as part of a process of re-strategising to focus its organisational resources. Plan UK's development education programme illustrates many of the challenges that International Development Organisations (IDOs) face. Development education practice led by many IDOs tends to emphasise the relationship of education to social change and development goals. But if development education is perceived in terms of questioning and challenging dominant ideologies, and promoting differing voices and perspectives, then it can only be assessed in terms of its educational impact.
  • Teachers as agents of social change

    Douglas Bourn (UCL Press, 2016-02-01)
    Teachers are seen as key actors of change within programmes and projects on global learning. But all too often they are regarded in an instrumental way or as promoters of some form of ideal global teacher. Evidence from the UK and elsewhere suggests that if a pedagogical approach is taken to the role of teachers within the process of learning, then three distinct locations of teachers as change agents can be identified. These are as change agents within the classroom, within the wider school, and within society as a whole.
  • Engaging with the cultural ‘other’: The ‘colonial signature’ and learning from intercultural engagements

    Simon Hoult (UCL Press, 2020-11-01)
    In this article, the idea of the ‘colonial signature’ is advanced as a potentially pivotal response to triggers that deepen or act as barriers to intercultural learning. From a postcolonial positioning, empirical data is then examined to consider the responses to intercultural-learning triggers of 14 UK-based student teachers on a study visit to India specifically through an analysis of their reflective writing and interviews. Participants’ responses to varied triggers became significant colonial signatures to their intercultural learning. The learning deepened where responses were reflexive and articulated with reference to the global powerbase that underpins study visits to the Global South. Where responses to triggers provoked more shallow comparisons with home, the colonial signatures resulted in closed-down discussion, thus acting as a barrier to further learning. This has implications not only for study visits, but also, more widely, for the approach to global learning.
  • Editorial

    Douglas Bourn (UCL Press, 2012-01-01)

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