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  • Fußspuren eines gaonäischen Midrasch zu Hiob (32:11) in Samuel b. Ḥofnis neu entdecktem Fragment (CUL T-S Ar. 46.156) – Kitāb lawāzim al-Ḥukkām

    Ariel, Neri Yeshayahu (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
     It is well established in research that the earlier sages (“Kadmonim” as well as “Rishonim”) had a broader access to Midrash sources than in modern times, due to changes in the forms of transmission of Jewish traditions. Since the 19th century, scholars have discovered and published fragments of Midrash literature, among other genres, from various recovered sources. Similar rediscoveries have also been made by scholars regarding the Geonim from Babylonia. The Geonic Age spanned the seventh to eleventh centuries in Babylonia. Whereas the early Geonic corpus was composed of collective oral traditions, the successors of Se’adya Gaon (882–942) specialized in the composition of individual halakhic codices. Known as “late monographic works,” the judges’ duties subgenre is the adjudicational and jurisprudential climax of this monographic genre. A fragment from the Cairo Genizah (CUL T-S Ar. 46.156) seems to match what is known to us as the introduction of the almost entirely lost Kitāb lawāzim al-ḥukkām by Samuel ben Ḥofni Gaon (d. 1013). From the Midrash traditions to Job, hardly anything has survived in the sources known to us. In this paper I would like to suggest that this introduction includes several remarks that could be remnants of a lost Misdrash to the book of Job, a biblical book that left almost no Rabbinic tradition behind. With the Genizah fragment presented here, it is suggested that the Geonim either had a midrash to Job that is unknown today; alternatively, they could have created such a midrash themselves - which was not unusual at the time, as scholars have recently elaborated. A third possibility could be the combination of these two literary components: The Geonim had earlier Midrash sources on Job, which they developed further, translated into Judeo-Arabic and adapted to the contemporary Zeitgeist.
  • Law, Hierarchy, and Gender: Reflections on the Exemption of Women from Time-Bound Commandments

    Rhein, Valérie (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    Why do the tannaim exempt women from time-bound commandments (m. Qiddushin 1:7)? In this paper it is argued that the unequal levels of obligation for men and women in rabbinic Judaism creates a hierarchy of mitzvot between them that mimics and virtually replaces the earlier biblical hierarchy of mitzvot between priests and Israel. In both constellations the rabbis consider the obligation to fulfill more commandments to be a privilege. The similarity between the hierarchies priests–Israel and men–women becomes apparent when the selection of commandments from which the tannaim and the amoraim explicitly exempt women are examined more closely: Many of them – the time-bound commandments shofar, lulav, tzitzit, tefillin, and shema as well as the non-time-bound mitzvah of Torah study – share a common feature, namely, their function as “ersatz Temple rituals.” During the transition from a Temple-oriented, priest-based Judaism to a study-oriented rabbinic Judaism, rituals such as these played a crucial role.
  • The Lost Portrait of Gutle Rothschild

    Nashman Fraiman, Susan (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    The lost portrait of the matriarch of the Rothschild family, Gutle Rothschild (1735-1849), offers a window not only into the lives of the Rothschilds, but into the lives of Jewish women of the late 18th and early 19th century. The artist Oppenheim was affiliated with the Rothschild family for close to fifty years, and during that period executed a large number of commissions for them. It is possible to compare his extant works with this painting, which disappeared during World War II. The article examines what can be gleaned from the painting about its subjects and commissioners, as well as probes the question of the changing roles and views of the Jewish woman at the end of the 19th century.
  • David Albaharis Roman Der Bruder als Lektüre aus der sephardischen Diaspora

    Deppner, Corinna (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    In his novel The Brother, David Albahari designs a transmedial network that relates to the breakup of Yugoslavia and the breakup of a family. The confrontation with an unknown brother, who was adopted by a Jewish family in Argentinian exile, lets the coordinates of morality and aesthetics get out of hand: The brother not only reveals himself as a connoisseur of the literature of Jorge Luis Borges, he also bursts into the everyday life of a country that is unprepared for him as a transsexual person. In this spectrum of literary discourse and through the experience of homophobia, of diaspora and transgender reality, memories are stimulated by photographs and aesthetic lines of escape unfold and help accepting the unknown Other.
  • Vorwort

    Bloch, René; Bodenheimer, Alfred (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-08-25)
  • Else Lasker-Schüler, Gedichtbuch für Hugo May. Faksimile Edition

    Balsiger, Selma (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
  • Philipp Lenhard, Friedrich Pollock: Die graue Eminenz der Frankfurter Schule

    Schwagmeier, Peter (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
  • Gershom Scholem, Poetica: Schriften zur Literatur, Übersetzungen, Gedichte

    Stadler, Judith Hélène (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
  • Grundgeschichte und Chronik: Die Fragestellung der frühjüdischen Chronikbücher und ihre Haltung zur Mosesüberlieferung

    Willi, Thomas (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    The Chronicler used two types of sources in writing history: In general, the chronistic narration is based on the „Deuteronomistic history“ as it is called today. Nonetheless, the Pentateuch in its priestly components is another key to its concept. In his historical outline, the Chronicler is aware of differences of time: There is, first of all, the epoch of Moses and of the Mosaic institutions given to a wandering Israel. A new age, second, started with David gathering a scattered people toward the new center in Jerusalem. These epochs are characterized by both continuity in the worship of Yhwh and discontinuity of theperformance of that worship. The ark, the mobile sanctuary in the tent of the desert, was now to find its definite place and house, to be built and inhabited by Yhwh, prepared by David and finally realized by Solomon. According to the Chronicler, God’s word had been present in both epochs, but in different forms. Originally, it was given orally to Moses. Yet, the history of Israel as described by Chronicles refers to written documents (kakkātûb). In light of their attribution in Chronicles we should not call them „priestly“ – as it has been customary since the 19th century (de Wette, Wellhausen) –but more adequately „Mosaic“ tradition. For the Chronicler, such Mosaic tradition was applied and performed by David’s Israel. Of prime importance is the new position of Levi, Moses’ own tribe. According to the P-sources in the Pentateuch, the Levites had to do physical labour for the holy tent. But, in the era of the temple, they gained a new responsibility by interpreting, instructing and applying Tora in its broadest sense. The Priests's duties for their part are presupposed rather than itemized. Since the time of the Exodus – which is deliberately not a topic in Chronicles – they have remained the same. Decisive for the Chronicler is the new presence of Moses’ revelation in the ongoing history of Israel and its kings, accompanied and guided by Moses’ tribe, the Levites.
  • Esters Handlungsmacht in männerdominierten Strukturen: Jüdischer Feminismus zwischen patriarchaler Tradition und neuer Lesart biblischer Texte

    Kaiser, Nora Luisa (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    This paper on the book of Esther takes up feminist literary criticism with a special emphasis on the concept of agency. It highlights concrete moments of empowerment of Queen Ester.  With the recognition that feminism always underscores the question of power, the figure of Ester is analyzed with regard to the notion of exile and in relation to Mordochai and the king Ahasveros.  Where do we find moments of empowerment in this situation of heteronomy?
  • Identifying and characterizing students suspected of academic dishonesty in SPOCs for credit through learning analytics

    Daniel Jaramillo-Morillo; José Ruipérez-Valiente; Mario F. Sarasty; Gustavo Ramírez-Gonzalez (SpringerOpen, 2020-11-01)
    Abstract Massive Open Online Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have been transitioning slowly from being completely open and without clear recognition in universities or industry, to private settings through the emergence of Small and Massive Private Online Courses (SPOCs and MPOCs). Courses in these new formats are often for credit and have clear market value through the acquisition of competencies and skills. However, the endemic issue of academic dishonesty remains lingering and generating untrustworthiness regarding what students did to complete these courses. In this case study, we focus on SPOCs with academic recognition developed at the University of Cauca in Colombia and hosted in their Open edX instance called Selene Unicauca. We have developed a learning analytics algorithm to detect dishonest students based on submission time and exam responses providing as output a number of indicators that can be easily used to identify students. Our results in two SPOCs suggest that 17% of the students that interacted enough with the courses have performed academic dishonest actions, and that 100% of the students that were dishonest passed the courses, compared to 62% for the rest of students. Contrary to what other studies have found, in this study, dishonest students were similarly or even more active with the courseware than the rest, and we hypothesize that these might be working groups taking the course seriously and solving exams together to achieve a higher grade. With MOOC-based degrees and SPOCs for credit becoming the norm in distance learning, we believe that if this issue is not tackled properly, it might endanger the future of the reliability and value of online learning credentials.
  • Big data in education: a state of the art, limitations, and future research directions

    Maria Ijaz Baig; Liyana Shuib; Elaheh Yadegaridehkordi (SpringerOpen, 2020-11-01)
    Abstract Big data is an essential aspect of innovation which has recently gained major attention from both academics and practitioners. Considering the importance of the education sector, the current tendency is moving towards examining the role of big data in this sector. So far, many studies have been conducted to comprehend the application of big data in different fields for various purposes. However, a comprehensive review is still lacking in big data in education. Thus, this study aims to conduct a systematic review on big data in education in order to explore the trends, classify the research themes, and highlight the limitations and provide possible future directions in the domain. Following a systematic review procedure, 40 primary studies published from 2014 to 2019 were utilized and related information extracted. The findings showed that there is an increase in the number of studies that address big data in education during the last 2 years. It has been found that the current studies covered four main research themes under big data in education, mainly, learner’s behavior and performance, modelling and educational data warehouse, improvement in the educational system, and integration of big data into the curriculum. Most of the big data educational researches have focused on learner’s behavior and performances. Moreover, this study highlights research limitations and portrays the future directions. This study provides a guideline for future studies and highlights new insights and directions for the successful utilization of big data in education.
  • Survival Models for the Analysis of Waiting Time to First Employment of New Graduates: A Case of 2018 Debre Markos University Graduates, Northwest Ethiopia

    Muluye Getie Ayaneh; Askalemariam Adamu Dessie; Amare Wubishet Ayele (Hindawi Limited, 2020-01-01)
    This study was carried out to predict the time spell to first employment and to determine the effects of related factors on the timing of first employment on new graduates from Debre Markos University using survival models. The study used the 2018 Debre Markos University graduate tracer survey data. Cox PH and parametric accelerated failure time models were used. The Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to select the best parametric model that could explain the waiting time to first employment. The median waiting time to first employment of graduates was found to be 15 months, showing that 50% of graduates managed to find their first job 15 months after their graduation date. In a comparison among parametric survival models, the log-logistic parametric model was better in describing the timing of graduates to first employment. Covariates such as gender, cumulative grade point average (CGPA) earned from the university, age at graduation, residence, field of study preference of graduates, and college/faculty were found to be statistically significant (p value <0.05) predictors of the waiting time to first employment. The log-logistic parametric model fitted the waiting time to the first employment data well and could be taken as an alternative for the Cox PH model.
  • Evaluating the Academic Performance of K-12 Students in the Philippines: A Standardized Evaluation Approach

    Porferio M. Almerino; Lanndon A. Ocampo; Dharyll Prince M. Abellana; Jana Gloria F. Almerino; Irene O. Mamites; Lilibeth C. Pinili; Janine Joy L. Tenerife; Regina E. Sitoy; Limuel J. Abelgas; Emerson D. Peteros (Hindawi Limited, 2020-01-01)
    With growing technological advancements, demands for the industry with skilled and equipped workforce are proportionately rising. While this match between curricular offerings in academia and needs in the industry has been addressed in many countries across the globe through initiatives such as the K-12 educational system, some countries like the Philippines have only started its adoption. In the Philippines’ early adoption of the K-12 educational system, several concerns have been raised regarding its implementation, mainly, the mismatch between coursework offered in Philippine K-12 educational institutions with industry demands. With such outcomes, it is necessary to determine the status of the K-12 educational system in the Philippines. This paper attempts to shed light on such concerns by evaluating the performance of the K-12 students using a standardized approach. The Scholastic Abilities Test for Adults, a standardized test for measuring the academic competence of adults, is used in this study to measure scholastic abilities. The descriptive analyses made in this paper may aid in the development of more robust strategy frameworks for positioning the current K-12 educational system to global and industry demands. Moreover, the results obtained in this study would aid stakeholders in overseeing strategies that would address current gaps in the K-12 educational system of the country.
  • Handiworks of God: Art of Spiritual Life and Religious Formation

    Nattunilath, Dominic (Dharmaram College, 2020-09-30)

    Anand, Abhinav (Dharmaram College, 2020-09-30)
    In this paper, investigating the issue whether Buddhism proposes (a) pro-life, (b) pro-choice, (c) middle way, or (d) ambiguous position on the issues of abortion, three questions are examined: (i) when does an individual life begin according to the early Buddhist texts? (ii) what are the cases of abortion recorded in the Pāli texts? (iii) how and why the Buddhist metaphysical and ethical principles prohibits killing? Analysing selected passages of Pāli texts such as Majjhima, Saṃyutta and Aṇguttara Nikāya-s, Vinaya Piṭaka, Milindapañha, Dhammapada and Jātaka, and their metaphysical and ethical ideas the author argues that abortion is an act of pāṇātipāta (killing) a moral being and is prohibited.

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