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  • Social-religious perception on women driving

    Rus, Mihaela; Sandu, Mihaela Luminița (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    "The changes that have occurred in our society lately have involved the woman engrossed in different activities which require a driving license in order to travel fast from one place to another. The need to get around quickly has increased so much in the last few years, that we are constantly on the move. The opinions concerning the presence of a woman at the wheel rely on different stereotypes like, for instance, ”the woman diver spells disaster or poses a real threat to road traffic”,”the steering wheel was designed only for men”on the one hand, and on the other there are opinions claiming that women are more responsible drivers than men, sticking to the rules more strictly and being more cautious in traffic, avoiding excess speed more often than men. Moreover, it is a well-known fact that women pass the theoretical driving test more easily than men, whereas men are more self-confident in the practical stage of the driving test. The opinions regarding the woman driver differ from one person to another and funnily enough, even women comment wickedly on the driving abilities of the person of the same sex, being persuaded that women drivers are a disaster for the roads”. Although the presence of the woman at the wheel has been more obvious in the last two decades, it used to be common even during the communist regime which recorded a marked tendency of turning women into heroines, of promoting the equality between sexes since women had undertaken jobs that were traditionally designed to be performed by men."
  • Is religion the missing part in leadership and organization citizenship behavior theories?

    Alkhatib, Ahed J; Arnout, Boshra A. (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The human being is the main axis of development using management and leadership styles in addition to organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). The common link between developmental issues is how to influence the human to achieve satisfying outcomes. In all cases, the human is targeted as a machine that should work with maximal efforts. The employees respond to the stimuli by their leaders, managers, or employers, hoping that some sort of future stability is going to be accomplished. However, the components of human beings can not only be physical, but they are also more complicated and expanded to include soul and religion. This study reviewed the literature in addition to our existing data about the importance and role of religion in influencing the followers to increase their efforts to maximal even without extra-cost. The previous theories in leadership and OCB can explain why employees are ready to work more without asking for compensation. One of the explanations is to perceive himself as a human playing a significant role in his organization. This can be one theme included in religion. However, when the scope of religion is more expanded and touched by the whole leaders and managers, this will be positively reflected on the followers including employees to end with the best working achievement.
  • The family environment. Valences and malfunctions

    Stanescu, Nina (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The family is a dynamic system, which undergoes constant changes. Its members develop and evolve together, adding new elements that enrich their family life. The family system never remains the same; it changes from one moment to another, depending on the events that occur inside and outside the family. Our contemporary society is faced with the phenomenon of domestic violence, with the increase of extra-marital relations, consensual unions, divorces, the separation of the classical families. Children's reactions to such situations take various forms: affective (anxiety, depression, obsession, phobia, insecurity), characterological (aggression, detachment, over-sensitivity), cognitive (school performance failures), psychosocial (family conflicts, rebellion against parents, attempts to weaken the dependence bonds). The frequency of these familial and social phenomena is influenced by the industrialization and urbanization processes, by the increase of the education level and women’s emancipation, by economic causes, unemployment, poverty. Sociological studies conducted over the recent years have highlighted the frequency of an environment stabilized on tension and conflict, in family relationships. The most frequent forms of violence – this physical abuse to which one family member is subjected by another member – take place between spouses and between parent and child (children); child abuse (including sexual abuse) is explained by psychological and social factors and evidently by a lack of moral, religious education.
  • Social inclusion by the method of the social projects

    Nalaskowski, Filip (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The malady of the academic didactics is the problem of linking theory and practice. As the research shows, despite the fact that there is included in the curriculum of student training, the graduates enter the market not properly prepared for taking further actions. First of all, let’s notice changes in our society. More and more cultures, more and more religions, bigger potential for conflict, and at best isolation. The main task for students is to try to implement projects that integrate society. The method which I offer puts the main pressure on the independent actions of the students, accustoming to managing people and facing the problems of local life. Moreover, the most important task which I set to myself, is to sensitize young educators to the problems of human life from live perspective and not only based on the theoretical knowledge. The task is to devise, prepare and carry out the social-making projects. In my article I am going to explain in details the didactic method prepared by myself. Additionally, I will illustrate already taken actions by the specific examples. The idea concerns the social education classes for the 2nd year of the educational branches. It links in a unique way the practical actions with the need of searching for the theoretical perspectives as well. The classes based on this formula have been successfully carried out at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Poland for a period of six years.
  • From religious icons to popular culture icons

    Stanca, Nicoleta (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    This article compares the characteristics of religious icons to those of popular icons, the latter having developed since 19th century under the impact of industrialization, mass production and circulation of the media. Both categories, according to critics, convey significant messages of faith, bind believers in a community of faith and grant special powers to those who believe in them. These features could be illustrated by examples in the category of celebrity culture and worship (Bob Dylan and Madonna). The iconic celebrities in the new Olympus, as the case studies show, may share in beauty, wealth, a status of superlative beings, a type of isolation or confinement in an artificial environment, a special destiny, a spectacular life narrative, secrets in their past life, a capacity for change, but above all, a sense of metamorphosis ensuring them the status of mythical creatures and ultimately a prophetic aura, which makes adepts worship them.
  • Relationship between religious feeling and clinical and personality traits in elderly people

    Salceanu, Claudia; Sandu, Mihaela Luminița (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    Although aging is a biological process, genetically determined and mediated by environmental factors, one of its main characteristics is the gradual dissolution of the human personality. As physiological changes occur and exert a great impact on the physical and mental health of individuals, many old people search for comfort in their relationship with God. Furthermore, due to the reduction of their professional activity, going to church may become, for elderly people, a way of continuing their social life, which they embrace during the last years of their life. A sample of 79 old people, aged between 73 and 86 years, have been assessed with: Clinical Assessment Scales for Elderly people and Autonomy Questionnaire (Cognitrom, Cluj-Napoca, 2012), Religious Feeling Questionnaire (Lupu & Calcan, 2003), Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale and a Moral Values Questionnaire (Sandu & Nadoleanu, 2012). The main objective of the study is to identify the relationship between the religious feeling and some clinical and personality traits in elderly people. Nonparametric correlations were made and the results show that there are strong correlations between religious feeling and depression, mania, self-esteem, and moral values. No significant correlations were found between religious feelings and anxiety, fear of aging, paranoia, and autonomy. Explanations of the results and practical implications of the study are discussed in the end.
  • Understandings of theological conversion in the interreligious dialogue

    Ciocan, Tudor Cosmin; Deniz, Osman Murat (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    Conversion is a word with a variety of meanings. It also has various significations, from the exchange between different currencies, to job conversion or the change of career path, to the change from one religion, political belief, viewpoint, etc., to another – all these types of conversion have mutual methods and shared purposes. They are all requiring malleability, the capacity of exchanging old things for the new ones, openness to different, the will to adopt something new or at least different, and the legerity of giving up on the old things. All these requirements are always easier said than done, and therefore conversion is not for all types of characters and personalities, some being more stable and fundamental, thus resistant to renewal. There is no religion, on the one hand, that does not promote conversion and thus use proselytism to do it. On the other hand, same religions that believe conversion (to their own faith) is an act of God, a sign that everyone should embrace and leave whatever religious belief they might have previously, consider it as a ‘sin’, an act that should be forbidden, the conversion/leaving for other, diverse religion. How is it regarded by religions and scientific thought and at what point it became obsolete?
  • The culture of a stylistic religious ensemble

    Felipov, Ovidiu (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    "Through those made in the field of culture and spirituality, ""helped by Romanian and foreign scholars, Constantin Brâncoveanu created a new period of cultural, artistic and spiritual revival"" [1]. Thus, it can be concluded that a glorious age for both the people and the Romanian Church was the one dimensioned by the actions and rule of the great martyr of the Romanian nation, Constantin Brâncoveanu. Because this era has decisively influenced later developments, the term is used extensively and to describe the works of art of its time. The Brancovean art of the 17th-18th centuries included all the artistic manifestations, both within the religious framework: painting, sculpture, construction, engraving, silverware, embroidery, manuscripts, icons - and in general the entire furniture required for a church settlement - civilian: palaces, royal houses, mansions. All this artistic variety has been subordinated to features specific to the style: the uniqueness of the constituent elements that may belong to a certain historical period, the geometry revealing their connection to Antiquity, the use of the presentation of the Saints or of the prophetic figures in the mosaics. As a general feature of this period, we mention the richness of the decorative conception of the stone sculpture from the porches, where the space-separating balustrades disappear and where the monumental portals depict an unusual profusion of the vegetation as an authentic climax of Brâncoven's ornamentation. Under the rule of the great humanist Constantin Brâncoveanu, the construction and religious painting of the churches was raised to the rank of art, being the master of a world in full economic rise, a world he manages to make conscious of his spiritual dimension first and foremost. The Brâncovenian pattern left traces and created history from the life of the great humanist, after his death, but long afterward. Many of the founders were high hierarchs, rich personalities of monastic clergy, societies, nobility, etc., which built up monumental post-Bronze monuments, either becoming models for a whole series of places through them or by taking some important brâncovenesc monument."
  • Light, created and uncreated, wave and particle at the same time

    Cristea, Alina; Ovidiu, Felipov (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    We confess in the Creed that God is light, and His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, is light from the light. There is no prayer without even a reference to light. The initial light, after the Christian conception, is a reflection of the uncreated divine energies, a sign of the presence and fullness of the divine creative grace. "The difference between the light of the first day and that of the fourth day," says Saint Basil the Great, is this: the first was the very essence of light, the second was carried by the astral bodies. But the light and something else are the luminators; the Creator it fills them with light and suspends them in the vicinity of the world". As a primordial element in creation, light is the first that has been praised by the praise of the Creator Himself, as it is said in Holy Scripture: "And God saw that light is very beautiful" (cf. Acts I, 4). The word "enlightenment" goes far beyond the simple idea of seeing around and creates, with each example, its own structure. The light that comes from above has a unique quality in nature, as in philosophy, it penetrates even the darkest corners of the spirit, even if it is only a ray. The meaning of "enlightenment" becomes synonymous with revelation, whether we are talking about the world of ideas, the mental, the intellectual or the spiritual. However, light also has scientific definitions and is at the center of the most remarkable explorations of the truths of Creation. The demonstration, in 2015, of Einstein's theory, according to which light behaves as a wave and a particle at the same time, meant an extremely important turning point, on the border between science and religion. Beyond the scientific demonstration and the experiment itself, the quantum understanding of light brings to attention another paradigm of wave-particle duality, that of mystery. This mystery probably made Einstein declare in 1916 that for the rest of my life I would like to think about what light is. As His invisible thoughts are seen from the creatures (Rom, 1, 20), we can believe that this mysterious wave-corpus duality is the natural phenomenon by which we can understand, or rather accept, believe in, the mystery of the unmixed union of his nature. God with the human, in the person of the Savior of Christ.
  • Hurezi painting - case study

    Felipov, Ovidiu (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    "The iconographic program from Hurezi is one of the most important in the history of Romanian iconographic art. Although it is original, the painting from Hurezi is deeply anchored in the Orthodox tradition. Vegetable ornamental motifs are prominent in mural painting. Their rich repertoire, with different levels of styling, contributes to the delimitation of individual architectural segments, as well as to grand grandeur. What gives unity to decoration (pictorial or sculptural) is this abundance of motives, from various sources: inspirational Byzantine - Balkan, other Oriental - Islamic, and also Western-inspired. A particular note is borrowed from the realistic representation of the local flora, and its reproduction as concrete as in the Romanian folk art. The sustained effort of Brâncoveanu's founders, painters from Hurezi, together with the end-of-season mentality leads to the crystallization of a new stage in mural painting in Wallachia, in the center of the Hurezi Monastery where the Church is located. The Hurezi painting workshop and the sculptor masters, painters, and woodcutters here have quickly become known throughout the country and abroad because of the beauty of their works. Hurezi style is found in many of the church paintings in Romania, but also in the surrounding. They become speakers on behalf of the founders and the great figures of their times, embellishing expression through the talent received from above, from God-Creator."
  • Aspects of the Romanian sacred music during the Communist oppression

    Vaduva, Lois Paula (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    During the Communist regime in Romania, the arts were submitted to continuous control through specialized censorship services that focused primarily on the ideological content of the arts. Atheism was accepted as the ideology of the country, and as a result, all religious activities and manifestations were abolished. Despite this reality, religion continued to remain an essential part of the Romanian heritage, and several artists looked for ways to incorporate sacred themes in their art. The two principal ways in which the sacred was incorporated in music was through avoiding religious titles, while the content was sacred and by filtering it through the specific national Romanian Byzantine traditions. As a result, there are notable examples of religious music composed during the Communist regime.
  • Chinese Theological Review [Vol. 30, 2020]

    Chen, Yilu; Zhang, Hua; Duan, Qi; Chen, Yongtao; Wen, Ge; Meng, Yanling (Foundation for Theological Education in South East Asia (FTESEA), 2020)
    On the Growth of an Ecclesiology for the Chinese Church / Chen Yilu. - The Church’s Decisions to Persevere in and Deepen Union Worship / Zhang Hua. - The Historical Path to Unity in Chinese Protestantism (2) / Duan Qi. - Chinese Church Unity: History, Reality, Future / Chen Yongtao. - Reviewing K.H. Ting’s Historical Mission: Theological Reconstruction / Wen Ge. - An Approach to Biblical Exegesis for Evangelical Women: The story of Dinah in Genesis 34 / Meng Yanling.
  • Gavin D’Costa. Catholic Doctrines on the Jewish People After Vatican II

    Marshall, Bruce D. (Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College, 2021-02-22)
    No abstract is available.
  • Giuseppe Primiero, "On the Foundations of Computing."

    Bimbo, Katalin (University of Victoria, 2021-02-23)

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