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  • Online collaborative learning activities: The perspectives of minority graduate students

    Kumi-Yeboah, Alex; Dogbey, James; Yuan, Guangji (The Online Learning Consortium, 2017-12-01)
    This exploratory study examined the perspectives of minority graduate students toward online collaborative learning activities. The participants were twenty graduate minority students (15 African Americans, five Hispanics, and five international students from Africa) in online graduate programs in instructional technology education in in the Northeastern United States. A qualitative study was conducted semi-structured interviews, focus group interviews along with observations, Data revealed that the perspectives of minority graduate students toward online collaborative learning activities could be categorized into six themes, including “(a) facilitates knowledge building and construction, (b) preference to work in small-group over whole-group activities, (c) opportunities to share and lead discussion in cross-cultural online environment (d) collaborative activities meets learning and communication styles, and (e) challenges of dealing with cultural differences, (f) lack of multicultural inclusion in the curriculum/course content. The study documents factors that facilitate cross-cultural collaborative learning activities that helped minority students to succeed in online environment. 
  • The Problems of Applying Psychological, Educational and Political Measurement Instruments in light of the Prevalence of the Corona virus (Covid-19)

    Jasim, Khalid J.; Al-Dabbagh, Zeyad S.; Arnout, Boshra A. (Ovidius Univesity of Constanta (Romania), 2020-06-30)
    The current study aimed to identify the problems and solutions of applying psychological and educational measurement tools. Also, it measures attitudes and public opinion in light of the prevalence of Coronavirus's disease worldwide. Given the importance of psychological, educational and public opinions tests at the present time, in addition to psychometrics in its various aspects has become a necessity for communication, making decisions, counseling and therapeutic The study results recommend adopting the online application method in light of the prevalence of the deadly COVID-19, because these solutions will encourage the continuation of the scientific research and the educational process wheel. Consequently, the disease does not stop the continuation of our lives worldwide. Also, this study recommends the necessity of applying the tools of psychological and educational online evaluation in order to prevent transmission of COVID-19 infection among students to each other and their teachers, and between researchers. It also sheds light on an alternative evaluation tool by the online application of psychological measurement tools to be placed in the ethical code for psychologists involved in the American Psychological Association, as it is a client's right to preserve his life from risks. This is in addition to placing the necessity of online instruments application method within the ethics of scientific research, which represents one of the rights of the participants in terms of preserving their lives against environmental risks. Moreover, the findings recommend the necessity of studying public opinion and attitudes by online questionnaires.
  • Covid-19 e digitalizzazione

    Palladino, Emilia (Service of Documentation and Study on Global Mission (SEDOS), 2020)
  • enlaNzadas - asociación Adsis

    Martínez, Begoña (Service of Documentation and Study on Global Mission (SEDOS), 2020)
  • Integración de las provincias : las plataformas apostólicas

    Pérez, Francisco José Ruiz (Service of Documentation and Study on Global Mission (SEDOS), 2020)
  • Hermanos Maristas : proceso de restructuración (1993-2003)

    Fuertes, Juan Carlos (Service of Documentation and Study on Global Mission (SEDOS), 2020)
  • La restructuration dans la congrégation du Cœur Immaculé de Marie (CICM)

    Matton, Jef (Service of Documentation and Study on Global Mission (SEDOS), 2020)
  • Rethinking the organization of the institute

    Laguda, Ricky (Service of Documentation and Study on Global Mission (SEDOS), 2020)
  • De-structuring in religious institutes : what does Canon Law say?

    Wright, Mary (Service of Documentation and Study on Global Mission (SEDOS), 2020)
  • Kant e o sumo bem comunitário

    Spinelli, Letícia Machado (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2012-08-21)
    O que aqui nos propomos fazer é explicitar o conceito de sumo bem enquanto bem comunitário, em que se evidencia um desdobramento da formulação do conceito de sumo bem sob a perspectiva de um bem coletivo. Esse conceito foi apresentado por Kant na terceira parte de A religião nos limites da simples razão, contexto no qual se dedicou a tratar da noção de um progresso moral nos termos de uma comunidade ética.
  • Political Philosophy and Democratic Experimentalism: an Alternative to carry out Justice Carlos Sávio Teixeira

    Savio G. Teixeira, Carlos (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2014-06-16)
    This article analyses critically the most important theories of justice. It argues that the disregard of the institutional dimension in the contemporary societies lead them to a non realistic approach concerning the concretization of justice. It presents then an alternative vision based on the democratic experimentalism proposed by the political philosophy of Mangabeira Unger and his idea of a new institutional reorganization of society. 
  • Responsabilidade moral e ressentimento

    Azevedo, Marco Antonio Oliveira de (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2012-05-27)
    Associamos questões de responsabilidade ao que julgamos deveres ou obrigações que cada um tem para com os demais. Dentre essas obrigações há as que expressam deveres estritos. Mas como nem todos “deveres morais” expressam deveres em sentido estrito, é comum atribuirmos responsabilidade moral para além daquilo a que estamos estritamente obrigados. Não é incomum afi rmar que alguém deveria ter feito ou deixado de fazer algo, mesmo se ele não tinha a obrigação estrita de fazê-lo ou deixar de fazê-lo. Mas como poderíamos “culpar” ou “condenar” moralmente alguém se ele não tinha a obrigação estrita de fazê-lo? É que o escopo de nossas avaliações “morais”, sendo amplo, comporta tipos diversos de “demandas”, o mesmo devendo valer para nossas “atitudes reativas”, tais como o ressentimento e seus análogos vicários, como a indignação. Porém, reações como o ressentimento e a indignação não podem ser reações genéricas à má vontade, à indiferença ou à falta de consideração, mas reações “apropriadas”a injustiças. Se alguém devia fazer algo, porém não estava efetivamente submetido ao dever estrito de fazê-lo, indignar-se é reagir exageradamente, muito além do que é contextualmente apropriado. Afinal, o modo como reagimos moralmente de forma apropriada não pode estar completamente dissociado do modo como interpretamos certos fatos. Neste ensaio, pretendo examinar o conceito de “responsabilidade moral”. Tratarei do problema das atribuições de responsabilidades e dos juízos de responsabilidade que Thomas Scanlon chamou apropriadamente de juízos de “responsabilidade substantiva.” Defenderei que há ações moralmente razoáveis, e até mesmo, em algum sentido, moralmente “requeridas”, porém sob circunstâncias que não pressupõem qualquer submissão do agente a algum dever em sentido estrito (o tipo de dever, a saber, que importa em considerações de responsabilidade não atributivas, isto é, em atribuições substantivas de responsabilidade). Para tanto, revisarei o conhecido problema do trólei desgovernado e os problemas concernentes ao princípio do duplo-efeito. Veremos que é possível avaliar as ações de alguém sem atribuir-lhe responsabilidade substantiva por suas decisões corretas ou incorretas. Se eu estiver correto, conclusões práticas sobre a razoabilidade de certas ações não pressupõem necessariamente que seus agentes estejam submetidos previamente a quaisquer responsabilidades em termos substantivos. Sendo assim, as teorias tradicionais sobre a responsabilidade moral deveriam ser revisadas, assim como certas noções em psicologia moral acerca de que atitudes reativas são moralmente apropriadas.
  • Valor inerente e vulnerabilidade: critérios éticos não-especistas na perspectiva de Tom Regan

    Felipe, Sônia T. (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2009-07-14)
    Seres vivos de todas as espécies têm sido considerados objetos de propriedade, passíveis de serem explorados para atender aos desejos, fantasias e necessidades humanas. Filósofos morais utilitaristas, a exemplo de Peter Singer, propõem princípios éticos para definir os limites da liberdade humana em relação a todos os seres sencientes. Mas, o critério da senciência, no caso da formulação de uma ética ambiental genuína, não pode ser aplicado à natureza ambiental, nem mesmo a todos os seres vivos, exceto aos mamíferos e aves. Neste artigo, reconstituo os argumentos de Tom Regan para fundamentar a ética animal e os critérios necessários, na perspectiva desse filósofo moral, para a fundamentação de uma ética ambiental.
  • The recepetion of Peter singer´s theories in France

    Dardenne, Emilie (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2009-07-14)
    Peter Singer’s views on the status of animals, the sanctity of human life, and world poverty have attracted both attention and intense controversy in many Western countries, including the United States, Canada, and Germany. The reactions in France to his theories are less well-known. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of critical responses to Singer by French academics and thinkers. How have they received Singer’s contention that we must bring nonhuman animals within the sphere of moral concern? How has his claim been received according to which we must recognize that the worth of human life varies? Do French scholars agree with his utilitarian views on abortion, euthanasia, infanticide, his defi nition of the term “person”? Finally, is he considered in France as a brilliant and groundbreaking ethicist, as a dangerous extremist, or somewhere in between
  • Warring tautologies: moral dissent from a cognitivist perspective

    Kiesselbach, Matthias (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2009-07-14)
    It is commonly thought that the prevalence of moral dissent poses a problem for the moral cognitivist, forcing her to diagnose either a lot of misunderstanding, or a lot of unexplained observational error. Since mere misunderstanding can be ruled out in most cases of moral dissent, and since the diagnosis of widespread unexplained error is interpretively unstable, prevalent dissent has pushed many philosophers towards non-cognitivism. In this essay, I argue that once a diachronic, pragmatist theory of language along the lines of the latest Wittgenstein is employed, a third interpretive option becomes available to the cognitivist. Besides the diagnostic options of misunderstanding and factual disagreement, she can argue that a given case of moral dissent is an instance of grammatical tension. This interpretation not only saves moral cognitivism, it also has some attractive theoretical implications. Among other things, it yields an elegant way of solving the current debate around moral particularism.
  • Michel Foucault and Giorgio Agamben: theoretical convergences and divergences about powers and potencies

    Serra, Carlos Henrique Aguiar; Souza, Luís Antônio Francisco de; Valerio, Raphael Guazzeli (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-12-16)
    This paper identifies the convergences and divergences between the works of Giorgio Agamben and Michel Foucault. It aims to discuss the political thought of Giorgio Agamben regarding his formulations about the state of exception against Michel Foucault's wordings about biopolitics. A visible convergence is the importance of the notion of apparatus and biopolitics in the work of both authors. In Foucault, the accent is on everyday practices, so to speak, of the exercise of power, focusing on the concept of genealogy. Agamben undoubtedly seeks to emphasizes the state of exception and bare life. With regard to the position of the two authors in relation to resistance to powers, the article points out, in Foucault, all of his exercise focused on the theme of self-care and the will to truth and, in Agamben, in an evident messianic inspiration to the genre of Walter Benjamin, how itâ s possible to think about the coming community, which has the power to overcome the paradigm of bare life and its immediate correlate, sovereignty.
  • The debate between Habermas and Apel on discourse ethics: reconsideration of the reasons for the divergence

    Velasco, Marina (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-12-16)
    In the debate between Habermas and Apel on the foundation of discourse ethics, many things are mixed. The article reconsiders the debate, analyzes the form of the pragmatic-transcendental argument, and distinguishes two major issues in confrontation: questions about argumentative assumptions and questions about moral obligations. We try to show that, having made the appropriate distinctions, in the first question, Apel is more right than Habermas, and that, in the second question, Habermas is more right than Apel. The implications of each position are considered.
  • From formal semantics to transcendental pragmatics: Karl-Otto Apel's original idea

    Habermas, Jürgen (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-12-16)
    Karl-Otto Apel occupies a preeminent place among the German philosophers of the first postwar generation. His groundbreaking achievement, which has been unjustly overshadowed by the tenacious debate over the â ultimate justificationâ of ethics, consisted in disclosing a new dimension in the philosophy of language and thereby completing the â linguistic turn.â He made the transition from formal semantics, which concentrates on the structure of propositions, to â transcendentalâ pragmatics of language, which focuses on the formal aspects of the use and interpretation of linguistic expressions. In pursuing this path, he also laid the foundations for discourse ethics. The essay traces the stages of this â transformation of transcendental philosophyâ leading from the late Heidegger to Apelâ s conception of â transcendental hermeneuticsâ inspired by Peirce. Continuing the lifelong discourse with my friend Karl-Otto, I will conclude by addressing some problems raised by his justification of discourse ethics.
  • Foreword â Dossier The thought of Karl-Otto Apel

    Dutra, Delamar José Volpato; Pinzani, Alessandro (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-12-16)
    Este texto não apresenta resumo.
  • Apel versus Habermas: the controversial trajectory of the two original variants of discourse ethics

    Cenci, Angelo Vitório (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-12-16)
    The construction of discourse ethics, with regard to its two original variants, was held under controversy. This was due to the different ways the sphere of moral discourse was addressed in each authorâ s program and to the distinct ways they conceived the concept of practical reason. The answers given to the problem of the very sphere of moral shall bring about two programs of discourse ethics that eventually move away from their common roots and, finally, project two conceptions of practical reason that are quite distinct and, to great extent, incompatible, so that it is impossible to combine them under the same rubric. Thus, due to the differences in each authorâ s initial program concerning the formulation of a stricter notion of moral â deontological, as defended by Habermas â or broader â deontological-teleological, as proposed by Apel â the consequence will be that, for Habermas, moral and practical reason shall be placed within a theory or philosophy of discourse and practical reason cannot be understood in moral sense; in Apel, both spheres shall be placed in discourse ethics itself, so that moral occupies part A and the sphere of practical reason occupies part B â teleological â and shall be understood in moral sense.

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