AbstractIn the Edo era, people were obliged to hold funerals following the buddhist tradition, but there arose movements to encourage shinto funerals, or "Shinsosai". Usually Shinsosai movements in the Meiji era are considered to be different from ones in the Edo era and are connected with the Meiji Restoration as a social chan ge. However, we can identify a longer social change behind these movements, by paying attention to the preceding history. In this paper, we focus on the case of Itoshiro, a community in central Japan, and seek to understand the relationship between its history and the Shinsosai movement. The shrine called Chukyo-sha had great importance in Itoshiro, but late in the Edo era Jodo-shinshu increased its influence in this area, which contributed to the religious conflict, resulting in strife in the Horeki era. The shogunate tried to settle it by admitting to only the Yoshida-ke the control of Chukyo-sha, but even after this settlement, the conflict continued. Consequently, although the Shinsosai movement which arose in Itoshiro early in the Meiji era was accompanied by Shinbutsu-Bunri (the separation of Shintoism from Buddhism) and Haibutsu-kishaku (the destruction of buddhist temples and objects), it was also affected by this previous conflict.
TypeDepartmental Bulletin Paper
東京大学宗教学年報. Ⅹ , 1993.3.30, pp. 53-69