Hierosolymia: clarissima totius Orientis ciuitas Iudæę metropolis in duobus collibus omnibus alÿs in ciruitu eminentioribus, sita fuit, qui colles duo, intermidia valle, habitationib hominu frequentiss (quam Tÿropoen vorat Josephus, lib. 6 Bell. Iud. cap 6) sæparatur Emintior collis Sion dictus, in tres alios subdiuisus est primus is est, quem lib. 2 Reg : c.5 mello vocat, apud monte Gion in quo ædificatum erat antiquum castru Siloe, quod occupabant Jebusęi et à Dauide captum fuit, ubi idem quondam Arcam collocauit et Sepulcuræ locum elegit : eodem hoc loco constructu ceruitur monasterium Franciscanor dictum Sion : Versus orientem verò huius, prædictj collis, alius adhuc erat qui ciuitas inferior dicebatur, in quo palatium Dauid conditum fuit : hunc locum inhabitauit, idem ante quam Jebusęorum castrum, quad in mello erat, expugnasset ad septentrionem verò, situs collus, Herodis palatium habuit : hi tres collis vno murorum ambitu cincti, dicuntur ciuitas Dauid : alter collis duas partes habuit vnam Montem Moream dictam, in quo Abraham obtusit filium suum Isaac, Joseph: lib I Antiq: c.14 quo in loco, postea Solomn templum costruexit et in diuo eiusdem montis, versus austrum, domum sua regiam, qua[e] dicta fuit palatium Solomonis: hic collis quia templu habuit eriam muro septus fuit et ciuitati Dauid adiuntunctus altera pars acra cognominata, Moream versus, orientem contingens, cuius medietas vel pars vna Bezetha, hoc est, noua ciuitas dicta fuit, etiam muror ambitu cincta, huius Acræ medietas vel pars altera contra torrentem Cedron posita palatium Assÿriorum continet fuitq[ue] suburbium moenib. clausum. ita, vt. pręditi quique colles, quaternis, ijsq[ue] diuersis muroru cincturis conclusi fuerint &c. : hoc tempore Hierosolÿma turcis Cuzumoharech dictur
Author(s)Braun, Georg , 1540 or 1541-1622
Contributor(s)Kempen, Gottfried von , active 1576-1598
KeywordsNot drawn to scale.None
Aerial views--Early works to 1800
Aerial vews--Early works to 1800
Jerusalem--Aerial views--Early works to 1800
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AbstractCovers Jerusalem at the time of the Exodus and during 1st century CE, including references to the Hebrew Bible and Christian New Testament.
Vignette at lower right corner of view depicting Moses receiving the Ten Commandments and illustraring priestly garments, with index.
Includes index with reference to biblical texts.
German text on verso with foliate intial, entitled Jerusalem.
Printed on verso: "53".
In Latin and German.
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Disclosure or discourse? A critical examination of consent in research using surplus clinical tissueJones, D. Gareth; King, Mike; Collie, Nicola Dale (University of Otago, 2014-10-28)Patient tissue samples are a valuable resource for medical research, and can therefore be used to contribute to the well-being of people in the future. It is common when using tissue for research to seek the consent of the person it came from. Conventionally, this requires that they are given a description of the proposed research project so that they can make an informed decision about whether to consent to this use.
However, advances in technology mean it is feasible to store tissue samples in good condition for long periods. Alongside this, research techniques are continually being developed, and research results are revealing new areas for investigation. Because of these factors, a sample collected today could conceivably be used throughout the next several decades, for multiple experiments, none of which might have been thought of when the patient's consent was first sought. If full disclosure of the proposed research is necessary to support this consent, then uncertainty over future use makes this difficult to achieve when the sample is first collected.
I have described and evaluated the most prominent approaches to working around this difficulty with disclosure. Each of these approaches presents its own moral and practical difficulties, from undermining donor autonomy to placing excessive administrative burdens upon researchers. Nonetheless, the statutory requirements for consent to future unspecified use of surplus clinical tissue range across this spectrum of approaches to consent, potentially complicating international research collaborations. Publication of results, sharing research material, establishment of further collaborations, and funding of follow-up work could all be adversely affected if there are varying consent requirements in each of the jurisdictions where the work is being conducted. A more consistent approach to the ethics of research using human tissue is required.
In order to develop such an approach, I have identified and discussed the ethical values that are most prominent when considering the use of surplus clinical tissue for future unspecified research. These values include support for the autonomy and dignity of individual donors, protection of their privacy, and respect for the concerns of minority groups within the wider community. I have also discussed the public good that can arise from this type of research, whether patients have a duty to contribute their tissue to research, and the role of consent in supporting these values.
I conclude that it is possible to support the values that I have identified, and that the key to this support is communication between those who plan and conduct research, and the community as a whole. By using a discourse between the parties concerned to identify points of concern, a standard approach to using tissue for research can be negotiated. Individual patients should still be asked for a broad consent to use of their tissue in research, which will be supported by a disclosure of how projects will be approved and how their interests will be supported. They can then make an informed decision as to whether they wish to opt in to this system.
Implementing a 'Scaffolding by Design' Model in a WWW-based Course Con-sidering Cost and BenefitsWinnips, Koos; Collis, Betty; Moonen, Jef (Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), 2000)A model for 'scaffolding by design' is implemented in a course (called ISM-2) about thefundamentals of media design for education. This model tries to combine the focus on task-performanceof cognitive-apprenticeship with the fading of support of scaffolding, and the flexibilityof telelearning. To explore the impact of this model it is applied in the ISM-2 course. A scaffoldedgroup (creators) is compared with a non-scaffolded group (reflectors). On a multiple-choice test for aknowledge and a transfer type of questions no significant difference was found between the twogroups. The dropout rate for the scaffolded group was lower and their overall time-investment for thecourse was higher. It is concluded that the extra cost of using this approach of scaffolding can - at thismoment - not be justified by the measured learning results.
The Chinese classical work commonly called the Four books;University of California Libraries; Collie, David, d. 1828; Confucius; Mencius ([Malacca] Printed at the Mission press, 1827-11-30)Life of Confucius.--Ta heo.--Chung yung.--Shang lun. Hea lun.--Life of Mencius.--Shang mung. Hea mung