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AbstractThis study project investigates Buddhist meditation in comparison to isolated mindfulness. The first part of the paper will explain Buddhism and Buddhist values, along with the subject terms. This part is mainly based on Buddhist Sutras and interpretations of same. The project will furthermore introduce the theory “Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction”, addressing the development of Buddhism into modern Western culture. This argument is discussed based on selected articles and theoretical books. Buddhist meditation and isolated mindfulness will be represented in the form of two centers, who are to be anonymous. By use of the hermeneutical spiral and phenomenological interviews, we aim to illustrate whether Buddhist meditation and isolated mindfulness are different from one another, and whether they relate to the above empirical data. Initially, it becomes clear that the centers are only separated from each other in their approach to the target groups and in the way they present mindfulness. Secondly the result shows how the recipients experience the same effects in the long run. In conclusion, it is argued that isolated mindfulness does not differ greatly from the Buddhist approach in regards to the core. Their main differences are their target groups and their approach on the way.