Keywords文心雕龍；神思；莊子；劉勰；神；虛靜；坐忘；心齊；氣；遊；得意忘言；意象；Wen Hsin Tiao Lung；Shen Szu；Chuang-tzu；Liu-hsieg；Shen；Shiu Ching；Tso Wang；Hsin Tsai；Chi；Yu；Forgetting language after getting meaning；I Hsiang
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[[abstract]]The studies of the classic of Chinese literary criticism Wen Hsin Tiao Lung are countless. But because the result of meaning of words in this work by Liu-Hsieh is ambiguous, there has been no final conclusion from that research. Although many scholars already attach value to the most important chapter in the writing Shen Szu, the regret is also to keep. Meanwhile, to try to probe into the Shen Szu chapter from a standpoint of historical thought and from a point of view of philosophy and aesthetics, we find that although Confucius and Buddha influenced Liu-Hsieh’s thinking, he set up the theory of Chuang-tzu’s aesthetics in this chapter. In accordance with this thinking, we can understand the questionable words and theory more than before. In this thesis, I want to probe into the meaning of Shen from Liu-Hsieh’s theory and the relationship with Chuang-tzu. With the other theory in this chapter position of appreciation of the beauty, and Chunang-tzu’s position is more important. In Liu –Hsieh’s thinking, Shiu Ching is the preparation before working out the plot of a literary work. In this way, the author can establish a boundary that unifies both subject and object. Then, we can use the theory of Shiu Ching to place an order for Chi that is mentioned by Liu-Hsieh in the Shen Szu chapter. The meaning of Chi can point to the state of physiology. Further, the meaning of the word in Yu the Shen Szu chapter is interrelated with the opinion of Chuang-tzu. He thought the meaning of Yu was about make the spirit free. We can say that Liu=-Hsieh provides a logic about working out the plot of a literary work to emphasize the energy and freedom in accordance with the meaning of Yu. In the Shen Szu chapter, Liu-Hsieh followed the position of Chung-tzu’s pinion of language. Although he thought that language is limitary really, he also though that we should attach importance to language if we use it properly. Besides, the meaning of the word I Hsiang is contained with the experience of perception of external things and internal uniformity8 of subject and object. This theory also is affected by Chuang-tzu. To sum up, even though Liu-Hsieh didn’t clarify the relationship between theory his an Chuang-tzu’s , we should understand this from the analysis. Hereafter, when we face the other chapters of Wen Hsin Tiao Lung, we should think that Liu-Hsieh may be affected by many kinds of ideas. Otherwise, we my only regard Liu-Hsieh as a shallow critic.