Now showing items 1-20 of 3596121

    • Managing Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes for Sustainable Communities in Asia

      Saito, Osamu; Subramanian, Suneetha M; Hashimoto, Shizuka; Takeuchi, Kazuhiko (Springer Nature, 2020)
      This open access book presents up-to-date analyses of community-based approaches to sustainable resource management of SEPLS (socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes) in areas where a harmonious relationship between the natural environment and the people who inhabit it is essential to ensure community and environmental well-being as well as to build resilience in the ecosystems that support this well-being. Understanding SEPLS and the forces of change that can weaken their resilience requires the integration of knowledge across a wide range of academic disciplines as well as from indigenous knowledge and experience. Moreover, given the wide variation in the socio-ecological makeup of SEPLS around the globe, as well as in their political and economic contexts, individual communities will be at the forefront of developing the measures appropriate for their unique circumstances. This in turn requires robust communication systems and broad participatory approaches. Sustainability science (SuS) research is highly integrated, participatory and solutions driven, and as such is well suited to the study of SEPLS. Through case studies, literature reviews and SuS analyses, the book explores various approaches to stakeholder participation, policy development and appropriate action for the future of SEPLS. It provides communities, researchers and decision-makers at various levels with new tools and strategies for exploring scenarios and creating future visions for sustainable societies.
    • Transactional Clinics as Change Agents in the Trump Era: Lessons from Two Contexts

      Baskaran, Priya; Haber, Michael (Digital Commons @ American University Washington College of Law, 2017-01-01)
      The results of the 2016 presidential election and the efforts by the Trump administration to make sweeping changes to a wide range of federal policies have left communities across the country feeling overwhelmed and threatened. In its first year, the Trump administration has been working steadily to slash budgets for health care, housing, infrastructure, schools, and other public benefits that help low-income and middle-class Americans, while adopting policies and engaging in rhetoric that has made many immigrants, Muslims, people of color, and LGBTQ people feel increasingly vulnerable and marginalized.The authors of this commentary run law clinics that provide pro bono corporate and transactional legal services to small businesses, nonprofits, cooperatives, and other entities that cannot afford private counsel. We teach at different law schools, in different geographical regions, and, since the election, we have both sought to work through our clinics to help our communities understand and confront the changes brought by the new administration. We work in very different contexts — Appalachia and suburban New York City — and the commentary begins by exploring how these contexts have led us to undertake this work differently. It then looks at the specific changes we have made in the design of our clinic seminars and in the kinds of cases and community projects we have undertaken and describes some lessons we have learned from these initial experiments as we seek to continue these efforts in the future.Corporate and transactional lawyers sometimes find it hard to identify pro bono projects that mesh well with their skills and experience because litigation is often a more visible, tangible need for people who cannot afford attorneys. The article concludes with some ideas of ways that CED lawyers and other corporate and transactional attorneys can engage in similar work outside of the clinical context.
    • Urban management solutions in promoting Iranian-Islamic lifestyle. (Case Study: Tehran Municipality)

      Mousavi, Seyed Masoud; Arangh, Samira; Pouratakesh, Khadijeh; Panahi, Maryam; Zarandi, Fatemeh Moghadam (CICSH-AL. RELIGACIÓN. CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS SOCIALES Y HUMANIDADES DESDE AMÉRICA LATINA, 2019-08-30)
      The main objective of the present research is urban management strategies for the promotion of Iranian-Islamic lifestyle (Case study: Tehran Municipality). This objective will be achieved through by descriptive-analytical method, the role of the Tehran municipality in achieving this pattern is from the aspects of physical development of Tehran under the title of maintaining Iranian-Islamic identity in physical development, determining the criteria for urban construction based on Islamic criteria and values, The clarity of the Islamic symbols and symbols, the organization of the image and the urban landscape, and research on Iranian-Islamic architecture and urbanization. The results of the research show that the municipality of Tehran can promote the genuine values of the Iranian-Islamic lifestyle and use of the sciences and experiences of human societies based on Islamic teachings and as one of the pillars of authentication and self-sufficiency factor and scientific independence, freedom from feelings of humiliation and Alienation and, ultimately, the social development of society.
    • The role of islamic banking in the transformation of international corporations as a reflection of modern globalization and migration

      Alisher, Rasulev; Mavluda, Yakhshieva; Ravshanbek, Yusupov; Madina, Abdullaeva; Feruzbek, Otaboev (CICSH-AL. RELIGACIÓN. CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS SOCIALES Y HUMANIDADES DESDE AMÉRICA LATINA, 2019-03-31)
      Modern globalization activates many activities that entropy increases the impact of globalization on the very nature of human civilization (Osipov G, 2015). The contemporary world has gradually developed the characteristics of a kind of global self-regulation, which is still limited in scale. International corporations that use Islamic banking are incorporated into the global processes of world civilization, maintaining socio-economic equilibrium on a worldwide scale. The inclusion of the confessional factor in the processes of globalization, the creation of a single connection of the planetary scale indicates the emergence of a new situation in world society, which in the twenty-first century. Began to represent a unique global economic system with self-regulation, based on universal feedback mechanisms.
    • Development of Islamic Cultural History Learning Materials in Indonesia’s 2013 Curriculum

      Rofik (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2020-06-01)
      Curriculum development from Competency-Based Curriculum (KBK 2004) to Education Unit Level Curriculum (KTSP 2006) and Curriculum 2013 occurred in a relatively short period. In short, the timespan of this kind of development then gives rise to various responses from Education practitioners. This study aims to explain how teachers can take steps to develop the materials of the Islamic Cultural History subject in the Islamic Senior High School’s 2013 Curriculum. This type of study is a literature study. The development of learning materials starts with making a mapping or mutual relationship between one Basic Competency with other Basic competencies. The results of the mapping have implications for the emergence of the formulation of the Main Materials. The next step is to develop indicators of Competency Achievement based on Knowledge Basic Competencies and Skills. Based on Competency Achievement Indicators, they are formulated into learning materials, which are the scope of the primary materials. Thus, there will be harmony between learning materials with competence. Further, this harmony leads to the formulation of attitudes or values achieved after learning the Learning materials. The results of this study will facilitate teachers in the preparation of the Syllabus to the Learning Implementation Plan (RPP).
    • Learning Integration of Islamic Education for ex-prison Children at SMK Istimewa Tangerang Banten

      Muhammad Hidayat Ginanjar (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2020-04-01)
      The phenomenon of adolescents that cause crime is quite alarming in a child's social environment. Vocational High School (SMK) Istimewa Tangerang is part of the education at the Institute for Child Special Development (LPKA). This study aims to describe the learning model of the integration of Islamic Education (PAI) for students of Vocational High School in Tangerang. The method used is qualitative with descriptive analysis. The results showed that the learning model integrating Islamic Education (PAI) improved moral morals and personality effectively. Appropriate learning methods become the main instrument in the development of the PAI integration learning model. Moral changes in moral attitudes are the leading indicators of Learning Success Attitudes. In the future, the need for developing learning integration models is in line with the development of pesantren. The pesantren model is a participant for participants.
    • Localization of Psychology to Evolve and Promote the Humanities by Approaching the Sixth Development Plan Law

      Morteza Omidian; Ahmad Zandvanian (Iran's State of Expediency Council Monitoring Commission, 2019-07-01)
      In line with Section 2-77 of the Science, Technology and Innovation Division of the Sixth Development Plan Act, the purpose of the present article is to classify different perspectives on the localization of knowledge in the field of humanities (with emphasis on psychology) and the feasibility of indigenous knowledge production and production in the Positivism and post Positivism paradigm. Therefore, the viewpoints of different thinkers on localization were analyzed and deduced by the analytical documentary method. The findings show that localization at the four levels of the introduction of new science into the host community through mere translation initiated Scientific research in the host community, translation of scientific concepts according to the cultural and social environment of the Cup Host, and finally a critical reflection on indigenous concepts and theories, and constructivism and theorizing are indispensable, and consequently, localization implies the use of scientifically accepted principles to solve the problems of the host community and in the production of indigenous knowledge that, on the one hand, approaches Philosophical and scientific on the other hand is in line with the Iranian Islamic worldview, the highest level being considered, translation initiation; the process of localization in this classification has a hierarchical path that leads from complete knowledge to the production of indigenous knowledge. Appropriate attention is required to each of these levels, with emphasis on the fourth level.
    • Policymaking and Water Crisis in Iran

      Ruhollah Islami; Ahmad Rahimi (Iran's State of Expediency Council Monitoring Commission, 2019-10-01)
      The water crisis in Iran for nearly two decades has become an important concern for people and politicians and has always been raised in the media. Locating in dry and semi-arid belt and low rainfall, there are few water resources in Iran. Resource management should offset water scarcity through a variety of methods, due to population growth and agricultural and industrial development . The government has the most important role in this regard, which needs to have a good policy for water management. However, at the present moment water crisis is not considered as a priority for policymakers, and the lack of a well-structured program, as well as poor performance of the authorities has worsened the country’s water resources. Various institutions are involved in water resources management, which are generally divided into policy and executive institutions. Water resources policymakers have not yet come up with coherent and clear policies for understanding the water crisis and for a genuine crisis resolution. In the area of executive bodies, every water-related entity, regardless of the water crisis and the consequences of implementing sectoral policies on water resources, is trying to meet its organizational goals. The lack of expertise and coherent policies in the face of the water crisis and the implementation of sectoral policies without sufficient attention to water scarcity have put the country’s development policies on the water resources and the challenges of the water crisis are constantly increasing. The main question of the article is what is the policy of water in Iran since 2001? Based on this question, our hypothesis is that the water crisis is not well positioned in macroeconomic policy, leading to a lack of clear and comprehensive planning for the crisis and that existing programs are partly due to lack of coordination between institutions and agencies. The water crisis has not finally come to end.
    • Vänsterpartiets integrationspolitik : En idéanalytisk redogörelse av hur integration och invandring formuleras officiellt av Vänsterpartiet

      Kragnert Bartholf, Jonas (Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, 2020)
      The purpose of this paper is to describe in what ways integration is being described from The Swedish Left party. The methods to do so is by using a model for analyzing ideas expressed through legislation bills and by observing the parties’ official communication. The analyzing model differs between four main traditions of integration, the liberal multiculturalism, egalitarian liberalism, the politics of recognition and the politics of difference.
    • The Model of Virtual Learning Approach at Mi Ma’arif Nu Limbangan

      Hesti Oktaviani; Uun Fitriana Rachmah; Nadiah Qanita Rahma; Sayidin Sayidin (Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Kudus, 2020-05-01)
      The purpose of this research is to describe the implementation of virtual learning as an implication of the progress of Science and Technology in learning at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Ma’arif Limbangan Purbalingga Regency. Advances in science and technology bring influence in various fields, including in education. However, in the application of science and technology there are still many problems faced by teachers, including the limited facilities and the ability or experience of teachers. Whereas teachers should be able to take advantage of the progress of this science and technology in creating quality and better education. The impact of this globalization can affect learning in the future. Globalization can trigger a shift in conventional learning into modern learning. Teachers who have implemented virtual learning need to pay attention to the ways and approaches taken so that the learning is more effective and does not burden the students. The research method used is qualitative analysis. This study concludes that virtual learning in MI Ma'arif NU Limbangan Purbalingga District has two models of approaches, namely virtual learning with a psychological approach and a technological approach.
    • iProcure or shariah compliant procurement framework for wakaf and zakat funded buildings and infrastructure works

      Abdul Rashid, Khairuddin; Mohd Fauzi, Puteri Nur Farah Naadia (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), 2017)
      The paper reports on a study to develop a proposed Shariah compliant construction procurement framework or hereinafter referred to as iProcure. The idea for the study was prompted when it was realized that there is a dichotomy in the way in which construction related business transactions are being conducted. On the one hand tools for and the use of Shariah compliant business transactions are on the rise but on the other hand business transactions concerning the procurement of buildings and infrastructure works, including those funded by Shariah compliant funding mechanisms and wakaf and zakat, still use the conventional/western styled contract arrangement. There is a concern that the latter may not be meeting the requirements of Shariah. Therefore parties involved therein could be conducting business transactions that may be considered syubhah.
 Methodology used for the study involved reviewing literature on Islamic principles on business transaction or al-muamalat and imbedding them into the conventional and western styled contract arrangement. The symbiosis of these two practices give birth to a theoretical Shariah compliant procurement framework for building and infrastructure works. Thereafter, a series of focused discussion with academics specializing in the Shariah and construction procurement was conducted to firm-up the framework. The outcome of the study is a proposed Shariah compliant construction procurement framework or iProcure.
 The study’s findings is significant in two ways: firstly it highlights the importance of the concept of Shariah compliant construction procurement and therefore improves the prospect of its application in future transactions. Secondly the application of Shariah compliance principles into the practice of construction procurement would facilitate minimizing or alleviating the presence of syubhah in future construction related business transactions. iProcure is targeted towards key players of the construction sector and policy makers in their future construction related business transactions or policies’ formulation respectively especially those works related to or funded by wakaf and zakat.
    • Islamic Law and Indonesian Society: A Study on the Characteristics of Islamic Law in Indonesia

      Bisri, Hasan (Hampstead Psychological Associates, 2020-03-02)
      This study aims to elaborate on philosophical perspectives on Islamic law and Indonesian
 society. The focus of this study is a philosophical view on the characteristics of Islamic law in Indonesia. This
 study uses a critical review method (critical review) of several primary and secondary literature on Islamic law,
 Islamic legal philosophy, and the development of Islamic law in Indonesia. Through this critical study, I
 endeavor to elaborate on the principles and essential characteristics of Islamic law and then reflect it into the
 Indonesian context. The nature and characteristics of Indonesian Islamic law are philosophically in harmony
 with the world view and attitude of Indonesian human life. Islamic law in Indonesia and the Indonesian people
 have the same characteristics, trying to eliminate difficulties, narrowness, and shortsightedness. Both tend to be open, tolerant, and respectful of all God’s creatures. Both have the same view of the burden of life. Humans
 should only be burdened according to their abilities. They tend to have the same perception of tajarrud. Both of
 them want to realize the benefit of as many people as possible, realize equitable justice, prevent crime, and
 uphold the values of humanity, humanization, ethics, morals, and social welfare.
    • Do Oil Price Shocks and Other Factors Create Bigger Impacts on Islamic Banks than Conventional Banks?

      Jabir Esmaeil; Husam Rjoub; Wing-Keung Wong (MDPI AG, 2020-06-01)
      The main aim of this study is to empirically examine and compares the impacts of oil price shocks, Arab revolutions, some macroeconomics, and bank-specific variables on bank profitability indicators between Conventional and Islamic banks in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The study employed panel Autoregressive-Distributed Lag (ARDL) techniques to examine the causal relationship both at the short and long-run. Our results reveal that most of the variables employed in our study significantly influence Return on Asset (ROA), Return on Equity (ROE), and Net Interest Margin (NIM)/ Net Profit Margin (NPM) for both Conventional Banks (CBs) and Islamic Banks (IBs) similarly in the long run. Findings from our study imply that both CBs and IBs have some similar features in nature, which could be because of the structure of the policies for IBs is in line with the regulatory framework for the CBs. The main finding from the study is the significance of oil price shock and the Arab springs that are more pronounced in CBs than IBs. Also, it can be seen that a sustainable profit of IBs is higher than CBs due to the adjustment speed of IBs to equilibrium in the presence of shock is found to be higher than CBs. Hence, our study suggests that oil price shock could be utilized for having a prudent macro regulation for the banks in GCC countries. Our findings are useful to Government officers, bankers, investors, and researchers for their decision making by estimating future trends of the profitability for both Conventional and Islamic banks in the GCC countries.
    • RECONCILING RELIGION AND NATIONALISM: The Nur Movement in Modern Turkey (2002-2018)

      SACMALI, AHMET,ABDULLAH (2019)
      Nur movement has been one of the most influential socio-religious dynamics of the modern Turkey. It emerged during the formation years of the Turkish Republic, under the guidance and leadership of Said Nursi, a renowned Kurdish Muslim scholar and spread across the country in a short amount of time. The movement continues to be influential at grassroots level in contemporary Turkey. It is a faith-based movement aiming at strengthening the beliefs of Muslims in the face of secularization as a robust and global transformation. This created a deep tension with the Kemalist state whose main objective was the modernization of society by means of state power and violence. Although Nurcus and secular Kemalists diverge from each other regarding the place of religion in life, Nurcus adopted nationalism with ease which was also one of the pillars of the Kemalist doctrine; leading to twofold tensions: (1) sacred vs. secular, (2) universal vs. particular. Nationalism is mainly secular and particularist whereas religion of Islam is obviously sacred, and its teachings are chiefly universalist and egalitarian. This thesis basically asks how this juxtaposition becomes possible and aims at explaining how Nurcus alleviate the tension between these opposing ideational positions. In pursuit of these questions, Anthony Smith’s theoretical framework, so-called ‘sacred foundations of nationalism’ is critically employed, however, an original approach has been developed which has a better explanatory capacity as to Nurcu case in Turkey. Based on the analysis of both online and fieldwork data including in-depth interviews with the members of the movement, it is concluded that Nurcus can be placed under the rubric of ‘nationalist religious’ as religion precedes and overrides nationalism in their identity.
    • Some aspects of international Christianity

      Princeton Theological Seminary Library; Kelman, John, 1864-1929 (New York ; Cincinnati : Abingdon Press, 1920-01-01)
    • A Christian ethical approach to economic globalization : an alternative to Samir Amin's humanism and Hans Küng's global ethic and its implications in the Burundian context.

      Nurnberger, Klaus Bilfried.; Ntibagirirwa, Symphorien. (2011-06-09)
      Thesis (M.A.)-University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2001.
    • Peru in the 1920s

      Peattie, Elizabeth (2020-06-15)
      The early twentieth century brought political, economic, and social changes to Peru. After the devastating losses experienced from the War of the Pacific in the late 1800s, the need to reconstruct and reform Peruvian society lent itself to the economic opportunities modernization presented. This exhibition of postcards from the 1920s show how the past and present converged in Peru at this critical juncture.
    • A Multiple Case Study Examining How Christian Education Has Influenced a High School Graduates’ Worldview

      Lorigan, William Lawrence (Scholars Crossing, 2020-06-01)
      The purpose of this multiple case study was to understand how the Christian education offered by Country Lakes School System (CLSS; pseudonym) has influenced the worldview of its graduates. CLSS defines a biblical worldview as follows: “The entire process of education is seen as a means used by God to bring the student into fellowship with Himself, to develop a Christian mind in him and to train him in Godly living so that he can fulfill God’s total purpose for his life.” The theoretical framework that guided this study was Sire’s three-dimensional concept of worldview, which served as a basis for worldview development. Conceptually, this research defined Christian education through the framework described in Kingdom Education by Schultz. This study was guided by three research questions which examined how recent graduates described a biblical worldview, the influence CLSS has had on their worldview, and how their worldview has subsequently influenced their future decisions. This multiple case study was conducted within a bounded system and utilized three data collection methods: a survey, a participant’s self-written personal faith journey, and one-on-one, semi-structured, interviews. Data were then coded to find and examine how influential CLSS was at developing a biblical worldview in its graduates. The findings of this research suggested that CLSS did an excellent job at influencing their graduates propositional and heart orientation towards a biblical worldview; however, these convictions were generally only reflected in each graduate’s moral convictions but not the consummation of the graduate’s life purposes.
    • Pilgrimage as a Field of Tourism Development: the Case of Kavala (Northern Greece) and Its Institutional and Cultural Challenges

      Thomas Bausch; Tilman Schröder; Alexey Gunya (Technological University Dublin, 2020-04-01)
      Developing pilgrimage tourism requires a set of unique attractors, as well as efficient destination governance structures that manage such attractors and balance stakeholder interests. This study analyses the development of pilgrimage tourism in Kavala (Northern Greece), a city with unique religious and cultural attractors connected to the Apostle Paul. By deploying a mix of literature review, on-site analysis and interviews with twelve local stakeholders, this paper first examines the general potential for pilgrimage tourism in the region and gives recommendations for its development. Subsequently, the study evaluates the progress of pilgrimage tourism development in Kavala after one year. The findings suggest that Kavala’s religious and cultural attractors are optimal prerequisites for the development of pilgrimage tourism. However, our research also reveals and discusses cultural and institutional constraints within the stakeholder network that hinder the destination development. We conclude by outlining a path to developing pilgrimage tourism in Kavala which could serve as a blueprint for similar destinations. Overall, our findings illustrate a call for a critical revision to established destination management literature and highlight the need to consider the cultural ramifications of local stakeholder networks when discussing tourism development.
    • Faith-Based Activities and Tourism: Exploiting the Possibilities for Religious Tourism Development in Anaocha Local Government Area, Nigeria

      Emeka Okonkwo; Afamefuna Eyisi; Daniel Okoye (Technological University Dublin, 2020-04-01)
      Over the years, people have travelled for various motivations, giving birth to various types of specific interest tourism. The result is that various scholars have devoted their research to these specific areas of tourism. One such area of tourism that has grown exponentially is religious tourism (which some scholars also called spiritual tourism). This type of tourism explores travels motivated by the desire to visit places that inspire an individual’s belief system and to meet with people that share the same faith. Our study aims to understand the faith-based activities and religious centres in Anaocha Local Government Area (LGA) of Anambra State, Nigeria that could be harnessed for tourism development. Four months of ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in the area to identify the important religious and cultural sites. Shrines/deities, groves, cultural centres and mythical lakes were identified as places of religious worship which could be harnessed for tourism development. Unfortunately, these sites are still not harnessed for tourism, though tourists still visit them for various religious purposes. The study concludes that the local people should be sensitised to the tourism potential of these sites, while government and other stakeholders should create an enabling environment for tourism development to thrive in the area.