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  • The Religius Diversity Space Formation Based Private Schools Affiliation in Malang City

    Ibnu Mujib (Universitas Negeri Malang, 2021-07-01)
    The intolerance that has threatened Indonesia in the last ten years is an important trail to show that the management of diversity in Indonesia is currently having a complex problem. Many parties are starting to question the wisdom of schools as a participatory diversity laboratory. This research emphasizes best practice tolerance education that is integrated into the realm of the learning curriculum in schools, this study more focused on three high school level schools in Malang city based on religion using a comparative descriptive method described by a qualitative critical approach. There is a perspective that is the finding of this research, namely the vision of tolerance and the definition of diversity built-in schools to give birth to patterns of student interaction in daily synergy with other different students. This perspective theoretically can produce five patterns of diversity interaction, namely: first: collegial interaction, second; dialogical experiment, third; intergroup community formation, fourth; participatory ethics, and fifth; transformative action. These five patterns were naturally formed by the vision of tolerance created by the three schools through various activities, both intra and extracurricular, and became patterns of intense participatory interaction in daily activities at school.

    Nadezhda Yuryevna Zagaynova (Science and Innovation Center Publishing House, 2015-02-01)
    <p>The article considers approaches to the understanding of the concepts of «freedom of conscience» and «religious freedom» on the basis of the analysis of works of pre-revolutionary scientists. Allocated General and special traits defining these phenomena.<br />The aim of this article is (based on the works of pre-revolutionary scientists) to analyze ideas about the concept of freedom of conscience and religious liberty. Previously, scientists no attempt has been made to summarize the theoretical aspects of these categories, this is the novelty of the article.<br />The research methodology consists dialectical view on the process of cognition of objective reality. They are implemented on the basis of a systematic approach. The article relies on the basic provisions of philosophy, theology and law.<br />The research methods are universal, scientific and astronaute methods of cognition.<br />In the study we can conclude that the pre-revolutionary scientists have not developed a unified approach with respect to such legal categories as «freedom of conscience and religious liberty».<br />The results can be used in research work and in the educational process.</p>

    Александр Владиславович Плетнев (Science and Innovation Center Publishing House, 2013-05-01)
    <p>В данной статье автор анализирует влияние изменений в религиозной сфере постсоветского общества на усиление аномии в нем. Среди факторов, влияющих на аномию и характеризующих состояние религиозной сферы современного Российского общества, он называет религиозное разнообразие, вызванное как миссионерской деятельностью, так и восстановлением традиционных конфессий (Православие, Ислам, Иудаизм, Буддизм, Лютернаство), а также актуализацию вопроса религиозной идентичности, феномен «внеконфессиональной ереси» и межрелигиозные конфликты. По мнению исследователя, изменения в духовной сфере оказывают влияние на рассматриваемый феномен не в меньшей мере, чем трансформация политической и экономической систем, связанная с переходом от коммунизма к демократии и от плановой к рыночной экономике.  В статье также отмечаются тенденции, способствующие снижению аномии на современном этапе развития Российского общества: увеличение сторонников РПЦ, усвоение ее религиозных традиций и практик, институализация новых культов. </p><p><strong>DOI: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-4-27">http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-4-27</a></strong></p>

    Elena Aleksandrovna Kochina (Science and Innovation Center Publishing House, 2015-08-01)
    <span>В данной статье рассматривается проблема гражданско-национальной идентичности современной молодёжи в условиях социокультурных трансформаций (на примере Республики Хакасия), даётся сравнение современных теоретических подходов к понятиям идентичность, гражданская и национальная идентичность. В статье приводится социологическое исследование, направленное на изучение составляющих гражданско-национальной идентичности (патриотизм, социальная активность, религиозная идентичность, ценности и.т.п.). Выявлены особенности и направления формирования гражданско–национальной идентичности у молодёжи. Социологическое исследование проведено методом опроса (анкетирования). На основе анализа полученных данных, по результатам опроса, установлено, большинство молодых респондентов рассматривают себя скорее как объект воздействия со стороны государства, чем как активных субъектов данного процесса. К особенностям гражданско-национальной идентичности у молодёжи можно отнести отождествление себя с социокультурными измерениями такими как патриотизм, социальная активность, религиозная идентичность и.т.д. Исходя из полученных данных, можно сказать, что гражданско-национальная идентичность социальна по своей природе, т.е. формируется в результате взаимодействия и общения с другими людьми и социальными институтами.</span>
  • The role of religious factor in the formation of traditionalist ideologies opposing violent modernization

    A. V. Lutsenko (MGIMO University Press, 2020-07-01)
    To establish a scientific assessment of the religious factor in the historical formation of antimodernist movements is essential to determine their sociocultural nature. For clarity, all the arguments offered by the author are backed by a brief analysis of specific historical events, in which the religious factor played a pivotal role in forming a new traditionalist ideology. The author focuses on criticism of the simplified positivist approach to the role of the religious factor in the development and formation of antimodernist movements. Such an approach to a certain extent ignores the complexity of the phenomenon under study. By using concrete historical material on the example of the role of religion in the Vendee uprising, the Kristeros movement in Mexico and the formation of the phalangist ideology during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), a more objective approach to the problem under study is proposed. Based on the results of modern historical and religious studies, the author points out that the assumption of a special level of religious fanaticism and mystical exaltation, allegedly characteristic of traditional agrarian societies in the crucial era of the transition to the industrial era, is unjustified. The facts and the comparative analysis conducted suggest that the religious element within antimodernist movements is launched when it is necessary to contrast the ideology of modernization with the traditionalist ideology, which is equally modern in itself. Religion becomes the basis of ideology, simultaneously changing in many respects its former sociocultural significance. In fact, in all cases under consideration, the religious factor turns into ideological, which in itself is a sign of gradual modernization, even of that part of the society which defends conservative values.

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